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Here is a look at how Gilead Sciences, Inc. (GILD) fares in ModernGraham's opinion, based on an updated and modernized version of Benjamin Graham's requirements of defensive and enterprising investors from The Intelligent Investor:

Defensive and Enterprising Investor Tests (What is the significance of these tests, and what is PEmg ratio?):

Defensive Investor - must pass at least 6 of the following 7 tests: Score = 2/7

  1. Adequate Size of Enterprise - market capitalization of at least $2 billion - PASS
  2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition - current ratio greater than 2 - FAIL
  3. Earnings Stability - positive earnings per share for at least 10 straight years - FAIL
  4. Dividend Record - has paid a dividend for at least 10 straight years - FAIL
  5. Earnings Growth - earnings per share has increased by at least 1/3 over the last 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end of period - PASS
  6. Moderate PEmg ratio - PEmg is less than 20 - FAIL
  7. Moderate Price to Assets - PB ratio is less than 2.5 or PB x PEmg is less than 50 - FAIL

Enterprising Investor - must pass at least 4 of the following 5 tests or be suitable for a defensive investor: Score = 2/5

  1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition, Part 1 - current ratio greater than 1.5 - FAIL
  2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition, Part 2 - Debt to Net Current Assets ratio less than 1.1 - FAIL
  3. Earnings Stability - positive earnings per share for at least 5 years - PASS
  4. Dividend Record - currently pays a dividend - FAIL
  5. Earnings growth - EPSmg greater than 5 years ago - PASS

Valuation Summary (Explanation of the ModernGraham Valuation Model)

Key Data:

MG Value$64.26
MG OpinionOvervalued
Value Based on 3% Growth$24.65
Value Based on 0% Growth$14.45
Market Implied Growth Rate17.88%
Net Current Asset Value (NCAV)-$3.01
PEmg44.25
Current Ratio1.42
PB Ratio10.60

Balance Sheet - 9/30/2013

Current Assets$6,968,100,000
Current Liabilities$4,895,100,000
Total Debt$5,856,100,000
Total Assets$22,468,400,000
Intangible Assets$13,222,600,000
Total Liabilities$11,584,800,000
Outstanding Shares1,534,030,000

Earnings Per Share

2013 (estimate)$1.78
2012$1.64
2011$1.77
2010$1.66
2009$1.41
2008$1.05
2007$0.84
2006-$0.65
2005$0.43
2004$0.24
2003-$0.05

Earnings Per Share - ModernGraham

2013 (estimate)$1.70
2012$1.61
2011$1.51
2010$1.21
2009$0.86
2008$0.52

Conclusion:

Gilead Sciences Inc. presents too much risk for either the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor. The only things the Defensive Investor likes about this company are the market cap and the earnings growth over the ten year period. The company's current ratio is too low, it does not pay dividends, it had a negative earnings year within the last ten years, and it trades at high PEmg and PB ratios. As for the Enterprising Investor, the company does not qualify because it does not pay a dividend and it holds too much debt relative to its current assets. As for a valuation, the company has shown a solid level of growth, having risen EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $0.52 in 2008 to an estimated $1.70 for 2013. However, the market is implying a growth rate of 17.88%, which is above what has been demonstrated by the company historically. As a result, the company appears to be overvalued presently.

Disclaimer: The author did not hold a position in Gilead Sciences Inc. (GILD) or any of the other companies listed in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.

Source: ModernGraham Valuation Of Gilead Sciences