People can be very picky about their food products, with some having strong brand preference over others. As a result, some investors inadvertently bring these brand preferences into their investment decisions, but this is a form of speculating that is discouraged among investors following Benjamin Graham's teachings. Intelligent Investors know to avoid such speculation by basing their analysis on fundamentals and factual data. Each investment opportunity must be evaluated in order to determine if the company is trading below its intrinsic value. This is best done by utilizing a systematic approach to analysis that will provide investors with a sense of how a specific company compares to another company. By using the ModernGraham method one can review a company's historical accomplishments and determine an intrinsic value that can be compared across industries. What follows is a specific look at how ConAgra Foods fares in the ModernGraham valuation model.
CAG data by YCharts
Defensive Investor - must pass at least 6 of the following 7 tests: Score = 6/7
- Adequate Size of Enterprise - market capitalization of at least $2 billion - PASS
- Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition - current ratio greater than 2 - FAIL
- Earnings Stability - positive earnings per share for at least 10 straight years - PASS
- Dividend Record - has paid a dividend for at least 10 straight years - PASS
- Earnings Growth - earnings per share has increased by at least 1/3 over the last 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end of period - PASS
- Moderate PEmg ratio - PEmg is less than 20 - PASS
- Moderate Price to Assets - PB ratio is less than 2.5 or PB x PEmg is less than 50 - PASS
Enterprising Investor - must pass at least 4 of the following 5 tests or be suitable for a defensive investor: Score = 3/5
- Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition, Part 1 - current ratio greater than 1.5 - FAIL
- Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition, Part 2 - Debt to Net Current Assets ratio less than 1.1 - FAIL
- Earnings Stability - positive earnings per share for at least 5 years - PASS
- Dividend Record - currently pays a dividend - PASS
- Earnings growth - EPSmg greater than 5 years ago - PASS
|MG Opinion||Fairly Valued|
|Value Based on 3% Growth||$26.32|
|Value Based on 0% Growth||$15.43|
|Market Implied Growth Rate||3.84%|
Balance Sheet - 11/24/2013
Earnings Per Share
Earnings Per Share - ModernGraham
CAG Dividend data by YCharts
ConAgra Foods is suitable for either the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor. The company passes all of the requirements of the Defensive Investor except the current ratio requirement, and the company is therefore also suitable for the Enterprising Investor despite having a debt level relative to current assets that the Enterprising Investor normally wouldn't permit. As a result, value investors seeking to follow the ModernGraham approach based on Benjamin Graham's methods should feel comfortable proceeding with further research into the company. Such research should include a review of ModernGraham Stocks & Screens. From a valuation perspective, the company has grown its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $1.26 in 2009 to an estimated $1.82 for 2014. This level of growth is good, not great, and supports the market's current implied estimate for growth of 3.84%. The ModernGraham valuation model returns an intrinsic value that is within the margin of safety when compared to the market price, leading to a conclusion that the company is fairly valued.
The next part of the analysis is up to individual investors, and requires discussion of the company's prospects. What do you think? What value would you put on ConAgra Foods? Where do you see the company going in the future? Is there a company you like better?
Disclosure: The author did not hold a position in ConAgra Foods (CAG) or any of the other companies listed in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.