By Carla Pasternak
That was the number of people on this planet as of early November.
By the time you read that number, however, it will be completely out of date. Hundreds of people are added to the world population every single minute.
By 2050, roughly 9 billion people will live on the planet, about 30% more than at present.
And every member of this growing population needs food to survive.
So, the big question for us today is: How do we income investors take advantage of a growing demand for food?
I think the most compelling opportunity comes from a little-known niche of master limited partnerships ((NYSEARCA:MLPS)) that yield up to 9%. These rare MLPs don't have anything to do with gas and oil pipelines like most limited partnerships. Instead, they produce and sell a good that's never been more important -- fertilizer.
Population growth drives fertilizer demand. Every year, 75 million more people must be fed. At the same time, people in emerging nations are also eating more meat, which increases demand for grains. Today, roughly 35% of the world grain harvest was fed to animals.
In the United States, nitrogen fertilizer -- the fertilizer of choice for corn -- is in the sweet spot. This year, U.S. farmers dedicated the most acreage to corn since 1937, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Drought is also playing a role in increasing demand. The recent drought in the United States was the worst since 1956. Its effect on U.S. fertilizer demand next year is generally seen as positive. Analysts note that corn prices are extremely high and expected to remain elevated into 2013, thanks to the drought. As a result, fertilizer use will be high in the year ahead.
Not all analysts are optimistic. Some argue that since a significant number of corn farmers earned lower incomes in 2012 and their fields are still parched, farmers will restrict 2013 planting and buy less fertilizer.
However, nitrogen fertilizer companies themselves -- such as Rentech Nitrogen Partners (NYSE:RNF) -- are bullish. Rentech's CEO says he "expects the drought to have a favorable impact on nitrogen prices and demand for the remainder of 2012 and 2013."
The partnership's location in Illinois, the heart of corn country, also provides a key strategic advantage. Trucks can load directly at the Rentech facility and apply the fertilizer at the critical time in the growing cycle. Combine that with a solid yield of close to 9%, and you start to understand why the shares have soared -- nearly doubling in the past year.
Over the long term, the partnership is poised to benefit from increasing demand for nitrogen fertilizer.
One more note for when you're looking into MLPs like Rentech Nitrogen Partners.
Because these partnerships can throw off unrelated business taxable income, which is taxable even in a tax-sheltered account, the units are best held outside a tax-deferred account.
Disclosure: I have no positions in any stocks mentioned, and no plans to initiate any positions within the next 72 hours. I wrote this article myself, and it expresses my own opinions. I am not receiving compensation for it. I have no business relationship with any company whose stock is mentioned in this article.