Q3 September 2011 results of movie theater operator/owner and real estate developer Reading International (NASDAQ:RDI) (NASDAQ:RDIB) (highlighted in this Just One Stock interview and these other Seeking Alpha articles) again showed continued growth in revenues, operating income and operating margin vs. prior year. Furthermore, Reading’s stock price trades at the biggest discount to book value/share of all three of the larger U.S. publicly-traded theater exhibitors, despite Reading’s safer balance sheet comprised of a low debt/equity ratio and substantial holdings of long-held real estate with sizable unrealized appreciation. Together, these factors make Reading a compelling risk/reward investment. Reading’s detailed 10-Q for Q3 ended September 2011 can be found here and certain salient findings of this filing are discussed below.
Industry-wide box office results for Q3 2011 grew over the prior year. As illustrated in the table below, revenue growth at movie exhibitors with international operations such as Reading and Cinemark Holdings (NYSE:CNK) continued to exceed exhibitors who rely solely on the U.S. domestic market like Regal Cinemas (NYSE:RGC) and Carmike Cinemas (NASDAQ:CKEC). This quarter’s faster international growth was a function of attendance growth and increases in average ticket prices in addition to foreign currency gains that have fueled past quarters.
Click to enlarge
Salient Points From Reading’s Third Quarter Results:
Reading International continued strong y/y growth in both revenues and operating income. Total quarterly revenues grew +10.1% from prior year. Revenues of Reading’s larger cinema segment, which produces the bulk of the company’s cash flows, grew by $6.6MM or 11.9% y/y, while its smaller real estate segment revenues were down only $0.5MM y/y on lower live theater performance rents vs. the prior year. Cinema segment revenue growth was primarily the result of increases in Australian average ticket price and increases in attendance in both the U.S. and Australia partially offset by a decrease in attendance in New Zealand.
Reading’s Cinema segment growth would have been even higher but for continued earthquake damage theater closures in Christchurch, New Zealand, particularly its large Palms multiplex. This multiplex recently reopened in the middle of the current Q4 on November 17, 2011. Reading has earthquake and lost profits insurance on this cinema that will cover some period of time for this cinema to ramp back toward normal business. The company is awaiting initial payment for what is a growing recovery amount and is not yet included in Reading’s financial results.
Q3’s operating income (EBIT) jumped 27.2% from prior year Q3 to $7.1MM. Q3’s operating EBITDA (operating income + dep./amort) of $11.4MM was 20.5% higher than prior year’s operating EBITDA $9.4MM. Reading’s cash flow growth came from its cinema segment, offset slightly with small declines in its real estate segment vs. the prior year. Margins jumped from the prior year, benefiting from operating leverage on fuller theaters, higher ticket prices and increased revenue mix from concessions, which carry much higher margin than admissions.
General and administrative expenses for the period include some amount of non-recurring severance and temporarily duplicated labor costs associated with Reading’s consolidation and transfer of accounting functions in the U.S. and Australia to a single owned Wellington, New Zealand, location. Despite these temporary redundancies, Reading’s Q3 operating margins increased from prior year Q3, benefiting from operating leverage on fuller theaters, higher ticket prices and increased revenue mix from concessions and advertising, which carry much higher margin than admissions.
The box office release schedule for the remainder of the year and into 2012 contains several well-known "franchise" blockbusters and a high number of 3D movies.
Reading’s book value of $5.24/share is up 15.2% from prior year, with Australian and New Zealand 9/30/11 currency exchange rates up y/y only 1.1% and 4.7%, respectively. As explained in this Just One Stock interview, Reading’s book value greatly understates the current fair market value of Reading’s Australian, New Zealand, New York and Chicago real estate, much of which has appreciated in value over more than a decade of ownership, from population growth, up-zoning, and in some instances development into rent-generating parcels. At December 31, 2010, Reading had $58.5MM and $17.5MM of Australian and New Zealand tax NOLs without any expiration date, respectively, and $26.5MM of U.S. NOLs expiring in 2025 and thereafter that will shield the unrealized gains in these properties from substantial taxation.
The table, updated below for Q3 results, illustrates that Reading’s net debt to total assets percentage is among the industry’s most conservative and much safer than Regal Cinemas’ and Carmike Cinemas’ high leverage ratios. In fact, Regal and Carmike, both, have negative book value from sizable past losses, restructurings and distributions in excess of income. However, what makes the table, below, so compelling is that Reading’s true asset and book value is likely even higher because of sizable unrealized appreciation on the company’s real estate.
Click to enlarge
On November 12, 2011, at a small investment conference in San Diego, Reading’s CFO, Andrzej Matyczynski, made what was the company’s first-ever outside investor presentation. A November 17, 2011, 8-K filing by Reading provided, as exhibits, the investor information handout and slide presentation made at this conference. In his 20-minute presentation, Mr. Matyczynski summarized Reading’s business model and sizable portfolio of cinema and real estate assets. (See the March 2011 Seeking Alpha article, entitled “Reading International: There's More Popping Than Just Corn” for further discussion on some of these assets.) In addition to this summary, Mr. Matyczynski also disclosed that the company was close to finalizing the sale of Reading’s valuable Cinema 123 theater and land on 3rd Avenue in New York City and also reiterated the appraised valuations Reading had obtained by CBRE on portions of Reading’s large 51-acre Burwood Square development parcel (PDF) in Melbourne Australia, discussed below.
Incremental footnote language appeared in Reading’s Q3 10-Q with respect to Burwood Square as follows: “Discussions with qualified buyers continue, and it remains our plan to monetize at least the residential portions of this property," and “we continue to consider various methods to monetize all or at least the residential portion of our Burwood development site even though it cannot be classified as a property held for sale pursuant to ASC 360-10-45.”
Reading’s updated plans and methods to monetize the Burwood development were more clearly spelled out in this Seeking Alpha article reporting on Reading’s 2011 annual meeting. The company decided this year that separately monetizing the parcel’s three zoned segments, in a staged manner, rather than all at once, more likely maximizes the parcel’s value (see this Burwood Square property diagram presented at its May 2011 annual meeting showing each of the residential (green), residential/commercial (blue) and retail (yellow) zones).
Furthermore, the Q3 10-Q repeats last quarter’s language of, “based on recent valuations," Reading believes “the fair market value of the property less costs to sell is greater than the current carrying value” of $55.9 million (AUS$52.1 million.) In fact, in a May 24, 2011 press release Reading issued as a result of disclosures at its annual meeting, (see also the Burwood Square property diagram) it was disclosed that CBRE valued the 31- to 34-acre residential (green) zone at AUS$1.7MM/acre and the six-plus acres of the residential/commercial (blue) zone at AUS$11.5MM. The final approximately 11 acres is slated to be an entertainment and retail zone (yellow) that Reading will develop directly either on its own or in JV. It should be noted that this valuable Burwood parcel remains completely mortgage free. Thus, all sales proceeds would provide incremental debt reduction and capital to develop the property’s (yellow) entertainment and retail zone.
Other 10-Q Disclosures of Note:
Reading increased its substantial liquidity during the September quarter. At September 30, 2011, Reading had cash and marketable securities of $31.7MM plus a combined $28.2MM of un-drawn availability on its several lines of credit. Reading’s 9/30/11 net debt of $175MM is $10.7MM lower than 6/30/11, as a result of debt paydown from continued strong cash flow generation and sequential declines in currency exchange rates on Reading’s foreign denominated debt.
At the end of August, Reading acquired what is now its largest cinema, a 17-plex in Murrieta, California, near San Diego where Reading already owns four other theaters and enjoys a 12% market share. Reading acquired the theater for what appears to be a very attractive valuation multiple. While the acquisition only partially benefited Q3, as the multiplex is further integrated and improved, it should nicely add to Reading’s U.S. cinema results over the coming year.
For the first time in memory, Reading bought back stock for a second consecutive quarter, purchasing 50,000 shares in Q3 at an average of $4.34/share. So far this year Reading has bought back 72,300 shares for a cost of $328K, or an average of $4.54/share. Note, in 2010, Reading bought back 62,375 shares at an average cost of $4.02/share.
During the quarter, RDI took out letters of credit to begin the construction process for a new eight-screen Angelika Film Center cinema to be built in the Mosiac District development in the Greater Washington, D.C., area.
Subsequent Event – In October, Reading and the IRS agreed that Reading’s already greatly reduced tax settlement (listed as current payable) would be paid through an approximately five-year installment note consisting of monthly payments of $290K. Reading also anticipates that the interest portion of these payments will be deductible from future taxable income.
Trading at a substantial discount to a book value greatly understating the value of its sizable real estate holdings, Reading International’s favorable movie exhibition growth profile and conservative balance sheet make for a compelling risk/reward investment.
Disclosure - Funds I manage are long RDI, RDIB. These funds or its affiliates may buy or sell securities of this issuer at any time.
Additional disclosure: Funds I manage are long RDI, RDIB. These funds or its affiliates may buy or sell securities of this issuer at any time.