Company Description: Colgate-Palmolive Company (Colgate), a major consumer products company, markets oral, personal and household care and pet nutrition products in more than 200 countries and territories.
Fair Value: In calculating fair value, I consider the NPV MMA Differential Fair Value along with these four calculations of fair value, see page 2 of the linked PDF for a detailed description:
1. Avg. High Yield Price
2. 20-Year DCF Price
3. Avg. P/E Price
4. Graham Number
CL is trading at a premium to all four valuations above. Since CL's tangible book value is not meaningful, a Graham number cannot be calculated. The stock is trading at a 110.8% premium to its calculated fair value of $32.98. CL did not earn any Stars in this section.
Dividend Analytical Data: In this section there are three possible Stars and three key metrics, see page 2 of the linked PDF for a detailed description:
1. Free Cash Flow Payout
2. Debt To Total Capital
3. Key Metrics
4. Dividend Growth Rate
5. Years of Div. Growth
6. Rolling 4-yr Div. > 15%
CL earned one Star in this section for 1.) above. A Star was earned since the Free Cash Flow payout ratio was less than 60% and there were no negative Free Cash Flows over the last 10 years. The company has paid a cash dividend to shareholders every year since 1895 and has increased its dividend payments for 51 consecutive years.
Dividend Income vs. MMA: Why would you assume the equity risk and invest in a dividend stock if you could earn a better return in a much less risky money market account (MMA) or Treasury bond? This section compares the earning ability of this stock with a high yield MMA. Two items are considered in this section, see page 2 of the linked PDF for a detailed description:
1. NPV MMA Diff.
2. Years to > MMA
The negative NPV MMA Diff. means that on a NPV basis the dividend earnings from an investment in CL would be less than a similar amount invested in MMA earning a 20-year average rate of 3.08%. If CL grows its dividend at 1.4% per year, it will never equal a MMA yielding an estimated 20-year average rate of 3.08%.
Memberships and Peers: CL is a member of the S&P 500, a Dividend Aristocrat, a member of the Broad Dividend Achievers™ Index and a Dividend Champion. The company's peer group includes: Procter & Gamble Co. (NYSE:PG) with a 3.2% yield, Kimberly-Clark Corporation (NYSE:KMB) with a 3.0% yield and Clorox Corporation (NYSE:CLX) with a 3.2% yield.
Conclusion: CL did not earn any Stars in the Fair Value section, earned one Star in the Dividend Analytical Data section and did not earn any Stars in the Dividend Income vs. MMA section for a total of one Star. This quantitatively ranks CL as a 1-Star Very Weak stock.
Using my D4L-PreScreen.xls model, I determined the share price would need to decrease to $33.99 before CL's NPV MMA Differential increased to the $500 minimum that I look for in a stock with 51 years of consecutive dividend increases. At that price the stock would yield 4.2%.
Resetting the D4L-PreScreen.xls model and solving for the dividend growth rate needed to generate the target $500 NPV MMA Differential, the calculated rate is 8.6%. This dividend growth rate is higher than the 1.4% used in this analysis, thus providing no margin of safety. CL has a risk rating of 1.75 which classifies it as a Medium risk stock.
Demand for household and personal care products is generally stable and not affected by changes in the economy. A significant portion of CL's sales comes from emerging markets. This presents the company with more growth opportunity, but also more risk. Its continued focus on product innovation, along with globally recognized brands and presence in both developed and emerging markets will boost its long-term profitability.
CL's first-quarter 2014 adjusted earnings per share came in at $0.68, a 3% increase year over year. First-quarter earnings translated to $820 million of cash from operations. The company follows a disciplined capital allocation strategy that focuses on making investments to develop business while using the excess cash to enhance shareholder returns through dividend payouts and share buybacks. CL has paid a dividend of $316 million and bought back shares worth $453 million. CL has been increasing its dividend every year since 2001.
Debt to total capital has risen since my January 2013 review to 80% from 75%. Free cash flow payout at 53% (up from 46%) is well below my maximum. With a calculated fair value of $32.98, CL is trading at a significant premium. When I combine the above with a current yield that is well below my minimum, I will not materially add to my position in the near term.
Disclaimer: Material presented here is for informational purposes only. The above quantitative stock analysis, including the Star rating, is mechanically calculated and is based on historical information. The analysis assumes the stock will perform in the future as it has in the past. This is generally never true. Before buying or selling any stock you should do your own research and reach your own conclusion. See my Disclaimer for more information.
Full Disclosure: At the time of this writing, I was long in CL (0.4% of my Dividend Growth Portfolio). I also hold positions in PG and KMB. See a list of all my dividend growth holdings here.
Disclosure: The author is long CL, PG, KMB. The author wrote this article themselves, and it expresses their own opinions. The author is not receiving compensation for it. The author has no business relationship with any company whose stock is mentioned in this article.