In Part I of this article I made the case that transmission stocks, or "Strong Grid" might be a clean energy sector that takes off in 2010, as Smart Grid stocks and Battery stocks did in 2009. If the sector does take off, the rising tide will probably float all boats, but if it doesn't, it will probably be better to be in the strongest such companies, because, as in 2009, the harsh financial climate will probably mean that the strongest companies do best.
For a first look at financial strength, I like to look at the following metrics as a first screen:
- Current Ratio: the ratio of current assets to current liabilities - the higher the better
- If Cash Flow from Operations [CFO] is positive, then T = (Total Liabilities [L] - Cash)/ CFO - the time it will take to pay off debt using internal cash flows and cash on hand. I consider anything less than a few years good.
- Price/Earnings ratio. In a mature industry such as transmission suppliers, I like to see positive earnings and a P/E ratio below the average for the market, but not so low that it indicates trouble elsewhere.
- The dividend yield [Y] - I like companies that pay a dividend, since I believe it shows management's confidence in the company's long term profitability.
Most of these numbers can be calculated directly from the company's "Key Statistics" page on Yahoo! Finance, although I had to calculate them myself using the most recent financial statements for the over the counter and foreign listed companies. Most statistics are from Q3 2009 financial statements.
Transmission Builders and Suppliers
|Company||Current Ratio||T||P/E (trailing)||Yield|
|ABB Group (ABB)||1.7||instantly||16.7||2.3%|
|American Superconductor (AMSC)||2.8||instantly||N/A||0|
|Composite Technology Corp (CPTC.OB)||0.6||N/A||N/A||0|
|CVTech Group (CVT.TO)||1.5x||7 years||24||0|
|General Cable (BGC)||2.1x||instantly||12.3||0|
|Jinpan International (JST)||2.3x||6 months||10.6||0.6%|
|MasTec (MTZ)||1.7x||2 years||13.9||0|
|MYR Group (MYRG)||1.6x||instantly||16.7||0|
|Pike Electric (PIKE)||2.3x||1 year||27||0|
|Quanta Services (PWR)||3.6x||instantly||19||0|
|Resin Systems (RSSYF.PK)|| |
I could not find current financial statements.
|Siemens (SI)||1.2x||13 years||10||2.6%|
|Valmont Industries (VMI)||2.6x||instantly||12.8||0.8%|
|Wesco International (WCC)||2.2x||2 years||9.2||0|
In general, the companies in this industry show a good deal of financial strength. The only ones in my list that I would eliminate from consideration on these measures are:
- Composite Technology and Siemens, because of relatively weak current ratios. I also recently wrote about some other worries I have about Composite.
- CVTech and Siemens, because too much debt will constrain their flexibility.
- ABB, MYR, Pike, and Quanta, because they are too expensive from the standpoint of price to earnings.
The other financial strength measures are more important for negative earnings companies such as American Superconductor and Composite Technology. Since AMSC appears strong, other valuation measures should be considered to determine if it's overpriced before making a decision to purchase.
I won't eliminate a stock from consideration because of a lack of dividend, but I think Valmont and Jinpan are worth another look because they do pay dividends, and their financial statements are both quite strong by my favorite measures. General Cable, MasTec, and Wesco also look solid and seem reasonably priced. These are the five I'd be buying currently, if I were not waiting for a general market decline before buying anything.
Stocks in My Top Ten List
The P/E ratio is why MasTec was included in my Ten Clean Energy Stocks for 2010: I wanted a domestic electric transmission contractor, but did not like the price of most of the others. I included General Cable as an equipment supplier with an attractive valuation and rock- solid financials. If I were to pick a new supplier today, it would probably be Valmont rather than General Cable, but that is only because Valmont has fallen 12% compared to a 2% fall for General Cable in the month since I created the list, making Valmont relatively more attractive.
DISCLOSURE: Long BGC, PWR, WCC.