While the world is still unwrapping the Christmas gift from China in the form of an interest rate hike, this other piece of news with ample implications for the auto industry seems to have gone largely under the radar -- The City of Beijing will limit the number of new license plates issued in 2011 to 240,000 to help control traffic congestion. Xinhua reported that car buyers in Beijing will have to draw lots before obtaining a vehicle license plate.
Beijing – An Auto Gold Mine
In 2009, the Chinese government introduced tax incentives for cars with engine sizes of 1.6 liters or smaller. The move propelled China to the world’s biggest auto market that year, surpassing the United States. The trend has continued in the first 11 months of 2010 -- automakers in China shipped a total of 16.4 million vehicles, up 34% year-over-year.
Beijing is China's largest auto market and regarded by auto manufacturers as a gold mine. Statistics from the Beijing Municipal Commission of Transport show that the city's total number of automobiles stood at around 4.8 million, up almost 85% from 2005.
Carriage Before Horse
The problem is that the Chinese government is putting the carriage before the horse -- encouraging consumers to buy cars without building enough roads and parking lots to support the auto boom. This problem is not unique to the city of Beijing, although it is the first resorting to this somewhat drastic measure to alleviate its horrendous traffic situation.
50% Drop in New Car Sales
With this new vehicle limit, China Automobile Dealers Association already came out with estimate that new car sales in Beijing are likely to decline 50% to around 400,000 next year.
Although this policy is only implemented in Beijing, it could have great influence over other large cities as Beijing is hardly the only city with poor urban planning suffering from the Great Traffic Jam, which could be a huge blow to the auto industry.
China – A Critical Auto Success Factor
China has been a major salvation to global automakers that are still struggling from a severe downturn in 2009 in the developed car markets. As such, position in China has become one of the most critical aspects of any auto company’s success. General Motor (NYSE:GM), Volkswagen AG (OTCPK:VLKAF), Toyota Motor (NYSE:TM), Ford Motor (NYSE:F), and other industry heavy weights are all competing intensely for a bigger slice of the Chinese market (see chart below).
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Although China's auto market is expected to slow down in the coming years (see chart below) partly because the tax incentives that help drive the auto sales are set to expire on Dec. 31, 2010, the world’s top auto companies still have high hopes for China.
Great Auto Growth Sans Roads and Parking?
Bloomberg reported that the world’s largest automakers -- GM, Volkswagen, Toyota, and Nissan (OTCPK:NSANY) -- all expect sales in China to grow anywhere from 10% to 17% in 2011. While most auto companies commented that it is too soon to talk about the effect this measure will have on car sales, there’s no getting around the fact that without sufficient roads and parking spaces, any great growth potential in China is basically meaningless (see chart below).
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Infrastructure Gap for the Next Decade
As discussed in my previous analysis, China has inadequate logistic infrastructure to meet the needs of its mass population and heavy industrial business, partly reflecting poor planning by the local and central officials. As much as the country has been racing to build and upgrade its transportation system, this new restriction speaks volumes that the deficiency most likely will persist in the next decade.
Raw-Material Heavy Cost Structure
Conceivably, the new vehicle cap, the new 4% increase on fuel prices, and the latest interest rate hike to rein in its escalating inflation and asset bubbles would constitute a triple whammy to the already severely recession-hit auto industry. Furthermore, since the auto sector cost structure is heavy on raw materials, the global inflation pressure would hit input costs more so than other sectors.
Then, you also have companies that already made resource commitments based on the prior robust China growth forecasts. For example, Ford will open 66 new dealerships in China by the end of the year, bringing its total to 100 new dealers in the country in 2010 and its total number of outlets to 340. Daimler AG also plans to invest €3 billion by 2015 to expand its production facilities in China.
Beware of the “Bullwhip Effect”
This suggests automaker stocks and/or funds with Chinese exposure, including but not limited to the aforementioned companies, could be subject to significant revaluation based on new tightening measures coming out of China, which could only intensify and likely extend beyond 2011. And this could also have a “Bullwhip Effect” up and down the entire auto supply chain.
Auto Sector Could Be a Short
Shares of Chinese and German automakers like SAIC Motor Corp., China’s largest automaker, Hyundai Motor Co. (OTC:HYMLF), South Korea’s biggest carmaker, BMW (BAMXY.PK), Volkswagen AG, are already seeing selling pressure after the City of Beijing decision to impose the limit. Further selloff could be expected as fund managers and traders start doing some serious portfolio VaR shuffling after the start of the New Year.
Compared to its peer group, GM is probably the most vulnerable, as China has become the largest single market for GM since the first half of 2010, surpassing the home market. So, it looks like American taxpayers would need to wait a bit longer for GM to pay off the taxpayer-funded bailout. But look on the bright side, it is fortunate that GM’s IPO took place before these negative announcements came out, so GM was able to plow $1.8 billion of the IPO money back to the U.S. Treasury Dept.
Disclosure: No positions