Strategic Hotels & Resorts Inc. (NYSE:BEE)
Q1 2009 Earnings Call
May 7, 2009 10:00 am ET
Ryan Bowie - VP Treasurer
Laurence Geller - President and CEO
Jim Mead - EVP and CFO
Smedes Rose - Keefe, Bruyette, Woods
Bill Crow - Raymond James
Welcome to the first quarter 2009 Strategic Hotels & Resorts Earnings Call. My name is Carol and I'll be your coordinator for today. At this time, all participants are in a listen-only mode. We'll be facilitating a question-and answer-session towards the ends of this conference.
As a reminder, ladies and gentlemen this conference is being recorded for replay purposes. I would now like to turn the presentation over to your host for today's call, Mr. Ryan Bowie, Vice President and Treasurer.
Welcome to Strategic Hotels & Resorts first quarter 2009 earnings conference call. Our press release and supplemental financials were distributed yesterday and on Tuesday of this week, a shareholder letter was released, which we encourage everyone to read. All are available on the company's website at strategichotels.com within the Investors Relations session. We are also hosting a live webcast of today's call, which can be accessed from the same section of the site and a replay of today's call will be available for one month.
Before we get underway, I would like to say that this conference call will contain forward-looking statements under federal securities laws. These statements are based on current expectations, estimates and projections about the market and the industry in which the company operates, in addition to management's beliefs and assumptions.
Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of performance and actual operating results may be affected by a wide variety of factors. For a list of these factors, please refer to the forward-looking statements notice included within our SEC filings. In the press release and supplemental financials, the company has reconciled all non-GAAP financial measures to those directly comparable GAAP measures in accordance with Reg-G requirements.
I would also like to introduce the members of the management team with me here today, Laurence Geller, President and Chief Executive Officer, and Jim Mead Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer.
Welcome to our first quarter 2009 earnings conference call. The overall economic slowdown combined with a heightened sensitivity about spending in high-end hotels continues to significantly impact our portfolio results today.
During the first quarter, we lost $0.15 FFO per share on EBITDA of $22.8 million, and we have seen the financial impact to our portfolio, most acutely in the higher end demand segments, with group meeting activity at our resorts down 36% during the quarter in comparison to just over 13% in our urban hotels. And our premium transient room nights representing 8% of our total room nights were down almost 40%.
This has been anticipated given the levels of stride and [rhetoric] from populous policymakers and others to restrain what has been advertised, as extravagant corporate spending. However, the macro measures we focus on, such as consumer confidence, business activity, stop market industries, housing activity, real estate lending spreads and all prices have been stable, all have improved over the past several months.
For example, over the past four to six weeks, we've seen evidence of marginal week-on-week improvements in core volumes at our reservation centers, although they are still at levels significantly lower from last year.
The general sentiment is that the situation is beginning to stabilize and our hotels report customers are feeling better about the future. It appears that most of our group cancellations are now behind us with pace for 2010 running at 14% of the near peak market levels of 2007. So while we're not confident in our sense of the overall economy to know whether these green shoots represent a sustainable trend or simply a short-term bounce, and obviously we can't call the bottom yet.
We do fully expect bumps in the road ahead, such as the one we just are suffering with, with the near-term impact of the flu outbreak in Mexico. And whereas their overall signals in the environment that give us some hope that things have stabilized at least for the time being with the fair index now at its lowest level since the Lehman announcement, we're planning for all contingencies and maintain our ability to react quickly and flexibly to changing and evolving circumstances.
Let me comment on the Mexico situation. As you know, we have two hotels in Mexico, the Four Seasons in Mexico City and the Four Seasons in Punta Mita, which combined accounted for about 13% of our 2008 EBITDA.
The flu outbreak in Mexico and the Mexican government controversial decision to close businesses in Mexico City for five days, from 1st May to 5th May had a severe impact on our Mexican City hotel. We're still open, however, occupancy during this period is low and all of the outlets that serve non-hotel guests will close by government mandate, although some are now being allowed to reopen, albeit with stringent and often very hard to understand restrictions.
It's currently our belief that once this situation is past and many are telling us to anticipate the most severe impact to our business for the full month of May. Business will resume building back to a normal pace since Mexico City is the main government and financial center of the country and our property remains the clear first choice for high-end clientele.
Our Four Seasons Resort in Punta Mita as well has suffered occupancy losses that will continue for more extended periods, as travelers to the hotels who typically book months in advance choose alternative destinations.
I should note, however that during the past few days, our core volume at the property has significantly increased and we're seeing firm reservations being made for June onwards. However, the high season for the hotel, that's when we earn 70% of the resorts' EBITDA runs from November through April and we remain hopeful that our late-year business will take place as anticipated.
As we have been doing for the past few quarters, let me give you an update on our progress on the key strategic initiatives against which we're measuring our progress for the year. Our revenue strategies continue to show results and our RevPAR performance continue to outperform the luxury Smith Travel industries for the first quarter with the monthly trend line delta continuing to show significant improvement.
We continue to work with our brands on innovative and aggressive measures to add market share, despite the declining environment. For example, one of our latest initiatives which will be unveiled soon is a web engine designed to direct travelers to our properties based on types of desired activities. This is a unique and unusual experiment, which we will be testing outside of our branded operators' reservation systems in order to highlight our collection of hotels and resorts.
Our asset managers have been doing an outstanding job in working with our branded operators to reduce costs through redesign of the fundamental approaches to our business. We've taken costs out of every operating element in cost center.
The GOP margin decline of 560 basis points is a great result, considering the 23% decline in total revenues during the quarter, which was driven by an ADR drop of 11% which as you're aware, has the highest impact on margin reduction.
Every measure hit our internal targets. Productivity at the hotels improved dramatically with total hours worked per occupied room down 7% and total aggregate hours worked down 21%. Variable and fixed costs were contained throughout, and we're confident we can sustain these levels of reductions, as we move through the rest of the year.
As a result, we feel we have implemented systemic changes to our property's operating models, which, as demand increases, will lead to significantly higher flow through in profit margins.
Our corporate general administrative costs are now at a run rate of 22% below our levels of 2007. During the quarter, we accelerated the vesting of restricted stocks for our employees, which eliminates the large legacy cost of that program, and importantly motivated our employees who were working harder than ever with far fewer people and receive no bonuses this year for the 2008 performance. Although the one-time accounting cost of that acceleration was $3.6 million that market the aggregate benefit to our employees was only $260,000.
This action permits us to better reflect the actual cost of compensation in our numbers going forward. Our estimate for this year's G&A has not changed, excluding this charge, and remains between $23 million and 24 million, while we are working on reducing the annual run rate even further.
Owner-funded capital expenditure has been limited to what's necessary. We have no obligations to spend a significant capital on properties going forward and our portfolio is not only in good, if not outstanding physical condition, as a result of the program's completed in prior periods. Importantly it's well positioned to compete in each individual market.
As we have done during past downturns, spending from our FF&E reserve is being minimized through our rigorous controls and we expect the total spend will be far less than the reserve allocation at each hotel.
As we reported previously, our line of credit amendment closed during this quarter and gives us substantial run rate during what we think will be the worst of this recession. Since we have no maturing debt until 2011, importantly we have time to seek activities to reserve against any future capital structure needs.
Amongst the options we continue to pursue is raising equity through an aggressive thorough and disciplined process to sell hotels. Despite markets, which are amongst the most challenging I personally have ever seen, we believe we have quality hotels that will attract buyers if they're out there at better relative pricing than others with more commoditized property.
Now, I will turn the call over to Jim for some details on the quarter.
Our operating results for the quarter continue to reflect conditions consistent with a weak and volatile operating environment. North American RevPAR was down 24.1%, driven by a 10.1 percentage point drop in occupancy and 11.1% decline in average rate.
Booking trends show a continued shift in the mix of our business, especially in the transient segment where premium occupied room nights declined 37% from last year's first quarter while discount rooms increased 17%, as a result of far more rooms being booked through discounted channels and they're all out of several new booking incentive programs.
On the group side, room nights were down 22%, driven by a fall-off of corporate groups. The luxury trend was most evident at our two Ritz-Carltons which have regrettably become today's poster child of corporate meetings [excess] and at our Fairmont Scottsdale hotel. Results of the two Ritzs rely on mid-week group meeting business. We were down 45% in group meeting at Half Moon Bay and 28% in Laguna Niguel. The Fairmont Scottsdale, which had a 36% RevPAR decline during the quarter lost 9500 room night financial institution meeting.
Non-rooms revenue was down 22% in the quarter, largely as a result of the loss of group activity. On the positive note, as expected, our Four Seasons in Washington DC had a strong quarter [buoyed] by the lift from Presidential Inauguration and completion of the hotel renovation, the addition of 11 new rooms in a Michael Mina Restaurant in mid January.
During the week of inauguration, we were sold out at an average rate of $1,482 and our new Royal Suite has been a tremendous success with occupancy around 35% at a $9,000 average rate, far exceeding our underwriting for that project.
Turning to cost, total North American property payroll and related expenses were reduced 16% and there were 1,340 fewer full-time equivalents than last year.
Our food purchasing programs continue to show results, despite the drop in banquet business, we further reduced the cost of sales of food by 50 basis points over last year.
For the quarter, our North American gross operating profit margins declined 550 basis points and 630 basis points to EBITDA against a 23% decline in total revenue. The ratio of EBITDA percentage loss to revenue percentage loss was approximately 1.8, or slightly better than the two times we generally target.
Our European portfolio of RevPAR declined 14.4% measured in constant dollars. The results were impacted by our room renovation at our Marriott Champs Elysees in Paris which is being funded from the FF&E reserve and caused displacement of approximately 500,000 euros in hotel EBITDA.
Excluding the Renaissance Le Parc, which was out of service for rebranding a year ago, margin declines in Europe were held to 60 basis points and European EBITDA declined only 12.1% in constant dollars, as our team had great success in executing cost reduction programs there as well.
Foreign exchange changes during the year, however, worked against our US dollar results. So in US dollars, RevPAR declined 29.4%, driving an EBITDA decline of 28%. We continue to have insufficient visibility to provide reliable guidance.
As we look in the second quarter, our financial forecasts are tracking consistently with the reported first quarter results, with the exception of the impact of the flu outbreak in Mexico. It is still too early to quantify the loss of business from this event, although there will certainly be disruption in a cost the to the second quarter results.
Both of our Mexican hotels remain open, our contingency plan allowed us to react quickly and cost were well contained. Punta Mita has lost some of its summer bookings, which is the seasonally slow period for the hotel. There were few corporate meetings scheduled during May in Mexico City and we have had no cancellations in social events and local catering business.
All of the meetings that have been affected in Punta Mita are being rescheduled for later in the year or 2010. It is interesting to note that we are not aware of any of our Four Seasons employees contracting the flu and are informed that there have been no reported cases of flu in Puerto Vallarta, the closest city to Punta Mita.
In our last earnings report, we noted that in February we completed the amendment to our line of credit facility in which we lowered our minimum corporate fixed charge covenant to 0.9 times coverage.
In the recently completed first quarter, we achieved a 1.57 times fixed charge coverage. We currently have $296 million outstanding on our $400 million line of credit and have corporate cash on hand of approximately $40 million, which gives us about $140 million in available liquidity and we have no debt maturities until 2011.
Thank you, and, operator, let's take some questions.
(Operator Instruction) Your first question comes to you from the line of Smedes Rose of Keefe, Bruyette, Woods.
Smedes Rose - Keefe, Bruyette, Woods
Could you just talk a little bit about asset sales? I guess you have the Fairmont in Chicago on the market. Is that the first asset formerly listed or what is your thinking along those lines?
I can confirm that we have listed the Fairmont Chicago. And one comment on the press reports on the pricing, we have listed that and are in the process of marketing other hotels sometimes through different channels and less public channels and we are working on all. As I mentioned on the last call, we're working on leaving no stone unturned as we do believe we have some properties that can raise exceptional amount of equity, very efficiently priced equity in this market. The Fairmont hotel is the one that has been publicly written about as being listed.
Your next question comes to you from the line of [Andy Waitman of Robert W. Baird]. Please proceed.
To clarify the G&A, the acceleration of the stock benefits, with the $3.6 million hit to first quarter that theoretically should decrease the G&A for the rest of the year. Can you just talk about the fact that you said it was going to be about flat with your previous estimates? Is there something else going on there that we should be aware of?
Let me go back and make sure we're clear. The $3.6 million was an additional charge to G&A in the first quarter, which cost about $0.05 a share. And the actual cost to the company at market for those shares was only about $260,000. So the accounting entry was $3.6 million.
Excluding that $3.6 million, although we're working on our G&A to try to get it lower, we anticipate the G&A range to be between $23 million and $24 million. So at the end of the year, you will see a number somewhere between $26.6 million and $27.6 million in total for G&A.
Basically the amortization charge that was being charged at a much higher stock price, probably in a $20 range, has now been effectively eliminated. So for second, third and fourth quarters any stock (inaudible) that's recognizing shares at the $1 to $2 stock price then?
Your next question comes to you from the line of [Rajat Safai of New Brook]. Please proceed.
I have a very quick question on your commentary in the press release that talked about the efficiently priced equity. Can you elaborate on that, please?
I understand that there was an interpretation that came back that I think meant something different than what was intended in the quote. We believe that sale of hotels provides the most efficiently priced equity option for us and I think the quote was intended to say that that's what we were seeking.
Is there any other avenues of capital you guys will consider or are looking at?
I think we would not want to discuss any of the ongoing activities that we're looking at, only to comment that at a dollar a share the common equity offering would be likely and practical for the company.
Okay. And what's an exceptional amount of equity? Are you referring to equity at the property level when you guys mention equity?
Can you talk a little bit about, not individual property, but overall, can you give us a favor on how much equity do you think is there in these hotels.
No. We won't comment on that, only to say that we believe that the process that we're in will release a sufficient equity to demonstrate that to you in the future.
Okay. With regards to the asset of hotel sales, who would the buyers be and more likely strategic or financial?
Probably, both. There are very unusual pool of buyers for our assets. Each one is somewhat tailor-made, just tailor-made products for each of the buying groups. We still see some financial buyers out there. We see a number of individual families, individual buyers, foreign institutions, certain [sovereign] wealth fund still coming into this. And we try and tailor the sales process to seek out these buyers on an individual basis.
It is clearly a very thin market. It is clearly very credit constrained out there and it is not evident we will manage to close on any transactions, because this is the most unusual market I have seen leading to the most inefficient market for dispositions that we can imagine.
However, as we have said previously, and I mentioned this morning, we are aggressive and very thoughtfully and thoroughly leaving no stone unturned in an ability to release what we believe is the most efficient equity for this company.
Finally, can you talk about sequential fee, the discussion in the last month given what's happened in the equity market and the stock prices of some of the REIT stocks?
Would you repeat that once again?
Do you guys think in the last month given sort of the pickup in the stock market, would you guys benefit from that? Like speaking to your buyers, have you seen more interest in the last month?
I don't think there has been an increase in buyers as a result of a stock market pickup. We have seen groups that are now starting to come into the market over the last 60 days to 90 days that we had not seen previously or heard about ready to come into the market. And these are from all over the world, not merely the United States. Each of these groups have their own targets and own specialists. And as I mentioned, we try and tailor to see if we have a product to fit the need of these groups. Some of them are distressed buyers, some of them are long-term hold buyers and we just keep going through the process one at a time.
I will say that the contraction of the real estate lending spreads generally is a positive indicator for a sales process. And we're not seeing the direct results of that yet, but it ultimately will have to affect the availability of capital to buy assets.
(Operator instructions) Your next question comes from the line of Bill Crow of Raymond James.
Bill Crow - Raymond James
First question, I appreciate the debt detail in the package. I'm looking at the debt by asset. Can you remind me which five assets were used to securitize the line?
Sure. It's the three Four Seasons hotels, the Four Seasons, Washington DC, Mexico City and Punta Mita, Ritz-Carlton Laguna Niguel and the Marriott Lincolnshire.
Bill Crow - Raymond James
Those are the only assets that are encumbered, right? You have one or two left that are not encumbered? Is that fair?
The only asset that is unencumbered by debt in the portfolio now is the Renaissance Le Parc hotel in Paris.
Bill Crow - Raymond James
As you look across the portfolio and the value of the assets that you see there versus the individual debt, do you envision a scenario where you might give back an asset to the lender just where the value is not there anymore?
Your question is in two-fold. At this moment in time, there are no assets that would fit into that category. Let me however state our corporate philosophy. We have most of our assets other than five in the line are [non-recourse]. We bargain for non-recourse. We paid the price for non-recourse terms of cost, upfront fees and percentage of proceeds. We view non-recourse as exactly that. And we will have no timidity of going back to the lenders if we cannot renegotiate loans were we to fall into straits that would mandated in either given back the property or renegotiate. Non-recourse was bargained for specifically for circumstances such as these.
Your next question comes as a follow-up question from Rajat Safai of New Brook.
I have one more quick follow-up question. How much equity value do you think is in the hotels above the property specific debt cumulatively or at least how should we think about that?
We don't disclose any type of estimates for our internal valuation or any other external valuations we've gotten on our properties. So I think that you'd have to take a look at the cash flows from last year and make your own assessment.
I think it's fair to say that when you're thinking about [perky] valuations and also the valuation of the assets, for the most part every one of our assets generate perky, substantial amount of cash flow, compared to what you might think as our peer companies in the public markets. So, perky valuations would likely be vastly different than our peers. And as well because of the uniqueness of the locations, things like oceanfront properties, where the real estate itself is special as an underpinning of the value. I think that would be a big consideration also in the valuation of our assets.
The reason I ask is because it seems like if you think that substantial amount of equity value in the hotels cumulatively the stock market clearly is not giving you the credit for that.
I agree with your observation. I'll tell you, management feels strongly that these assets are worth a considerable amount of money. To pinpoint a point in time and say look at the liquidation values is the incorrect way to look at portfolio of hotels.
(Operator Instruction) Gentlemen, at this time, we do not have any further questions to you. I'm going to turn it back to you, Mr. Geller for your closing remarks.
Thank you everybody for your time and attention. We look forward to speaking to you at the end of this current quarter which time we can only hope that the economy continue to show the early signs of improvements we're seeing and we can see into the near-term future with more clarity than today. I look forward to speaking to you soon and wish everybody well.
Ladies and gentlemen, that concludes your presentation. You may now disconnect. Have a good day.
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