During the first week of May every year, the maxim, "Sell in May and Go Away," gets taken out, dusted off and powered up as a reason to sell stocks. The rhyme is more than just a catchy urban legend: June, July, August and September have historically been the weakest months of the year for the S&P 500 Index.
Yet even if seasons trigger certain events, when the snow falls in Minnesota in May, Midwesterners need to throw on their winter gear and roll out snow blowers, not lawnmowers.
Consider this encouraging research: The S&P 500 has been rallying for six months in a row, which has happened 48 times since 1950. Following these six-month winning streaks, stocks have historically continued rising. Sixty% of the time, the S&P 500 climbed 0.79% over the next month; 84% of the time, stocks increased 3.50%, 7.77% and 11.77% the next three, six and 12 months following the streak.
The news comes days after the Federal Reserve stamped its approval on another month of bond buying, with the added bonus of Ben Bernanke stating that the Fed is "prepared to increase or reduce the pace of its purchases to maintain appropriate policy accommodation."
If that's not enough to validate a continuing bull market, consider the European Central Bank's exceptional move this week. Mario Draghi cut key interest rates to 0.5%, the first time in 10 months, following weaker manufacturing data out of top four largest economies in the eurozone. Germany, France, Italy and Spain all experienced manufacturing contractions.
Our portfolio manager of the Emerging Europe Fund, Tim Steinle, described the ECB's motivation this way: It's one thing to punish the periphery; it's another to weaken the core.
The S&P 500 has climbed an amazing 12.74% through April 30, so if you're eager to do some investment spring cleaning, you might want to consider areas that have underperformed. For example, take a look at the year-to-date returns by sector, which reveal an interesting pattern. Healthcare, utilities, consumer staples and consumer discretionary have all climbed more than 15%, much more than the market. Meanwhile, companies in the materials, energy and industrials sectors have lagged the overall index.
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In recent days, an inflection point seems to have occurred, with these weaker areas of the market gaining strength. We wrote in the Investor Alert last week that cyclical stocks, including healthcare, consumer staples, utilities and telecommunication, have been lagging the remaining sectors. From the beginning of the earnings season on April 24 through May 3, energy, industrial and materials stocks are nearly the best performing areas of the market.
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We believe expectations might have become too lofty for defensive companies and too gloomy for cyclical stocks, so as perceptions toward global growth improve, it won't take much for energy, industrials and materials to take off.
Spring Clean Your Treasury Portfolio Too
With the Fed's insistence on keeping interest rates low, real interest rates remain negative for investors. For example, a 90-day T-bill yields 0.06% and 2-year Treasury yields 0.23%, but inflation burns off 1.5%.
It's interesting to note that while low interest rates help keep the government's debt payments low, these rates hurt seniors living on a fixed income. My friend, Terry Savage writes this week,
"Savers are the big losers in this rigged game. And most domestic savers are seniors and those approaching retirement, who planned to live on the income generated by their savings. Today, that's simply not possible - unless they are willing to take on a lot more risk."
Here's an alternative that offers both a shorter duration and higher yields, without a lot of risk: The Near-Term Tax Free Fund (NEARX) has a tax-equivalent yield of 1.51% as of March 31, 2013. Its 30-day SEC yield is 0.81%. These yields are significantly higher than a 2-year Treasury.
The important idea for investors is to adjust to the current conditions. Regardless of the month, if the thermostat shows frigid temperatures, dress accordingly. Likewise for when it's hot in the summer. What's important is to stay tuned and make sure your portfolio is dressed accordingly.
Disclaimer: Foreign and emerging market investing involves special risks such as currency fluctuation and less public disclosure, as well as economic and political risk. By investing in a specific geographic region, a regional fund's returns and share price may be more volatile than those of a less concentrated portfolio. The Emerging Europe Fund invests more than 25% of its investments in companies principally engaged in the oil & gas or banking industries. The risk of concentrating investments in this group of industries will make the fund more susceptible to risk in these industries than funds which do not concentrate their investments in an industry and may make the fund's performance more volatile.
Tax-exempt income is federal income tax free. A portion of this income may be subject to state and local income taxes, and if applicable, may subject certain investors to the Alternative Minimum Tax as well. Each tax free fund may invest up to 20% of its assets in securities that pay taxable interest. Income or fund distributions attributable to capital gains are usually subject to both state and federal income taxes. Bond funds are subject to interest-rate risk; their value declines as interest rates rise. The tax free funds may be exposed to risks related to a concentration of investments in a particular state or geographic area. These investments present risks resulting from changes in economic conditions of the region or issuer.
The S&P 500 Stock Index is a widely recognized capitalization-weighted index of 500 common stock prices in U.S. companies.