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As the gold price (NYSEARCA:GLD) flattened out since April 2013, investors are currently wondering if the gold price will finally rise or continue to go down lower. I continue to believe that the gold price has bottomed out and there are several reasons for this assumption. First off, we have a negative gold forward rate for the second time since July 2013, indicating shortages in gold. Every time when we see this event happening, the gold price moves up and this time will be no different.

Chart 1: Gold Price

Second, people should take note of the latest developments in the central bank balance sheets as one major event just took place. After almost 1 year of balance sheet contraction, we see a change in this trend at the ECB. A year ago, many lenders repaid their central balance sheet loans, resulting in a shrinking ECB balance sheet. But my chart shows that the ECB balance sheet actually expanded in October, if we look at it in U.S. dollar terms. You may ask me why I look in U.S. dollar terms? That's because the gold price is priced in U.S. dollars.

As you know, one of the best metrics to predict the gold price is to look at the expansion in the balance sheet of the central banks priced in U.S. dollars, if you want to see the trend of gold in U.S. dollars. It is important to look at all central banks globally as gold is a global "currency".

As you can see below, all 5 most important countries have now synchronized their balance sheet expansion once again (Chart 2). I think this trend is going to continue as the ECB is pressured to put a stop to the rise of the euro. There are now talks that another LTRO is on the table. On top of that several indicators show that extra stimulus is needed from the ECB. Unemployment in the Eurozone edged up to 12.2% while inflation posted a drop. Because of the expectation that the ECB will soon act, the euro has dropped from 1.38 against the U.S. dollar to 1.35 in just one day. Contrary to general belief, I still think that the current account surplus in the Eurozone is the only thing that matters, as long as the Eurozone posts current account surpluses, the euro will continue to rise against the U.S. dollar.

Of course all of these central bank balance sheet expansions will be bullish for precious metals going forward.

ECB = blue

U.S. Federal Reserve = red

Bank of Japan = green

Bank of England = orange

(click to enlarge)

Chart 2: Central Bank Balance Sheets

(The Chinese balance sheet is not included in this graph as it is not available on FRED)

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Chart 3: People's Bank of China balance sheet. Source:

Third, on the supply and demand side we note huge demand from India and China in both gold and silver. Premiums in India have gone up to the amount of 15% above spot price of gold. Net gold imports from Hong Kong into China continue to rise and China retains more of its gross gold imports from Hong Kong as the latest data shows (Charts 4a and 4b). On the supply side we all know that we are now at a gold price that is under the total production cost of many gold mining companies, so supply is bound to be going down.

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Chart 4a: China gold imports from Hong Kong

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Chart 4b: Gold net imports/gross imports H.K. to China

Fourth, another sign of amounting shortage can be found at the U.S. mint where the sale of silver eagles is halted for 4 weeks starting on December 9, 2013. I see the silver premiums rising and expect them to continue rising as evidence from one silver bullion dealer shows (Chart 5).

And last but not least, we got evidence from the Finnish central bank that its gold has been leased in the amount of more than 50%. How these banks are going to get back their leased gold is a mystery as physical supplies in the western world are at record lows at the COMEX (Chart 6: registered gold (blue data) at record lows compared to eligible gold (red data)) as well as at the LBMA (Chart 7: negative GOFO means impending default) and ETF holdings like GLD (Chart 8: record low inventories (red data)).

(click to enlarge)
Chart 7: 1-month GOFO rate


I have pointed out a whole spectrum of reasons why gold prices are bottoming out now and I believe investors should take the opportunity to keep buying on dips.

Disclosure: I have no positions in any stocks mentioned, and no plans to initiate any positions within the next 72 hours. I wrote this article myself, and it expresses my own opinions. I am not receiving compensation for it (other than from Seeking Alpha). I have no business relationship with any company whose stock is mentioned in this article.