Last week, I wrote about how Google was failing miserably against YouTube in the video wars. Google has also shown that it's a boring place to socialize. Clearly, video sharing and social networking are two growth areas that Google can't really play in by itself. It needs someone else. That's why Google partnered with News Corp's (NASDAQ:NWS) MySpace.
Yet if Google bought YouTube, not only would it be the most expensive acquisition in its history, it would be the most defensive and riskiest.
By combining forces Google and YouTube hardly overcome the copyright concerns. GoogTube would have to wipe out 80% of the copyrighted material on the nascent video-sharing site, and then what? If they don't take them down proactively, then GoogTube would be a juicy target for lawsuits.
Still, who wouldn't want to buy the hottest online asset today? At Google's Zeitgeist event this week, every media executive fell over themselves to talk to YouTube founders Chad Hurley and Steven Chen. It was obvious that there were overtures. Michael Moritz, partner at Sequoia Capital, an early investor in YouTube, told an interested buyer attending the Google event that YouTube's not selling. Of course, that's just a line that means absolutely nothing. Of course, everyone is for sale, at a price.
So, what price for YouTube? It's whatever the market will support. Moritz apparently thinks YouTube is the next Google. For that possibility, any price can be justified. Neither Google or YouTube responded to an email, requesting a comment.
Despite YouTube being the fastest-growing online asset in the hottest growth opportunity on the Web, no one can make a case that anything over $500 million, let alone $1 billion is rational.
To be sure, both sides can be viewed as Switzerland, merely aggregators of everyone's content - copyright material and otherwise. Google is losing in the video-sharing battle. It ranked No. 8 in the top-rated video sites, according to Nielsen//NetRatings. YouTube ranked No. 3.
Who buys YouTube? Google? Yahoo? News Corp?
|Streams initiated (mm)||Unique streamers (000)||Streams per streamer|
|Time Warner Network||258||25,675||10.1|
(source: comScore Media Metrix)
Tomorrow's on-demand generation loves YouTube.
I wrote earlier that it's a surprise if Google buys YouTube, but here's why it's not.
YouTube may be the hottest asset today, but it doesn't make any money. Rather, it's spending millions to support the world's appetite for pirated video tidbits. It needs a business model. Also, it's less likely that YouTube would be sued if it's partnered with Google. Media companies - CBS, Disney's ABC, NBC, Fox - would be less likely to sue a neutral service than each other. It GoogTube positioned itself as Switzerland, and continue to draw a big crowd, media companies will have no choice but to work with them.
As for the price, who knows? Mike Moritz thinks YouTube is the next Google. For that opportunity, any price can be justified.
At less than $2 billion, it's not a big chunk of change for Google. Google may be the only one that can pay up, and take the litigation risk of swallowing up this asset. And, Google has shown that it's willing to embrace the next-generation of Internet consumers by paying $900 million for an exclusive deal with MySpace.
Here's why it makes sense:
1) Google and YouTube become a neutral and major aggregator of video. Together they can attack the long tail of user-generated video content, and content produced by traditional media. Sure, there may be the risk of lawsuits, but if the combined GoogTube can maintain an audience, and work toward a technology that can identify copyright material (something YouTube claims it has), then what media company would sue? All may boycott the sites, but getting that consensus would be a challenge in and of itself. A media company might sue to take their content off YouTube, but if they're the only one doing so, they miss out on the potential audience to their content. It's a risk to sue, if you're the only one.
2) It's about community. Despite being considered a video-sharing site, YouTube is a social network. And, it's clear that social networks are the dominant force online. MySpace ranks No. 2 in pageviews while Facebook ties with Amazon.com at No. 10. YouTube ranks No. 14, by this measure. But in terms of video streams, YouTube and MySpace rank in the top 3, Google is No. 8, according to Nielsen//NetRatings.
3) Google has the advertisers while YouTube has the audience. If anyone can figure out how to provide relevant ads on UGC content, Google can.
4) Video will be the fastest-growing segment on the Web over the next few years. If Google misses the boat with YouTube at this price, YouTube may just get more expensive over time. $2 billion is a drop in the bucket today for Google, but paying up for it next year, may not go over so well on Wall Street.
5) YouTube is a great asset with 34 million unique visitors and 100 million daily video downloads. But it's risky to go it alone. It may be popular, but it doesn't make any money. And, its burning millions supporting our habit of on-demand copyrighted video clips.
6) If they combine, boy does this change the stakes of the game. Does GoogTube become the dominant network of the future? In a world of too many choices, a video aggregator as the No. 1 video destination seems pretty conceivable.
Typically, these deals are struck over a long weekend of negotiations. Let's see if the two come to an agreement by Monday morning. You're bet?