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ETRACS Monthly Pay 2x Leveraged Mortgage REIT ETN (NYSEARCA:MORL) declared a monthly dividend of $0.7938 with an ex-date of October 9, 2013 and payable October 21, 2013. This is slightly above the $0.75 I projected based on the quarterly dividend paid by Market Vectors Mortgage REIT ETF (NYSEARCA:MORT), which is the same basket of 25 mREITs as MORL, but without the 2X leverage in: MORT's Dividend Surprise Increase - Implications For MORL.

Declare may not be the correct word, since MORL management has no discretion in the matter as the dividends are simply a pass-through of the dividends declared by the mREITs that comprise the portfolio. The previous monthly dividend in September was $0.0884. However, as I explained in this article: 30% Yielding MORL, MORT And The mREITS: A Real World Application And Test Of Modern Portfolio Theory MORL pays widely varying dividends each month since most of the mREITs in the basket pay dividends quarterly on various schedules. ARMOUR Residential REIT Inc. (NYSE:ARR) being one of the few mREITs in the basket that pays monthly. During any three-month period all of the components would have paid their dividends. Thus, the key comparison is with the $ 1.1045 dividend MORL paid in July. The October payment is a decline of 28.13% from July. July's dividend of $1.1045 was a 16.4% decline from the April dividend of $1.3213.

The most important dividends come in the months of January, April, July and October. As I indicated earlier, I expected a reduction in MORL's October dividend relative to July since the two largest components of MORL, Annaly Capital (NYSE:NLY) and American Capital Agency Corp. (NASDAQ:AGNC) have recently cut their dividends. However, two of the components of MORL, Cypress Sharpridge Investments (NYSE:CYS) and Rait Financial Trust (NYSE:RAS) raised their dividends during the same period. This slightly mitigated the impact of the larger cuts by NLY and AGNC.

In addition to the decline in the dividend due to the reduction in the dividends of a many of the mREITs, MORL is further impacted by the rebalancing of the portfolio each month to bring the amount of leverage back to 2X. As the value of the mREITs in the portfolio declines, portfolio assets must be sold to maintain the leverage level. This reduces the dividend in addition to any reductions from cuts by the mREITs in the portfolio. This factor is of course a major cause of the reductions in many of the dividends of the mREITs in the portfolio. The individual mREITs having been selling assets to bring their leverage down to their targets and in some cases reducing the leverage beyond that in response to the market volatility.

I think that the dividends of MORL and MORT can be eventually sustained at somewhat below current levels. There may be one or two more months of declines. For MORL the annualized rate of the last three months' dividends is $3.95, which is a 19.6% simple annualized yield with MORL priced at $20.13. On a monthly compounded basis the effective annualized yield is 21.5%.

In the coming months there should be some beneficial impact from the reinvestment of higher yielding mortgage securities entering the mREITs portfolios. Newly issued mortgage-backed securities usually settle about two months after the purchase date. Each month an mREIT generally receives principal payments on its mortgages of about 3/4 of a percent of the outstanding balance. So newly issue issued mortgage-backed securities bought in June with the receipts of the principal payments, that are yielding about 100 basis points more than earlier this year, are starting to settle and be including the mREITs portfolio.

The questions that must be considered when evaluating the sustainability of an mREIT's dividend are what causes an mREIT to reduce or eliminate its dividend. As investors in non-agency mREITs are all too aware, defaults by the mortgages held by the mREIT can quickly reduce or eliminate dividends. iStar Financial Inc. (SFI), a component of MORT and MORL, has still not reinstated its dividend. Credit issues are not a concern to the extent that an mREIT holds agency paper. Defaults on the underlying mortgages are the problems of the issues such as Federal National Mortgage Association Fannie Mae (OTCQB:FNMA) and Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corp. (OTCQB:FMCC). The mortgage securities of those GSEs (Government sponsored enterprises, the agencies) are still effectively guaranteed by the U.S. Government.

Credit issues played no part in the recent dividend cuts by mREITs. There are other reasons why mREITs cut their dividends. One reason could be because they can. Remember that REITs must distribute at least 90% of their income, as defined in Internal Revenue Service regulations, in the form of dividends to the shareholders. In some cases if there is any way that a REIT can avoid paying dividends, while not incurring a tax penalty, they will do it. A dollar not paid to shareholders in dividends is one more dollar of book value. Many REITs' management fees are a function of book value.

Most REITs today do not want to reduce dividends; rather they know that higher dividends can allow them to do secondary share offerings, which can boost their assets under management and thus their fee income. The mREIT dividend reductions in the past year, except the most recent months, have been entirely due to declining spreads between the interest rates paid on the mREIT's assets and their cost of funds.

Declining long-term rates combined with prepayments of principle on their older higher-yielding mortgage securities have reduced the spread and the incomes of the agency mREITs. They have reduced their dividends accordingly. However, the recent dividend cuts by mREITs were not a result of the spread declining. As I indicated in my article: Federal Reserve Actually Proping up Interest Rates: What this means for mREITs, higher long-term rates while short-term rates remain low actually increases the spread income of agency mREITs.

The recent dividend cuts by mREITs were primarily due to caution or if you prefer fear, on the part of their management. They are conserving cash in order to reduce leverage and possibly use more cash for hedging activities such as buying swaptions. The worst fear for an agency mREIT is that it will not be able to roll-over its repo debt. If my forecast that short-term rates will remain low for much longer, the agency mREITs might gather up their courage and begin to increase their dividends as their spreads and income increase.

If someone thought that over the next five years interest rates would remain relatively stable and thus MORL would continue to yield 21.5% on a compounded basis, the return on a strategy of reinvesting all dividends would be enormous. An investment of $100,000 would be worth $264,714 in five years. More interestingly, for those investing for future income the income from the initial $100,000 would increase from the $21,500 initial annual rate to $56,914 annually.

Source: MORL Dividend Drops Again In October, Now Yielding 21.5% On A Monthly Compounded Basis