During the previous week, the euro traded almost in range, finishing a bit higher (0.6%) than its initial value ($1.2986) from Monday. The EUR/USD exchange rate started the current week significantly lower, opening with a gap of more than 170 pips below its Friday closing value. As of the time of this writing, the euro covered a lot of the gap and trades around the $1.2960/70 area. The reason for this sharp decline is considered to be the Cyprus rescue deal from last week, the positive vote on which faces local opposition inside the country.
The Week Ahead
Apart from the Cyprus vote on the deposits levy on Monday, the current week is relatively calm regarding the economic events.
The most important risk events of the week are the Germany PPI, FED's monetary policy press conference, and FOMC economic projections, all of them on Wednesday. Those have the potential to determine the near- to long-term direction of the EUR/USD exchange rate.
As mentioned in a previous edition of our EUR/USD Weak Ahead review, "a decline to the $1.29 area where the 200SMA lies" was possible. On Monday this possibility materialized, although not in a very common way. The 200SMA might provide some support here and the euro has the potential to rise from its current levels. However, as our Consensus Optimism Index below shows, the analysts are overly bullish regarding the economic indicators. This presents an elevated probability that negative surprises would affect the euro's value.
This week's analysts' expectations are significantly optimistic, with more than 85% of the expectations being for better-than-previous values. Consensuses are more optimistic for the U.S. data (90%) than for the European one (82%). The weekly increase in optimism is significantly bigger for the European data (98%). This generally would favor the euro against the U.S. dollar.
The large amount of positive expectations increases the probability for negative surprises. Given that such happen, they would generally favor the U.S. dollar because of the current increased positive expectations regarding the single currency.
The current value of our Consensus Optimism Index (COI) is 85, up from 56 for the previous week.
The index shows the proportion the positive consensus estimates take in all the estimates we have available for the respective week. A value above 50% represents an optimistic mood in the expectations rather than pessimistic. The weekly change in indexes' values could be used as a tool to assess the analysts' mood. It should not be neglected however that the EUR/USD rate actually moves rather on the real data and on how that data differs from the expected one.
Investors could take advantage of their own expectations about the EUR/USD exchange rate movement in order to hedge the positions they have in other assets. For instance, American investors with investments in euro denominated assets who expect that the U.S. dollar would appreciate against the single currency, could try to decrease the currency risk by selling euros or by opening a short position in an ETF which tracks the price of the euro. CurrencyShares Euro Trust (NYSEARCA:FXE) is among the most widespread options here. It tracks only the price of the euro measured in U.S. dollars. This ETF has an expense ratio of 0.40%.
For those who prefer more diversified funds, among the options are the PowerShares DB USD Bullish ETF (NYSEARCA:UUP) and the PowerShares DB USD Bearish ETF (NYSEARCA:UDN). Both funds are U.S. dollar denominated and track the value of the USD against six other major currencies - euro, Japanese yen, British pound, Canadian dollar, Swedish krona and Swiss franc. The funds' expense ratio is 0.50%.
Monday, March 18
EU Cyprus Vote on Deposits Levy
EU Trade Balance
USA NAHB Housing Market Index (Feb.)
Monday presents small amount of economic data but the Cyprus vote on the deposits levy seems to be the risk event of the day. It already caused the EUR/USD exchange rate to open with a gap of more than 170 pips. Futures of other risk-on assets, like S&P500, DJIA, also opened significantly lower. As Joachim Fels, Chief Economist at Morgan Stanley in London, points out, cited by Bloomberg, the levy is:
"... a worrying precedent with potentially systemic consequences if depositors in other periphery countries fear a similar treatment in the future."
A positive surprise here might be a affirmative vote on the levy which potentially could lead to euro appreciation in short term. However, it could pose some long term problems in front of the confidence the investors have in the European way of dealing with the economic crisis.
If the EU trade balance presents a higher-than-expected value this would generally support the euro.
Tuesday, March 19
EU Germany ZEW Economic Sentiment (Mar.)
EU ZEW Economic Sentiment (Mar.)
USA Housing Starts (M-o-M) (Feb.)
Market consensus for all the examined economic data in Tuesday is that there will be better-than-previous values. This presents an increased opportunity for negative surprises which to weigh on the euro's price.
Wednesday, March 20
EU Germany PPI (Y-o-Y) (Feb.)
EU Consumer Confidence (Feb.)p
USA FED Interest Rate Decision
USA FED's Monetary Policy / Press Conference
USA FOMC Economic Projections
Germany PPI data on Wednesday would hint whether investors could expect elevated inflation in the eurozone. Such expectations, if they occur, could affect the ECB's decision on its main refinancing rate. Currently, the market expects a decline in Germany PPI which technically would be euro negative.
The risk events of the day are the FED's press conference and the FOMC economic projections. Those could drive currencies, as well as equity markets, in either direction. A more hawkish policy would have negative effect on the growth expectations in the U.S. and weigh on both equities and the euro.
Thursday, March 21
EU Germany Markit Manufacturing PMI (Mar.)p
EU Germany Markit Services PMI (Mar.)p
EU Markit Composite PMI (Mar.)p
USA Markit Manufacturing PMI (Mar.)p
USA Initial Jobless Claims
USA CB Leading Indicator (M-o-M) (Feb.)
USA Philadelphia FED Manufacturing Survey (Mar.)
The analysts' consensuses for all the examined Markit indexes for Thursday are that they will mark increases. This potentially opens the door for negative surprises which, if happen, would put pressure on the euro.
The value of the leading indicator is important because it shows the future trends in the U.S. economic development. A negative surprise here or in the Philadelphia FED manufacturing survey's value would have significant effect on the risk-on environment. Thus, it would weigh on the euro.
Friday, March 22
EU Germany IFO Current Assessment (Mar.)
EU Germany IFO Expectations (Mar.)
Friday offers small amount of economic data. The expectations for both indicators are positive. Hence, the potential for negative surprises affecting the euro's value is increased.