The Hanover Insurance Group, Inc. (NYSE:THG)
Q2 2014 Earnings Conference Call
August 1, 2014, 10:00 AM ET
Oksana Lukasheva - Vice President, Investor Relations
Fred Eppinger - President and Chief Executive Officer
David Greenfield - Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
Jack Roche - President of Business Insurance
Bob Stuchbery - President of International Operations and Chief Executive Officer of Chaucer
Andrew Robinson - President of Specialty Lines
Matt Carletti - JMP
Bijan Moazami - Guggenheim
Dan Farrell - Sterne Agee
Vincent DeAugustino - KBW
Sarah Dewitt - Barclays
Larry Greenberg - Janney Capital
Good day, ladies and gentlemen, and welcome to the Second Quarter 2014 The Hanover Insurance Group Incorporated Earnings Conference Call. My name is Denise and I'll be the operator for today. At this time, all participants are in a listen-only mode. Later we will conduct a question-and-answer session. (Operator Instructions) As a reminder this conference is being recorded for replay purposes.
I would now turn the conference over to Oksana Lukasheva, Vice President, Investor Relations. Please proceed.
Thank you, Denise. Good morning and thank you for joining us for our second quarter conference call. We will begin today's call with prepared remarks from Fred Eppinger, our President and Chief Executive Officer; and David Greenfield, our Executive Vice President and CFO. Available to answer your questions after our prepared remarks are Mark Desrochers, President of Personal Lines; Jack Roche, President of Business Insurance; Andrew Robinson, President of Specialty Lines; and Bob Stuchbery, President of International Operations and Chief Executive Officer of Chaucer.
Before I turn the call over to Fred, let me note that our earnings press release, financial supplements and a complete slide presentation for today's call are available in the Investors section on our website at www.hanover.com. After the presentation, we will answer questions in the Q&A session.
Our prepared remarks and responses to your questions today other than statements of historical facts include forward-looking statements, including our earnings guidance for 2014. There are certain factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those anticipated by this press release, slide presentation and conference call. We caution you with respect to reliance on forward-looking statements and in this respect refer you to the forward-looking statement section in our press release, Slide 2 of the presentation deck and our filings with the SEC.
Today's discussion will also reference certain non-GAAP financial measures such as operating income per share, operating results excluding the impact of catastrophe and development and ex-cat loss and combined ratios among others. A reconciliation to these non-GAAP financial measures to the closest GAAP measure on a historical basis can be found in the press release or the financial supplements, which are posted on our website, as I mentioned earlier.
With those comments, I will turn the call over to Fred.
Thank you, Oksana. Good morning, everybody, and thank you for joining our second quarter earnings call. Overall we're very pleased with our results. We continue to make meaningful progress on all our strategic priorities, leveraging the momentum built last year and through the first quarter.
We delivered net income per share of $1.84 for the quarter. Operating income per share was $1.30, up 24% from the second quarter and up 10% on a ex-cat basis. Our annualized operating ROE was 9.7%, moving closer to our goal of top quartile performance. Book value grew 7% year-to-date and 4% in the current quarter.
The main highlights of the quarter include improvement in domestic underwriting results coming from most of our businesses, another strong quarter at Chaucer, a return to modest premium growth in Personal Lines and continued growth in Commercial Lines, all of which underscore the progress we've achieved across our organization. In light of the thorough strategic discussion we provided at our recent Investor Day, today we plan to briefly review our second quarter performance, which confirms the expectations and trends we discussed then and gives us even greater confidence in our performance going forward.
I will now turn the call over to David to review our financials. And after that, I will come back to set the stage for the second half of the year and our long-term perspective.
Thank you, Fred, and good morning, everyone. Our second quarter results were solid and met our expectations on virtually all fronts. Looking at the quarterly trends, we're confident we continue to deliver on the combined ratio improvements, growth and ROE targets we set for ourselves.
Net income for the quarter was $83 million or $1.84 per diluted share compared to $53 million or $1.19 per diluted share in the prior-year quarter. Operating income was $58 million in the quarter or $1.30 per diluted share compared to $47 million or $1.05 per diluted share in the second quarter of last year.
Realized investment gains account for the majority of the difference between net and operating income. And one item stands out here. Chaucer held an equity stake in Antares, a Bermuda-based underwriter, that was sold earlier this year and which closed in the second quarter. The realized gain on sale was roughly $20 million. And while it's included in net income this quarter, it had already been reflected in our book value in prior quarters as an unrealized gain within AOCI.
Turning to operating results, we further improved the combined ratio by almost 2 points this quarter to 96.8% compared to 98.4% in the prior-year quarter. Catastrophe losses represented 5 points of the combined ratio compared to 6 points in the prior-year quarter, while favorable loss reserve development was in line with the second quarter of 2013. The accident year combined ratio excluding catastrophes improved by 1 point, reflecting better underwriting results in Commercial Lines, while Chaucer performance remained consistently strong despite a higher incidence of large losses this quarter.
Starting with the catastrophe activity, losses in the quarter were $56 million, of which $44 million came from the domestic business. Almost half of our US catastrophe losses stem from a hail and tornado event in the Midwest in mid-April. Chaucer's $12 million of catastrophe losses included weather events in the US and Asia.
Moving on to accident year loss ratios excluding catastrophe losses. In our domestic business, the loss ratio improved 2 points to 60% from 62% in the second quarter of 2013. In Commercial Lines, the nearly 3 point improvement resulted from better loss experience in both CMP and other Commercial Lines. Higher margins in CMP were driven by pricing initiatives and mix management. Other Commercial Lines, which incorporates our specialty businesses including surety, improved by about 4 points over the prior-year quarter. This improvement was driven by previous and ongoing mix management and pricing actions. Specialty business maturation and organic growth should continue to drive improvement through the remainder of the year.
In commercial auto, we feel confident that our continuing re-underwriting efforts as well as rate actions are helping, but there is more work to be done. We achieved 8 points of pricing increases this quarter and are taking a more rigorous stand toward auto heavy accounts. We continue to maintain a conservative approach to this line, given continuing prior-year BI severity loss emergence in the industry and in our own book.
In Personal Lines, we generated a loss ratio of 62.7%, relatively in line with the second quarter of 2013. The personal auto loss ratio improved by more than 2 points resulting from rate increases, continuing mix shift towards account business and underwriting refinements. The homeowners line was impacted by higher than expected first quarter 2014 non-catastrophe weather-related losses that added more than 3 points to the loss ratio in the quarter.
Moving on, expenses in our domestic businesses were essentially flat compared to the prior-year quarter. We delivered a 1 point improvement in the Commercial Lines expense ratio, driven by increased premium volume and operating efficiencies. And we remain on track to hit the target of 1 point improvement in Commercial Lines we expect for 2014. The Personal Lines expense ratio increased 1 point this quarter due to timing of performance-based expenses as well as a lower earned premium base. Our return to growth in Personal Lines should relieve the expense pressure over time. And we continue to expect the full year ratio to be fundamentally in line with 2013.
Chaucer delivered another strong performance this quarter, resulting in a combined ratio of 92% compared to 90% in the prior quarter. The segment's performance included favorable prior-year loss reserve development, which was partially offset by a higher incidence of large losses in the marine and aviation line when compared to the prior-year quarter.
Chaucer's expense ratio at 39% for the quarter was slightly higher than our long-term expectations, primarily due to foreign exchange fluctuations. Looking ahead to the second half of 2014, we anticipate that Chaucer will gravitate to a combined ratio run rate of 95%, more in line with long-term historical averages and consistent with our outlook for this business.
Turning now to the topline, net written premium growth for the quarter was 3%, driven by 4% growth in each Commercial Lines and Chaucer and flat premiums in Personal Lines. We maintain focus on optimizing our business mix and take a balanced approach to growth as we continue to execute exposure and mix management initiatives. At the same time, we enjoyed strong growth in small commercial, management liability and healthcare where we are seeing attractive opportunities. We continue to advance our key strategic initiatives in all areas of our business with the ultimate goal to generate margin improvement and targeted returns.
Turning now to our investment results, net investment income this quarter was $67 million, $1 million lower than the prior-year quarter. The low interest rate environment continues to put pressure on investment income, though positive operating cash flows have mitigated the negative impact to some extent. The earned yield on our fixed maturity portfolio was 3.74% in the quarter compared to 3.98% in prior-year quarter and 3.79% in the first quarter of 2014.
At June 30, 2014, cash in invested assets were $8.4 billion with fixed income securities and cash representing 91% of the total. 94% of our fixed income portfolio is investment grade and the average duration of the portfolio is 4.1 years. The portfolio remained high quality and well lathered.
I'll finish up with a few comments on the strength of our capital position. Book value per share was $63.65, a 4% increase in the quarter and 7% year-to-date, reflecting solid earnings and increased unrealized investment gains. Growth in book value drove a decrease in the debt to capital ratio to 24%, which is well within our targeted range. Statutory capital in our domestic businesses grew to $2 billion in the quarter. Our balance sheet and favorable reserve position provide a strong base on which to grow our business and achieve our financial targets.
Now with that, I'll turn the call back to Fred.
This quarter, we continued to build the momentum we established over the last several quarters. We further enhanced our underwriting performance, while strengthening our position with agency brokers for a profitable growth.
I'd like to begin by addressing the subject of weather. Our catastrophe losses this quarter were largely in line with our expectations, while industry saw more elevated losses. The continuing elevated weather losses emphasize the importance of the work we've been doing to manage our exposures and reduce micro-aggregations and concentrations. While these exposure actions impacted our topline growth, we believe they've reduced earnings volatility over the last several periods and we're in a much better position to withstand the consequences of major weather events today than only three years ago.
The lion's share of that exposure management work is behind us, although our continuing actions will affect the next two quarters, particularly in Personal Lines and to a lesser extent core commercial. We're pleased that even including the impact of these actions, Personal Lines returned to a breakeven growth level this quarter. Stable voluntary retention and stronger business writings generated by our new total account solution, the Platinum Experience, have resulted in premium returning to flat this quarter.
As we discussed during Investor Day, Platinum represents the essence of our value-added account strategy in Personal Lines. This distinctive offering provides an industry-leading solution for an agent's value-oriented customers. We remain convinced to the effectiveness of our approach to the Personal Lines market. The progress of this strategy has been underscored by continuing improvement in our loss results as well as a strong pricing persistency in our business.
In the second quarter, we achieved rate increases of 5% in auto and 8% homeowners. And given our recent retention levels, we believe we'll able to sustain similar increases going forward. Taken together, we believe these trends will provide for modest growth in Personal Lines in the second half of the year, with increased momentum in 2015 as we complete our exposure management actions.
In Commercial Lines, specifically core commercial, we continue to grow favorably, driven by rate increases, but actually offset by targeted re-underwriting actions with a particular focus on auto. Pricing increases in core commercial for the quarter were approximately 7%, down roughly 0.5 point from the first quarter. We continue to see stronger rate persistency in growth in small accounts.
As the industry begins to experience a slowing pace of rate increase, most notably in the middle to large accounts, we've been able to maintain solid pricing because of our focus on small account sizes, diligence around pricing segmentation and consistent messaging to our partner agents.
While we are not immune to industry trends, we believe our business mix and position with our agent partners will help shield us from rapid deceleration. In addition, we are confident that we're in a strong position to continue to see improved underwriting margins through a combination of mix, underwriting and price initiatives.
Our specialty businesses grew 3% overall in the current quarter with average pricing increases in the mid single-digit range. We are very pleased with the continued increase in profitability in specialty. As these businesses mature and with each quarter of improved underwriting results, our confidence grows in the additional contributions that can be delivered in the future.
Before I comment on Chaucer, I'd like to emphasize that distribution has been and continues to be a cornerstone of our strategy. Our ability to grow profitably depends on the strength of our relationships we foster with our partner agents. Our thorough agency planning process and in-depth market analysis provide the insight for us to grow positions in attractive segments with the best performing distributors in the US. This along with the investments we have made in our product portfolio is allowing us to gain more preferred shelf space with the best agents, which translates to meaningful growth potential.
Chaucer delivered another strong performance this quarter despite the challenging market. Rates remained under pressure in the second quarter for many classes due to the high industry capacity and continued absence in major industry losses. This said, our strong market expertise in many business classes and our broad and diverse portfolio allow us to manage market headwinds with a good measure of success. We occupy our leadership position in many areas and employ a very thoughtful approach to the market, finding attractive opportunities in areas such as political risk, trade credit, casualty and many others.
All in, we could not be more pleased with our performance in the quarter. With solid growth in Commercial Lines, continued improvement in our underwriting results and our return to growth in Personal Lines, we feel very good about the momentum we have established. We will continue to focus on pricing and mix management initiatives, while exploring and capturing attractive market opportunities with our partners, all with the intent to deliver on our return targets and grow shareholder value.
Given our continued progress this quarter and performance in line with our expectation, our outlook for the year, which we shared with you at Investor Day, is unchanged. We are confident in our ability to deliver operating earnings per share of $4.80 to $5.20 with our most likely outcome remaining toward the lower end of the range, given the first quarter weather that was in excess of our original expectations.
Our outlook includes an estimate of catastrophe losses of 5% for the second half of the year, which is more weighted towards the third quarter. Specifically, cat will be more likely 6% in the third and 4% in the fourth.
Operator, can you please open the lines for questions.
(Operator Instructions) Our first question comes from Matt Carletti with JMP.
Matt Carletti - JMP
Just a couple of questions, more kind of numbers oriented. So the first one, I'm looking at the accident year ex-cat and personal auto. It showed a nice improvement sequential quarter, almost 5 points. I understand weather is part of that. But can you give a little more color just on how much of that is non-cat weather and how much of that is just getting a little more comfortable with where the true attrition lies with some of the pricing actions and exposure actions you've taken in recent quarters and years?
The first quarter was certainly elevated from the winter weather, as you know. We haven't actually quantified that and don't have that specific number here. But it's a good part of it. We're obviously feeling better about auto. It is improving and we expect it will continue to improve through the rest of the year. And I think the other point I’d mention on auto and new market add if you like, you also saw we're feeling a little bit better about some of the prior years as well and we had some releases there.
I’d just reiterate Dave’s point about we definitely had - I think we talked in the first quarter call about the impact of weather in the first quarter. So I think the sequential comparison is if I gave you a rough estimate is probably 50-50, the pricing versus the weather sequentially. But we're getting 2 points to 3 points to real underlying improvement in the line of business.
Matt Carletti - JMP
Maybe sticking with auto just to commercial side, you continue to kind of put some away every quarter and the prior years. And my question is how much of the underlying trends changing versus your level of conservatism? Are you seeing numbers in your severity kind of persisting or worsening each quarter or is there an element of it that it's maybe taming down a little, but you're not willing to call the end yet and you're willing to kind of add a little more caution?
I think it's probably somewhere in between those two scenarios you described. Obviously we've been very thoughtful about commercial auto for quite some time. We've talked about it on many calls going back to last year. And we maintain, as I said, a very cautious approach to the line. Nevertheless, the severity factors continue to stay somewhat high and we're doing a lot of work in this line of business to improve profitability through rate actions and underwriting actions. And so we're going to continue to be cautious and we're going to continue to allow some of the development, if you will, that we see come through the results. And it'll be sometime before I we'll think we're at the end of this, at least a few quarters, I think.
The other thing I would add to that is that clearly we're going to continue to reflect the experience that we see and that obviously more and more competitors are finally catching up to. But at some point in the future, and it's hard to predict, the pricing that we have been able to accomplish, particularly in 2013 and that's sustaining in 2014, will start to really take effect. And I think as you characterize, we're reluctant to start taking too much credit for that price until we see the actual BI trends subside a little bit. We have moved away from auto-centric accounts and you're starting to see that in some of our production, particularly in middle market, because this is somewhat a new frontier the severity levels. There's a variety of opinions of what's driving it. And so we're going to continue to be relatively cautious in this line of business.
Matt Carletti - JMP
Okay, makes sense, and then just quick last question, it’s probably more for Bob, as it relates to Chaucer, but your aviation book, I know it's not an airline-centric book, but could you give us just some feel for, how much of it is [haul] [ph], is there a war element to it? We'll see how much, but there should be a nice hard market coming in that niche market. And what's Chaucer's exposure to it and is there an ability to upsize that exposure via the skills and the talent onboard to take advantage if you want?
Our general book – our general aviation is mainly general aviation so we avoid those airlines, the major US, UK, Japanese type airlines. The aviation war exposure that we've today is very limited, but we have started to write that business and we took a decision to enter that class around April of this year. So we've missed all of the losses that we've got at the moment. And there aren't right losses in the marketplace you've been reading about, not just the Malaysian, but also the incidents that we've had around the world. We're now in a good position to benefit from that. So we wouldn't have picked up any of those losses to date but hopefully the decision to enter that market will pay dividends this year later.
Our next question comes from Bijan Moazami with Guggenheim.
Bijan Moazami - Guggenheim
I have a bunch of questions all related to your Commercial Lines business. You've been getting rate increases well in excess of your competitors. But your retention ratio is going up, which is a little bit counterintuitive. At the same time, your net premium volume growth rate is slower than your price increases. And I assume that that's probably because you're growing your small account business. So I guess the question is that if that's a strategy and that's what's impacting the retention and the growth in policy enforce volume, is that trend accelerating/decelerating and if you can provide some color on that.
That's exactly what's happening. We have a focused strategy both frankly in our middle business and in our small. You'll often hear us talk about the s-middle end of that business, the middle end and in small. We talked about at our Investor Day of our kind of end-to-end strategy from particularly in, say, a CPP from the lowest end of that $50,000 account. We have tremendous traction in our business right now. We do it well. Our local market network is well established. Our ability to pipeline with agents to get access to that business is in a really good place.
In addition, because of the average policy size, because CPP is a less crowded market, our ability to get pricing has been available. I’d also add you've also seen some regional companies struggle in that market because I don't think they have the same level of insight. So there is a little bit a opportunity here to proceed and both get price - What you've seen is price retention and growth, which is a nice combination for us in that segment. And that'll continue.
The other thing we mentioned at Investor Day a little bit is that that is a category with some of the agents are consolidating their markets and going to lead markets, preferred markets, so they have more alignment, and that trend is obviously helping us with our partners as well. Again, we are doing pretty well across our commercial businesses, but I would tell you the small accounts in particular has been a pretty good success for us so far this year.
I think, Bijan, we're very excited about the strategic choice that we made a couple of years back to really kind of forecast this and say that as the business continues to consolidate, we think the smaller end can be a little bit more sustainable. I think more and more agents are focused on the middle market sector. And so that business tends to get some hyper-competition. And so we have tried to emphasize the smaller end. So our account size, our line of business mix, our profit tiers and our geographic diversification are all the levers that we've been pulling to try to optimize our portfolio while we further penetrate some of the best agents in the country.
And so to your point, I think we are getting above-market level pricing, while we sustain 82%, 83% retention in the core business when we are still moving forward on some exposure management and auto-related profit improvements. So that's encouraging to us as we move closer to '15 that we might be able to actually elevate our retention in the future and still drive above market pricing.
Bijan Moazami - Guggenheim
On the expense ratio, again core Commercial Lines business moving to the right direction, down 1 point, but still pretty high up. And I know you guys have been investing heavily in technology and your distribution and what have you. So I guess the question is that what drove the expense ratio down. How much further downside you see in that? And when it would bottom, where would it bottom?
The 1 point improvement is in line with what we expected. A lot of that is coming from two factors. One, obviously the growth in the business brings great leverage to that item based on the investments we're making. And secondly, we're very thoughtful in this part of the business to be mindful of where our expenses are. And we're undertaking certain efforts to reduce certain expenses. But predominantly, the leverage factor will be the biggest thing that will drive that expense ratio down. And like Jock commented on when he thinks he'll get there, but like you said earlier, it's hard to predict the end of that.
It's a broader question than just the core commercial, I think. What we'll continue to do is optimize. And so while we think we have operational leverage from a lot of the businesses in the operating models, we also caution everybody that our mix will grow the businesses that we think we have the best overall opportunity. So that will make the expense ratio a little less predictable, because we have a number of specialty businesses and others to choose from to the degree that small commercial outpaces middle market and some of those. That gives us opportunity to improve the expense ratio trajectory. But time will tell really what the right mix is for us there. But clearly what you're seeing is growth is our friend when we can find it. We have a very leveraged situation from an expense standpoint. And also I think we continue to find some pretty substantial operating efficiencies across really most of our businesses.
If you look across all of our commercial businesses, all have a good improving trajectory on expense ratio. But depending on the relative proportion of growth from any one of the businesses, some of that can actually be masked. So certainly in places like surety, as an example, the expense ratio is a great deal higher. So if in a period we see some incremental growth from one of those businesses, that actually can hide the underlying improvement that's actually occurring across our franchise.
Our next question comes from Dan Farrell with Sterne Agee.
Dan Farrell - Sterne Agee
I was wondering if you guys could just comment a little bit more on the workers' comp segment. We saw a slowdown in growth there. And that's a segment where you guys actually had quite consistent results and I think maybe better results than sort of industry. So maybe just comment on what you're seeing there and the decline in premium and how you're thinking about that going forward.
We're still very confident that the mix that we've driven in workers' comp and the relative conservative position we took in the last several years is paying dividends for us. And so what you saw is last year we had more growth in the workers' comp line. This year, we're continuing to work through some mix issues, particularly as we grow in certain geographies'. Workers' comp may or may not be the emphasis in certain states. So that's going to move around a little bit. But I think longer term, we think our performance within the industry is quite good. In particular, the growth that we have in workers' comp is predominantly, if not exclusively, in the small commercial area. And so until the middle market sector kind of improves a little bit overall, you won't see us play that card.
Dan, I think this is a little bit of a timing issue, because the small commercial is growing very nicely for us. We'd love to round that account. We were playing a little bit of catch-up in the last previous couple of years in rounding out some of our small commercial accounts. And now, it's kind of coming in together more full accounts as we go. So I think what you're going to see is that growth is going to bounce back up. We also took some action on a couple of things that affected it. But I think you're going to have some consistent growth in the small area and comp is kind of a natural mix as part of that.
Dan Farrell - Sterne Agee
David, just on your comments on Chaucer, the combined ratio moving towards 95%, is that a total combined ratio that you're referring to? And then what's your thought on reserve trend there and to think about reserves going forward, because that's come through very strongly, I think, over the last couple of years?
We've always held that the long-term target, if you will, or the long-term expectation for Chaucer is more around a 95%. We've seen obviously great, great experience on the loss side, where there's been very little experience in prior years, last couple of years. Obviously this quarter, we saw higher incentive losses, but still below what the long-term average is. So my comment was really to make sure people don't lose sight of the fact that even though we had higher losses, they're still not necessarily equating to long-term averages, so to speak.
On your second part of your question on reserves, I'm very, very comfortable with the reserves on the Chaucer book. As part of Lloyd's, there is an approach to reserving that you see throughout the market there that is very conservative. It establishes reserves for uncertainties, given sometimes lag in reporting or the underlying loss data that comes into the market is somewhat delayed. And so from my perspective, the reserves are as strong as they've ever been in that business. And I would continue to see to maintaining that position.
Dan Farrell - Sterne Agee
How did the currency impact the quarter? Is there any per share impact or anything you can give us to think about that?
I don't have it calculated out on a per share basis, Dan. But just sort of briefly, obviously current impact, as we've talked about in the expense line, it moves that around a little bit. By and large for the most part, it usually is offset by reserve adjustments, because essentially the assets and liabilities are matched in that business. But sometimes, there's breakage between currencies that doesn't always, to your question, net out to inconsequential amount. But usually over a quarter or two or two or three quarters, as we've looked back, it generally nets out and it's matched. So it's generally our philosophy to keep the currencies matched, so they don't have much of an impact on a net basis. So this quarter, we talked about the expense ratio being a little bit high or a little low. It's lower than it was a year ago, and some of that was offset through reserve adjustments in the quarter, but not all of it.
And then last thing is obviously it will affect premium levels as well. But to date, it hasn't been significant either.
Our next question comes from Vincent DeAugustino with KBW.
Vincent DeAugustino - KBW
One of the things that we hear about primarily from some of your competitors or some of your competitors talking about other competitors really is that there is some incremental focus on retention now that profitability is a little bit better, a decent portion of the accounts in their books. And so what I'm curious about is if we go back to some of the points that you guys have made at the Investor Day, particularly on expanding your share of wallet and the conversation frankly about asking for more business that reflects the value that you bring to the agency, has that conversation become any more difficult in light of some of the greater retention efforts from some of your peers?
In this part of the cycle when pricing comes down a little bit, it less increases. More and more business gets quiet. So what you have is less business that just naturally doesn't go to the market. It less and less goes to the market. What's different about us, as we talked about, is that because of the limited distribution and there's access to information and access to them, we do a lot more what we call pipelining and work with them on profiling the business and understanding what business fits our products and what we would do well.
And so for us, what we think is this is going to be a differentiator for the next few quarters. What we've seen in we're getting plenty of opportunities across the board. And so we have yet to see really a slowdown of abilities to take a look at things and have conversations. The other thing obviously is because of the way we have fewer partners, there's a lot of aligned incentives the way you think about our compensation and how we work with our guys. So there is an interest to do more with us and I don't see that's falling down.
What you saw a little bit in growth this quarter is, just like I mentioned at Investor Day, we have a couple of more quarters left, some of this exposure management and targeted underwriting stuff, and it's roughly $80 million to $100 million this year. So what you saw is just that's a little lumpy when some of that occurs. And so we look at a couple of these categories that's 4% instead of 6%, but that all of the stuff is going to come right back. If you take out those actions, we have very good momentum in almost all our businesses.
The other thing that's interesting on expenses, because of what we do with the pipeline, et cetera, our yields rate is a lot higher than others, which makes it a lot more efficient for us to write new business, which is what's going to help us a lot, because typically another thing that happens in this market is that you have less new business out there and most people's yields go lower because there's more people competing for less business. That's not happening for us. We don't get into auctions or what. A lot of this is about us being proactive with them of our business. So both of those things will help us for the next few quarters. We think there's a tremendous amount of opportunity in front of us here.
Vincent DeAugustino - KBW
To your point just on the rate environment, fall in travelers reported rate deceleration this quarter, the sentiment for this space is turned somewhat down. I think you guys' shares got a little beat up by that. And clearly with the report you guys are demonstrating an ability to get higher levels of rate. And so just as think about that advantage that you have and kind of look further out, I was just curious if you think the overall market whether we see stabilization at or slightly above loss cost trends or do you think more deceleration?
A big part of our strategy has been where we focus, so whether it's specialty businesses or our core businesses, we tend to be in the value-added spaces with lower face value. And I would argue that we pick purposely some of the areas where we think that rate is more stable than in some of the other categories. And we don't do big broker accounts without too large property accounts where that excess capacity in and out affects it. Most of our business is real high-entry costs because of the costs to actually deliver it and all the distribution investment we have. We're not immune to all the effects of the market, but I'm just saying that we should have a lot more stability in our ability to get above inflation.
I would argue that when you look at the auto trends we talked about and the comp trends and low yield, what I see at least in the segments we participate in and we don't participate in the largest accounts and the large broker world, I believe there's a lot of reasons why it should be stable and it should be stable a little bit above inflation, because it's needed in a lot of these categories as the uncertainty around some of these categories like comp and auto are still there.
We are only in the markets we're in, but we feel pretty good about the stability of the market and we also feel good about our ability to continue to enhance margins for the foreseeable future. And so that's kind of our view right now. And I feel pretty confident at least in our ability to continue to execute over the next couple of quarters. That's what we see.
Vincent DeAugustino - KBW
On the workers' comp development, just curious if there're any sort of specific claim activity there or if there's anything more broad-based as far as refinement assumptions? Just seemed that the development is still a little bit below kind of your average.
Yeah, it's really more specific claim base. It's not a broad-based situation there, Vincent.
Vincent DeAugustino - KBW
Anything from maybe higher medical or litigation or anything?
It literally was a weird business. There was a handful of large things, interesting enough for a couple of model related. It's just they're all kind of clustered around this core. And we hadn't had any previous four quarters like this. And there's nothing in them that's a pattern or anything. So I feel pretty good about that it's just an aberration of a handful of large losses.
The accident year, we had roughly 5 point or 6 point higher load, if you will, coming in from some large loss activity. And what you saw is this particular quarter, we had a little less prior-year development help than we traditionally have. But I wouldn't read into it in any way. I think we feel good about workers' comp. We feel good about the trends. We feel good about the quality of the book of business. And quite frankly, we're getting some pretty good rate on the book of business, which bodes well for the future.
Our next question comes from Sarah Dewitt with Barclays.
Sarah Dewitt - Barclays
It's been a heavy quarter for a lot of Personal Lines and Commercial Lines insurers. But your accounts weren't overly elevated this quarter. Was that more of a function of the cats that were hit were in states where you didn't have as large of a presence or was it more driven by the exposure actions that you've taken? And if it's the latter, what were the cats this quarter have looked like on your book a few years ago?
There's been more tornado, hailstorm kind of events. Obviously the micro geography at some level, there's always a level of how much business you have in micro-concentrations with this kind of event. That said, we do believe that all the work we've done, because there were Midwest, a lot of Midwest, a lot of Northeast events, and we did very much on our plan. And so we're happy with that. It's hard to quantify that at any precise way. We tried to at Investor Day. As you know, Sarah, we went through five or six examples where we literally went back and showed kind of what we thought the difference is now that we've done what we've done. So we think it's a material thing. But I don't have the precision of this.
Again, my view is I feel very comfortable with all the cat assumptions and our non-cat weather assumptions in our pricing and in our planning. Because of all this work we've done, I feel we're going to have less volatility around it and we're going to be better. But I can't really be precise to the number. That's why I believe as you back to the Investor Day and you look at kind of what we tried to model out historical events, it gives you some feel and guidance about the less volatility.
Our next question comes from Larry Greenberg with Janney Capital.
Larry Greenberg - Janney Capital
Two questions on Chaucer. The first one, I know you guys brought in a casualty team earlier in the year or late last year and you're seeing good premium volume there. Can you just remind us what's being written in that book? And then secondly, are you done with the invested asset shift, basically putting in the cash to work from Chaucer's portfolio?
What you're referring to, Larry, is when we acquired Chaucer back in '11, we talked about remodeling, reinvesting in their book. Most of that work has been done. But I would say that was kind of halfway to the ultimate goal. And what we're doing now is we're looking at trying to extend their duration a little bit further. So to just remind you, when the acquisition occurred in '11, they were holding a very, very high level of cash. And what you're referring to is that we invested that cash in a pretty short duration. I mean Chaucer's reserve duration is shorter. So we will be a bit shorter in the duration on the Chaucer book. But in our planning and our modeling, we believe there is opportunity to extend the duration a bit further with the right rate environment. And so we're looking at doing some of that as we go forward.
If you're looking at the cash position at the end of the quarter, obviously they probably have a little bit higher cash than they've had, given some of the activities of the quarter, and that'll get invested in the third quarter. For example, I mentioned the sale earlier of Antares and some of the other activities in Chaucer. So that's more modest levels that will have an impact, but not as much as the investment in the portfolio from '11.
Its team of business has been recognized as market leaders for a number of years. They came from (inaudible). We wrote this class of business before, not to the same extent, not at the same lead position. It's basically US domestic tends to be smaller seeding companies and companies we expect had relationships over a number of years. The growth that we're seeing at the moment we expect them to migrate some of that business to us. And the pace of that migration of that business has really just accelerated because of the situations that (inaudible) found in the market with the hostile takeover discussion. So we know the business. We know the people. They've got a very good market reputation. And we're quite pleased to that business come to us a little bit quicker.
Larry Greenberg - Janney Capital
And any more specific on what the lines actually are?
Well, it will be a mix of protecting a standard portfolio, also some specialty and some special lines as well. So it's a real mix portfolio. The trend tends to be smaller seeding companies and it's predominantly on an excess of loss basis.
We have no further questions. I would now hand the call back over to management for closing remarks. Please proceed.
Thank you, everybody, for your participation today. We are looking forward to talking to you next quarter.
This concludes today's conference. You may now disconnect. Have a great day.
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