Jeffrey R. Immelt is only the 12th person to serve as leader of General Electric Co. (GE) since Thomas Edison founded the company in 1878. Upon taking over the reins of this great American corporation, Jeffrey R. Immelt faced two difficult challenges: First, he had to fill the shoes of Jack Welch, one of the most respected CEOs in all the world. Second, he took over the reins from Jack with General Electric trading at one of the highest valuations it ever had.
The following earnings and price correlated F.A.S.T. Graphs™ looks at General Electric Co. when Jeffrey R. Immelt first took the reins up to just before the great recession of 2008. There are two points that I emphasize with this graph. First, in order to be fair to Mr. Immelt, we should acknowledge that General Electric was significantly overvalued when he took charge. Second, we should give him the same credit we gave Jack Welch regarding operating results.
Mr. Immelt orchestrated a steady and above-average earnings growth rate of 8.9% (the S&P 500 grew earnings at 5.7% per annum during this same time frame). However, when we look at the performance results associated with the earnings and price correlated graph from 2001 to 2007, we discover that shareholders had a negative total return, even when considering dividends. But my point is, the culprit was over-valuation, not poor management of the business. From the standpoint of rewarding shareholders, Mr. Immelt was behind the eight ball from the get-go because he inherited a highly inflated company.
The Full Jeffrey R. Immelt Era
When we look at the complete Jeffrey R. Immelt Era by looking beyond 2007 up to and through the great recession, we discover real reasons for General Electric's recent poor performance. A major fact of the Jack Welch legacy was an aggressive campaign in the early to mid-1990s to make General Electric a dominant player in the growing financial services sector. Consequently, by the end of the decade financial services revenues grew from a mere 25% to 30% in the late 80s, to over 60% of General Electric revenues by 1996.
Therefore, mostly attributable to the financial debacle of 2008 and 2009, General Electric, with its huge exposure to this sector, saw earnings fall 16% in 2008 followed by a 44% drop in 2009. As the following earnings and price correlated graph illustrates, General Electric’s stock price followed their earnings down. From the accompanying performance chart we also discover that this financial stress forced General Electric to cut their dividends by 34% in 2009, and an additional 49% in 2010.
On a more positive note, General Electric today is a more balanced conglomerate than it was just prior to entering the great recession of 2008. The newly named GE Capital provided just 30% of revenues for the fourth quarter of 2010. And most importantly, GE Capital is once again contributing to the firm's profitability as the financial services business is steadily improving. And overall, General Electric has begun growing earnings again, which have led to three modest dividend increases in the last 12 months.
Nevertheless, even when considering all the mitigating factors, General Electric shareholder returns under Jeff Immelt have been less-than-satisfactory and below-average. As a result, this once beloved Wall Street darling has become reviled by most investors. On many levels I find this ironic because I remember being severely chastised for warning shareholders about the extended valuation of General Electric shares in the late 90s. The stock was going up, Jack Welch was a genius and how dare I criticize this great American company.
General Electric - The Last 20 years
The following graphs summarize what has been written in this article thus far. A picture is worth 1,000 words and the following pictures speak volumes about what really happened with this great American business and its recent history management team. We see a solid earnings growth record where both Jack Welch and Jeffrey Immelt contributed. We also see how the company was punished during the great recession by focusing more on services than manufacturing. Jack Welch started it, Jeff Immelt inherited it, and he is left with the job of fixing it.
Additionally, the following pictures also tell us a lot about valuation based on emotion rather than fundamentals. The excessive overvaluation we saw during the irrational exuberant period was painfully and rapidly corrected when General Electric’s profitability growth slowed down from 2002 to 2005, even though it continued to grow modestly. However, after General Electric's stock price reverted to the mean, their stock price once again tracked earnings up to and through the great recession and into the current recovery. Finally, through the associated performance chart we see the blemishes on dividend growth that earnings weakness created.
This last graph shows the same picture logarithmically. The relationship between stock price and earnings is clearly evident when examining this graph.
General Electric - The Future
The following estimated earnings and return calculators are based on consensus estimates of leading analysts reporting to FirstCall and Zacks. The first graph shows that the consensus estimates of 14 analysts reporting to FirstCall expect General Electric to grow earnings by 15% per year for the next five years. If General Electric succeeds in achieving these earnings growth targets, the implied annual rate of return at year-end 2016, assuming a normal PE ratio of 15, would be 18.3% per annum including dividends.
The following five year estimated earnings growth rate, provided courtesy of MSN Money, reports that the consensus of approximately 11 analysts reporting to Zacks expect a slightly lower earnings growth rate of 12.4% per annum over the next five years.
If the Zacks’ estimates are correct, then General Electric would still amply reward shareholders with a 16.3% estimated total return over the next five years. Implied in both of these estimates are dividend increases consistent with the expected growth rates.
The following earnings yield estimator is based on General Electric Co. achieving the FirstCall estimated earnings growth over the next 10 years. Although I recognize that making a forecast 10 years in advance is fraught with peril, it is offered only as a "what if" scenario. The focal point for offering this graph is the dividend growth yield opportunity, or what many like to call the yield on cost potential going forward. This would represent the primary reason why dividend growth investors might want to consider forgiving General Electric.
Watch the following video for a live interactive version of the above presentation.
General Electric in Pictures
As we all know, General Electric is one of the largest and most diversified conglomerates in the world. General Electric organizes its businesses into the following five segments: GE Capital approximately 30% of revenues, Technology Infrastructure approximately 25% of revenues, the newly reorganized NBC Universal representing about 12% of revenues, Home and Business Solutions representing about 6% of revenues, and finally Energy Infrastructure representing about 27% of revenues.
During their most recent earnings call, management reported that they expect to increase research and development spending by more than 12% in 2011. Additionally, CEO Immelt recently reported that General Electric has a target of boosting research and development spending to 6% from 2% of industrial revenue. This most recent increase has achieved that goal, and therefore, no further increases of R&D spending are indicated. If General Electric is capable of meeting the consensus analysts estimated growth targets reported above, these research and development expenditures and efforts will need to bear fruit.
However, due to the complexity of this highly diversified industrial conglomerate, a full detailed review of their R&D is beyond the scope of this article. On the other hand, since a picture is worth 1000 words the following excerpts taken directly from the GE research section of their website provides insights into the complexity and the opportunity that many of their projects offer. The first set looks at industry opportunities, followed by technology initiatives.
General Electric Global Research Labs is developing initiatives across numerous industries to include:
- Appliance initiatives developing magnetocaloric refrigeration, the next generation of refrigeration technology and smart grid solutions to reduce power consumption and save on electricity costs for homeowners and business owners.
- Aviation initiates developing titanium alloys and other high pressure casting techniques reducing the weight on jet engines and ceramic matrix composites combining heat resistance and strength.
- Electrical distribution initiatives such as scientific brains making the grid smarter and ultimate circuit breakers providing faster response to power surges.
- Energy initiatives such as clean power from the wind and sun, and super-efficient flex-fuel gas turbines.
- Healthcare initiatives including electronic medical records and advanced imaging agents.
- Lighting initiatives such as the smart light florescent technology that illuminates the homes flickers and eerie glows and brilliant LEDs and organic light emittiming diodes (OLEDs).
- Oil and gas initiatives include subsea electrification and sea floor oil platforms.
- Transportation initiatives include a megahybrid fleet utilizing advanced hybrid batteries for tugboats, mining trucks, busses, and even passenger cars.
- Water Initiatives such as advanced desalination technologies and methods for extending the life of water.
General Electric is developing numerous exciting advanced technologies. They include sustainable energy, advanced propulsion, nanotechnology, advanced electronic materials systems, molecular imaging and diagnostics and energy conversion.
In biosciences, GE is working on methods for removing cancer, growing cells outside the human body, and using molecular pathology to change the way we see disease.
General Electric is also developing chemical technologies and materials to include the next generation battery for the hybrid age and advanced storage capabilities.
In electrical technologies and systems, it is developing technologies, products and infrastructure for electric vehicle integration, integrated circuits that can withstand high temperatures and methods for reining in the sun to bring renewable energy onto the electric grid.
In energy and propulsion, it is developing diesel engines and state of the art gas turbine technologies to reduce emissions and operate on a variety of fuels.
The following images taken directly from GE’s website provide photographic examples of exciting developments in manufacturing and materials technologies and software sciences and analytics.
From the above it should be clear that General Electric is a complex organization with many intriguing opportunities covering numerous industries. It would be hard to not acknowledge the growth potential that most of the above projects potentially could provide General Electric. From what the above depicts, General Electric's future could be both interesting and highly profitable.
I have recently read many articles covering General Electric Co. and its stock. Most of these articles were focused on General Electric’s resurgence as one of America's great companies. However, due to its stock performance over the past decade, especially over the last five years, these articles were met with strong and even heated objections by many readers. Therefore, a great motivation for my interest in authoring this article was to cast a light of truth on what really occurred with this company and its recent management.
Jack Welch does deserve a lot of credit for the job he did as CEO of General Electric. However, he is often given much more credit for General Electric's stock price action than he truly deserved. Much of the performance under Jack's reign was the result of excessive valuation more than strong operating performance. In other words, the excessive price rise was not Jack's fault, but he deserves recognition for the operating excellence he achieved.
In contrast, Jeff Immelt does not deserve all the criticism that has recently been thrown at him. He inherited a massively overvalued company with a large and arguably out of control financial services segment that he did not create. Jeff joined GE in 1982, and served as president and CEO of the GE Medical Systems segment, a unit with $12 billion of revenue. Therefore, I would argue that the true Jeff Immelt legacy has yet to be written. As General Electric Co. looks to the future, Jeff Immelt’s skills and abilities as chairman and CEO are yet to be fully recognized.
But the most important reason that I wrote this article was to illustrate how price action, even when it's irrational, can color people's views about a company and its investment merit. In many cases, stock price action may or may not be representative of the respective company’s true intrinsic value. However, most people take their cue from price action while mostly ignoring fundamentals altogether.
At today's price and valuation, General Electric Co. offers the dividend growth investor an above-average yield with the potential to grow at an above-average rate. The truth is that General Electric is a great American company, and the truth is that the market once priced this company beyond what their fundamentals justified. And, it's also true that the company recently faltered, but its most recent earnings reports indicate that it has begun righting the ship.
But the biggest truth, is that General Electric Co. is a solid franchise with intriguing growth prospects. As investors we should never forget that we are always buying the future not the past. Although I've never owned this blue-chip, I have often longed to. However, as this report illustrated, it was very difficult, especially during its heyday, to invest in this company at a reasonable price. Yet, when it was overvalued, was also when everybody wanted to own it. But now that General Electric Co. appears to be reasonably priced with a solid and potentially growing yield, investors are loath to own it. I believe it's at the very least, worthy of further research.
Disclaimer: The opinions in this document are for informational and educational purposes only and should not be construed as a recommendation to buy or sell the stocks mentioned or to solicit transactions or clients. Past performance of the companies discussed may not continue and the companies may not achieve the earnings growth as predicted. The information in this document is believed to be accurate, but under no circumstances should a person act upon the information contained within. We do not recommend that anyone act upon any investment information without first consulting an investment advisor as to the suitability of such investments for his specific situation.