I am not a lover of GDP as THE measure of the economy. GDP measures money movement across sectors of the economy that economists have determined is "productive" growth. Nothing is wrong with GDP as "one of many" economic measures which can be used - but it is not an all knowing measure of an economy.
When you use any broad measure, at times it misleads.
Broad lagging measures of the economy such as GDP show recovery and a return to prosperity [please, I know growth is slowing and we are running at the edge of a "fiscal cliff"]. The above graph shows GDP per capita, and if trends were to hold - within a year the "average" American should be as well off as before the Great Recession.
An "average" is adding up all the numbers, then dividing by how many numbers there are. The median is the central point of a data set - or the middle numbers in a sorted list of numbers. As an example, a data set of 20000, 20000, 20000, 20000 and 3000000 would have an average of 616,000, but a median of 20,000.
The data from the recently released US Census American Community Survey updated through 2011 shows a completely different view of the "average" American family income using median income.
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Median Family Income in Expressed in Chained 2011 dollars from the American Community Survey
Who is this median family? - It is our beloved Joe Sixpack's family. Joe and his family have been becoming poorer for the entire 21st century - and financially no better off than 25 years ago. When the median is lower than the average, it generally means that the upper incomes are distorting income distribution.
The basic design of the USA society and economy was based on the principles of prosperity:
We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
But alas, my friend Joe Sixpack is letting down the Constitution of the United States - he is not achieving prosperity. It appears there is a big difference between taking a broad measure (such as GDP) and dividing it by population to find an average - and thinking things are improving, or taking a median - and seeing that they are not.
My point in penning this post is that the American economy is geared to Joe Sixpack consuming. But Joe is being starved, and yet asked to produce and consume - much like the farmer who does not feed his horse enough but wants it to plow ever increasing areas. The USA economic dynamics are preventing Joe from getting enough income to increase consumption.
The government has decided it cannot hand money to Joe and his family; supply side economics is dead out of the gates with such massive capacity slack; government austerity measures effect disproportionally the 90%; and taxing the 1% pulls money out of the economy for the only sector that is consuming (likely creating less jobs).
The USA has an economic gearing issue. Consider this when you listen to the rhetoric over the 'fiscal cliff', that taking more money from the 1% really rich people who are doing really well and consuming - and not even redistributing it to the 99% - how does that make the economy better? [Note: I do not believe wealth redistribution as an economic strategy - but it is better than only taking money from the rich and keeping it].
Likely the "compromise" that results over the fiscal cliff will slow the economy further, resulting in lower tax revenues than projected, making the debt crisis worse. The American problem is much larger than taxation or spending - but gearing. Gearing is the sum of the effects of regulation, laws and taxation - all coupled to national and global balances.
The economy is geared for something it is not - and choking Joe Sixpack in the process.
My normal weekly economic summary is in my instablog - and this week discusses the economic smoke caused by Hurricane Sandy.