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Microsoft Corporation (NASDAQ:MSFT) develops, licenses, and supports a range of software products and services for various computing devices worldwide. Microsoft has paid uninterrupted dividends on its common stock since 2003 and increased payments to common shareholders every year for 7 years. The company is one of four AAA rated companies in the US.

The most recent dividend increase was in September 2011, when the Board of Directors approved a 25% increase in the quarterly dividend to 20 cents/share. Microsoft ’s largest competitors include Apple (NASDAQ:AAPL), Google (NASDAQ:GOOG) and Oracle (NYSE:ORCL).

Over the past decade this dividend growth stock has delivered an annualized total return of 2.10% to its shareholders.

The company has managed to deliver a 16 % annual increase in EPS since 2001. Analysts expect Microsoft to earn $2.79 per share in 2012 and $3.08 per share in 2013. In comparison Microsoft earned $2.69 /share in 2011. The company has consistently managed to repurchase 3% of its outstanding stock since 2002.

Microsoft is an example of a pure growth company, which has matured and become an income stock. The beauty of the company is that it still generates solid earnings growth and its Windows operating system is the backbone of businesses and consumers software needs worldwide. Most businesses worldwide are used to Word, Excel, Access and Powerpoint. As a result, it would be virtually impossible for a competitor to make these users switch to a different product. With corporations upgrading existing systems every 4 -5 years, Microsoft will be able to keep its toll-like business model on the PC market for years.

Microsoft has been relatively successful in its investments in other technology companies such as Apple (AAPL) and Facebook. Microsoft purchased shares of Apple back in 1997, but sold them in the early 2000’s. The investment in Facebook at a $15 billion valuation looked silly at the time, although now Facebook’s valuation is several times that.

The big challenge for Microsoft includes the market for handheld tablet devices. As consumers increasingly switch to these products, failure to capitalize on that trend could jeopardize the company’s future profitability. The major software system for mobile phones is Google’s Android, which has been widely popular with consumers. On the negative side, Microsoft has tried breaking into markets such as search advertising, mobile phones and video games, but has been unable to create the type of blockbuster business franchise, that the Windows operation has been for the past two decades.

The problem with tech stocks in general is that creating a long-standing moat is difficult, as technologies change all the time. As a result, companies need to keep reinvesting profits in research and development just so that they stay current on new technologies. For example, Microsoft has had a virtual monopoly on software for PC’s with its Windows system. However, if more consumers choose to replace PCs with tablets, Microsoft will be unable to generate high profits. As a result, it is difficult to predict what the future for Windows will be over the next two decades.

The company’s Returns on Equty has tripled over the past decade, to a mind boggling 45% in 2011. Rather than focus on absolute values for this indicator, I generally want to see at least a stable return on equity over time.

Microsoft started paying dividends in 2003, and paid a onetime special dividend of $3/share in 2004. The annual dividend payment has increased by 11.50% per year since 2005, which is lower than the growth in EPS. I would expect Microsoft to keep increasing in dividends at 10% per year at least until it reaches dividend achiever status.

A 12% growth in distributions translates into the dividend payment doubling every six years. If we look at historical data, going as far back as 2005 we see that Microsoft has managed to double its dividend almost every 6 years on average.

The dividend payout ratio has been stable between 20% and 30% since 2004. A lower payout is always a plus, since it leaves room for consistent dividend growth minimizing the impact of short-term fluctuations in earnings.

Currently Microsoft is attractively valued and is trading at 9.30 times earnings, yields 3.00% and has a sustainable forward dividend payout. I would keep Microsoft on my radar, as it would be eligible for inclusion in my dividend growth portfolio when it becomes a dividend achiever.

Disclosure: None

Source: Microsoft: Dividend Stock Analysis