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There is a vociferous, ongoing debate about current stock valuations. Some argue that stocks are "dirt cheap" while others flatly disagree. To illustrate, below is a chart of the price-to-earnings ratio of the S&P 500 using an average of its trailing five year earnings, my preferred method (data from Robert Shiller):

By this measure, stocks currently trade at a p/e of 14, just below their long-term average of 16. Whether this qualifies as "cheap" or merely "reasonable" is certainly debatable. Stocks have not been this cheap during the past couple of decades but have clearly gotten cheaper in the more distant past.
However, everything is relative and comparing stocks' earnings yield (earnings divided by price) to that of the 10-year treasury bond we see a very different picture. The chart below plots the ratio of these two measures back to 1960:
As the chart demonstrates, for the first time in over 50 years the S&P 500 sports an earnings yield more than twice that of the 10-year treasury bond. Thus investors can safely say that stocks, relative to bonds, are indeed very cheap.


Disclosure: None

Source: By One Measure, Stocks Are Cheapest in Over Half a Century