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On December 14, 2012, the Nasdaq OMX Group announced the names of the companies that would be added and dropped from the Nasdaq 100 Index (found here). This year, there were ten companies added and dropped.

The ten companies added in 2012 were:

SymbolNamePriceP/EEPSYieldP/B% from 1-year low
ADIAnalog Devices, Inc.41.3519.412.132.9323.88%
CTRXCatamaran Corporation49.272.040.68-2.2177.23%
DISCADiscovery Communications, Inc.60.8222.232.74-3.5454.64%
EQIXEquinix, Inc.198.5681.212.44-4.28102.01%
LBTYALiberty Global Inc.60.3174.640.81-5.5855.84%
LMCALiberty Media Corporation110.57.6514.45-2.0349.14%
REGNRegeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.179.7183.392.16-21.11242.63%
SBACSBA Communications Corp.69.62--1.36-19.0976.79%
VRSKVerisk Analytics, Inc.48.8426.971.81-57.6227.06%
WDCWestern Digital Corporation37.784.977.62.61.1433.45%

Another company that was added to the Nasdaq 100 Index was Facebook (NASDAQ:FB). FB is acting as a replacement to the departure of Infosys (NYSE:INFY) (WSJ article here) which is jumping ship from being a Nasdaq-listed company to a New York Stock Exchange-listed company.

The ten companies dropped in 2012 were:

SymbolNamePriceP/EEPSYieldP/B% from low
APOLApollo Group Inc.
EAElectronic Arts Inc.15.3332.60.05-2.2142.06%
FLEXFlextronics International6.098.30.73-1.6511.33%
GMCRGreen Mtn Coffee Roasters40.3217.682.28-2.7135.65%
LRCXLam Research Corp.36.3750.510.72-1.2716.68%
MRVLMarvell Technology8.2114.060.582.90.9516.45%
NFLXNetflix, Inc.93.3120.40.78-7.1776.67%
RIMMResearch In Motion14.040-1.17-0.76125.72%
VRSNVeriSign, Inc.35.921.921.640-209.89.42%
WCRXWarner Chilcott plc11.78.011.464.6-4.147.83%

Apollo Group (NASDAQ:APOL) is finally being dropped after we were certain that it would be eliminated in the 2010 re-ranking (article here). Not being booted from the index meant (in our opinion) an increase in price of over +60% from Dec. 2010 to Jan. 2012. Unfortunately, because the stock was in a rising trend for all of 2011, probably due to not getting dropped in late 2010, the stock has decline -39% from the Nov. 26, 2010 article and -63% from the Jan. 2012 high.

There are many analysts that think the Nasdaq Composite and Nasdaq 100 have a lot of upside potential since the previous highs were 4,900 and 4,600, respectively. Unfortunately, with the constant addition and subtraction of companies in the index, the Nasdaq Composite and top 100 may be mired at the current levels for some time to come.

We have outlined our thesis on the negative impact of adding and deleting companies to an index in our article titled "Dow Jones' Decline Largely Impacted by Index Changes." We believe that this explains why the decline from 1929-32 was so deep and the subsequent rise to break even from 1932-54 took so long (article here). This was followed up with our article that highlighted the fact that recovery from the 1932 low was much quicker than the Dow Jones Industrial Index reflected in an article titled "Recovery From 1929 Crash Was Quicker Than Most People Think" (found here). A similar phenomenon of underperformance due to frequent changes with overvalued stocks is being experienced in the Nasdaq Composite and Nasdaq 100 index.

2011 Additions and Deletions Performance Review

In 2011, there were five companies added and five companies dropped (found here) to/from the Nasdaq 100 Index. The following is the 1-year performance of those companies.

SymbolName of companies added20112012% change
AVGOAvago Technologies30.6131.141.73%
FOSLFossil, Inc.86.3690.674.99%
GOLDRandgold Resources108.5199.65-8.17%
MNSTMonster Bev. (prev. Hansen Nat.)48.5753.389.90%
NUANNuance Communications24.7422.01-11.03%
-Average of companies added:---0.51%
SymbolName of companies dropped20112012% change
FLIRFLIR Systems, Inc.25.6720.36-20.69%
ILMNIllumina Inc.28.3751.2280.54%
NIHDNII Holdings Inc.20.236.32-68.76%
QGENQiagen NV14.3417.622.73%
URBNUrban Outfitters Inc.26.3438.646.55%
-Average of companies dropped:--12.08%

As was the case in previous changes to the Nasdaq 100, the stocks that were added could not exceed the returns of the stocks that were dropped from the index. In the period from 2010 to 2011, the companies that were added lost -15.58% while the companies that were dropped lost "only" -3.45%.

Among the companies added to the index last year, based on our analysis of previous trends, we had said the following of Monster Beverage (formerly Hansen Natural):

"We believe that the recent re-introduction of Hansen Natural (HANS) will be among the top performing stocks at the time of the next re-ranking of the Nasdaq 100."

One year later, Monster Beverage provided the top gain of all the stocks that were added last year.

(click to enlarge)

Another observation made of the 2011 Nasdaq re-ranking was the following:

"Of the stocks that were added to the index (2010 re-ranking), the non-tech related companies, Dollar Tree (NASDAQ:DLTR) and Whole Foods (NASDAQ:WFM), outperformed with gains of 48% and 40%, respectively. This suggests that the "basics" will outperform in the coming year…"

Monster Beverage (NASDAQ:MNST) and Fossil Inc. (NASDAQ:FOSL), both not technology-related, provided the largest intra-year moves by rising as much as +60% before coming back to earth. It should be noted that non-technology stocks performed the best over the last year. While Randgold (NASDAQ:GOLD) is not a technology stock, it was added to the index based on the hype surrounding the rise in the price of gold and was a more reactionary inclusion suggesting that underperformance was likely.

2010 Additions and Deletions Performance Review

The distinction of being added to the Nasdaq 100 should be considered an achievement. However, the path usually isn't so easy after being added to the index.

In the middle of a bull market run, the stocks that were added to the Nasdaq 100 Index on December 20, 2010 (found here) have underperformed by a wide margin when compared to the Nasdaq 100 over the last 2 years. Of the seven companies that were added at the time, only two stocks (both non-technology companies) have gains.

(click to enlarge)

As mentioned earlier, most investors would associate being added to the technology heavy Nasdaq 100 as an achievement. However, as we've indicated with the Dow Industrials in the past (found here and here), being added to an index usually occurs when a stock has already seen its best performance and is far likelier to decline than rise over the medium term (1-3 year period).

SymbolCompany20102012% change
DLTRDollar Tree28.1239.4440.26%
FFIVF5 Networks136.6493.77-31.37%
MUMicron Tech8.146.67-18.06%
WFMWhole Foods51.3590.6676.55%
NDXNasdaq 10022232647.5719.10%

All of the companies listed above are great for their own reasons, however, as a group the average return was -9.19% while the Nasdaq 100 Index managed to increase over +19% in the same 2-year period.

Disclosure: I have no positions in any stocks mentioned, and no plans to initiate any positions within the next 72 hours. I wrote this article myself, and it expresses my own opinions. I am not receiving compensation for it. I have no business relationship with any company whose stock is mentioned in this article.