The demand for electricity continues to grow in China as surging economic growth creates a rising middle-class. With the largest population in the world, naturally the growing number of middle-class Chinese consume more energy. This is especially true with electricity since higher sales of consumer electronics, household appliances increases power demand. In addition to demand from consumers, China’s industrial sector also drives the demand for electricity higher.
Ever since China opened its economy to free-market reforms, the country has become:
The second largest energy consumer in the world.
The third largest importer of oil.
The largest producer and consumer of coal.
The chart below shows the growth rate of per capita GDP and electricity consumption in constant 200 dollars:
(Click to enlarge)
Source: Electricity-Economy Interactions: Implications for Electricity Policy and Pricing Reform in China, Ismail O.Soile, Fountain University, Osogbo, Nigeria
Coal remains the major source of fuel for China’s electricity generation followed by hydro power. Nuclear and other sources of electricity account for rest of the total capacity as shown in the graph below:
(Click to enlarge)
Source: Energy Information Agency
The EIA site notes:
The Chinese government has made the expansion of natural gas-fired and renewable power plants as well as electricity transmission a priority.
From an investment perspective, China’s growing demand for electricity presents investment opportunities in Western companies that supply the technology, equipment and natural resources to China. Australian coal mining companies are the major suppliers of thermal coal to China. Last year, Australia’s Resourcehouse signed a $60 billion deal to supply 30 million tons of coal a year for 20 years to China’s power stations. This deal was the biggest ever export contract signed by an Australian firm at that time. Other global firms such as Germany’s Siemens (SI), USA’s General Electric (NYSE:GE) and France’s GDF Suez (OTCPK:GDFZY) and Areva (OTCPK:ARVCF) have a large presence in the Chinese electricity market.
Disclosure: No positions