II-VI Incorporated Management Discusses Q3 2013 Results - Earnings Call Transcript

Apr.23.13 | About: II-VI Incorporated (IIVI)

II-VI Incorporated (NASDAQ:IIVI)

Q3 2013 Earnings Call

April 23, 2013 9:00 am ET

Executives

Craig A. Creaturo - Chief Financial Officer, Principal Accounting Officer and Treasurer

Francis J. Kramer - Chief Executive Officer, President and Director

Analysts

James Ricchiuti - Needham & Company, LLC, Research Division

Mark Douglass - Longbow Research LLC

Avinash Kant - D.A. Davidson & Co., Research Division

Dave Kang - B. Riley Caris, Research Division

Jiwon Lee - Sidoti & Company, LLC

Operator

Good day, ladies and gentlemen, and welcome to the II-VI Incorporated Fiscal Year 2013 Third Quarter Earnings Conference Call. [Operator Instructions] As a reminder, today's conference is being recorded.

I would now like to introduce your host for this conference call, Mr. Craig Creaturo. You may begin, sir.

Craig A. Creaturo

Thank you, Kevin, and good morning, everyone. I am Craig Creaturo, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer of II-VI Incorporated. Thank you for participating in the Third Quarter Fiscal Year 2013 II-VI Incorporated Investor Teleconference. As a reminder, this teleconference is being recorded on Tuesday, April 23, 2013.

The forward-looking statements we may make during this teleconference speak as of today, and we do not undertake any obligation to update these statements to reflect events or circumstances occurring after today.

Before we begin the call, we would like to note that we have been made aware of an erroneous EPS estimate that was included in the Thomson Reuters' first call report for II-VI Incorporated for the quarter we just completed. Specifically, an incorrect data point of an analyst estimate for $0.56 per share was included in earlier versions of this report, and this affected both the consensus estimate, as well as the high and low range for the quarter. It appears that this issue has been corrected as of this morning, but we know this has caused some confusion with investors, analysts and news outlets. We point this out to make sure that you are aware that this issue impacted earlier versions of the Thomson Reuters' first call report for II-VI and to lessen the confusion that this issue has caused.

I would now like to turn the call to Fran Kramer.

Francis J. Kramer

Thank you, Craig. I am Francis Kramer, President and CEO of II-VI Incorporated. As I noted in the press release, we are pleased to deliver our third quarter fiscal year 2013 financial results within the range of our guidance we've previously issued. During the quarter, we made significant progress on integrating our 3 recent acquisitions and we look forward to increasing contributions from each of these businesses in the future. I'll now present you with a review of each of our business segments.

First in the IR Optics segment, during the third quarter, bookings were up 15% quarter-over-quarter to $51.2 million. We rebounded from a weak second quarter with North America, Switzerland and U.K. showing significant improvement, world power market also saw a pickup during the quarter. Although Japan showed some improvement from last quarter, booking levels are lower than what we've experienced over the past few years. Our German business continues to be stable, driven by demand for diamond optics and EUV systems. Scan lens bookings remained strong from customers in Taiwan and South Korea as that business shifts away from Japan.

For our IR Optics business in the United States, orders from domestic OEMs increased 50% quarter-over-quarter due to new blanket orders from some of our key OEM accounts. Shipments to our domestic OEMs increased 8% from last quarter. Aftermarket bookings increased 15% quarter-over-quarter as a result of improved CO2 laser machine utilization in North America.

The outlook for the fourth quarter depends on the near term economic impact of recent government policy decisions and consumer consumption, which drives laser utilization.

European bookings for the third quarter were up 14% compared to the second quarter. Our diamond optical windows for the EUV photolithography system business continue to grow as projected. Asian bookings increased 19% from the prior quarter with both Japan and China showing good improvement. Actually, China increased 25% over the second quarter. The China aftermarket reached record bookings in March, sales of variable radius mirrors, called VRMs, and low power cavity activity showed increasing demand. Other international bookings finished higher than expected due to active South Korean via hole drilling market.

At HIGHYAG, bookings of $6.1 million for the third quarter were up 29% sequentially. Although we have seen a softening in bookings, we continue to see long-term growth in 1-micron welding, beam delivery and 1-micron laser cutting markets.

Now moving to the Near-Infrared Optics segments. Bookings during the third quarter were down 9% quarter-over-quarter to $32.8 million, while segment revenues were down 3% to $35.8 million. The bookings decrease was due to softening demand for optical components in the telecom market. Also, we experienced a product demand shift within our contract manufacturing services area. The Near-Infrared Optics revenue decrease was due to the Chinese New Year holiday and the softening in the telecom component business.

Now at Photop, our third quarter revenues were down 3% from the second quarter. Revenues were impacted by several factors including the slowdown in demand for 40G components due to the growing market shift to the 100G network, the Chinese New Year holiday, inventory adjustments caused by vendor managed inventory implementations and a market softening in the telecom component business. The telecom component business slowdown was mainly attributable to 40G components as well as legacy products. In the data center and CATV-related areas, Photop made progress with new product design wins to support future sales growth. In the R&D projects area, Photop continues to work on its high-end optical components for the telecom market. The Photop laser device business remains strong in the third quarter, driven by several applications in biomedical, industrial and government contract projects and emerging projects related to law enforcement and fiber lasers. The Photop optics business was flat in the third quarter in both the telecom and industrial markets.

Fiber-to-the-Home filter revenues decreased due to the broadband China project delay and market competition. However, we achieved good progress on new optics and laser assemblies for the life sciences market. Photop's contract manufacturing business experienced a slowdown and a booking adjustment due to a product change on the glass panels for tablets. The new product is anticipated to be qualified in the fourth quarter.

Integration of the newly acquired Photop advanced coating center in Santa Rosa, California is progressing well, both in business continuity and team stability. We work with our customers to assure a solid supply and seamless transition and as a result, we were able to achieve increased business immediately.

At Photop Aegis, third quarter revenues were down 14% quarter-over-quarter, while we're up 2% compared to the same quarter 1 year ago. This sequential decline is primarily a result of price erosion for legacy products. Aegis continues to see strong growth in China for its optical channel monitor products with revenues more than doubling from the second quarter of fiscal year '13 in that country. Ongoing investment is being made in low-cost, small form factor and high performance optical channel monitors that address the flexible bandwidth requirements and transmission networks with data rates of 100 Gbps, 400 gigabits per second and beyond. Further, new product offerings in tunable filters and CWDM-PON solutions for the metro and access networks are scheduled for the second half of fiscal year '14.

In our Military & Materials business during the third quarter, segment bookings of $22.1 million were down 20% from the second quarter due to shortfalls at our PRM Materials business. Bookings in the third quarter included those realized at our recently acquired LightWorks Optics business, which helped to offset shortfalls from our other military businesses. Revenues for the third quarter of $28.9 million increased 35% from the second quarter of this fiscal year. As compared to a year ago, we have experienced a significant decrease in revenue from our Materials business, which is partially offset by our recent acquisition of LightWorks.

Our Military business is now comprised of LightWorks Optics, Exotic Electro-Optics, VLOC and Max Levy. Integration of LightWorks and Exotic is progressing and has been well received by our customers. As previously communicated, some of the most significant expected synergies due to the acquisition are a high level of engineered products and considerable foreign military sales, which should provide a solid base for the next several years.

The IRST program, which is the acronym for infrared search and track system, is deployed on the F-18 fighter aircraft, and its outlook continues to gain strength. This program is underpinned by foreign military sales to Saudi Arabia and should help offset the softness we might experience in the domestic defense market. Overall, our Military business remains solid and we're going to expect this will continue through fiscal year '14.

In our Materials business, PRM continues to experience low demand for tellurium and selenium products. The low tellurium demand is due to a wide buildup in the supply chain and is expected to continue for the next several quarters. This buildup is mainly attributable to tellurium production output that was put in place several years ago when the tellurium index price rapidly rose to over $400 per kilogram, primarily driven by photovoltaics. Although we have seen some increase in demand for a short period of time, over the past year, it has not been sustainable. The tellurium index price has maintained at $110 per kilogram for the past few months in spite of the weak global market demand.

We continue to experience lower demand for our selenium product from the agricultural feed and glass industries as falling index prices caused buyers to delay purchases and opt to use inventory on hand in anticipation of further price declines. The Chinese manganese market is down due to a combination of environmental issues and lower manganese demand for steel production. Although we do not sell directly to the manganese market, it is estimated to account for over half of the total selenium demand worldwide and, therefore, its weak demand significantly impacts the index price. At the start of the third quarter, the selenium index price was $40 per pound and eroded slightly to $38 per pound, a decline of 5%. Since the end of the quarter, the index price has eroded further to $35 per pound, which is the pricing level we used for our fourth quarter FY '13 forecast for selenium.

The low levels -- the low yields and production output challenges of our rare-earth element product line development continued in the third quarter. During the quarter, we met with our customer and renegotiated a contract both parties believe provides better value. As part of the renegotiated contract that went into effect in April 1, we will receive a markup on production cost incurred plus a per kilogram fee for all finished product. The term of the contract was also extended. We believe these changes should lead to profitability for our rare-earth product line.

Also during the quarter, we experienced losses on the sale of precious metals due to the eroding price of gold and weak market conditions related to the contained tellurium and the precious metals residue that was a sold. Historically, precious metal sales have been a source of modestly profitable additional revenues.

For the quarter, the segment operating loss was completely attributable to our PRM operation, while profitability from our Military business remained in line with our expectations. We believe, going forward, our rare-earth product line will be breakeven or better with a new contract in place and we will continue to take further cost reduction measures in our selenium and tellurium product lines.

Moving to our Advanced Product Groups, at Marlow, bookings for our third quarter increased 79% from the second quarter due to initial production orders in the personal comfort market, increased [indiscernible] rare orders in the defense market and an end-of-life the purchase for a major automotive platform.

Revenues for the third quarter were up quarter-over-quarter as a result of increases in the defense market as we continue to see greater demand on the legacy products for repair and maintenance in our automotive business due to end-of-life sales for this product line. These increases were partially offset by lower revenues in the telecom market and government contracts. The personal comfort market is developing with shipments of prototype products to customers and the receipt of our first production order. The Climatherm product line is selling well in Europe, where we have multiple design wins again this quarter. In the power generation market, we see growing interest in waste heat recovery and cogeneration, customers can harvest otherwise wasted energy from the temperature differences that exist in a variety of different environments to power wireless sensors and actuators.

We are focusing our efforts to align our costs with our revenues to mitigate market uncertainties and to focus our engineering efforts on the more promising emerging markets and major new opportunities.

Moving now to our Wide Bandgap Materials group. Bookings for the third quarter increased 152% from the second quarter due to a blanket order for 100-millimeter, semi insulating substrates by a large Japanese OEM. Revenues for the third quarter were up 34% compared to the previous quarter. Shipments of semi insulating substrates for RF applications were flat from the prior quarter. With increased bookings in the third quarter for semi insulating substrates customer demand and product deliveries will increase in the fourth quarter. This increase is driven by commercial applications in the wireless infrastructure market.

During the third quarter, we saw increased interest in our 150-millimeter products, began shipments of 150-millimeter semi insulating silicon carbide substrates to several large OEMs in the U.S. and Japan. These OEMs are focused on Gallium Nitride-based electronics for both RF and power applications. Growth in the power device market demand for low cost, large diameter silicon carbide substrates continues to be driven by the promise of more energy-efficient products and solutions. The early introduction of 150-millimeter diameter substrates by the industry should enable device manufacturers to lower their device cost and enable them to manufacture using existing 150-millimeter diameter silicon and Gallium Arsenide device processing lines.

We believe that this will expand the potential market share for silicon carbide devices and accelerate the transition to 150-millimeter. During the third quarter, we continued to add new polishing and fabrication tools in our Mississippi facility for manufacturing these substrates. We expect to complete the expansion in the fourth quarter.

At our new M Cubed subsidiary, bookings and revenues for the third quarter were $11.3 million and $11.8 million, respectively. We are seeing improved conditions in the semiconductor industry, especially in demand by OEMs for product to support 20-nanometer and 28-nanometer logic capacity additions. M Cubed also benefited from spending on new product development activities to support next-generation tool deployment at both the 300-millimeter and 450-millimeter diameters.

Increase in semiconductor sales was partially offset by weakness in the display sector. We saw a pushout of planned spending until the second half of calendar year 2013. Spending in the defense sector continues at reduced levels albeit sales for aviation armor remains stable in support of platform upgrades and planned retrofits. Operations at our new manufacturing facility in Newtown, Connecticut, began during the quarter to support expansion of our wafer handling product line. The new plant will house advanced machining and clean room assembly and metrology centers focused on supporting OEM tool deployment in the lithography, metrology and inspection areas of the semiconductor manufacturing process.

M Cubed continues to invest in the creation of new tools and processes with particular emphasis on the optics and energy sectors where the company can take advantage of its unique manufacturing processes and capabilities to tailor new materials to meet specific application requirements. New products for the semiconductor, industrial and energy sectors are planned for fiscal year '14, and the company is planning for further investment in the sales and marketing organization to be ready for those introductions.

In summary, as we look back to the just completed quarter, we can point to several operational improvements and customer developments that will help II-VI achieve its growth and profitability objectives. While we have some markets such as telecom that are expected to be soft in the near term, we like the overall outlook for our collection of businesses focused on engineered materials. As we look to the June 30, 2013 quarter, we're expecting quarterly revenue growth in the 1% to 5% range, and we are forecasting a broader range of EPS expectations than in the past to offer a variety of possible market operational and economic factors that may impact our businesses. We'll continue to focus on our long-term growth objectives by growing both organically and through acquisition, while looking for other ways to return value to our shareholders, which we have done for 40, going on 41, consecutive years.

Craig, this concludes my comments.

Craig A. Creaturo

Thank you, Fran. Here are the items that I would like to highlight before we open up the question-and-answer portion of the call. As described in today's press release, consolidated bookings for the quarter ended March 31, 2013, were $140.3 million, which was 4% lower than the same quarter last fiscal year. The 3 acquisitions we completed in the December 2012 quarter added about $22 million in bookings during the just completed quarter and nearly an equal amount of revenues.

Total company backlog at March 31, 2013, was $194 million, down 2% from the December 31, 2012, backlog. The components of the backlog at March 31, 2013, were: Infrared Optics at $42 million; Near-Infrared Optics at $33 million; Military & Materials at $72 million; and Advanced Products Group at $47 million.

The gross margin for the quarter was approximately 35% of total revenues and is expected to remain at this general level during the next quarter. Although this is slightly lower than historical gross margin rates for II-VI, we attribute most of this change to a combination of our recent acquisitions, which carried lower gross margin profiles when compared to some of our historical businesses combined with higher material costs in certain of our business units.

During the quarter, the company repurchased 524,000 shares of its common stock for a total amount of $9.1 million at an average price of $17.44 per share. These purchases completed the $25 million board-authorized repurchase program announced in May 2012. Under this program, the company repurchased approximately 1,443,000 shares and an average share price of $17.30 per share. The Board periodically reviews the benefits of share repurchases program and may open up other programs in the future.

The year-to-date effective tax rate was 24.9% compared to 21.9% for the same period last fiscal year. The effective income tax rate for the quarter was 15.1% compared to 25.8% in the same quarter last fiscal year. The effective tax rate for the quarter was driven by a shift in earnings to lower taxing jurisdictions, combined with the extension of the federal research and development tax credit program. During the quarter, there were no material changes in our tax reserves. We expect the income tax rate for fiscal year 2013 to range between 23% and 25%.

As a result of recent acquisitions, including those from the quarter ended December 31, 2012, we acquired tax carryforward attributes, which should result in cash tax savings of $3 million per year annually for the next 3 years. And then $1 million to $2 million annually thereafter for the subsequent 10 years.

As of March 31, 2013, outstanding borrowings under our credit facility were $118 million, down $3 million from December 31, 2012. During the 9 months ended March 31, 2013, we generated over $69 million in cash from operations, a 20% increase from the same period last fiscal year. During the quarter, we used $4 million of our cash for capital expenditures and $9 million for the share repurchase program. Our outstanding cash balance decreased by $7 million during the quarter and now stands at the $152 million at March 31, 2013, compared to a total debt balance of $121 million. The interest rate on our borrowings at March 31, 2013, was approximately 1.5%.

As a result of current year acquisitions, our March 31, 2013, consolidated balance sheet includes preliminary purchase price allocations for all assets acquired and liabilities assumed from these recent acquisitions. Our goodwill increased approximately $42 million during fiscal year 2013 as a result of these purchase price allocations. The company intends to finalize the purchase price allocations by June 30, 2013.

This concludes my prepared remarks for today. Before we begin the question-and-answer session, I would like to mention that any comments and answers to certain questions contain forward-looking statements, which are based on current expectations. Actual results could differ materially. For information about factors that could cause the actual results to differ materially, please refer to the risk factor section of our Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2012.

Kevin, we are ready to begin the question-and-answer session.

Question-and-Answer Session

Operator

[Operator Instructions] Our first question comes from Jim Ricchiuti with Needham & Company.

James Ricchiuti - Needham & Company, LLC, Research Division

The question I have is just on your industrial business, the markets that you're addressing there. I mean, it seems like the activity you're seeing in the market suggests that the market's holding up fairly well. Looks like you're aftermarket bookings were pretty strong. I mean how would you characterize the business overall, the industrial piece?

Francis J. Kramer

I think it's good. This is Fran. And it's lumpy. That's the challenge. Although we had good numbers in 3 out of 4 of the continents, we just see the laser utilization not being as constant as we had expected. But it does add to a nice number, but it does it in steps rather than the consistency that we had maybe in prior years. And so we can't hone in on what's driving that lumpiness except for the manufacturers themselves are uncertain with the economy, so they don't place orders at their usual rate. It's just a start and stop kind of an attitude out there. We think overall, it's good. I can't add any more clarity to it. It's just not -- the demand for their products is whether it's a laser utilization, which is a 80% to 90% of what drives this, they can't predict it and they don't maybe do as many upgrades to their systems, change to their systems as they have. So just spotty, that's the best I can say, maybe volatile. But we do see a good trend, not a great trend.

James Ricchiuti - Needham & Company, LLC, Research Division

And just in terms of the bookings as you went through the quarter in the business, is there any color that you could provide there? Or is it just difficult to make any real observations? I mean, how were the bookings later -- toward the latter part of the quarter?

Francis J. Kramer

And you do get our press release and all our details on bookings. So you can see that 2 of our business segments were really up nicely quarter-over-quarter and 2 of them were down. So from our overall bookings as the quarter goes by, we did okay all quarter along. But it's these down units that hurts somewhat and the predictability on how to staff or build the capacity due to that volatility has left us a little bit behind in getting to the margins we want. We'd like to run more steady, and when that happens, we have a better margin. But when we're doing this start and stop and maybe 2 of our units have that this quarter. IR had some nice bookings, but also some weak couple of weeks in there. And then your Infrared unit had some dropping off in bookings really as the quarter went by.

James Ricchiuti - Needham & Company, LLC, Research Division

Okay. And Craig, just maybe you can take this question. If we look at the range you're providing for earnings in the June quarter, can you talk a little bit about some of the variables there that could get you to the higher end? What needs to happen? And conversely, what is it on the low end that you're concerned about?

Craig A. Creaturo

Yes, I think we're expecting -- in any of the revenue ranges, we're expecting growth there. So again, that's kind of now apples-to-apples will all 3 acquisitions in the just completed quarter and also the June quarter. I think also too, Jim, we're realizing that we have a lighter tax rate in this quarter, the third quarter, than what we forecasted as the average for the whole fiscal year. So we know that, that's an item that we expect to go up. Again, we're ranging for the whole year to be between that 23% to 25%, but we just came out from a quarter where we did 15%. So we're factoring that into the guidance for Q4 as well. I would say that a little bit of the mix of where the revenue growth will come, to Fran's -- maybe to dovetail on Fran's comments, to the extent that we get a little bit more lift or get a little bit more industrial intake from our Infrared Optics business, that will probably put some more dollars down to the bottom line, that's obviously our most profitable business. To the extent that we see selenium prices, for instance, remain at the lower levels or possibly go down a little bit, that could push us down to the lower side. So I think we try to be sensitive to try to broaden that range out a little bit. I think it's a range that we're comfortable with. But I think also too, we try to factor in maybe a few more scenarios or a few more variables in there and try to give a range that we're comfortable with. But I think those are the kind of the factors that will push us either to the higher side or the lower side of that range.

Operator

Our next question comes from Mark Douglass with Longbow Research.

Mark Douglass - Longbow Research LLC

Craig, what were the sales contributions in the quarter for the 3 acquisitions?

Craig A. Creaturo

The combined -- both bookings and revenues, Mark, they were, combined, about $22 million each. And we will give some more details on each one of those in our Q that we file in a couple of weeks here. But collectively, they were about $22 million.

Mark Douglass - Longbow Research LLC

Okay. That's helpful. And then I missed some of the Q&A, but Fran, did you discuss military and how it's reacting with your Military business to the sequester and how customers are pulling back, or maybe not pulling back, and what's going on there?

Francis J. Kramer

No, I did not. But that's a good question. I think we're feeling reasonable about it. We've had some delays, but the orders have come, and are offset there, if there is any timidness on the standard Military business that we've been doing, since the acquisition of LightWorks, we've had a nice offset. Certainly, the program I mentioned in my script that the IRST program's doing well for us at LightWorks. And we expect in the near future, and I can't tell you when, because they really don't know, ut just seems to delay, this large IRST order from Saudi Arabia. And I think that will help us in the Military business. Although it's performing very nicely. Just about what we planned. It's reported in the Military & Materials segment in the segment -- the part of the segment that's had the problem has been the PRM Materials business.

Mark Douglass - Longbow Research LLC

Okay, so at least in the quarter it played out relative to expectations even though the sequester went through?

Francis J. Kramer

Correct.

Mark Douglass - Longbow Research LLC

It's fair to say? Okay. And then I just want to see if that's baked into your assumptions for 4Q that things will remain relatively stable there?

Francis J. Kramer

Yes, yes.

Mark Douglass - Longbow Research LLC

And then can you remind us, what percentage of M&M is U.S. military?

Craig A. Creaturo

If you look at the segment as a whole Mark, are you asking just kind of what piece is M&M or what piece is military, sorry?

Mark Douglass - Longbow Research LLC

Yes, exactly. The U.S. Military.

Craig A. Creaturo

Sure. If you really -- the U.S. Military is really the vast majority of [indiscernible]. We do pickup some foreign military sales from LightWorks. We have had some at EEO but, definitely, LightWorks had a higher concentration of foreign military sales than our EEO business. And if you're asking or I can say that when you look at what we're expecting for revenues for the full fiscal year from that segment, roughly about 75% come from the collection of military businesses, again, EEO, LightWorks, Max Levy and our VLOC business and about 25% comes from the PRM business.

Mark Douglass - Longbow Research LLC

Okay. And of that 25%, the vast majority is U.S. Military?

Craig A. Creaturo

That is correct.

Mark Douglass - Longbow Research LLC

Okay. And then going through the P&L on margins, would you expect that obviously the sharp declines in tellurium and selenium prices have hurt PRM? But eventually, it looks like the price is being more stable. Are you going to benefit of the margin side as you start rolling in lower input costs, at least in some of the other businesses?

Craig A. Creaturo

I think that's something that can flow through their market. It does take a while though for that to really happen because remember in our zinc selenide business, our Infrared Optics business, we're procuring the selenium then we're creating the zinc selenide material, qualifying it, polishing it, coating it. It takes quite a while for it to eventually turn into a finished part. But yes, overall, I mean there is a little bit of consolation price that we have for lower price selenium and that is for our Infrared Optics business. We are at a period of time right now though, where that higher selenium from 2, 3 quarters ago is actually negatively impacting our business. But to your point, when we look out 2 or 3 quarters, as that prices decline, that is something that, as we get into the middle part of that by '14 that will actually be a little bit of a tailwind rather than a headwind for us.

Mark Douglass - Longbow Research LLC

So is it later in calendar 2013?

Craig A. Creaturo

That is correct. That's right.

Mark Douglass - Longbow Research LLC

And finally, we consider stepping up share repurchases in the capital allocation. I realize you find double taxation dividend distasteful, but also would you consider those at all?

Francis J. Kramer

Certainly, our Board will be thinking about it, and they always are. And I think the program we just completed was a good investment. And if it happens that we find our way to spend some more money on share repurchases, it could happen. Certainly, we're constantly spending on capital expenditures in these last 3 acquisitions, so we just have to get our treasury on the right spot in order to make that decision. It could happen.

Operator

The next question comes from Avinash Kant with D.A. Davidson.

Avinash Kant - D.A. Davidson & Co., Research Division

A few questions here. The first one is that could you talk a little bit about the downwards vision to the guidance? Where is it come from?

Craig A. Creaturo

I think broadly speaking, Avinash, I think there's probably 2 prime areas that we look at, when you look from an operational perspective. I would say, #1, it's our PRM business. As we noted in the release and also in Fran's prepared remarks, we continue to be challenged on the material business and we know that we're not quite getting up to the levels of either shipments or profitability that we had expected. The good news behind that is that we have some new customer arrangements that will help that quite a bit in the future. But that is definitely something that changed between -- over the last 90 days or so as our expectations -- as to how we will finish out the fiscal year. And I'd say the other area is in our telecom Near-Infrared Optics business as well. Again, we're seeing, again to reiterate, a little bit of some of Fran's comments on the same subject. We are seeing a bit of a softness there. We're seeing a bit of softness with those telecom optical component parts that we currently manufacturing and we expect that to continue really for the remainder of the fiscal year. So I think those are probably the 2 areas where we've seen the most change, I'd say, in the last 90 days or so.

Avinash Kant - D.A. Davidson & Co., Research Division

And did you give out exactly how big was PRM, Craig, in this quarter? And maybe the year ago fiscal Q3?

Craig A. Creaturo

We didn't give that detail out. I'm not sure -- I did say that for the full year, when we look out for the full year, that we expect PRM to be roughly about 25% of our total sales. By comparison, if you look back to last year's FY '12, that number would have been more like 40%. So just to give you a perspective that, that business has shrunk quite a bit, not only because of the demand changes but, obviously, the index pricing changes the value of the shipments that we're having as well.

Francis J. Kramer

So, Avinash, what Craig was referring to is that it's 25% of our M&M segment revenue.

Craig A. Creaturo

That's right.

Francis J. Kramer

And it had been 40%, so you get a range there. We've really watched the price erosion on selenium and tellurium just take off. We're down in our shipment volume, but our sales dollars are a lot bigger decline.

Avinash Kant - D.A. Davidson & Co., Research Division

Right. But with the prices now stabilizing, do you expect further decline in this or just kind of stay at these levels?

Francis J. Kramer

It's possible. That's one thing we have to add that there's a volatility on selenium and tellurium. Although we're getting closer and closer to trying to surround it and prevent it from hurting us so much, it's still out there. Since we wrote this script and put this together, I said it was down to $35, now it's down to $34. So volatility on selenium and tellurium, both of them, is a lot more. It could just as easily be turning head upward. That's the challenge for us.

Avinash Kant - D.A. Davidson & Co., Research Division

And I think, previous question, you were asked about the military exposure overall and did you talk about what percentage of your revenues came from the U.S. Military in the quarter?

Craig A. Creaturo

Yes, I think we said that, that -- especially within that Military & Materials segment, Avinash, which is again about 75% composed of military, we would say the vast majority of that, 90% or so, would be attributable to the U.S. military sales rather than foreign military sales. When you look at II-VI as a whole, we'll be right on -- right about 20% or so for the whole year, whole fiscal year will be total military sales, and again I'm including the military that we do and not only the military Materials segment but also in the Infrared Optics segments, as well as what we do in the advanced product segment in that overall total consolidated 20% of our business is military.

Avinash Kant - D.A. Davidson & Co., Research Division

And that business you think is stable for the rest of the year?

Francis J. Kramer

Yes. Yes, for sure. We have good order coverage and, certainly, the platforms we're on -- are like the IRST, they're in good shape and playing out the next maybe 2 years to 3 years, there'll be a little bit more question as some programs might end up getting reduced in magnitude. But at this moment, we don't see that in FY '14, which is what we're looking forward to starting July 1.

Avinash Kant - D.A. Davidson & Co., Research Division

Maybe specific comments, Fran, on the GFF program? How do you see trending compared to the last fiscal year or what's the outlook?

Francis J. Kramer

On which program?

Avinash Kant - D.A. Davidson & Co., Research Division

GFF.

Francis J. Kramer

Okay. Yes, I think we're kind of in a steady-state for that in the rest of '13 and '14, 15 and 16 it's have to be completely played out in Congress and then how our -- what share we'll get of that business, I think ought to be a very high share. But now, it's a little -- we originally felt pretty confident out to the year, maybe 2020, but now, that the sequestration fallout is going to happen and there will be some reductions that,that might come down a little from our expectations, but I think we're good for 1.5 to 2 years. And after that, it just depends. If we wrote to -- the Congress votes to run the production rate -- not as originally expected, but it will gradually trend up. No matter which way it is, it's going to trend up. It's just whether a trend as high as expected or only partially that will affect us.

Avinash Kant - D.A. Davidson & Co., Research Division

So you say down from your expectations, but do you think compared to fiscal year '12 you could maintain that level in '13 and '14?

Francis J. Kramer

Yes, yes. Yes, sir. We will do '12 again in '13 and '14.

Avinash Kant - D.A. Davidson & Co., Research Division

Okay. I think, Greg, you talked about the tax rate for the fiscal year being 23% to 25%. Now, could you talk about what's it going to be in the quarter, up-coming quarter?

Craig A. Creaturo

It should be right around that same range, Avinash. Our quarter-to-date for the fiscal year, our quarter-to-date effective rate is right around that same range, about 24.9%. So we're seeing, we're coming in 23% to 25%, so we have to have a quarter that would be pretty close to where that average is. So a rate in the 23% to 25% range will get us there.

Francis J. Kramer

Avinash, I have a couple of comments. So it's not that they are not opportunities. Certainly, in each in one of the 3 or 4 of our businesses, we have opportunities that are going to shift here in the fourth, in the quarter and then into next year and our model of business, which I commented this personal comfort business is coming on, I think it's going to be really quite strong in the fourth quarter. In our Infrared Optics business, these EUV photolithography systems were really going well there, and I think the diamond business is going to stay and we can see a runway for that for the next 1.5 to maybe 3, 4 years. Then our M Cubed business, again, towards the EUV systems, the move up from 300-millimeter photolithography production work to 450, that's a big project for us. So those 3 will be areas that I think will be very good for us.

Avinash Kant - D.A. Davidson & Co., Research Division

And I think you talked about the IR Optics that was pretty strong. And one quick question on that vein actually, maybe I'm going to ask, that the 3 businesses that you acquired recently, they contributed $22 million in revenues and bookings for the current quarter, I think they had $8 million contribution to revenues and bookings to the previous quarter. But what was it in fiscal Q3 of '12?

Craig A. Creaturo

We had none of it -- we had fiscal Q3 of '12, yes, we had none of those in the prior fiscal year. So all 3 of the acquisitions that we talked about, they contributed this quarter, came on just the most -- just in December of 2012 quarter so they were not there in the March 2012.

Operator

Our next question comes from Dave Kang with B. Riley.

Dave Kang - B. Riley Caris, Research Division

So Photop was down, did you gave the actual dollar amount?

Craig A. Creaturo

I guess, the Near-IR is really the combination of Photop and the Aegis business, that's really the 2 businesses together. So again when you look at the details that we provide for Near-IR, you're looking at really everything that's controlled by our Photop organization. The Near-IR and Photop, fairly synonymous.

Dave Kang - B. Riley Caris, Research Division

And then you said 40G and legacy were down. How much would 40G be and also same question for legacy?

Francis J. Kramer

So we don't usually report that, Dave. So I'll just try to give some explanation of it. But the amount we're doing and the optical communications business at Photop, we tend to give a high level review of it but not go into details due to the competitiveness of that business.

Dave Kang - B. Riley Caris, Research Division

Got it. But it sounds like 40G is in decline then, I mean, not even flat, but you expect 40G to continue to decline?

Francis J. Kramer

Yes, we think the shift to 100 is coming and even 400 and those customers that were in the 40G space are not getting the business because people are holding this whole project in China that was going to spur the market, the China government has held off on it and I think they are just going to wait for the 100.

Dave Kang - B. Riley Caris, Research Division

Right. Right. And then China mobile, they announced 100G, their plans last -- I think it was this weekend, so I assume there will be some kind of a lift on the second half for you guys?

Craig A. Creaturo

Sometimes, in China, that does happen that quick. I agree with that comment because things happen there quickly, but we haven't seen it yet.

Dave Kang - B. Riley Caris, Research Division

Got it.

Craig A. Creaturo

We haven't put it in

Dave Kang - B. Riley Caris, Research Division

Right. And then just wanted to clarify as far as Aegis is concerned, so it was down, but then, did I hear it correct that China was up -- did it double? Did I hear that correctly?

Francis J. Kramer

For the Aegis business specifically, Dave, you're asking?

Dave Kang - B. Riley Caris, Research Division

Yes.

Craig A. Creaturo

Yes, but double for the optical channel monitor price of Aegis. Second or third quarter over second. Yes.

Dave Kang - B. Riley Caris, Research Division

Right. So then is it safe to assume that maybe domestic market was down then if China was up that much?

Francis J. Kramer

Yes, and the rest of the world. [indiscernible]

Dave Kang - B. Riley Caris, Research Division

So for China...

Francis J. Kramer

I don't have the fact, Dave. So I can only say it. It seems logical but I don't have that fact.

Dave Kang - B. Riley Caris, Research Division

Fair enough. And then going back to China, doubling, I mean, as you know the Chinese they don't use ROADMs so I'm assuming it's a Chinese OEM customer that has increased orders for you and they're probably using that for their foreign customers. Is that a fair assumption?

Francis J. Kramer

I can't comment because they do -- all the China manufacturers ship their products all over the world, especially...

Dave Kang - B. Riley Caris, Research Division

Right.

Francis J. Kramer

in places like Africa and other countries, not Europe or North America.

Dave Kang - B. Riley Caris, Research Division

Yes, yes. And China also doesn't use ROADMs. So I'm assuming it's going to be Chinese OEM customer, that's what I was trying to get at. But anyway, you've kind of answered it already, but expectations for Photop in this current quarter. Do you expect to be flat to down or is it just down? What's the color there?

Francis J. Kramer

I would say flat and some of the products that are in Photop might have some lift, but the ones that are passive optical components to the bigger customers, they might be down.

Operator

Our next question comes from Jiwon Lee with Sidoti & Company.

Jiwon Lee - Sidoti & Company, LLC

Fran, I just wanted to talk a little bit about HIGHYAG. How did that shape up during the quarter, first of all?

Francis J. Kramer

I made some comments, and I want to get my script here. Bookings were about $6.1 million, which is up 23% -- 29% over the second quarter. So good performance. Our business is -- and I made a comment in my script there, that there was softening in bookings toward the end of the quarter or maybe it was -- I didn't really comment, but it was more like the February-ish, early March time period. I think right now, bookings are reasonable, and our business there is a very nice business. We've got very good product and we continue to work in all fields whether it's welding, which is a good product for us, cutting and beam delivery.

Jiwon Lee - Sidoti & Company, LLC

Okay, good. And on your outlook, you did mention that the PRM and the optical telecom were the weak spots now. Now, looking out the June quarter, you expect within the revenue guidance delta IR Optics revenue to grow? And where would upper range of the delta come from?

Craig A. Creaturo

Yes, I do think we expect for the segment lines, Jiwon, I think we have seen some good traction in the Infrared Optics business and in the segment as a whole. I think we are expecting some growth out of that business in the Q4. Again, to the extent that, that takes off a little bit faster than our expectations, which is probably some of the upside for the quarter, that definitely could drop more down into the bottom line to maybe some of our other businesses that are not as profitable. So we are expecting some growth, some Q4 growth, out of the Infrared Optics business.

Francis J. Kramer

And maybe a good way to characterize it though, IR fourth quarter over third might be up 2% to 3% on the revenue side. So it's a really a combination of all the other -- especially those 4 items that I highlighted a moment ago on personal comfort, EUV diamond, EUV silicon carbide, those will be the new products for ourselves plus a quarter, another quarter of our 3 new acquisitions.

Jiwon Lee - Sidoti & Company, LLC

Okay. And you're guiding the gross margin at least over the next few quarters, if I heard correctly, at about 35% range. How does the margin improve from there?

Craig A. Creaturo

Yes, I think we're saying, Jiwon, we were just giving comment in 35% for the fourth quarter and I think it does start to improve after, again, we get past some of the purchase accounting items for the acquisitions as we start to get them ingrained and a little bit into some things that we have been working on or are working on to improve the margins on all those businesses. But again, the 3 businesses, we bought solid businesses, good margin businesses. Now each of them, though, not quite up to the corporate averages. So we've got some things that we've been already starting to work on to increase the margins from that level. So I think as we lean in to FY '14, I think you'll see a little bit kind of a slight incremental changes each quarter, is what they would expect and, again, depending upon where the mix of business revenues are, if it's a little more heavily weighted IR Optics, a little higher gross margin. If it's a little weighted towards some other units, a little lower gross margin.

Jiwon Lee - Sidoti & Company, LLC

And with the visibility that you have now, how do you see the second half of this year shaping up for you?

Francis J. Kramer

So you're referring to calendar year...

Jiwon Lee - Sidoti & Company, LLC

Correct.

Francis J. Kramer

2H, I think we're getting a little more optimistic. It doesn't seem the economies around the world are trying to stabilize in spite of all the bad news that just keeps on coming. And we haven't put out any guidance or any direction for that time period. But I am optimistic that it will be a little stronger.

Operator

Our next question is a follow-up question from Mark Douglass with Longbow Research.

Mark Douglass - Longbow Research LLC

A couple more. Looking at IR Optics, a couple of quarters of some relatively weak margins, at least for that segment. Do you think this kind of mid- to high-20s in the operating margin is sustainable, assuming there's not any down tick in volumes?

Craig A. Creaturo

I think so. I think so, Mark. When you look back, to your point, where segment earning is about 26% of that segment, earnings as a percent of revenue this quarter. If you go about it was 23 in the prior quarter, 23 in the quarter before that. So I think we're in a level, and again, especially when we had a quarter where we jumped from $45 million in revenues for that segment in the December quarter, up to $53 million, that definitely will help -- that definitely helps the margins as well. So I think we're in the right range there, kind of that low to mid-20s and starting trending more toward the mid-20s, I think the right direction for IR Optics.

Mark Douglass - Longbow Research LLC

Right. Because you were at $51 million to $53 million in 3Q and 4Q of '12, with a margin 27% and 25% and then there's a significant step down in the first half of the fiscal year. I'm just want to make -- try to confirm that the first half market performance is behind us and back to a more normal run rate.

Francis J. Kramer

I think, Mark, there's maybe 1/2 to 1 -- 2/3 of that is related to this selenium high class flow into our inventory that's going to pull down. But maybe there's 25 to 30% of that on selling price, I think where we're pricing down a little is there's a little bit more competition now and we're -- that's going to affect us, I think, a little longer-term. It might affect us 1/2 point maybe, longer-term.

Mark Douglass - Longbow Research LLC

Okay .And then finally, did you talk about where you see net CO2 laser deliveries right now?

Francis J. Kramer

No, I didn't. But coming down the assembly line, I think last report in February, I said maybe around 4,200. Right now, I think it's running about 4,500, according to our survey. And when we do this survey, which helps us with laser utilization of maybe 50 to 70 companies around the world, users of equipment in Europe, North America and Asia. So I think our number is pretty good. I mean actual laser utilization, we get a feel for that. I'm thinking it's running 4,500.

Mark Douglass - Longbow Research LLC

Okay, you said it was 42 in February?

Francis J. Kramer

Well, when we reported in our last quarter report, it would've been February -- or January, sorry, January.

Mark Douglass - Longbow Research LLC

January, right.

Francis J. Kramer

Yes.

Operator

And I'm not showing any further questions at this time. I would like to turn the conference back over to our host for closing remarks.

Francis J. Kramer

If there are no more number questions, I would like to thank everyone for participating today. Our next earnings release for the quarter ending June 30, 2013, is currently scheduled for Thursday, August 1, 2013 before the market opens, with a conference call to follow that same day at 9:00 a.m. Eastern Time. Thank you for participating in today's conference call.

Operator

Ladies and gentlemen, this does conclude today's presentation. You may now disconnect, and have a wonderful day.

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