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Thursday marks the first day of trading for the WisdomTree Asia Local Debt Fund (NYSEARCA:ALD), an actively-managed ETF offering exposure to debt of a dozen developed and emerging Asia Pacific countries. The fund will invest primarily in local currency debt from issuers in South Korea, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Hong Kong, China, India, Thailand, Philippines and Taiwan, as well as the developed markets of Australia and New Zealand. ALD will implement a tiered investment approach, with markets deemed to maintain larger and more liquid debt markets receiving higher weightings in the fund. A single country cap of 20% will be applied.

“We are excited to launch the Industry’s first Asia Local Debt ETF and believe the capital surpluses and strong growth and yield potential of the Asian economies make for an attractive fixed income offering,” said Bruce Lavine, WisdomTree President and COO. “We are also pleased to expand our foreign fixed income product set, following the successful launch of the WisdomTree Emerging Market Local Debt Fund (NYSEARCA:ELD) which has more than $668 million in assets under management since launching in August of 2010.”

ALD will be the first ETF focusing specifically on debt of Asian issuers, joining only a handful of products offering broad exposure to non-U.S. fixed income investments. Existing products in the International Government Bonds ETFdb Category focus primarily on Western Europe and Japan. The same is true for international corporate bond funds offered by PowerShares and State Street, (NYSEARCA:PICB) and (NYSEARCA:IBND). The new fund launched with close to $145 million in assets, highlighting the tremendous interest in the asset class. Most new exchange-traded products debut with seed capital between $3 million and $10 million.

WisdomTree also offers CEW, a more broad-based fund offering exposure to local currency-denominated debt of emerging markets in Asia, Eastern Europe and South America. Van Eck (NYSEARCA:EMLC) and State Street (NYSEARCA:EBND) also offer emerging market bond ETFs focusing on local currency debt, while products from iShares (NYSEARCA:EMB) and PowerShares (NYSEARCA:PCY) invest in dollar-denominated bonds.

A wave of new products in the last several years has delivered ETF options for targeting specific sectors and durations of the U.S. bond market. But ETF options for fine tuning international fixed income exposure are still relatively limited. ALD offers a new degree of precision. There are a number of challenges associated with developing efficient products in this asset class, including diversification requirements of the Investment Company Act of 1940 and liquidity risks associated with the underlying securities. The fact that ALD is actively managed gives it flexibility in various areas, allowing the creation of a vehicle that offers exposure to Asian bonds.

There could be further expansion in this space in the future. Last year WisdomTree filed details on two additional region-specific bond ETFs, including a Latin America Bond Fund and EMEA Bond Fund. The EMEA product would invest in debt of issuers in the Czech Republic, Egypt, Hungary, Israel, Poland, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, South Africa, Turkey and United Arab Emirates. Guggenheim has filed details on a China bond fund as well.

Yield Enhancer?

With U.S. interest rates hovering near record lows and expected to remain depressed for the foreseeable future, ALD could have appeal for investors seeking to enhance the current yield of their fixed income portfolio. The Barclays 3-7 Year Treasury Bond Fund (NYSEARCA:IEI) recently had a 30-day SEC yield of under 2%. The comparable yield for Vanguard’s Intermediate-Term Corporate Bond ETF (NASDAQ:VCIT) was about 4.2%. ALD, which will maintain an aggregate portfolio duration between two and eight years, maintained a weighted average coupon of about 4.2% on launch.

The new Asia bond fund could also have appeal for investors simply looking to diversify their fixed income holdings. Beyond the aforementioned lack of targeted options in the ETF lineup, many world bond mutual funds are tilted heavily toward Europe and Japan. ALD presents another opportunity for gaining exposure to many of the world’s most promising emerging markets, potentially complementing existing equity and currency products. And ALD of course will provide an opportunity for investors to diversify dollar exposure, gaining access to currencies of several Asian economies.

ELD will charge an expense ratio of 0.55%.

New ETFs Continue

After a record number of launches in 2010, the pace of product development activity has remained brisk in the first quarter of this year. Nearly 40 ETFs have debuted already in 2011, and the product pipeline has continued to fill as well. ALD is WisdomTree’s second new ETF of the year, following the first ever managed futures ETF (NYSEARCA:WDTI) that began trading in early January. During a conference call highlighting 2010 earnings, WisdomTree representatives indicated that the company planned to launch between four and eight new products this year.

Disclosure: No positions at time of writing.

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Source: WisdomTree Launches ETF Offering Exposure to Debt of Asia Pacific Nations