Quite a bit has been written about Yahoo's (YHOO) acquisition of Tumblr. The business issues are interesting – Is Yahoo paying too much? How will Yahoo translate the acquisition into shareholder value? These are the right questions to ask, but I have a different question entirely…
Type "tumblr xxxxx" in to Google search, where the xxxxx is replaced with any sexual activity you have ever heard of. Not just the normal stuff, but any of the thousands of ways you might describe any of the 395+ sexual fetishes and see what the organic search results look like. WARNING: This exercise is not for the prudish or people who are easily offended by exceptionally graphic, uncensored adult content.
Tumblr's Darker, More Mature Side
As it turns out, Tumblr is one of the biggest porn aggregators. The original content is overwhelming (and it is dwarfed by the social reposting of adult content). When you take away all the biz speak, Yahoo! just acquired one of the world's most popular porn sites. Nice! I am neither shocked nor offended by this, as Trekkie Monster sings in Avenue Q, "The Internet is for Porn!" But… no matter how you look at it, Tumblr is not a brand-safe environment.
So, what will Yahoo do with this traffic? I don't think you can sell areas of the site where naked people are dripping hot candlewax on each other to most FMCG companies. And a huge number of the 117 million user accounts are anonymous or created with inaccurate data (sort of like MySpace in the previous era), so the data and analytics will have very little value. And, let's not forget that Tumblr is also a very good blogging toolset that you can use with your own domain name, so that's not going to be part of a Tumblr ad network (without the content owner's permission). On the other hand, Beyonce and many other celebrities, personalities and excellent content producers do have very popular Tumblr blogs, but that's not what's generating the bulk of the traffic.
Tumblr's Place Within Yahoo's Empire
So – lots of traffic, lots of users, lots of action, $13 million in revenue (a rounding error in the world of Tier One tech), what does it do for Yahoo?
Wait… David Karp, Tumblr's founder and CEO will continue in his role. "We're not turning purple," said Karp on the company's official Tumblr blog. "Our headquarters isn't moving. Our team isn't changing. Our roadmap isn't changing. And our mission – to empower creators to make their best work and get it in front of the audience they deserve – certainly isn't changing."
OK then, what is the point for Yahoo? It's not like they need to keep it out of Facebook's hands, it's not a defensive play – should Twitter have jumped on this? Twitter hasn't jumped on anything. At face value, Yahoo is buying traffic. How much advertising can Yahoo sell on Tumblr? That's the question – everything else is just commentary and punditry. I've seen math that says $105-110 million per year (assuming a ±$2.00 RPM on ~60 billion page views per year). But, based on David Karp's intelligent and correct argument against traditional advertising units, I don't know how Yahoo could achieve that goal.
To sell $105-$110 million in non-traditional ad units, Tumblr will need to create a new kind of advertising unit… and that has yet to be achieved, so I'm not sure how the purchase price got to $1.1 billion. Can you turn 117 million people (many of which are anonymous, porn mongers or kids who are really too young to be a benefit to advertisers) into $105-$110 million per year? I guess we're going to find out soon enough. Yahoo's CEO, Marissa Mayer said, "We promise not to screw it up."
I'm keeping an open mind.