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Love 'em or hate 'em, Goldman Sachs (GS) is widely followed on Wall Street, so when it talks, people (at minimum) pay attention. About six weeks ago, Goldman turned bearish near term on its recommended basket of commodities (Goldman Sachs Turns Near Term Bearish on Their Recommended Basket of Commodities). Three weeks later, the implosion of the commodity market began, as margin requirement hikes in silver led the way for the broader group. That's pretty darn good timing, considering the group had been in a bull market of incredible strength since late August 2010.

Here is a look at how the group has done over the past month. You can see outside of orange juice and rice, there have not been many places to hide. (Note that gold has held in relatively well.)

[Click to enlarge]

This morning, Goldman is getting back on the bullish bandwagon. This was pushing up commodities in the pre-market as lemmings piled in. We'll see if Goldman can go 2-for-2 on these calls in the next few months.

  • Goldman Sachs suggested buying oil, copper and zinc, reversing last month’s call to sell commodities. “The risk/reward once again favors being long commodities,” Jeffrey Currie, head of commodities research at Goldman Sachs in London, wrote in an e-mailed report today. “Economic growth will likely be sufficient to tighten key supply-constrained markets in the second half, leading to higher prices.”

Via FT.com Alphaville:

We remain structurally bullish commodities. Although we remain structurally bullish and have long argued the structural case for being long, timing does remain critical. This was evident in the recent market correction, which brought commodities down roughly 10% from their April highs. With prices now more in line with near-term fundamentals and price targets, we believe that the risk/reward once again favours being long commodities. Although the economy has likely shifted into a slower, but sustained, growth environment, we continue to expect that economic growth will likely be sufficient to tighten key supply-constrained markets in 2H2011, leading to higher prices from current levels.

Raising oil price targets on persistent impacts from MENA events
We expect that the ongoing loss of Libyan crude oil production and disappointing Non-OPEC production will continue to tighten the oil market to critical levels in early 2012, with rising industry cost pressures likely to be felt this year. We are now embedding in our forecasts that Libyan production losses will lead to the effective exhaustion of OPEC spare capacity by early 2012. This raises our year-end Brent crude oil price forecast to $120/bbl from $105/bbl, our 12-month forecast to $130/bbl from $107/bbl and our end-2012 forecast to $140/bbl from $120/bbl.

Mid-cycle pause nearing a trough, creating upside to metal prices
While a sharp decline in world economic growth remains a downside risk to commodity prices, we see the current slowdown in economic growth as part of a normal mid-cycle pause, partially driven by higher commodity prices, and therefore not a reason to expect commodity prices to decline substantially. Further, we believe that the recent evidence of economic weakness represents signs of a slowdown and not a downturn, which is reinforced by signs that Chinese metal demand has already returned with the SHFE-LME copper arb opening again, exchange inventories declining and the Shanghai copper forward curve moving into backwardation.

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Source: Goldman Sachs Reverses Tune on Mid-April Bearish Call on Commodities