In one of my latest articles, a retired Merrill Lynch Financial Consultant who used to recommend to his clients the "Dogs of the Dow" strategy asked me, in a very detailed comment, to run a back-test of this strategy in comparison to the market benchmarks and to my own strategies. Since I think many investors are familiar with the "Dogs of the Dow" strategy, I will show in this article the last fourteen years return of the strategy. I used the Portfolio123's powerful screener to perform the back-test, since Portfolio123's database starts at the beginning of 1999. The back-tests' results are from that date.
Dogs of the Dow
The "Dogs of the Dow" is an investing strategy, popularized by Michael B. O'Higgins in 1991, that consists of buying the ten Dow Jones Industrial Average stocks with the highest dividend yield at the beginning of the year. The portfolio should be adjusted at the beginning of each year to include the ten highest yielding stocks.
The table below presents the "Dogs of the Dow" at the beginning of 2013.
|(NYSE:T)||AT&T Inc||Diversified Telecommunication Services||Telecommunication Services|
|(NYSE:VZ)||Verizon Communications Inc||Diversified Telecommunication Services||Telecommunication Services|
|(NASDAQ:INTC)||Intel Corp||Semiconductors & Semiconductor Equipment||Information Technology|
|(NYSE:MRK)||Merck & Co Inc.||Pharmaceuticals||Health Care|
|(NYSE:HPQ)||Hewlett-Packard Co||Computers & Peripherals||Information Technology|
|(NYSE:PFE)||Pfizer Inc||Pharmaceuticals||Health Care|
|(NYSE:DD)||E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Co||Chemicals||Materials|
|(NYSE:GE)||General Electric Co||Industrial Conglomerates||Industrials|
|(NYSE:MCD)||McDonald's Corp||Hotels, Restaurants & Leisure||Consumer Discretionary|
|(NYSE:JNJ)||Johnson & Johnson||Pharmaceuticals||Health Care|
In order to find out how the "Dogs of the Dow" strategy would have performed during the last 5 years, the last 10 years and last 14 years, I ran the back-tests, which are available in the Portfolio123's screener.
The back-tests simulate holding stocks in equal weights at the beginning of each year. Dividends are included in the price data, therefore they are accounted for in the back-test. The theoretical return is calculated in comparison to the benchmarks (Dow Jones Industrial Average and S&P 500), considering 0.25% slippage for each trade and 1.5% annual carry cost (broker cost). The back-tests results are shown in the charts and the tables below.
Five years back-test
Ten years back-test
Fourteen years back-test
The "Dogs of the Dow" strategy has given better returns during the last five years, the last ten years and the last 14 years than the Dow Jones Industrial Average and the S&P 500 benchmarks. The maximum drawdown of the strategy was much bigger than the maximum drawdown of the benchmarks in all the three tests.
The 10-year average annual return of the strategy was at 6.11%, while the average annual return of the Dow Jones Industrial Average during the same period was at 4.56%, and that of the S&P 500 index was at 4.90%.
The 14-year average annual return of the strategy was at 4.45%, while the average annual return of the Dow Jones Industrial Average during the same period was at 2.75%, and that of the S&P 500 index was at 1.27%. The maximum drawdown of the strategy was at 68.54%, while that of the Dow Jones Industrial Average was at 53.78% and that of the S&P 500 was at 65.01%.
Although the "Dogs of the Dow" strategy has given better returns than the benchmarks, I have shown in my articles some strategies that have given much better return with much smaller maximum drawdown.