There are a lot of good buys among oil service companies right now as the market has hammered most of them due to the recessionary environment and the plunging oil prices we saw earlier in the year. Offshore oil related companies have been particularly hard hit, which makes it a particularly interesting sector to me.
From a macroeconomic perspective, I believe oil is going to hover around $60 - $80/gallon in the long-term, which will bring off-shore back into the fold. It might take a while for us to get in that range and stay there for a significant period of time, but the trend is that increasing difficulty of oil extraction is driving up costs.
One of my favorites right now amongst the offshore oil service companies is Hercules Offshore (HERO). Hercules provides shallow-water drilling and lifeboat services for oil and natural gas exploration in the Gulf of Mexico region.
My major reason for liking HERO is that I believe that (a) offshore's prospects are still relatively good in the long-run, (b) HERO is in better financial shape than similarly situated competitors, and (c) it appears to be currently priced below liquidation value at this point in time.
The Financials and the Bull Case
As of their most recent 10-Q filing, HERO's net tangible assets were worth $10.33 per share. Debt-to-value is moderately high at 64.1%, but that's not actually that high compared to other companies operating in this industry. HERO has relatively strong liquidity. Current ratio is 1.71 and quick ratio is 1.51. Add to that strong operating cash flows.
While HERO is currently losing money on their income statement, the cash flow picture is much better. For Q1 for FY '09, they had a loss per share of 5 cents, which actually doesn't seem that bad to me given the operating environment during the 1st Quarter.
What's really encouraging, though, is that HERO brought in 87 cents per share in operating cash flows and 51 cents per share in free cash flows. A substantial portion in the differential between earnings and cash flows can be attributed to depreciation and amortization charges, which are recurring non-cash items.
This might be one reason why the market is significantly underpricing this company, but as one of my accounting professor's at UNC used to preach, "you've got to follow the cash flows!"
The most surprising thing about HERO's first quarter performance is that it covered a period where oil prices were more suppressed than they have been in awhile. The logical conclusion is that demand for their services will increase as oil prices continue their inevitable long-term march up towards $70+/gallon.
At that point, offshore oil becomes more attractive and investors become more interested in companies like HERO. If HERO is only turning a minor earnings loss in one of the worst environments they'll ever see and is still significantly cash flow positive, that suggests good things to me.
Not only was HERO cash flow positive for the most recent quarter, they had positive operating cash flows for the past three fiscal years. However, their free cash flows were negative for most of that time as they, like most other companies in the oil service industry, took on debt to rapidly expand their operations. They have suffered with all the others, but under $5, I think the stock is a good buy --- but be aware that this is a volatile "high-risk" stock.
On the Other Hand ...
While I have given a moderately bullish outlook for oil, I would definitely consider the significant likelihood of a short-term retreat in prices. There's a strong case that rising inventory levels could put a hamper on prices.
This could, once again, send HERO's stock into a tailspin. This is why I emphasize that this is a "high-risk" stock and not something to touch if you are afraid of losing 50% of your investment over the next few months.
For me, this is a very long-term pick so I am willing to ride out any bumps and might increase my position if the price drops back down to the $2 - $3 range. For others with a lower risk tolerance, that might not be very ideal.
I'd also suggest that HERO's most recent earnings call is required reading for potential investors. It certainly provides a sobering near-term outlook for the industry. There are definitely reasons to be cautious with HERO.
All the same, my fundamental philosophy on commodity stock investing is to buy in when fear is at its greatest point and sell off during euphoria. While fear has subsided a little bit for HERO, the price when compared to the company's financials suggest that the market still has a frightened outlook for Hercules.
After running a DCF analysis, my most probable valuation for HERO is around $23. Downside probable valuation is $15. Upside probable valuation is $32. Downside risk is $0 due to their moderately heavy debt load and their position within a risky/volatile industry. Upside potential might be around $45.
I initiated my position around $2.15 in my KaChing simulated portfolio. I also recently initiated a small position in HERO for my actual portfolio at $3.80. Due to the high risks, I would factor in a substantial discount to my probable valuation, but I believe this is a good long-term buy under $5 for investors with a well-diversified portfolio.
Disclosure: Long on HERO