Enterprise Products Partners' (EPD) yield is excellent, offering just under a 4.5% annual payout at recent price levels. We prefer yields above 3% and don't include firms with yields below 2% in our dividend growth portfolio. Enterprise Products Partners fits our criteria thus far, but what about the future growth and safety of its distribution? Let's take a look in this article.
Structure of the Oil And Gas Pipeline Industry
Firms in the oil and gas pipeline industry own or operate thousands of miles of pipelines and terminals - assets that are nearly impossible/uneconomical to replicate. Most companies act as a toll road and receive a fee for transporting natural gas, crude oil and other refined products (and generally avoid commodity price risk). Though there is much to like, most constituents operate as master limited partnerships and pay out hefty distributions that can stretch their balance sheets. Additional unit issuance (dilution) has become common, and capital-market dependence is a key risk.
Enterprise Product Partners' Investment Considerations
• Enterprise Products Partners scores fairly well on our business quality matrix. The firm has put up solid economic returns for shareholders during the past few years with relatively low volatility in its operating
results. Return on invested capital (excluding goodwill) has averaged 9.6% during the past three years.
• Enterprise Products Partners continues to invest billions in new natural gas, NGLs and crude oil infrastructure, including in the Eagle Ford, Rockies, and Permian Basin.
• The company boasts one of the most integrated midstream energy systems in the US, with pipelines connecting to 95% of refining capacity east of the Rockies.
Enterprise Product Partners' Return on Invested Capital
Enterprise Product Partners' Distribution
We think the safety of Enterprise Products Partners' distribution is good (please see our definitions at the bottom of this article). We measure the safety of a company's dividend/distribution in a unique but very straightforward fashion. As many know, earnings can fluctuate in any given year, so using the payout ratio in any given year has some limitations. Plus, companies can often encounter unforeseen charges, which makes earnings an even less-than-predictable measure of the safety of the dividend/distribution in any given year. We know that companies won't cut the dividend just because earnings have declined or they had a restructuring charge that put them in the red for the quarter (year). As such, we think that assessing the cash flows of a business allows us to determine whether it has the capacity to continue paying these cash outlays well into the future.
That has led us to develop the forward-looking Valuentum Dividend Cushion. The measure is a ratio that sums the existing cash a company has on hand plus its expected future free cash flows over the next five years and divides that sum by future expected dividends over the same time period. We make some adjustments to account for future cash flow generated from equity issuance for MLPs, but the concept is the same. Basically, if the score is above 1, the company has the capacity to pay out its expected future dividends. As income investors, however, we'd like to see a score much larger than 1 for a couple of reasons: 1) the higher the ratio, the more "cushion" the company has against unexpected earnings shortfalls, and 2) the higher the ratio, the greater capacity a dividend-payer has in boosting the dividend in the future. For Enterprise Products Partners, this score is 2.5, revealing that on its current path the firm can cover its future dividends with net cash on hand and future free cash flow roughly two and a half times.
Now on to the potential growth of Enterprise Product Partners' distribution. As we mentioned above, we think the larger the "cushion" the larger capacity it has to raise the dividend. However, such dividend growth analysis is not complete until after considering management's willingness to increase the dividend. To do so, we evaluate the company's historical dividend track record. If there have been no dividend cuts in 10 years, the company has a nice growth rate, and a nice dividend cushion, its future potential dividend growth would be excellent, which is the case for Enterprise Products Partners.
And because capital preservation is also an important consideration, we assess the risk associated with the potential for capital loss. In Enterprise Products Partners' case, we currently think the shares are fairly valued, so the risk of capital loss medium. If we thought the shares were undervalued, the risk of capital loss would be low. All things considered, we like the potential growth and safety of Enterprise Product Partners' distribution. We're keeping a close eye on the firm.