- unusual bonds with high yields.
- certain fixed income closed end funds at a discount.
- dividend paying stocks, and occasionally (ugh) preferred stocks.
- non- or low dividend paying stocks that fit my eight rules, and sell out-of-the-money calls against them.
- lever the fund by borrowing at LIBOR.
- Use my mean reverting REIT, utility, LP strategy. Backtests have it generating a 20% return annually, and I haven’t tweaked it.
The thing is, though, yield is a conceit. People like to think that they are merely scraping the income off of the portfolio, when in many cases, they are truly consuming capital, but the accounting doesn’t make it look that way. Think of a high yield fund with a single-B average credit quality. During good times, the full yield, and maybe a tiny amount of capital gains comes into income. During bad times, the yield shrinks, and capital losses get passed through. Over a full cycle, the NAV of a high yield fund shrinks.
Logical people would not invest in income vehicles like that, but invest they do.
Two parting bits of advice: One, there is no reason to ever invest in a closed-end fund IPO. Closed-end funds should trade at a discount equal to the annual fee times five (or so). Two, be conservative in yield investing. It is little known that lower yielding REITs tend to outperform higher yielding REITs. The only time to stretch for yield is when everyone is scared. Even then be careful; make sure the yield that you are getting is secure.