- A portfolio business plan can enhance your success as a self-directed investor.
- For retirees such a plan requires a legacy component.
- In this article, I present the legacy edition of our plan for your consideration and comment.
Since July of 2012, I have repeatedly written about the importance of having a portfolio business management plan in place which addresses the specifics that direct your buying and selling decisions as a self directed investor. I believe such a plan needs to be personally crafted to order to reflect your income goals and risk tolerance.
I believe that while most retired investors have an estate plan in place, few have the detailed portfolio management plan required by their survivors. This is all something we need to take seriously, as it will help to directly affect our investment success now and into the future.
For retirees who are Self Directed Investors, I believe strongly that consideration should be given to what happens to the portfolio should the principle investor be unable to continue portfolio management. In other words, it's important to have a portfolio legacy plan.
This addition of our updated plan is the first major step in having in place a document that can serve the function of a true portfolio legacy plan.
I trust that should something happen to me, my wife would first consider adapting the investing approach as outlined here before considering possible alternatives.
My goal within the next year is to assist interested family members in fully understanding our preferred approach to investing and how it might be maintained for future generations.
In the comment sections of past articles on portfolio business plans, many have expressed their personal struggle with this topic. Some have reluctantly considered suggesting ETF options, although they don't personally support such an approach.
At present, advisors with an in-depth understanding of Dividend Growth investing appear to be few.
This is a serious subject, one I take just as seriously as any other that is part of our estate plan. My aim is to include this plan and the instructions it contains as part of that larger plan.
Every time I have updated my plan and offered it for your consideration, you respond with literally hundreds of comments and suggestions for further definition and improvement. On behalf of my entire family, we want to personally thank everyone who commented on this important topic in the past, and no doubt in the future, as we seek to strengthen it. Your thoughtful comments have continued to prompt additional changes like the ones reflected in our revised plan, presented for the first time below.
Your suggestions have proven particularly important since our plan now serves a dual purpose: First to better direct our investment decisions and, just as important, it will help to shape the investment decisions made by those inheriting this portfolio in the future.
Many of you in your comments expressed that the plan's instructions on monitoring were perhaps not as clear as I would like for them to be. As a direct result of your suggestions changes have been made that I believe will add this clarity. I have tried to add such instruction in additions to the plan including an expansion of the section entitled - Research Resources.
Our revised plan is now again presented for your consideration and comment.
Business Name: Wells Family Retirement Income Portfolio
Goal: Generate a steadily increasing stream of income paid solely from the growing dividends generated by high quality, low-risk companies with a track record of five or more years of providing safe and growing dividends.
Our target is an increase in income from dividends and dividend growth at least twice the rate of inflation, while continuing to grow portfolio capital. Target dividend growth for 2014 will be 6%, resulting in a 6% increase in retirement income generated by the portfolio.
Business Model Strategies:
Use the current Champion, Challengers and Contender (CCC) Lists as principal shopping list when considering new equity purchases.
Alternative: Select stocks from Safe Dividend Stock document generated from year by year back testing of Dividend stocks from 2002 to 2011.
Give priority to stocks that meet both standards.
Require the following from any stock selected:
- Price at least $5 per share. Minimum projected yield of 1.5Xs that of the S&P 500 Index at the time of purchase.
- Positive annual total returns in four of past five years.
- Increased dividend payout in each of past five years.
- An understandable and sustainable business model with meaningful competitive advantages, also called a "moat."
- Good fundamental business metrics. Low debt. Low payout ratio, or one below average for that sector. Strong credit rating - reflected by investment grade credit of BBB or higher.
Buy only stocks with "Fair" or better valuations. Seek an overall portfolio P/E of 15 or below. Be cautious of buying a new stock position at a point where it is at or around its 52-week high.
Consider multiple sources of value assessment (FastGraphs and Morningstar) when seeking to determine value (I will expand upon this later on). Buy stocks with a current payout ratio of under 70% or one in line with its peers.
Buy stocks that meet the Total Dividend Return (TDR) rule a/k/a the "chowder rule," requiring yield plus Five year Dividend Growth Rate (DGR) to total 12% or more. In the case of utilities, MLPs and REITs, the total is 8% or more.
To help insure capital preservation, est. five-year growth figures will be examined and compared for all stocks under consideration. As a minimum standard, only stocks with growth equal to inflation will be considered. Ideally stocks with estimated five-year earnings growth twice that of inflation will be selected.
A watch list of stocks of Dividend Champions, Contenders and Challengers with a minimum yield of 2.7% that meet the Total Dividend Return (TDR) rule standard a/k/a chowder rule shall be maintained at all times and revised quarterly.
The chowder rule score is located in Column BX of The CCC spreadsheet. This edited list of all Dividend Champions, Contenders and Challengers shall be referred to as the Dividend Growth Income Index (NASDAQ:DGII) and will also serve as an informal Index for the purpose of gauging our portfolio performance.
Portfolios have been set up on the Seeking Alpha website under the Portfolio tab. Three have been established: DGII, Watch list, Current Portfolio.
A full year-by-year performance back test for each stock will be conducted going back to 2002 or in the case of Challengers the earliest date possible prior to purchase. Results will be maintained and used when considering new holdings or adding to existing holdings.
Aim for a well rounded portfolio. Diversify across sectors, industries, geographies, and different ranges of yields and growth rates.
50 will be the minimum number of stocks owned at any time.
The portfolio should maintain an overall beta of less than 0.7.
Be alert to position sizing. Investing an equal initial amount in each stock is the norm. Stocks yielding 5% or more shall be purchased initially in an amount not to exceed 1% of the value of the portfolio. Adjustments may be considered as price change, yields decline and perceptions of risk and reward change.
Hold no more than 3% of the portfolio's value in a single stock, with 2% or less being the norm. No single stock position yielding 6% or more should represent more than 1.5% of the value of the portfolio. When any position exceeds 3%, sell the excess and re-deploy the proceeds.
Make opportunistic switches from one stock to another if such a swap will upgrade the portfolio. The expected frequency of such exchanges is low.
The major focus is total dividend return - dividends and dividend growth not share prices. The portfolio will usually be 95% or more invested. Generating a steady and growing income stream from dividends remains job one.
Our goal is for retirement income to be supplied solely from dividends and dividend growth. As such dividend reinvestment will likely be rare. Our goal remains to enjoy our dividend income while we preserve capital for future generations.
When reinvesting dividends, consider new positions designed to improve the portfolio in one or more of the following dimensions: yield, dividend growth, or diversification.
Investigate and seriously consider selling a stock for these reasons:
- It cuts, freezes, or suspends its dividend.
- It becomes seriously overvalued as determined by a current dividend of under 2% or an evaluation by Fast Graphs. Re-capturing and re-investment of capital gains will likely be the first step.
- It underperforms stocks in its sector in total returns (price + dividends) for two years running.
- It incurs a price loss in excess of 10% and maintains such a loss for a quarter, and where such a percentage represents a loss significantly greater than similar stocks in that sector or industry. If losses increase into the next quarter, suitable replacements will be carefully evaluated. A stock can continue on "probation" as long as it is showing a price improvement.
- Plans are announced to split or divide the company and clarity is not provided by the company with respect to the dividend.
- Acquisition announcements are made.
- Announcements of an investigative inquiry.
Monthly Review - Estimated Time - 30 minutes to 1 hour
The first of each month download a new copy of Dividend Champions, Contenders and Challengers using this link. Next clip on Changes Tab at the bottom. Check for any stocks, which cut or froze its dividend or was acquired that month. Consider possible replacement for stocks cutting dividend from the Dividend Growth Income Index. In the case of a freeze, consider a period of probation as the first step, where yield is 5% or more. Conduct a performance review the next quarter.
Quarterly Portfolio Review - Estimated Time - 3 to 6 hours
Measure the Portfolio's overall progress toward the overall goal of maintaining stable growing income and capital preservation.
Record monthly dividend income for the portfolio.
Note dividend increases for each quarter.
Measure performance for any stock "on probation."
No longer use either the Dow or the S&P 500 as a measure of the success of the portfolio. Instead use performance of the Dividend Growth Income Index. Serious under performance will be closely examined to see if an exchange for other DG equities within the Index have the potential to further strengthen income stream and capital preservation. Run each of the holdings through Fast Graphs to determine if any are overvalued.
Measure final success against the "Chowder Index." Check to see if this quarter's income from dividends exceeds that of the same quarter last year. If it does, celebrate with a cold one or two. If it doesn't, make appropriate adjustments based on stated guidelines and portfolio objectives.
Semi-Annual Portfolio Review - One Additional Hour
Check for any changes in credit ranking.
Check for changes in payout ratio.
Year by Year Performance Back test - Just go to the Morningstar website. Put in a ticker. Go next to the Performance Tab on the Grey bar. After you click on Performance click on the Expanded View - Light Blue Tab. You now have a ten-year performance on your stock year by year. If you purchase a stock at a yield higher than its 10 yr. average you create yet another layer of safety. While conducting your ten-year history, average out the yield recorded for each year. If the current yield is higher than its 10 yr, average that is yet another indicator that it is a fair or better value.
Stock Credit Rating - Link provided here
Stock Value Rating - Two star suggests the stock is overvalued. Three star suggests the stock is fairly valued. Four stars suggests the stock is undervalued.
Suggested Buy Price - Place stock ticker in Grey Quote Box. After you click, next click on "Industry Peers" tab on the new page that surfaces. You will now find the Fair Value Estimate under the "Industry Peers" tab.
Portfolio - click on portfolio tab to access current family portfolios
Dividend Increase information - click on Market Currents tab. Next click on Dividends.
Information on stock value and so much more (sign in required). Paid service. Billed at $9.95 per month.
There are three basic sections that need to be fully reviewed:
- Fast Facts
P/E- Is it at or below Normal P/E
Dividend Yield- Needs to be 1.5Xs that of S&P 500 Index or higher
Normal P/E Ratio
S&P Credit Rankings - Should be BBB or better
Debt Cap - Lower the better
- Performance Results
Dividend Growth- Look for steadiness and current figures twice inflation
Dividend Payout Ratio - Under 70% a good indicator of room for dividend to grow·
- Estimated Earnings and Return Calculator
One of my favorite tools in FastGraphs. It projects a stock's earnings growth - and therefore its increase in fair value - forward for 5 years, using consensus earnings growth forecasts.
· Gold Lines represent the range - High and Low of "Fair Value"
· Upper Blue Lines represent the range of "Over Valued"
· Lower Blue Lines represent the range of "Under Valued"
Make certain to never over pay. Purchase only when stock is fair value or under.
Consider reducing position size and taking profits for any stock in the top range of over-valued.
Dividend Champions, Contenders and Challenges (CCC LIST)
Access through link provided above
Dividend cuts and freezes - click on Summary tab at bottom of the spreadsheet. Review any Deletions as this means a dividend has been cut or frozen.
Dividend Growth Rates - Columns - AL-AP on spreadsheet
Look for steadiness. Trending up - good
5 Yr. Estimated Earnings Growth Rates - Column PG
Look for a rate twice inflation
Payout Ratios - Columns S and T
Dividend Yield - Column I
Beta - Column CG
Chowder rule- a/k/a total dividend return rule - Column CB
Whether you're a few years out or already retired, no matter what investment vehicle or mix of vehicles you choose, whether you are a self-directed investor or work with an adviser; take the time to develop your plan. Believe me when I say, you'll be happy you did.