Next week on May 6th (May 7th in Australia), the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) will make its next monetary policy decision. The Australian dollar has shown marked weakness going into this decision. This behavior has forced me to shift into neutral on the Australian dollar (FXA) just one month after finally becoming bullish again.
I have been particularly disappointed in the performance of the Australian dollar given the context of a rapidly devaluing yen (FXY). One part of my fundamental assumption was that the on-going stubborn strength of the Australian dollar would make the currency very attractive to carry traders and others selling/borrowing yen to purchase higher-yielding assets abroad.
For four days, this thesis seemed solid as AUD/USD and AUD/JPY continued to rally. In another four days, the Australian dollar had completely reversed those early gains. Against the yen, the Australian dollar has been able to bounce away from close proximity to the 100 level. However, the overall subtle trend from the recent peak is pointing downward. On May 1st the Australian dollar finally broke the 50-day moving average (DMA) against the yen. Against the U.S. dollar, the Australian dollar managed a meager bounce of support from levels that equate to the 2010 and 2011 closes. At the time of writing, this level is getting tested yet again.
The Australian dollar is breaking down against the Japanese yen
Australian dollar is again falling fast against the U.S. dollar
Overall, the Australian dollar has simply not performed as expected; I was anticipating a relatively consistent upward trajectory to accompany an ever-weakening yen. Instead, I have been buying/accumulating dips and selling the subsequent, short-lived rally. After a month of this action, it is time to shift officially into neutral and wait for either the next big sell-off in the currency (a bargain) or some type of breakout that confirms a new rally is underway.
Two things are likely weighing on the Australian dollar now: 1) a growing expectation for a rate cut, and 2) relatively weak iron ore prices (iron ore is Australia's biggest export by far).
In today's Sydney Morning Herald a story ran titled "Case grows for interest rate cut" that describes the sentiment favoring a rate cut:
The case for an interest rate cut next Tuesday was boosted by continued weakness in private sector credit growth, according to figures released by the Reserve Bank.
Financial markets are pricing in a 41 per cent chance of a rate cut, the highest expectation since the RBA's decision in February to keep rates at 3 per cent.
The markets are also pricing in at least 50 basis points of cuts by the end of the year…
…A separate survey by credit data research group Veda released on Wednesday found that business credit demand slowed for the second consecutive quarter, the first time since 2010.
Meanwhile, iron ore prices are near a 5-week low amid a growing chorus of bullish and bearish opinion on the direction of prices. Prices hit a 16-month high just in February. Here is commentary over the last two weeks or so on iron ore prices:
- BaoSteel (China's biggest publicly traded steelmaker): "…iron ore prices are likely to stay around USD 130 per tonne for the rest of this year."
- Vale (VALE) (Brazilian mining company which is the second largest in the world): "…considers the Chinese iron ore market to be robust and that it will be difficult for the price of the main steelmaking ingredient to fall below $110 a tonne."
- Sydney Morning Herald (April 22nd): "Traders were expecting the price of 62-per cent grade iron ore, which remains 13 per cent below this year's peak, to rebound during the second quarter, the period seen as the busiest for China's construction sector."
- Morgan Stanley (MS): "…raised its forecast for iron ore prices in the third quarter on prospects that demand will improve in China, the world's biggest buyer, and a global surplus will be delayed to 2015. Ore with 62 percent iron content delivered to China may average $128 a ton, up from $125 estimated in January, analysts Peter Richardson and Joel Crane said in a quarterly report today. While the bank cut its forecast for the final three months to $125 from $130, it kept its 2013 estimate at $133. The prediction for 2014 was reduced by 3 percent to $117 a ton."
- China Iron and Steel Association: "…the peak for iron ore prices has already passed this year…CISA is somewhat bravely predicting an average iron ore price for 2013 of about $US115 a tonne."
- Fortescue Metals Group Ltd. (Australia's third-biggest iron ore exporter): "'very low' ore stocks will keep the price of the steelmaking material at $139 to $140 a metric ton in the short term."
In other words, expect continued volatility. An all-out crash similar to the one in August of last year does not seem likely, but the current weakness likely has traders a bit more nervous than usual.
Be careful out there!
Additional disclosure: In forex, small position long Australian dollar that will likely get closed out soon.