The rapid increase in horizontal drilling and the shale revolution in the energy sector are re-defining the need and demand for North American energy services companies.
This has created a work backlog that has the entire industry – drillers, fracking companies, fluid specialists, water services – stretched to the limit, which will keep revenue and profits rising for the sector for at least three years, say research analysts.
Peters & Co., a Calgary based oil and gas boutique brokerage firm, estimates 2011 cash flow per share will increase 40% over 2010, for their coverage universe in the energy services sector – 40%.
Securities firm Raymond James says oil and gas companies will increase spending 25% this year alone to US$133 billion.
Even more, they estimate spending will have to increase by about 56% above 2011 levels, to roughly US$206 billion, as more powerful rigs are needed to drill deeper – and longer — horizontal wells. Oil & gas companies spend that money; energy services companies receive that money.
It means the energy services sector will be one of the safest and most lucrative investment opportunities during that time. A rising tide of revenue and profits will lift all stocks, and create M&A activity that will also enrich investors.
From the junior services companies like Calfrac (OTCPK:CFWFF), to the medium like Precision Drilling, (PDS) to the global giants like Halliburton (HAL), all the stocks in the energy services sector are poised to benefit from this big increase in spend by the producers.
And with oil back up over $100/barrel, oil producers are drilling as fast as they can. But the big difference between 2011 and 2007 – the last height of the drilling industry – is the number and percentage of horizontal wells being drilled.
Everyone is drilling horizontal wells – they may cost 2-3x as much as a vertical well, but producers often get 4-7x as much oil or gas out of those wells. The economics of horizontal drilling are very strong, and that’s why horizontal wells now make up 44% or more of all wells drilled in Canada, more than triple the 14% in 2007 – only four years ago.
The other important factor to mention is that these shale plays often extend over a large area deep underground, so once a shale formation is deemed economic it can often provide tens or even hundreds of low risk repeatable drill locations – easy money for the services sector.
Drilling a horizontal well takes a different set of technologies and skill sets that the industry is discovering and developing as it goes. As an example, companies that just do hydraulic fracturing – sending water and sand down into the well at super high pressure that breaks up the shale that holds the oil — are constantly perfecting their technology to increase the amount of oil or gas they can get out of the new shale plays. (See our recent story on the “recovery factor” and the new QuickFRAC product from Packers Plus.)
Drilling fluid companies are developing new technologies that allow the drill bit to glide along a horizontal well bore with less friction – dramatically reducing the amount of time and money it takes to drill a well. But these specialty fluids cost more.
One of the biggest OGIB subscriber wins has been Canadian Energy Services (OTC:CYYYF). Since I bought it at $15, it has increased its dividend three times… and the stock has more than doubled in price to $32.
Despite all the technology creating savings and increasing profits for the energy producers, well costs are still going higher, as is the number of metres drilled per well and the length of time it takes to drill a well. All of these factors mean more money in the pockets of the energy service providers.
The Daily Oil Bulletin, a trade magazine in Canada, reported that the average metres drilled per rig jumped to 8,336 metres in the first quarter, up from 7,240 metres per rig in the same three months last year, as wells go deeper and the horizontal legs get longer.
The Petroleum Services Alliance of Canada says the average number of days it takes to drill a well has climbed to 11.5 in 2011, from 5.7 in 2008. Wells are, on average, almost 600 metres deeper than they were in 2008. Some of the deeper wells in Canada are taking 25 days or more to drill.
All these statistics mean more work, and more profits for services companies.
And having rigs spend more time at one job site means more rigs, more fracking set-ups and more ancillary services are needed to fill the demand. The industry is building new rigs and more fracking equipment as fast as it can.
Macquarie Capital estimates the US industry needs an additional 550 rigs over the coming four years to meet demand – much of it the new larger rigs that can bill out at higher profit margins.
Raymond James estimates that day rates for Canadian drillers were up 10% in Q4 2010, and will be up another 5% in Q1 2011. I’m seeing gross profit margins go from 25% up into the low and mid 30% range — sometimes higher.
That pricing power should mean drilling stocks stay in an uptrend. It has been one of the best-performing sectors in the OGIB portfolio.
Disclosure: I am long Canadian Energy Services, CYYYF.PK