Pick a stock, any stock. Invariably, one investor will argue it’s cheap while another will say it’s expensive. Who’s right? The truth is there’s no way to answer that question… until it’s too late.
But the same can’t be said about closed-end funds. A first grader with a good grasp of addition and subtraction can tell whether one is cheap or expensive.
Since closed-end funds issue a fixed number of shares, supply and demand determines market prices. That means it’s possible for such funds to trade at a price that’s greater than (a premium to) or less than (a discount to) the actual value of the securities in the portfolio (net asset value or NAV).
And currently, the average closed-end fund is cheap. It’s selling at about a 6% discount, roughly double the historical average, based on the Herzfeld Closed-End Average index.
What does that mean? It means that if the fund’s manager sold all of the fund’s holdings, investors would earn an instant 6% profit. Not bad. But during intense market selloffs, it’s not uncommon for closed-end funds to trade at much bigger discounts.
As we all know, when investors get scared, they sell indiscriminately. Companies with stellar earning growth and fundamentals get tossed just as quickly as companies with terrible fundamentals. Yet very few investors understand the dynamics of closed-end funds, so they sell out of them much more aggressively.
Case in point – during the 2008 stock market swoon, almost 200 closed-end funds traded at more than a 20% discount, and a couple dozen closed-end funds traded at discounts of up to 30% to 40%. When such steep double-digit discounts to NAV materialize, we should be buyers, not sellers.
Closed-End Bargains Don’t Last Forever
Fact is, huge disparities between market price and NAV don’t last forever. Savvy investors recognize the bargains and eventually swoop in to capitalize on them. You should be one of them.
Practically speaking, I recommend monitoring the average premium/discount to NAV on a weekly basis. Barron’s makes it easy. Each week it publishes the Herzfeld Closed-End Average index, which tracks the average premium/discount for 15 large closed-end funds.
I also recommend focusing on closed-end income funds, those that invest in bonds. And here are the two reasons why: First, they offer more downside protection, because we’re investing in bonds. Remember, unlike stocks, fixed-income investments have a predetermined value at maturity. So despite any wild market swings, if we hold on long enough, bond valuations will recover as maturity draws near.
Second, closed-end income funds pay us to own them (via dividends) while we wait for the temporary discounts to NAV to disappear. Many even pay monthly dividends.
That’s why the last time closed-end income funds sold off so sharply, I recommended that readers pick up shares of the Eaton Vance Senior Floating Rate Trust (NYSE:EFR). Sure enough, they were sitting on a healthy double-digit profit in no time. For investors that value solid income with the potential for double-digit appreciation too, I’m convinced no better opportunity exists than buying closed-end income funds during market selloffs.
You can easily research specific funds at these two websites: cefa.com and cefconnect.com. As it turns out, a quick screen on both sites reveals that many closed-end income funds, which pay monthly dividends, are currently trading at double-digit discounts.
To be clear, I’m not recommending any of these funds in particular. But if you’re looking for a compelling income investment, the list should serve as a good starting point.
Bottom line: Closed-end income funds are a great buy in a panic. I recommend you have a short list of funds you’d like to own when the average discount to NAV hits double-digits.