Danger Zone: Stein Mart

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 |  About: Stein Mart, Inc. (SMRT)
by: David Trainer

Stein Mart (NASDAQ:SMRT) is in the Danger Zone this week and earns my Very Dangerous rating. Hidden items in its filings artificially boost earnings growth and mask significant liabilities. The lofty expectations in the current valuation of the stock look impossible to achieve, especially given the company's weak competitive position.

The Weak Sister

Stein Mart is one of the bottom dogs in a competitive industry. Its rivals T.J. Maxx (NYSE:TJX), Ross Stores (NASDAQ:ROST), and Target (NYSE:TGT) have all displayed stronger growth and better management skill. TJX and ROST have returns on invested capital (ROIC) of 19% and 20%, respectively. TGT's ROIC is 9% while SMRT comes in with a lowly 6% ROIC.

Figure 1 shows SMRT's competition generating profits that dwarf Stein Mart's performance. As an example, Ross Stores, one of SMRT's closest competitors in terms of size, has grown NOPAT at 13% compounded annually since 1998 while SMRT has generated less than 1% compounded annual growth over the same period.

A struggling economy has been the wind in the sails of SMRT's competition but, curiously, not for Stein Mart. The company's declining ROIC of 6%, down from its high of 11% in 2006, demonstrates its inability to generate profit in the bargain-seeking consumer market. I see this underperformance as a warning sign that SMRT management will not create value for investors.

Figure 1: Profit (NOPAT) Trends Show SMRT Losing Market Share

SMRTexhibit

Sources: New Constructs, LLC and company filings.

Misleading Income Hidden in the Footnotes

Last year, GAAP data overstated SMRT's profit growth. SMRT's 28% earnings per share growth may boost share prices and attract momentum investors, but due diligence reveals that its after-tax cash flow (NOPAT) actually declined over this same period and its economic earnings remained flat.

Specifically, our diligence in the footnotes reveals two unusual sources of income hidden in operating earnings that made up 54% of SMRT's GAAP net income in fiscal year 2013. First, $7.7 million (or 32%) of SMRT's net income in 2013 was from actuarial gains on SMRT's settlement of certain pension plan obligations. An additional $5.3 million in income came from SMRT paying artificially low taxes due to unusual, non-taxable income. Without these non-recurring gains, SMRT's earnings would have been $11.3 million instead of $24 million.

Our analysis of the footnotes enables us to garner a more accurate measure of SMRT's core operating profits. Beyond its profitability issues, SMRT's balance sheet is also worse than GAAP data suggests. The company has no reported debt, but it has a total of $369 million in future operating lease obligations. Discounted to their present value, these off-balance sheet leases are equivalent to $292 million in debt.

Including these leases on the balance sheet gives a true representation of the capital invested in SMRT's business and a more accurate measurement of its total ROIC. Without capitalizing these leases, SMRT's return on invested capital would have been 13% instead of its actual 6%.

Footnotes diligence pays. Our analysis shows reported earnings are inflated as result of accounting loopholes, and that its core business operations look worse than they appear.

Stock Valuation Seems Blind to True Profits

Despite Stein Mart's stagnant last decade, the market is projecting growth that does not look likely to happen. Right now, SMRT is trading at ~$15/share. It would need to increase NOPAT by 10% compounded annually for 37 years to justify its current valuation. These expectations seem unrealistic for a firm that has failed to grow by more than 1% since 1998 and has lost significant market share to stronger competitors. The no-growth or economic book value of SMRT is about $3.50/share.

Perhaps too many investors have focused on reported accounting values and are willing to extend the illusory growth trends embedded in them. Those investors would likely change their minds if they did proper diligence.

André Rouillard and Sam McBride contributed to this article.

Disclosure: I have no positions in any stocks mentioned, but may take a short position in SMRT within the next 72 hours. I wrote this article myself, and it expresses my own opinions. I am not receiving compensation for it. I have no business relationship with any company whose stock is mentioned in this article.

Additional Disclosure: David Trainer, Sam McBride and André Rouillard receive no compensation to write about any specific stock, sector or theme.