In a previous article, I mentioned that as a long term dividend investor, I do not try to pursue a strategy of active dividend investing. As I gain more experience however, I tend to closely scrutinize companies which are not performing up to my requirements. In general, these companies tend to have a higher yield, slower or nonexistent distributions growth, and have neutral business growth outlooks at best. I have previously simply held on to such companies, and reinvested distributions elsewhere. But recently, I have began reconsidering whether my income portfolio would be better off disposing of these potential high yield traps.
Many dividend investors focus on dividend yield in their starting analysis of potential income investments. In general, the higher the yield, the higher the dividend income that the investor would receive. This could be even more common for investors who have not saved a sufficient amount of money, which is why they are searching for any type of a shortcut, in order to get them to the desired level of income in retirement.
The main risk with such a strategy is that by focusing exclusively on the yield or the desired level of income, the retired investor could end up overlooking certain factors, which could be devastating for their retirement. If the dividend paying company cannot support the distribution payments, chances are that it would cut or eliminate it. This would cause severe drops in income, along with decrease in the stock price, as fewer investors would be willing to purchase an asset with limited or no income potential.
In my process of looking at dividend stocks, I look for several things, before I even decide to analyze a stock. I look for a trend of consistent dividend increases, a dividend payment that is adequately covered from earnings or cash flows as well as attractive valuation. After I uncover a stock that fits these loosely defined quantitative criteria, I tend to analyze qualitative factors, in order to guesstimate whether the company would be able to generate higher earnings per share over time. Each company is different, but some of the most common drivers behind future growth include expanding the business in new territories, introducing new products, acquiring competitors, reengineering the business in order to attract new clients. Another important set of drivers include having products or services, where the number of customers is expected to increase, and where the quality of the company's offering helps it maintain pricing power.
For example, the low interest rate environment has made many retirees switch to dividend paying stocks. The primary outcome of this hunger for yield is that many companies in the utilities and real estate investment trust arenas have been bid up by investors. As a result, their yields are at multi-decade lows. One example includes Consolidated Edison (NYSE:ED), a regulated utility that supplies electricity and steam power to millions of customers New York City. The company has boosted dividends for 40 years in a row. However, in 2012 it yielded less than 3.80%. In addition, it had only been increasing distributions by less than 1% per year over the past 17 years. At this rate, the purchasing power of your dividend income stream has been ravaged by the eroding power of inflation. I analyzed the stock and noticed that going forward, because of the unfavorable regulatory environment for utilities in New York, the company could not count even on decent earnings growth to support a higher dividend growth rate. As a result, back in 2012 I decided to sell the stock and purchase units of ONEOK Partners (NYSE:OKS), which have the capacity to deliver much higher distribution growth over time, had sustainable distributions and as an added bonus yielded more. I only kept a few shares in another legacy account, for which it was not cost-beneficial to sell.
In previous articles I had mentioned that I want to hold a diversified portfolio of stocks coming from as many sectors that make sense. In general, the more I study historical dividend stock information, the more I realize that utilities are great only for current income for a period for 5 -10 years. Utilities in general tend to have poor dividend growth rates, which are typically overlooked by yield hungry income investors. In addition, many utilities tend to cut dividends every couple of decades or so, after which they start raising distributions again. Many utilities do provide with the added income stability during a period of economic turmoil, such as the one observed during the 2007 - 2009 financial crisis. However some like Ameren (NYSE:AEE) did cut distributions during that tumultuous time.
Utilities of course are not the only sector that dividend investors should scrutinize closely, in their quest for rising dividend incomes. Some companies that I used to own, such as Cincinnati Financial (NASDAQ:CINF) have had a hard time covering distributions in recent years, and have raised distributions only by nominal amounts for the past six years or so. While having a long streak of consecutive dividend increases is impressive, and speaks a ton about the company's dedication to rewarding long-term shareholders with a rising stream of cash each year, I do prefer to see substance. In other words, I would much rather hold a slightly lower yielding stock, with a shorter streak of dividend increases, which however has the potential to generate higher earnings and dividends growth. This is a preferred investment in comparison to a higher yielding, but lower growth company such as Cincinnati Financial or Consolidated Edison . As a result of my dissatisfaction with Cincinnati Financial, I replaced the stock with shares in five Canadian banks in early 2013.
To summarize, while it is important to thoroughly analyze stocks before purchasing them, it is also important to not get married to positions. Buy and hold investing does not mean buy and forget - regular monitoring of positions is a must for the serious dividend investor. This would ensure the longevity of the dividend income stream by identifying potential troublemakers well in advance, and replacing them with opportunities with better prospects.
Disclosure: I am long OKS, ED. I wrote this article myself, and it expresses my own opinions. I am not receiving compensation for it. I have no business relationship with any company whose stock is mentioned in this article.
Additional disclosure: My position in ED is immaterial to portfolio