iStar Financial Inc. (NYSE:STAR)
Q2 2014 Earnings Conference Call
July 29, 2014, 10:00 AM ET
Jason Fooks - Vice President, Investor Relations and Marketing
Jay Sugarman - Chairman and Chief Executive Officer
David DiStaso - Chief Financial Officer
Michael Kim - CRT Capital Group
Jade Rahmani - KBW
Amanda Lyman - Goldman Sachs
Good day, ladies and gentleman, and welcome to iStar Financial's second quarter 2014 earnings conference call. (Operator Instructions) At this time, for opening remarks and introductions, I'd like to turn the conference over to Mr. Jason Fooks, Vice President of Investor Relations and Marketing. Please go ahead.
Thank you, John, and good morning, everyone. Thank you for joining us today to review iStar Financial's second quarter 2014 earnings report. With me today are Jay Sugarman, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer; and David DiStaso, our Chief Financial Officer.
This morning's call is being webcast on our website at istarfinancial.com in the Investor Relations section. There will be a replay of the call beginning at 12:30 PM Eastern Time today. The dial-in for the replay is 1-800-475-6701 with a confirmation code of 331938.
Before I turn the call over to Jay, I'd like to remind everyone that statements in this earnings call which are not historical facts will be forward-looking. iStar Financial's actual results may differ materially from these forward-looking statements, and the risk factors that could cause these differences are detailed in our SEC reports. In addition as stated more fully in our SEC reports, iStar disclaims any intent or obligation to update these forward-looking statements, except as expressly required by law.
Id' now like to turn the call over to iStar's Chairman and CEO, Jay Sugarman. Jay?
Thanks, Jason. Thanks to everyone for joining us this morning. Our second quarter was a positive and profitable one, as we began to realizing some of the heavy lifting done on a number of legacy investments and continued to position our balance sheet to be more flexible and better structured for our business moving forward. In addition, our investment activity remains steady, as we selectively sought out new places to deploy our still sizeable cash balances.
Let me do a brief review of our major business lines. In Real Estate Finance segment profit exceeded $33 million versus $9 million last quarter, benefiting from recent investment activity and improved outcomes on legacy NPL loans in the Land and European portfolios. Yields on new investments were attractive, as we continue to focus on areas where we believe we have competitive advantages.
In Net Lease, we committed to a new $200 million investment is expected to close during the third quarter and will be part of the joint venture with our sovereign wealth fund partner. As a reminder, under that JV, iStar will fund just over half of the investment with our partner funding the remainder. The transaction is with an existing customer in the bowling sector and gives us a mission-critical position and the capital structure of the dominant player in the industry, and comes with four-wall EBITDAR coverage to our rent of close to 3x.
Net Lease segment profit for the second quarter was $10.3 million versus $11.3 million last quarter, reflecting primarily the timing and impact of transferring our AT&T investment into the JV last quarter. Segment profit in the operating portfolio was $6.7 million versus $11.3 million in the first quarter.
With fewer units remaining in inventory in the residential for sale segment, quarterly profits [Technical Difficulty] and we are bringing on a new project in Waikiki that we expect to be a strong performer. The commercial segment also saw progress on certain assets, with improved leasing prospects enabling us to take one of our industrial projects to market in a rapidly improving Oahu marketplace.
In our Land portfolio, our East and West Coast team are both working to move projects into a position, where we can start generating more meaningful revenues in 2015 and beyond. With sales and progress in only a handful of communities, segment loss was $16.6 million, slightly improved from $17.9 million last quarter.
And with that, let me turn it over to Dave to review the numbers. Dave?
Thanks, Jay, and good morning, everyone. Let me begin by discussing our financial results and capital markets activities for the second quarter, before moving on to investments and performance of our business segments.
For the quarter, our adjusted income grew to $29 million or $0.34 per common share from $4 million or $0.05 per common share for the same quarter last year. There were several factors that contributed to the improvement in adjusted income.
Revenues increased by $30 million, including $13 million of additional interest income related to new loan originations and the amortization of a discount on a loan approaching payoff, which was offset by the recovery of $7 million of interest on a non-performing loan recognized in the prior year.
We also generated $16 million of incremental other income this quarter, primarily associated with the sale of several non-performing loans above their carrying value. Operating lease and land sales income contributed in aggregate $8 million of additional revenues year-over-year.
Further, we generated $23 million of earnings this quarter from asset sold by one of our strategic investments versus $7 million of higher earnings from an individual fund in the prior-year quarter, resulting in a $16 million net increase in earnings from equity method investments.
Interest expense was $13 million lower year-over-year, due to a reduction of approximately $500 million in total weighted average debt outstanding as well as our successful efforts to lower our cost of debt through multiple refinancings over the past year. The second quarter of last year also included a $12 million cash loss on early extinguishment of debt associated with debt refinancings.
These improvements were partially offset by a $17 million less of income from sales of residential property, as we continue to sell down our remaining inventory; and a G&A expense increase of $7 million, primarily relating to the timing of expense recognition for our performance-based compensation program. In addition, we recorded an $8 million gain from discontinued operations in the prior period.
Our net loss allocable to common shareholders for the quarter was $16 million or $0.19 per diluted common share compared to a loss of $26 million or $0.31 per diluted common share for the same period last year.
In addition to the reasons I described earlier, the year-over-year improvement in net loss included a reduction of $5 million in loan loss provisions and impairments as well as the recognition this quarter of $23 million of previously incurred costs associated with the refinancing of our secured credit facility, which are included in loss on early extinguishment of debt.
During the quarter, we issued $1.3 billion of unsecured notes, including $550 million of three-and-a-half year notes at 4% and $770 million of five year notes at 5%. We used the proceeds from the offering together with cash on hand to fully extinguish our 2013 secured credit facility.
The transaction accomplished a key corporate goal of our long-term strategy to become primarily an unsecured borrower. The refinancing allowed us to reduce the percentage of secured debt outstanding to just 16% of total debt from 49% prior to the transaction.
Having access to the unsecured markets combined with a largely unencumbered balance sheet provides us added financial flexibility. Through the transaction, we are also able to unencumbered $2 billion of collateral, which included more than $1.5 billion of Net Lease assets and performing loans.
Furthermore, the transaction provides us with additional liquidity as we will now retain a 100% of proceeds from the sales and repayments of these previously encumbered assets rather than directing them to repay the 2013 secured credit facility. Our only remaining secured credit facility is our 2012 secured credit facility, which was paid down by $26 million during the quarter, bringing the remaining balance to $392 million.
Our weighted average cost of debt for the second quarter continued trending lower, decreasing to 5.5% from 5.6% for the first quarter of 2014 and down from 6% for the second quarter of last year. Our leverage remains flat at 2.1x from the first quarter of this year and still remains at the low end of our targeted range of 2x to 2.5x.
Let me now turn to investment activity in our real estate and loan portfolios. We invested $167 million during the second quarter, including $117 million of new originations and $50 million associated with ongoing developments and prior financing commitments.
We generated $170 million of proceeds from our portfolio this quarter, which included $116 million from repayments and sales of loans in our Real Estate Finance segment, $48 million from sales of Operating Properties and $7 million in proceeds across other segments.
We ended the quarter with $357 million of cash, which we expect to primarily use to fund future investment activity. At the end of the second quarter, our portfolio totaled $5.3 billion, which is gross of $443 of accumulated depreciation and $31 million of general loan loss reserves.
Let me discuss each of our four business segments. Our Real Estate Financial portfolio totaled $1.5 billion at the end of the quarter. The portfolio includes approximately $1.4 billion of performing loans, comprised of $727 million of first mortgages or senior loans and $666 million of mezzanine or subordinated debt.
The performing loans generated a weighted average effective yield for the quarter of 8.5%, which excludes $5 million of interest income that we recognized in the quarter related to the amortization of a discount associated with the loan expected to repay in the short-term. At the end of the quarter, we had $94 million of non-performing loans, a decrease of 54% from the $203 million at March 31.
The resolutions during the quarter included sales of several NPLs for which we booked $19 million of gains above their carrying value. In addition, we took title to property with the intention of creating value through our operating property strategy and repositioning expertise.
For the quarter, we recorded a $3 million reversal of the loan loss provision compared to a provision for loan losses of $5 million in the second quarter of 2013. Our total reserve for loan losses at June 30 was $138 million, comprised of a $107 million of asset specific reserves and $31 million of general reserves.
Now, let me provide a brief update on certain key metrics relating to our Net Lease portfolio. At the end of the quarter, we had $1.6 billion of Net Lease assets, gross of $352 million of accumulated depreciation.
Our Net Lease portfolio totaled 20 million square feet across 33 states. This portfolio was 94% leased at the end of the quarter, with weighted average remaining lease term of more than 11 years. For the quarter, our total Net Lease portfolio generated an unleveraged weighted average yield of 7.7%.
Next, I'll turn to our Operating Properties portfolio. Our Operating Properties totaled $992 million, gross of $87 million of accumulated depreciation. The portfolio was comprised of $765 million of commercial and $227 million of residential real estate properties.
The commercial properties represent a diverse pool of real estate assets across a broad range of geographies and property types, such as office, retail and hotel properties. They generated $29 million of revenue, offset by $21 million of expenses during the quarter.
At the end of the quarter, we had $133 million of stabilized commercial operating properties. These properties were 82% leased, resulting in a 9% unleveraged yield for the quarter. The remaining $632 million of commercial operating properties are transitional real estate properties that were 62% leased and generated a 3.1% unleveraged yield for the quarter.
We are continuing to actively lease these properties in order to maximize their value. During the quarter, we executed commercial operating property leases covering approximately 32,000 square feet.
The residential operating properties were comprised of 584 condominium units, remaining in inventory at the end of the quarter. These units are generally located in projects characterized as luxury buildings in major cities throughout the United States. During the quarter, we sold 112 condos for $48 million in proceeds, resulting in $20 million of income offset by $8 million of expenses.
That brings me to our Land portfolio. At the end of the quarter, our Land portfolio totaled $1 billion, and included 11 master plan communities, 11 infill land parcels and six waterfront land parcels. Master plan communities generally represent large scale residential projects that we may entitle, plan and develop. We currently have entitlement to these projects for approximately 25,000 lots.
Our infill and waterfront parcels are currently entitled for 6,000 residential units, and select projects include commercial, retail and office. The projects in the portfolio are well-diversified in locations such as California, the New York metro area, Florida, and several markets in the mid-Atlantic and Southwest regions. At the end of the quarter, we had six land projects in production, 10 in development and 12 in the predevelopment phase.
During the quarter, we generated $4.5 million of land sales revenues offset by $3.6 million cost of land sales. We also invested $25 million in our land portfolio through capital expenditures. We look forward to keeping you apprised of future progress.
With that, let me turn it back to Jay. Jay?
Thanks, Dave. I wanted to just circle back on the continued progress we're making in the land and operating books, and specifically point out two new projects that we think can be quite profitable for us. I mention our project in Waikiki, one of the strongest markets in the U.S. right now, with prices on ocean-view condominium product rising well above $1,000 per foot.
We've been successful working with multiple stakeholders to get approvals to move forward with an exciting 176 unit project at the top of the historic Ilikai Hotel. And we look forward to finishing the renovation work in the coming quarters and getting those units into the market.
I'd also highlight the successful completion of a new joint venture in Chicago, and we'll see the contribution of a well-located iStar urban land assets, as part of the development of a high-quality multifamily project in conjunction with a smart and experienced local developer. iStar will own both, a debt position and an equity position in the project, with attractive economics on both based on current projections.
While we believe selling the land now would have generated a healthy profit, the diminishing supply of well-located sites for multifamily in Chicago provided us an opportunity to extract additional value and continue expanding our capabilities in key markets around the country. Both of these transactions take advantage of our full spectrum of capabilities in the finance and investment areas, and we look forward to sharing their progress with you on future calls.
Operator, let's open it up for question.
(Operator Instructions) And we'll go to Michael Kim with CRT Capital Group.
Michael Kim - CRT Capital Group
You guys have done a great job resolving your non-performing loans. And just wanted to get a little granular on what specifically caused this dramatic decline, both the carrying value and the reserve? And just wondering if you could walk us through a bridge, in terms of like what was sold, how much and the type of asset that you took title to?
Well, it's a mixed bag. Obviously, Michael, we're doing things somewhat opportunistically. So those pieces of a puzzle that we don't want to go into right now. But we had a couple of successful resolutions. One on a land loan we've been working on for quite a while, one on a European situation. Those both came out on the favorable end of the spectrum for us.
In terms of taking back one collateral piece, when we take assets back, we not only put them out of the NPLs, but we also take those specific reserves and eliminate those. So the bridge you're looking for is a combination of the asset moving on to the balance sheet at a balance sheet number and eliminating those specific reserves attached to it.
So I'm sure you can follow-up with Dave and he will give you the individual numbers, but generically the combination of both selling some of the NPLs and resolving one by taking title is what happened this quarter.
Michael Kim - CRT Capital Group
And I guess, just wondering if you could talk about the Settlers Crossing asset. I know there was a favorable ruling in the U.S. District Court of Maryland earlier this month, after almost more than six years of litigation, and understanding that there is something that you may not be able to speak to given this ongoing, but I was just wondering what the initial ruling means for iStar? I mean, is it fair to say that you're entitled to some sort of lump payment associated with this specific performance under the Purchase Agreement with potential for default interest and penalties?
Yes. Obviously, we prefer not to speak about litigation until it fully resolves. But as you said, Michael, we're somewhat gratified after six years that in a very well considerate opinion that judge came down in our favor. We'll continue to work through that process to the conclusion, but that was a property that was under contract. We had a loan against it. There were specific performance provisions that included penalties for not closing, and it's our goal to try to collect what we think is the appropriate number there.
Michael Kim - CRT Capital Group
And just in terms of our understanding, where is that on the balance sheet, if we wanted to just you gain that understanding?
Yes. It's in the land assets.
Michael Kim - CRT Capital Group
And just lastly, I know you previously mentioned just giving some specific land metrics that you would be communicating to the market later this year. Not sure, if you have any of those metrics to offer today or any sort of sense of potential sales activity over the next year in terms of like [indiscernible] states. And I know you had previously mentioned your Magnolia Green and Tetherow were currently selling land. And just curious if the current quarter represents those two assets or if there is something else kind of coming online as well?
For the second quarter, those two are most of the home sales. I think in terms of the metrics, we'd like to share we had a transaction we announced in Asbury Park on 28 townhome units. We're going to start sharing with you kind of basis and some of the numbers from those things with some context around them.
Not a lot in the second quarter to really be productive to talk about, but we, as I say in my notes, we feel like we're making good progress on a number of projects. And as they come out of the ground, and as we get homebuilders engaged on those, we'd be able to share I think some more meaningful numbers, both in terms of just size of the numbers, but also in terms of the metrics we can provide.
Michael Kim - CRT Capital Group
And is there any sort of update on the venture with KB Home or is it too early to comment?
We have very nice renderings. The houses are getting set, but we don't have anything to share just yet.
Our next question is from Jade Rahmani with KBW.
Jade Rahmani - KBW
Can you comment on the size of the lending pipeline and your expectations for new originations, and as well as the competitive outlook in the lending space? In your comments, you did mentioned attractive yields and the assets you're targeting. So looking for some color there?
I think it's a little bit of trying to be selective, and so the things that we are closing, we quite like. We think the yields are attractive. But I would tell you, volumes are certainly suppressed by the competitive nature of the market right now. So there is the bunch of stuff we are not doing.
I think Dave has shared in the past $200 million a quarter of total investments is a good number. It will bounce around. Obviously, as we mentioned, we're under contract on a fairly sizeable Net Lease deal. Those are going to be lumpy. They have long lease times and are a lot less predictable.
The lending pipeline is a little more steady rate. But again, we're not putting our foot to the metal. We don't think the market opportunity is wide open. We think it's a selective market and the stuff we have closed we like. So I think you can trade-off volume right now for quality. I think we'd like to be somewhat selective here and find things that we like the risk return on.
Jade Rahmani - KBW
In terms of what you previously disclosed as having letters of intent, what should we expect as for the timing of those future closings? And can you say, how much there is left of that?
We talked a little bit about what was coming, primarily because we were just starting to ramp up the investment process here. I think as we move more in the more of a steady state, we'll talk less about letters of intent and just about things we closed. So this quarter, it was looking at about a $120 million of new stock and about $50 million of ongoing under previous commitments and existing transactions. That feels like a pretty good run rate 200-ish a quarter.
So the pipeline certainly makes us believe that that feels fine. To the extent we're able to close more of the deals in the pipeline or decide there is better opportunities in the marketplace, we could certainly accelerate that. But if we don't see what we like, we're not feeling constrained to have to do any number per quarter.
So I'll tell you the pipeline is fine. We've got plenty of stuff we quite like. Whether it gets closed or not is really a function of a bunch of variables right now, we can't predict. But I wouldn't try to pin us down too much on what letters of intent we have out. Look at the $200 million a quarter target. And that's what we're going to try to hold ourselves to, if it makes sense.
Jade Rahmani - KBW
On the financing side, we are seeing a pick up in securitization, including CMBS and CLO issuances from some of your peers. So I think since you guys have said, you're pursuing primarily an unsecured strategy, thought it might be helpful to get your views on securitization. And if eventually, you view that's financing as potentially attractive or what you feel is the major drawbacks?
Look, I think the CMBS and CLOs certainly have their place for a lot of the assets in the marketplace. We've always focused on a little bit more of a custom tailored approach. We tend to work with larger transactions. They don't fit quite as naturally into those, and frankly they are less commodifiable, if I can use that term.
We think if we use a street-based product for your financing, you're going to end up really without as your taskmaster in terms of structuring your deal. We've always been on the other end of the spectrum trying to understand our borrowers' needs and really a custom tailor to that.
So I think there is certainly a place for secured financing. And obviously rate flow, we will continue to look at that for any select opportunities where it makes sense. We've seen some opportunities to do that on the Net Lease side of our business. But for our core businesses, we've always thought being an unsecured borrower is the right way to serve our segment of the market and we're sticking with it.
Jade Rahmani - KBW
Just turning to the Land side, I think this is spring selling season, housing market has come in softer than expected. I mean you view the performance profile of your land projects as dependent on a big improvement in home sale conditions or is it more situation specific and relative to current entitlements and land development work that's on their way?
Good question. I mean, I will say, we were a little surprised with the weakness. Certainly, we follow what Meritage is saying about the Phoenix market. Our long-term strategy here has been much less focused on what quarter-to-quarter dynamics are in 2013 and 2014. We're much more focused on the demographics that suggest there is an undersupply of homes coming relative to the demand we see over the next three to five years, when most of our projects will be delivering-in in the heart of their selling season.
So we're not paying a ton of attention to the near-term blips in the markets, but we are looking for these long-term systemic trends. And the one we've certainly have been playing in and are sticking with is the demographic demand trends that we see in our core markets continue to suggest there is thousands and thousands and thousands of homes that are going to need to be build. And if they are not getting build now, that's probably not a bad thing for us, unless there is something dramatically changing in the home buying patterns in the country, and that's what we'll be watching.
And we've always said, the slower the take up now inevitably is probably good for us long-term, because it means the supply demand imbalance when we deliver is going to be better. But we are watching carefully to see whether these trends are being driven by lack of financing availability or homeownership rate changes that are outside the guesses and estimates of everybody we talk to. But right now, we're still feeling like in the markets we're in there should be solid demand when we supply the homes and a lot.
Jade Rahmani - KBW
And lastly, I just wanted to ask on profitability, since on an adjusted basis this quarter was profitable, including the gains you took. I mean, do you view the potential for gains in coming quarters as significant enough to sort of bridge the runway between now and until your operations are profitable on a core earnings basis or on a recurring basis?
I think that's certainly one way to think about it. We worked very hard over the last couple of years to put ourselves in position for some of these positive surprises to happen. We certainly think the backdrop for that happening has been a good one, loan low interest rates, improving fundamentals, improving economy. But our long-term goal here is to build a sustainable business, and part of that is extracting whole value out of assets, whether we're selling them or developing them or joint venturing them.
So we think some of these gains are a function of the hard work we've done and we'll continue. Others will be truly surprises and good surprises at that, but the business is not predictable enough to sit here and tell you there will be lots of transactional gains in the next couple of quarters. But we certainly think the portfolio was set up, so that there should be positive things coming out of portfolio on a reasonably regular basis.
And we'll go to Amanda Lyman with Goldman Sachs.
Amanda Lyman - Goldman Sachs
Apologies, if you've addressed this. But I was hoping you could comment on where you see leverage going over the long-term? It looks like your current leverage of 2.1x is at the low-end of your range, I know historically covenants had limited. How much debt in absolute term you were able to add to the capital structure? But if you could refresh us on your goals with respect to the capital structure in terms of leverage levels, not just the unsecured and secured portion that would be helpful?
Good question. I mean I think historically we've looked at a grade across all of our business lines. And if you look at the business mix that we're prosecuting, it's somewhere in the 2x and 2.5x, makes sense. As we do more first mortgages senior lien type product, we'll probably be towards the 2.5x part of that range. Right now, 2x, 2.1x, 2.2x is appropriate for where we are.
So it will depend on our business mix, but I think as we move back into the finance business a little more aggressively, particularly on the first lien side, you could see the 2.5x side be the right number. But it's going to be between those two outer bounds and really depends on business mix.
Are there any other questions?
And at this point, no further questions in queue.
Great. Thanks, John, and thanks to everyone for joining us this morning. If you should have any additional questions on today's earning release, please feel free to contact me directly. John, would you please give the conference call replay instructions once again? Thanks.
Certainly. Ladies and gentlemen, this conference is available for replay. It starts today at 12:30 PM Eastern Time and will last until August 13, at midnight. You may access the replay at any time by dialing 800-475-6701 and entering the access code 331938. That number again, 800-475-6701; the access code, 331938.
That does conclude your conference for today. Thank you for your participation. You may now disconnect.
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