Apple's not for sale, Chris. Yahoo is.
Once the stink of failure gets on a company, especially a tech company, it's almost impossible to wipe it off. Yahoo lost the market to Google (GOOG) long ago and it's now showing up in falling ad sales on Yahoo Mail, which is losing share to both Google and Facebook.
The fact that the company is for sale is the worst-kept secret on Wall Street. The question remains, to whom and for how much?
The bid I mentioned Monday from Jack Ma of Alibaba is below the current market price of the stock. That means speculators are betting on a higher bid.
Private equity looks like the most likely vehicle for a bid, with Silver Lake Partners, Providence Partners, as well as KKR and Blackstone, acting as intermediaries.
The role for private equity will be a quick break-up of the assets. Since most of the expected purchasers are Asian companies – Ma's Alibaba, Softbank, Temesak Holdings of Singapore and Digital Sky of Russia re all being mentioned – such involvement will be needed to divide the assets out of public sight. As Adam Muller pointed out here back in July there are also some tax implications in these deals that might interest a U.S.-based private equity firm.
The latest bids on Alibaba stock in Hong Kong put its total equity value at $45.53 billion. Yahoo owns 40% of the equity, so the market values that stake at $18 billion. When Yahoo was openly shopping its 35% stake in Yahoo Japan last spring, the price being bandied about was $8 billion.
These figures are far lower than those Yahoo lists on its 10-K for 2010, which said the Alibaba stake was worth $2.3 billion and the Yahoo Japan stake was worth $1.7 billion. Back in September, rumors were the private equity partners were working with AOL on a bid that would probably give AOL (AOL) the company's domestic cloud hosting system for nearly nothing, something it needs badly itself in order to survive.
What this tells me is that all of Yahoo's vaunted U.S. operations – search, advertising, hosting, content – are being valued at zero dollars in the break-up. This is all about the foreign holdings, with the Asian joint-venture partners anxious to get their equity back so they can move forward without American eyes on them.
So what's that worth to you, Mr. Ma? Mr. Son? I don't think $20 billion is the final bid. I'm guessing it's something north of $25 billion, and that the deal could be done before the end of this year. A tidy profit for a speculator, and a good reason for the stock to pop in the wake of a bad earnings report.