Star Bulk Carriers Corp. (NASDAQ:SBLK)
Q3 2013 Results Earnings Call
November 26, 2013 11:00 AM ET
Petros Pappas - Chairman
Spyros Capralos - President and CEO
Simos Spyrou - Chief Financial Officer
Noah Parquette - Maxim Group
Thank you for standing by, ladies and gentlemen. And welcome to the Star Bulk Conference Call on the Third Quarter 2013 Financial Results. We have with us Mr. Petros Pappas, Chairman; Mr. Spyros Capralos, President and Chief Executive Officer; and Mr. Simos Spyrou, Chief Financial Officer of the company. At this time, all participants are in a listen-only mode. There will be a presentation followed by a question-and-answer session. (Operator Instructions)
I must advise you the conference is being recorded today, Tuesday, November 26, 2013. And we now pass the floor to one of your speakers today, Mr. Petros Pappas. Please go ahead, sir.
Thank you, Operator. I’m Petros Pappas, the Chairman of the Board of Directors of Star Bulk Carriers, and I would like to welcome you to the Star Bulk Carriers’ third quarter and nine months 2013 financial results conference call. Along with me today to discuss our financial results are our President and CEO, Mr. Spyros Capralos; and our CFO, Mr. Simos Spyrou.
Before we begin, I kindly ask you to take a moment to read the Safe Harbor statement on slide number two of our presentation. Before we begin the presentation and while you read our Safe Harbor statement, I would like to summarize our recent strategic initiatives as presented on slide number four.
First of all, we have expanded and upgraded our fleet with both fuel-efficient newbuildings from top class yards, as well as opportunistic acquisitions of premium second-hand tonnage at what is essentially the bottom of the drybulk shipping cycle.
We have adopted the flexible commercial strategy so as to maintain long-term spot market exposure, taking full advantage of the savings from our fuel-efficient newbuildings.
We have diversified the composition of our fleet by weighing more on larger vessels that will benefit mostly from a broad market recovery due to economies of scale they offer on the freight per tonne basis and the increase in long-haul shipments.
Furthermore, I have been the company’s Chairman and sponsor since its inception and remained committed to continue supporting the company in the future. I have been in the drybulk shipping industry for more than 35 years and have extensive experience operating fleets of privately-owned vessels and the public drybulk company during both the good and bad times in shipping.
I personally have experience and successfully managed through more than four major historic cycles in the industry. Recently, as a [self confidence] in Star Bulk’s highly experienced management team, my family’s joint venture without the capital management has entrusted Star Bulk management with entire drybulk fleet.
Finally, despite being in an ultra-growth mode, we remained committed to the cornerstone of our goals, that is, maximizing total returns to shareholders. As our fleet expands and the drybulk market recovers, we will evaluate favorably the potential return of capital to our shareholders, in a manner consistent with our overall business strategy, cash flows and liquidity position.
I will now turn the floor to Spyros, who will guide you through an overview of the company, as well as our performance this quarter.
Thank you, Petros. Good morning to everyone. I am Spyros Capralos and I will take you through our performance for the third quarter and the nine months of 2013. Please let’s turn to slide number five of the presentation for the preview of the third quarter 2013 financial highlights in comparison to last years.
In the three months ended September 30, 2013, net revenues amounted to $17 million representing a 2% increase versus the same period of 2012. Net revenues represent our total revenues adjusted for non-cash items less voyage expenses.
The reason we refer to our net revenues is because this figure nets out any difference in the number of voyage charters we perform in each period and therefore is directly comparable to other periods.
During this quarter, net revenues increased due to higher management fee income from third-party ship management services since we had on average 5.1 vessels under management compared to 1 during the third quarter of 2012.
G&A expenses were $2.5 million in Q3 2013 versus $2 million in Q3 2012. However, this quarter’s number includes approximately 450,000 of stock-based compensation. If we exclude the non-cash stock-based compensation and other management fee income earned, net cash G&A expenses per vessel in Q3 2013 were $1,338 per day reduced by 6.6% versus the same quarter last year.
Despite the fact that the headcount increased by more than 13% during this period to cater for the needs of our continuously expanding ship management business. We will touch upon this issue in more detail later in the presentation.
Our third quarter 2013 operating income stood at $1.4 million, compared to $306.8 million of operating loss during the third quarter of 2012, the later including $303.2 million impairment loss associated with the mark-to-market of our vessels incurred in this period.
Overall, during the third quarter of 2013, the company had a marginal net loss of $200,000 compared to a net loss of $308.6 million in Q3 2012. Excluding non-cash items, our new income for the quarter amounted $2.3 million, compared to an adjusted net loss of $3.8 million in Q3 2012. Adjusted EBITDA for the third quarter 2013 was $7.8 million increased by 2.4% versus last year respectively.
Our time charter equivalent during this quarter was $14,652 per day, compared to $15,201 last year. Our average daily operating expenses were $5,675 per vessel, compared to $4,878 during the same period last year.
I would like to remind you that last year one of our Capesize vessels the Star Polaris sustained engine failure damage and thus was non-operational throughout the full quarter. This resulted firstly, in artificially low operating expenses for the third quarter of 2012 and secondly, to higher insurance premiums to our fleet this year. Our operating expenses for third quarter of 2013 are also affected by the new tonnage tax regime introduced in 2013.
The adjusted net income of $2.3 million represents an adjusted earnings per share of $0.13 per share basic and diluted versus an adjusted net loss of $0.77 basic and diluted during this respective period in 2012. The adjusted EPS of $0.13 per share basic and diluted are substantially higher than analyst consensus of adjusted net loss of $0.03 per share for the third quarter of 2013.
Please turn now to Slide #6 for the presentation of a preview of our nine months 2013 financial highlights in comparison to last years. In the nine months ended September 30, 2013, net revenues amounted to $51.4 million, representing a 7% reduction versus the same period of 2012.
General and administrative expenses were $7.2 million in the nine months of 2013 versus the $7.3 million in the nine months of 2012. However, both numbers include a non-cash component of stock-based compensation. Adjusting for this component and netting with their respective management fee income, net daily G&A expenses per vessel during the nine months of 2013 were $1439 slightly lower than last year's $1445 per day figure.
Our nine months operating income stood at $7.1 million compared to $307.3 million of operating loss during the nine months of 2012 due to the impairment loss explained earlier. Overall during the nine months of 2013, the company had net income of $1.8 million compared to a net loss of $313 million months in nine months 2012. Excluding non-cash items, our net income for the nine months amounted to $7.6 million, compared to an adjusted net loss of $600,000 in the nine-month 2012.
Adjusted EBITDA for the nine months 2013 was $24.9 million compared to $34 million during the same period of 2012. Our time charter equivalent during this nine-month period was $14,414 per day compared to $15,560 last year. Our average daily operating expenses were $5,622 per vessel compared to $5,231 during the same period last year.
The adjusted net income of $7.6 million for the nine months of 2013 represents an adjusted earnings per share of $0.82 per share basic and diluted, versus an adjusted net loss of $0.11 per share basic and diluted during the respective period in 2012.
Please turn now to Slide #8, for a brief review of our recent key commercial developments during clearly another busy quarter. On October 7, we have completed a follow-on offering of 8.05 million of our common shares resulting in gross proceeds of approximately $70.8 million.
The offering was partly subscribed by certain of our largest shareholders, including Oaktree, Monarch and BlueShore, expanding our market capitalization to over $230 million. At the same time, having substantial financial power, we expanded our newbuilding program by adding five additional vessels, with fuel efficient specifications, bringing the total vessels on order to nine with an aggregate purchase price of $368.4 million.
We also returned to the sales and purchase markets by acquiring recently two modern Ultramaxes, renamed to Star Challenger and Star Fighter built at Imabari, Japan in November 2012 and September 2013 respectively. Ultramaxes represent a new larger type of Supramax vessels with increased cargo carrying capacity.
Guarantee they have few such vessels in the water and thus we clearly believe that these acquisitions provide us with competitive edge when pursuing charter’s business. The first vessel will be delivered to us in a few days and the second one, not later than January 15, 2014. Thus both of them will help in the 2014 results for the company.
Finally, we extended our third-party ship management business by adding five additional vessels while we will add one more in December, raising the total number of third-party vessels under management to 10.
Please turn to Slide #9 to give you a brief overview of our fleet profile. We currently own 15 drybulk vessels, five of which are Capesizes, two Ultramaxes and eight Supramaxes, with a total dead weight capacity of 1.41 million deadweight tons and an average age of about 9.5 years.
We have a newbuilding program consisting of a total of nine fuel-efficient eco-friendly vessels under order in first class shipyards, consisting of three Newcastlemaxes, two Capesizes and four Ultramaxes with deliveries spending between 2015 and early 2016. Upon delivery of our newbuildings, we loan a total of 24 vessels from 15 vessels today.
The fleet is managed internally which provides full efficiency and transparency to our shareholders. Aside from the management to our own fleet, we also provide ship management services to nine third-party vessels.
On the bottom left graph, you can see that upon completion of our newbuilding program, we’ll have grown our total fleet under management that is including third-party vessels managed by us to 3.8 million deadweight, representing 22% compounded annual rate of growth on deadweight basis from 2009. This figure is not inclusive of an additional number of up to 30 third-party vessels that we expect to take under management over the next couple of years.
In Slide #10, we have given you the detailed list of our third-party managed fleets. We currently operate nine drybulk vessels owned by third parties which we manage at a daily fee of $750 per day per vessel.
By the end of this year, we’ll operate a total of 25 vessels, 15 owned and 10 managed. This business supplements and diversifies Star Bulk’s consolidated cash flows with essentially no additional business risk.
Taking into account our newbuilding program as well as a planned expansion of the number of third-party vessels under management, we expect to ultimately operate a total of more than 50 vessels upon the delivery over our last newbuilding.
This will give us the scale to benefit from the global market recovery that we started to see take shape. Operating larger fleet provides us with higher purchasing power and economies of scale.
Please turn to Slide #11. Here we’ll try to give you some insight from the factors that we have -- that we have considered before reaching the agreements for the nine newbuildings. First of all, this is a quality of the shipyards we do business with. All three yards are very experienced and well known for the quality of the vessels they build.
This is a very important factor because low-quality vessels usually require higher maintenance and operating cost, which makes them less economical to operate and quite loss making in a low-operating environment. Low-quality vessel even though it is, will usually booked at a lower price than higher quality one, may prove to be much less profitable in the long term.
Furthermore, top-tier shipyards can offer improved vessel designs and can credibly guarantee the advertised efficiencies of their vessels and their delivery times. Secondly, the designs of these vessels are new and improved compared to more existing vessels -- to most existing vessels.
These vessels have a higher carrying capacity of the closed model vessels used by the Baltic Exchange. This additional capacity can be translated into higher earning capacity and greater effectiveness from the charter’s perspective.
Furthermore, these vessels are environmentally friendly, as they have reduced carbon emissions, minimizing the need for regulatory and post technical upgrades in the future. In our view, we are moving towards a stricter regulation period in the future whereby older vessels will face increased compliance costs.
Timing wise, the recent surge in vessel prices, both for newbuildings and second hand vessels has justified a strategic decision to alter at a low point in the shipping side. As you can see in the graph, back in July, newbuilding prices have dropped very close to the historical lows as adjusted for inflation, limiting the downside for such investments significantly in our view.
During the past four months, Capesize and Supramax newbuilding prices have increased by 11% and 5% respectively. We are currently sitting on nine newbuilding contracts that have experienced approximately a $40 million increase in aggregate value, or about 10% of their contracted price.
Lastly and perhaps more importantly, the vessels are fuel efficient. We estimate that compared to conventional vessels, our newbuilding capes will consume eight tons less fuel while slow-steaming, while fuel savings could double at higher speeds. Assuming an average of 250 steaming days per year and $600 per ton of fuel, this vessel will be saving approximately $1.2 million while slow-steaming.
Moving to Slide 12, we provide you with a detailed overview of our newbuilding program. We currently have nine vessels on older and three shipyards, SWS and NACKS in China and JMU in Japan for a total price $368.4 million.
Newcastlemax vessels are the larger version of Capesize vessels, having a deadweight of 208,000 tons, 209,000 tons. Ultramaxes are the larger version of Supramax vessels, with size between 60,000 and 64,000 deadweight tons.
More of our newbuildings are being built with eco specifications, allowing for reduced fuel consumption and fewer carbon emissions. In terms of delivery dates, we will have four Ultramaxes and one Capesize to be delivered to us during the second half of 2015, with the remaining four vessels, the three Newcastlemaxes and one Capesize being delivered from January 16th up to April 16th.
Our shipping building contracts have relatively tail heavy payment terms, with 60% to 70% of the contract price being due on delivery of the vessel. Exceptions to the above are the two Capesizes, which are more than one tenth of SWS, for which we have already deposited the 30% of the contract price in exchange of $600,000 discount per vessel. As of today, we have paid a total amount of $67.1 million for the advances in relation to our newbuildings.
Please turn now to Slide 13 to discuss our latest second hand acquisitions. On November 18th, -- ten days ago, we announced the unblock acquisition of two modern Ultramaxes renamed Star Challenger and Star Fighter for a total purchase consideration of $58.1 million.
The vessels are nearly newbuild since they were built in November 2012 and September 2013 respectively by Imabari Shipbuilding, one of the top shipbuilders in the world. As estimated such transactions, we are already at one-tenth percent of the aggregate purchase consideration or $5.8 million, while the remaining amounts is due on delivery of the vessels, December 7, 2013 and January 2014 respectively.
As mentioned earlier, these vessels belong to the Ultramax category, as they are larger form of standard Supramax vessels. Currently, there is a limited number of Ultramax in the water, a 148 vessels only according to collections, represent the top 5% of the entire Handymax and Supramax fleet.
Even if we take into account, the current order book, and assuming no further scrapping and slippage, these two vessels will be in the top 12% of the Handymax and Supramax fleet on a fully delivered basis.
Furthermore, according to our estimates, these vessels will have a low cash flow breakeven, being able to navigate safely during any market downside as well. So overall, we certainly feel that this is an attractive acquisition, which allows us to expand and renew our fleet immediately, while improving our competitive position in the future.
Please turn now to Slide 14 to discuss our balance sheet profile. Currently, our total debt stands at $190.7 million. Our current cash position at $107.8 million and our net debt at $82.9 million.
Furthermore, the market value of our fleet in the water stands currently at $332.3 million, including of the two Ultramaxes recently acquired. As explained above, the current market value of our nine newbuildings currently is $407 million, 10% above their contracted price.
Our total fleet value on a fully delivered basis was approximately $739 million. We have paid $72.9 million in the form of advance payments for the 11 vessels on order or acquired. And assuming 60% debt financing, we have approximately $97.7 million in remaining equity capital expenditure, an amount we feel quite comfortable in funding given our current liquidity position and cash flow generation of our fleet.
Taking all the above into account, we calculate our net asset value per share on a charter free basis at $10.40 per share, a level at which recent trading prices of our common shares imply a rather steep discount of approximately 20%.
Following the agreements with our lenders, in early January 2013 and the principal repayment related to the sale of Star Sigma, our remaining principal repayment obligations over 2013 stand at $400,000. As you can see in the graph on principal repayment so far this year, we are at $33.4 million while our scheduled principal repayments for 2014 and ‘15 stand at $18 million and $28 million respectively.
As it is evident from the graph in the right bottom, assuming 60% debt financing, our remaining equity capital expenditures from today until the end of 2014 are $26 million, with a majority being related to the acquisition of the two Ultramax vessels mentioned earlier. So overall, we have a small debt repayment profile over the next two years, while our remaining capital expenditure obligations are tail heavy and fully supported by our current liquidity position.
Please turn to Slide 15 for an overview of our fleet employment and our charter counterparties. Currently, we have secured 96% of our operating days in 2013, 19% for 2014 and 6% in 2015.
Specifically, our time charter coverage in the Capesize segment is a 100% for this year, 46% for 2014 and 18% for 2015, while our Supramax coverage stands at 94% for 2013 and 6% for 2014.
Overall our total contracted revenue amounts to approximately $35.9 million while it’s worth noting that we will no longer have legacy charges from the high levels of 2008. And at that, flexible commercial strategy mostly focuses on short-term time charter employment maintaining increased exposure to a long-term recovery in freight rates. This allows us to relatively insulate our fleet from adverse market movements in the short term while maintaining our upside potential on the gradual market recovery which is starting to take place.
Please turn now to Slide 16. Year-after-year we continue our efforts to improve our operational performance. Our cost-cutting efforts in our operating and G&A expenses have played an important role in our financial and operating performance in these challenging markets environment. This of course has been achieved without a compromise in our high quality and operational standards.
On the top right graph, you can see that for the nine months 2013, if we exclude the effect of Star Sigma which was sold in April, our fleet utilization ratio is up 98.2% essentially in line with our historical levels. I would also like to note that the utilization ratio for 2012 is not really truly effective as well since it was negatively affected by the substantial off-hire time of Star Epsilon also sold in the first quarter of 2012.
On the left graph, you can see the weighted average size of our vessels versus our average daily operating expenses. Since 2009, our daily operating expenses have been reduced from $6,903 to $5,622 in the nine months of 2013, a 19% cumulative decrease. At the same time, our average vessel size increased by 11% on a cumulative basis from 92,000 deadweight tons to a 102,000 deadweight tons.
On the bottom right graph, you can see the total carrying capacity of our managed fleet versus our G&A expenses, which exclude one-off severance payments and stock based compensation. These G&A expenses are of course reflective of the in-house vessel management capabilities we have developed since our inception.
As you can see at the bottom right graph, the annualized G&A expenses for the nine months of 2013 excluding non-cash items are 5% higher than in 2012 while at the same time our total fleet under management has increased by 48% on a deadweight tonnage basis.
Moving forward, we remain focused on further optimizing operating cost and implementing our quality objectives to the benefit of our own fleet and our managed fleet and of course our shareholders.
That completes my presentation, and now I will ask Mr. Simos Spyrou, our CFO to discuss on the financials and give you an update on the market developments. Please go ahead, Simos.
Thank you, Spyros. Please turn now to Slide 18 for an overview of our balance sheet as of September 30, 2013. Our total cash balance stood at $84.66 million while other current assets were at $8.2 million. Our fixed assets amounted to $272 million, advances for newbuildings stood at $28.6 million while fair value of above market acquired time charter stood at $9.58 million and other non-current assets at $1.29 million.
Summing up the above, total assets amounted to $404.4 million. Total debt stood at $194.4 million, other liabilities were $12.4 million and stockholders equity was at $197.5 million. The net debt was $109.8 million reduced by 43% versus December 31, 2012 respective figures.
As you can see from the top right graph, our net debt-to-total capitalization ratio currently stands at 28% substantially lower than 2012. We remain committed in maintaining a healthy balance sheet while growing and expanding our fleet.
In particular, since 2008 we have reduced our gross debt by $102 million while as you can see from the bottom right graph on the same time, the average number of owned vessels has increased from 10.8 vessels in 2008 to 13.4 vessels for the nine months of 2013. As a result, the net debt per vessel has dropped to $8 million from $23 million in 2008, a 65% decrease over this period.
Turning now to Slide 19, to discuss our third quarter 2013 income statement, I would like to point out that our results includes non-cash items which are depicted in the middle column while the adjusted figures on the right excludes them. For the third quarter of 2013, non-cash adjusted revenues amounted to $19.3 million compared to $20 million in the same period last year.
In particular, non-cash items include a $1.6 million related to the amortization of above market acquired time charters for the vessels, Star Big and Star Mega, which are long-term charter to the well known mining giant.
Voyage expenses amounted to $2.4 million for the third quarter 2013 from $3.4 million in the same quarter last year. Adjusted net revenues net of voyage expenses amounted to $17 million this quarter compared to $16.6 million the same period last year, an increase of 2%.
I believe that this number is an accurate measure of our actual comparable revenue, plus it nets out the effect of the voyage charters on the revenue and the voyage expenses line. This 2% increase was mainly attributed to the increase in the management fee income from the ship management of a third-party vessel.
Vessel operating expenses stood at $6.8 million versus $6.3 million last year. Dry docking expenses amounted to approximately $1.6 million versus $2 million last year. This quarter we had two vessels mainly Star Aurora and Star Theta that underwent dry docking on August while during the same period in 2012, we had one Capsize and one Supramax vessel undergoing dry dock, with the former having increased cost due to its older age. Currently we have Star Delta on dry dock while one more of our Supramaxes, Star Zeta will join us well next month.
G&A expenses adjusted for non-cash stock-based compensation totaled $2.1 million during the third quarter 2013 compared to $1.9 million during the third quarter 2012, despite the increase in the average number of employees by 13% to support our current and upcoming managed fleet growth.
Excluding non-cash items, daily G&A expenses that owned vessels netted for management fee revenues were reduced by 7% in the third quarter 2013 versus the same quarter last year.
Other operational loss and other operational gain represents mainly commercial claims that the company had initiated in the past and are non-recurring items. Nonetheless, the company had a cost inflow of $1.3 million. Overall, the company's adjusted net income amounted to $2.3 million, compared to an adjusted net loss of $3.8 million in the third quarter of 2012.
Let us now move to slide 20 to discuss our nine months 2013 income statement. For the nine months of 2013, non-cash adjusted revenues amounted to $58.3 million, compared to $73 million in the same period last year. In particular, non-cash items included $4.75 million related again to amortization of the above market acquired time charters for Star Big and Star Mega.
Voyage expenses amounted to $6.9 million for the nine months 2013 from $17.5 million in the nine months 2012. Adjusted net revenues net of voyage expenses amounted to $51.4 million, compared to $55.5 million the same period last year, namely reduction of 7%. This 7% reduction was mainly due to our smaller average number of vessels during this period and lower freight rate achieved by certain of our vessels.
Vessel operating expenses stood at $20.5 million almost unchanged versus last year. Drydocking expenses amounted to approximately $2.1 million versus $3 million last year.
G&A expenses adjusted for non-cash stock-based compensation totaled $6.2 million during the nine months of 2013, compared to $5.9 million during the nine months of 2012, namely a 5% increase, due to 10% increase in the average number of our employees to support our current and upcoming management fleet growth.
Overall, the company's adjusted net income amounted to $7.6 million, compared to an adjusted net loss of $560,000 last year. I would like to remind you that the nine months periods of 2012 adjusted to net income included $6.5 million gain from the early time charter termination related to the Star Sigma at that time, which is of course a non-recurring item.
Turning to slide 21 for a review of our cash flow generation during the nine months of 2013, we considered on December 31, 2012 our total cost balance including restricted and pledged costs stood at $31.8 million.
During the nine months of 2013, we generated $22.4 million cash from operations, while we had an additional $2.66 million of cash inflow from investing activities exclusive of newbuilding advances and the sale of Star Stigma. Included in this amount are $3.9 million of insurance proceeds related to the main engine failure of Star Polaris last year.
Our debt repayment requirements excluding any prepayment made in connections with the agreement with our lenders and the sale of Star Stigma were $13.8 million for the nine months of 2013, thus leading to a free cash flow of $11.3 million on an adjusted recurring basis. So, despite the low freight environment, our fleet has been significantly cash flow positive in 2013.
For the nine months of 2013, we have paid a total amount of $28.5 million in advances related to four of our newbuildings initially ordered back in July.
On April of 2013, we sold one of our oldest Capesize vessels Star Sigma for $8.3 million, while we proceeded with debt repayments -- prepayments actually of $16.1 million in one of our loan facilities. This above -- the above resulted in a net repayment of approximately of $8 million.
Finally, including the net proceeds from our rights offering in July we arrive at the total cost balance as of September 30, 2013 which stood at $84.7 million.
I would like now to give you a brief update on drybulk markets. If we can turn to slide 23 to summarize the iron ore trade demand dynamics. As most of you know, iron ore and coal are the two most important commodities for drybulk shipping accounting for more than half of the seaborne drybulk freight.
On the top right graph, you can see how Chinese crude steel production and Chinese iron ore imports have evolved in the last eight years. As we have explained in previous presentation, Chinese domestic iron ore is a very low quality compared to international commercial mining standards due to its low ferrous content. This trend has been consistent over the past 10 years with China producing iron ore of lower ferrous content year-on-year.
Overall, as you can see from the bottom right graph, a large part of Chinese iron ore production is noncompetitive with high cost breakeven due to small production scale, low quality of iron ore reserves and long distance from Chinese steel mills.
On the other hand, the major international iron ore exporters comprising mainly of Vale, Rio Tinto, BHP and Potash enjoy low breakeven price levels due to large scale of operations and high quality of iron ore reserves.
Furthermore, as you can see from the bottom left graph, substantial addition of mining capacity is expected to come online over the next years, mainly by these companies. To put this into perspective, Vale alone has lined up an investment of 90 million tonnes per annum, additional iron ore mining capacity in 2015, a truly significant amount for a sole project.
So, overall, it is apparent that the international iron ore markets will see substantial additional supply coming from producers that have the ability of aggressive pricing in order to capture market share.
This is expected to drive the international iron ore price to lower levels i.e. at approximately $100 per tonne, a level at which the majority of small private Chinese producers are noncompetitive.
Therefore, we believe that the substitution of the expensive Chinese iron ore production with important ore can provide a significant support to iron ore trade even with zero steel production growth.
Please turn now to slide 24. On the left bottom graph, you can see how Chinese coal trade has evolved for the last eight years. The growth of this trade has been truly remarkable. China's increased energy needs have turned the country from a traditional coal exporter to the single biggest coal importer in the world in half a decade. From significant coal trade surpluses up until 2005, China had a coal trade deficit of around 332 million tonnes during the last 12 months.
What is even more impressive is the growth potential of these trade. China's coal production in 2012 was more around 4 billion tonnes. So, as you can understand, in the 332 million tonnes of net imports represents only around 8.3% of the total Chinese coal consumption.
As China continues growing, we expect the need for energy in general and coal-fired energy in particular to continue growing as well. We believe the potential for additional coal imports is large and so long as additional mining capacity comes online, we will continue to see rapid growth in this trade.
Another major importer of coal is India, which lacks material reserves to satisfy its huge consumption needs. As you will see from the bottom right graph Indian coal imports have increased with a compound annual growth of 25% during the period 2006 to 2012, reaching 157 million tons per annum. Main driver of this trade partner has been the increasing reliance of the currency to coal-fired electricity production and hence on thermal coal.
In absence of many economically viable derivatives, Indian thermal coal imports have increased substantially during the past years. Going forward according to Clarksons, India is expected to reach 195 million tons per annum in coal imports in 2014, an increase of 25% versus 2012 levels.
Please turn now to Slide 25 for an update on the supply side. Drybulk vessel deliveries have yield during the last three months. We expect deliveries in the remaining months of 2013 to continue at a slower pace, compared to the last two years.
As you can see on the top right hand graph, deliveries in the period 2008 to 2012 have an average slippage rate of around 30%. Many analysts believe that this rate of slippage is likely to continue into 2013, during the scarcity of financing while it is worth noting that the respective figure for 2013 based on annualized year-to-date deliveries is approximately 37%.
On the bottom right hand graph, we provide the order book for the remainder of 2013, 2014, ‘15 and ‘16. As you can see, while the drybulk industry still has to go through a process of absorbing a very large number of new vessels that have come into the market in 2011 and 2012, the current order book stands at the significantly lower levels.
What is important and encouraging is a fact that bulk carrier demolition has stayed at the record high levels the last couple of years. 2011 all-time record of 22.3 million deadweight tons was by far suppressed by 2012 scrapping activity of 33.7 million deadweight tons.
During the first 10 months of 2013, scrapping activity stood around 18.3 million deadweight tons which implies an annualized 22 million deadweight tons. While this annualized number is significantly lower than last year’s all-time record high, it still represents one of the highest figures historically and it will certainly help mitigate this year’s fleet growth.
Please turn now to Slide 26. After four years of consecutive record high deliveries, 2013 will be a year of fully balanced fleet growth. Just to put this record deliveries into perspective, the drybulk fleet has grown from 418 million deadweight tons in the beginning of 2009 to 710 million deadweight tons in the beginning of this month.
This represents a massive cumulative net growth of around 69%. Also keep in mind that these numbers take into account 90 million dead weight tons of scrapping during this period. The fact that deliveries have dropped to lower and more sustainable levels these last 10 months, is now view positive and based on the current order book, we expect deliveries to slow down further going forward.
Another encouraging element in the supply side is a reduction of the average speed of the fleet or slow steaming which effectively reduces the available fleet carrying capacity. According to firm lease, the average speed of the drybulk fleet stood at 11.1 knots in 2012, compared to 14 knots in 2009.
Overall, the recent freight strengths has inspired some optimist in the market, while many analysts believe that drybulk demand growth could outstrip supply growth towards the end of the year.
The recent surge in the drybulk freight rates, while essentially unexpected before summer is not totally disconnected from the long-term demand and supply fundamentals, which in our view are attractive. In our view, as the supply growth pressures continue to ease over the next couple of years, the growth in drybulk shipping demand will be more easily transformed into a broader freight market recovery.
I would like now to pass the floor back to Spyros for his closing remarks.
Thank you, Simos. In conclusion, as you can see on Slide 28, we believe that investing the Star Bulk offers certain distinct benefits. First of all, through our flexible chartering strategy, our fleet is poised to benefit from the drybulk market recovery, while we have the financial power to capitalize on any distressed opportunities that might arise.
Secondly, our investors get exposure to superior assets with a diverse quality of modern fleet, including nine tops spec eco newbuildings, orders ordered of 30 yards in Japan and China. Furthermore, we focused on what we do best, that is owning and operating drybulk vessels while we have diversified our asset base to higher earning vessel, such as Newcastlemaxes and Ultramaxes.
Being experienced fleet managers, led by our Chairman, Mr. Petros Pappas. We have expanded our shareholder base to our credit institutions, such as Oaktree Capital, Monarch Alternative Capital, clearly a vote of confidence in our transparent and efficient operations.
Lastly, we put a strong in-house ship managing capabilities, for which we take full advantage by managing third-party vessels as well. This activity generates risk less revenues, diversifying our consolidated cash flows. Overall, we believe Star Bulk has a good set of characteristic that plays us among the most promising companies in the drybulk sector.
Closing, I would like to thank our shareholders for their ongoing support and loyalty. And we assure them, that we will continue our efforts to ensure the company's long-term viability and enhanced shareholder value.
Without taking anymore of your time -- we have taken already a lot. I will now pass the floor over to our operator and in case you have any questions, all of us will be happy to answer them.
Thank you very much indeed, sir. (Operator Instructions) From Stifel, you have a question from the line of Ben Nolan. Please ask your question. Mr. Nolan, your line is open sir.
Hi. This is actually [Steven Fitz] filling in for Ben Nolan. Thank you for taking my question. It really relates to the newbuild. Given the slight increase in newbuilding prices, do you feel that in the future if you incrementally increase the size of your fleet, would you preferred to purchase newbuilds or acquire second hand vessels?
Thank you, Steven for your question. As you know, we are a flexible organization. We’re examining on a daily basis, our options ahead. I think we are very good in ordering those nine newbuildings at the beginning of the summer again, then in early September. And since then we’ve seen prices going up.
I think more or less, we have completed the newbuilding program. However, in case we find something attractive, we would also consider it. We bought in the meantime those two second hand vessels which are almost new. They are top of the class and we think that these vessels will also permit us to have some nice cash flow earnings for the whole of 2014 and 2015, until the time that the newbuilding vessels will reach and will increase our fleet.
Okay. Thank you. That’s very helpful. And then my final question, it relates to the two acquisitions you recently made. When do you expect to receive bank financing from them?
That’s a very good question. We are talking to our banks. Currently, we have received few offers and we are examining them, I think we are going to be very happy to make the announcement when it comes. But, what I can tell you is that we have received some quite attractive offers and we’ll do the bank financing, we’ll announce it in the next few weeks.
Steven, we do not have any -- since we have plenty of cash right now, we will probably acquire the vessels with cash on hand in early December next week actually. And we will be concluding the financing most probably within January, so the debt financing will be received within January.
Okay. That does it for my questions. Thank you for your time.
Thank you very much. Now from Maxim Group, you have a question from Noah Parquette. Please ask your question, sir.
Noah Parquette - Maxim Group
Thank you. Thanks for taking my question. Firstly, I just wanted to get your view on -- I mean, you’ve been obviously very active ordering newbuilds and there are Chinese yards. You have seen in the Korean and Japanese yards kind of access from the new drybulk side of the business, what do you see in terms of drybulk shipper capacity and slight availability going through 2016?
Yes, you’re right on your comment that the Koreans and the Japanese are trying to build high-value added vessels and therefore, they are not so much involved. Even though the Japanese, they have their own local ship owners and they are contracting vessels for their clientele. We know and that there aren’t many births left for 2015 or very limited birth left. And we have already heard that many of the yards are full even for the 2016.
So, I don’t see much new ordering happening, but still I am sure that the yards, they do have some capacity left for newbuilding vessels. But overall, I think the biggest positive development in our business is that people do not order from second quality Chinese yards and they will not be flooding the market with low-quality vessels, which I think is also positive because also the banking side and the people financing them, they are not prepared to finance low-quality assets than they would.
Noah Parquette - Maxim Group
Okay. And so you mentioned that you are essentially down with your newbuilding program here. Is that part of the -- are you happy with the size, or you are just not comfortable with going out past 2016? Would you be more inclined to look at second hand ships like those two Ultramaxes, just kind of talk us through that all?
Well, as you know, we are mainly focused on two classes of vessels. We are looking at the largest vessels, Capesizes and Newcastlemaxes, because as we explained during our presentation, we believe that the demand and the numbers are there for the future. And also we are looking at the largest Supramax vessels, the ones called Ultramaxes, the 61,000 to 64,000 because there also we have our existing fleet. We know the clients, the charters and we believe that these are assets that have shown less volatility in the difficult days and we think that will benefit the most.
We are looking -- we have our ears open. We’re looking for distressed assets from banks. If they come in the market, we’re looking for second hand vessels that make sense and that will provide a cash flow. And we have done the biggest portion of our newbuilding program.
We don’t want to go further way in 2016 or later, because I think the time element is quite important in these things. So, I think that unless we find something that we believe that is quite interesting on the newbuilding side, we’ll stick to the second hand vessels right now.
Noah Parquette - Maxim Group
And how much like firepower, would you estimate you are comfortable with right now with the cash that you have on the balance sheet and you mentioned that NAV is little over 10, would you be more comfortable with addition stock as you are little closer to that on a fee level?
No, as we explained when we booked the two second hand Ultramaxes, we do not need additional equity right now. And from the figures that we have in our finances, we do not contemplate of having any needs in the next couple of years to issue more equity. Therefore, we are perfectly happy. We have a lot of cash sitting in our bank accounts and we are ready even to buy more vessels without needing to go to the equity markets again.
Noah Parquette - Maxim Group
Thank you very much.
Thank you very much. (Operator Instructions) As there appear to be no further questions, gentlemen, I will pass the floor back to you for closing remarks.
Okay. I think that concludes our presentation with our third quarter results. We thank you all for joining us today in our conference call. Our 2013 fourth quarter results and actually our yearly results are scheduled for March 5, 2014.
And until that time, we wish you all happy end of the year holidays and we hope, and we wish the drybulk market to improve more and next year will be a better year for all of us. Thank you all.
With many thanks to all our speakers today, that does conclude our conference. Thank you for participating. You may now all disconnect. Thank you, Mr. Spyros. Thank you, gentlemen.
Thank you very much.
All the very best. Bye-bye.
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