Diageo PLC (NYSE:DEO) is the world's leading premium drinks business. Even the most teetotal of investors are likely to have heard of its brands such as Guinness, Smirnoff and Johnnie Walker.
And those brands are really the crown jewels of the company. They give it the power to move into new regions and out-sell other drinks by leveraging the integrity of those famous names.
Given the rapid emergence of the global consumer class, that's a very useful power to have.
Rapid, high-quality growth driven by emerging consumerism
It's a familiar story, one in which owners of strong brands like Burberry, Reckitt Benckiser and Diageo have benefited from throughout the last decade and in some cases far longer.
More people gradually (and not so gradually) being lifted out of poverty and suddenly wanting to brush their teeth with Colgate, clean their bathrooms with Cillit Bang, drink Guinness or wear Burberry. It's a bandwagon that's been rolling for a long time and you can see how Diageo has made the most of it below:
And it's been pretty steady growth too. The dividend has been nicely progressive, increasing in every single year, while revenues and earnings have increased smoothly too, making it virtually impossible to see any impact from the financial crisis of 2007-2009.
It's not all sweetness and light however. The company does have £10 billion in debt, although interest payments are covered almost 10 times over.
£10 billion is also just 3 times my estimate for the company's average earnings over the next decade, and I consider a debt to future earnings ratio of anything less than 5 as reasonably prudent.
And then there's the £400 million or so it recently had to pay to reduce its pension deficit from over £1 billion, or the £25 million it is committed to paying into the pension fund each year for the next decade.
Even so, if you want an example of a defensive company, you won't find one much better than this.
It's exactly the sort of low risk, dividend paying company I like to own, but of course only at the right price.
High multiples, low yields, but still pretty good value for money
If you look at Diageo in terms of dividend yields and PE ratios, it doesn't look that enticing.
At 1,850p the PE ratio is 17 and the dividend yield is 2.6%, both of which are worse than the large-cap market average (with the FTSE 100 at 6,690 it has a PE ratio of 14 dividend yield of 3.5%).
On that basis Diageo shares are not obviously cheap, but given the premium nature of the company, it's reasonable to expect the shares to trade at a premium price.
There are a lot of ways to approach this.
One option for progressively growing, defensive companies is to just add the yield (2.6%) to the long-term historic growth rate (8.1%). If you extrapolate that out, it gives a projected total rate of return of 10.7% over the medium to long term (which assumes that valuation multiples like the dividend yield stay the same).
That's not bad at all.
Simplistic as that is I think it's a reasonable ballpark guide to what investors can reasonably expect.
A double digit return sounds good, but according to my FTSE 100 CAPE projections, the UK large-cap market could easily return something around 9% a year over the next decade.
That's assuming dividends grow around 4% a year and that the market returns to an average CAPE valuation of 16 (which would put the FTSE 100 at 12,000 in 2024).
Of course it's very speculative to look out 10 years into the future, but the basic point remains; at 1,850p I think Diageo shares represent quite good value for money for such a high quality company.
That's backed up by Diageo's position on my defensive value stock screen, where it has a rank of 86 out of 247 consistently dividend paying companies. The FTSE 100 in comparison comes in at number 161 (with 1 being the top rank).
So overall the shares look reasonably priced to me, somewhat better value than the large-cap average, but not a screaming buy.
For now I'll keep a watching eye, waiting to see if the shares fall below 1,500p.