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Here is a look at how Lockheed Martin (NYSE:LMT) fares in ModernGraham's opinion, based on an updated and modernized version of Benjamin Graham's requirements of defensive and enterprising investors from The Intelligent Investor:

Defensive and Enterprising Investor Tests (What is the significance of these tests, and what is PEmg ratio?):

Defensive Investor - must pass at least 6 of the following 7 tests: Score = 5/7

  1. Adequate Size of Enterprise - market capitalization of at least $2 billion - PASS
  2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition - current ratio greater than 2 - FAIL
  3. Earnings Stability - positive earnings per share for at least 10 straight years - PASS
  4. Dividend Record - has paid a dividend for at least 10 straight years - PASS
  5. Earnings Growth - earnings per share has increased by at least 1/3 over the last 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end of period - PASS
  6. Moderate PEmg ratio - PEmg is less than 20 - PASS
  7. Moderate Price to Assets - PB ratio is less than 2.5 or PB x PEmg is less than 50 - FAIL

Enterprising Investor - must pass at least 4 of the following 5 tests or be suitable for a defensive investor: Score = 3/5

  1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition, Part 1 - current ratio greater than 1.5 - FAIL
  2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition, Part 2 - Debt to Net Current Assets ratio less than 1.1 - FAIL
  3. Earnings Stability - positive earnings per share for at least 5 years - PASS
  4. Dividend Record - currently pays a dividend - PASS
  5. Earnings growth - EPSmg greater than 5 years ago - PASS

Valuation Summary (Explanation of the ModernGraham Valuation Model)

Key Data:

MG Value$115.77
MG OpinionOvervalued
Value Based on 3% Growth$121.93
Value Based on 0% Growth$71.47
Market Implied Growth Rate4.90%
Net Current Asset Value (NCAV)-$73.40
PEmg18.29
Current Ratio1.15
PB Ratio38.58

Balance Sheet - 9/30/2013

Current Assets$14,119,000,000
Current Liabilities$12,293,000,000
Total Debt$6,156,000,000
Total Assets$38,907,000,000
Intangible Assets$10,534,000,000
Total Liabilities$37,630,000,000
Outstanding Shares320,310,000

Earnings Per Share

2013 (estimate)$9.40
2012$8.36
2011$7.85
2010$7.18
2009$7.78
2008$7.85
2007$7.10
2006$5.80
2005$4.09
2004$2.83
2003$2.34

Earnings Per Share - ModernGraham

2013 (estimate)$8.41
2012$7.88
2011$7.61
2010$7.37
2009$7.15
2008$6.40

Conclusion:

Lockheed Martin has some excellent qualities, but does not quite qualify for either the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor. The company has too low a current ratio, and too high a PB ratio for the Defensive Investor. For the Enterprising Investor, the high level of debt relative to net current assets is the deciding factor. Therefore, value investors seeking to follow the methods of Benjamin Graham should seek other opportunities, beginning by reviewing ModernGraham's analysis of The Boeing Company (NYSE:BA). From a valuation perspective, the company has seen growth in EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $7.15 in 2009 to an estimated $8.41 for 2013. This moderate growth is good to see, but does not support the market's implied growth rate of 4.9%. As a result, the company appears to be overvalued at the present time.

What do you think? What value would you put on Lockheed Martin? Is the company not suitable for Defensive Investors or Enterprising Investors? Is there a company you like better?

Disclosure: The author did not hold a position in Lockheed Martin (LMT) or any of the other companies listed in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.

Source: ModernGraham Valuation Of Lockheed Martin Corporation