With interest rates hovering near all-time lows, investors needing income are faced with very limited choices. The traditional high yield available from bonds and other fixed income vehicles are no longer available to meet the needs of retirees needing income to live off. Moreover, it is almost a certainty that today’s low yields are not adequate enough to fight inflation. Consequently, there is a growing investor interest in dividend paying common stocks, especially those that have a long record of increasing their dividend every year. This has led many lay, and even many professional investors, to assume that dividend paying common stocks are becoming overvalued. In addition to being too general to be relevant, these assumptions do not stand up to closer scrutiny.
Our research indicates this to be a fallacy, because in truth we have discovered numerous dividend paying enterprises that are trading at historically low valuations. But even more importantly, in addition to being historically low, we have identified numerous blue-chip companies that are trading below their intrinsic values based on fundamentals, primarily earnings and cash flows. Today’s growing interest has yet to compensate for the enormous aversion to equities that most investors have after being traumatized by the great recession of 2008 and the precipitous drop in stock prices that accompanied it.
On the other hand, not all dividend paying common stocks are the same. Therefore, we believe that potential investors need to be very discerning regarding the type and quality of the dividend paying stocks they are willing to invest in. This is especially true for those investors seeking to either augment or replace their fixed income investments with common stocks. Since the major attractions and benefits of fixed income in addition to yield, are safety and low risk, it only makes logical sense that a dividend paying strategy being considered to replace or supplant it should focus heavily on the same issues.
Dividend paying common stocks come in many different flavors and range from very aggressive to very conservative. When considering alternatives to fixed income because of today’s low yields, we would argue that the emphasis should be on the most conservative dividend paying common stocks possible. In this vein, the reliability and predictability of a given dividend payment should rank high in importance. With that said, a logical place to begin looking is at companies that have long histories of paying dividends, and even better, a long history of increasing them each year. Although there is no guarantee that this will continue, a long track record certainly instills confidence.
One of the best sources available for identifying companies with long histories of dividend excellence is with David Fish’s CCC lists of Dividend Champions, Contenders and Challengers found here. The Champions’ list is comprised of companies that have increased their dividend every year for at least 25 consecutive years, the Contenders’ list is comprised of companies that have raised their dividends for 10 to 24 years, and finally, the Challengers’ list is comprised of companies that have increased their dividends every year for between 5 to 9 consecutive years.
It’s important to point out here, that in theory at least, the Champions’ list is a more conservative group than the Contenders’ list which in turn is more conservative than the Challengers’ list. As a general statement, we believe this is true, but like most statements that are too general, the devil is in the details. Consequently, even though the Champions’ list is in theory the most conservative, we believe that there are names on the Contenders’ list that are even better quality, and therefore, more conservative than some of the names on the Champions’ list, and vice versa. Our last article dealt with the Dividend Champions that we believe are on sale. This is important because low prices and valuations are great attributes that mitigate risk in their own right. Here is a link to that article. This article will look at 42 Dividend Contenders that we believe are reasonably priced, too in some cases, significantly undervalued.
42 Dividend Contenders On Sale
This list of Dividend Contenders, like the list of Dividend Champions before, is offered as a prescreened resource made available prior to engaging in a more comprehensive analysis. However, there is a difference between these lists and the traditional lists that are sorted by mere numbers or statistics. Currently, there are only 102 Dividend Champions and only 146 Dividend Contenders. Therefore, we were able to quickly and easily evaluate each company on the lists by running a graph on each company that provides essential fundamentals at a glance. Therefore, we feel that this screen is more comprehensive than one based simply on statistical analysis.
Instead of bothering you with a long iteration using words and numbers to articulate what we screened for, we let a few pictures tell a few thousand words instead. The premium version of the graphs has David Fish’s lists pre-loaded, with his permission of course. Therefore, it was a simple matter of scrolling through each company to determine whether or not it met our criteria of fair value, and whether or not it possessed the quality characteristics of predictability, reliability and consistency that we could be comfortable with. With our first run through, we took price out of the equation so as to only reveal the essential fundamentals of earnings and dividends on each company at a glance. Then we ran through the exercise again, only this time we added monthly closing stock prices to the graphs.
Remembering that we are coveting consistency and predictability with compiling our list of Dividend Contenders on sale, let’s review two graphs showing earnings (orange line with white triangles) and dividends (blue shaded area paid out of but stacked on top of earnings) exclusive of stock price.
Two Contenders Rejected because of a Lack of Consistency
Alterra Capital Holdings Ltd. (ALTE)
Our first example, Alterra Capital Holdings Ltd. is a Bermuda-based holding company created by the merger between Max Capital Group and Harbour Point Limited in May of 2010. Max was a holding company formed in 1999 that went public in May of 2001 and paid a dividend that increased every year since (see DIV listed at the bottom of the graph). Although this 11-year record of increasing dividends qualifies it as a Dividend Contender, it was excluded due to the enormous cyclicality and unpredictability of its earnings (see red box at bottom). Simply stated, we didn’t feel it was conservative enough to be considered as a potential fixed income replacement.
RenaissanceRe Holdings Ltd. (RNR)
Our second example, RenaissanceRe Holdings Ltd. is a property catastrophic reinsurance company that has increased its dividend every year for 19 consecutive years (see DIV at bottom of the graph). Once again, the severe cyclicality and unpredictability of their earnings growth caused them to be excluded from our conservative list, even though their record of dividend increases has been long. This decision was made instantly by simply reviewing their earnings record (orange line).
In addition to highly cyclical names like the two examples above, we also excluded MLP’s and REIT’s as we consider these typically high yield vehicles too risky to be considered as fixed income substitutes. However, there are many who would disagree with that position on these asset classes.
Two Quintessential Examples of What We Were Looking For
Stryker Corp. (SYK)
Stryker Corp. has raised their dividend for 19 consecutive years in conjunction with an impeccable record of consistently increasing their earnings at the above-average rate of 18.4%. With very little debt on the balance sheet, this company represents the quintessential example of the type of predictable high-quality business we were seeking.
International Business Machines Corp. (IBM)
Affectionately known as Big Blue, IBM is arguably one of the bluest of all blue-chip technology stocks. The record of consistently increasing earnings at the above-average rate of 11% per annum since 1998 coincides with increasing their dividend for 16 consecutive years. Once again, IBM represents the classic earnings pattern and fundamental qualities that we were seeking.
Bringing It All Together
Some Contenders Are Fairly Valued
With our United Technologies Corp. (UTX) example below we put it all together by adding monthly closing stock prices (black line) to the earnings and dividend graphs. In order to make our list of Dividend Contenders on sale, the company’s stock price had to sit at or below its intrinsic value (the orange line) as United Technologies Corp.’s price clearly does.
In addition to just pure dividend income, this article is further focused on total return. Since, under normal circumstances, there is more risk owning equities than owning fixed income, it is important that our candidates offered the opportunity for an attractive total return to compensate for the risk. One of the most overlooked elements of risk is valuation (overvaluation). Even though United Technologies is currently moderately undervalued based on our calculation of intrinsic value (the orange line), it nevertheless generated a very attractive long-term total return for shareholders because valuation was sound at the beginning of 1998, and therefore, valuation risk was reasonable.
Some Contenders Are Extremely Undervalued
Teva Pharmaceutical Industries (TEVA)
Teva Pharmaceutical Industries, a leading global generic and branded pharmaceutical company headquartered in Israel represents a compelling valuation at today’s levels, in our opinion. Teva has grown earnings very consistently at a compounded rate exceeding 23% per annum, which we believe warrants a much higher PE ratio than the meager PE of 9 that the market is valuing its shares at today.
With the consensus 5-year earnings estimates ranging from the low of 9.6% from 20 analysts reporting to Capital IQ to as high as 17.5% by 17 analysts reporting to Zacks, we believe the minimum PE of 15 to as much as a PE of 20 is warranted for this high quality pharmaceutical with only 16% debt on its balance sheet. Consequently, we see a high probability for outsized future returns based on low valuation and long-term growth potential.
Harris Corp. (HRS)
Harris Corp. is a leading international communications and information technology company. Note that although earnings were a little inconsistent from 1998 into 2003, since that time they have consistently advanced. Harris Corp. can currently be bought at what we believe to be a ludicrous price earnings ratio of only 7.4. We believe a more appropriate price earnings ratio for this dividend contender that has raised its dividend every year for 10 consecutive years, and now offers a starting yield of 3%, should be awarded at least a 15 PE. This implies an intrinsic value that is more than double from where the company’s price currently rests. This is why Harris Corp. sits at number two on the list for the highest five-year estimated total return.
Close Calls - Quality Rejected Because of Modest Overvaluation
There were several names that were rejected due to modest overvaluation. A few examples include T.J. Maxx (TJX), Ross Stores (ROST), Federal Express (FDX), Nike (NKE), T. Rowe Price (TROW), Casey’s Gen. Stores (CASY) and others. The following earnings and price correlated graph on Church & Dwight Inc. (CHD) represents overvaluation because stock price is higher than the orange earnings justified valuation line. We believe that each of these names listed in this paragraph are strong potential candidates if their stock prices came back into sound valuation levels. For example, we would consider Church & Dwight a buy in the mid-$30 price range.
Obvious Overvaluation Rejected
The following two examples, Royal Gold Inc. (RGLD) and Fastenal (FAST) represent extreme and obvious overvaluation (orange line represents fair value). Although both of these names appear to be excellent businesses, the valuation risk of investing in these dividend contenders is heightened by an earnings yield that makes no economic sense; therefore, they were easily and summarily deleted from the master list because of extreme overvaluation.
42 Contenders That Made The Cut
After rejecting Dividend Contenders that revealed themselves as either being too risky, too inconsistent or too expensive, we ended up with the following 42 companies that have increased their dividend every year for a minimum of 10 to 24 consecutive years. Consequently, we offer them as a fertile source of potential candidates for both investors seeking an above-average and growing dividend yield, as well as investors looking for above-average total return at reasonable levels of risk.
In other words, we believe this list offers opportunities for further exploration for all dividend income oriented investors. Dividend yields range from as low as .8% to as high as 5.2%, with almost everything in between. Also, keep in mind that each of these selections has been screened for fair value or preferably undervaluation, and each has increased their dividend every year for at least 10 consecutive years.
A few words on the column headings are offered for clarification purposes. First, we compare each company’s current PE ratio to its historical normal 15-year PE ratio. However, note that the five-year estimated total return is not based on each respective company returning to its normal PE ratio. Instead, the five-year estimated annual total return is a calculation based on the consensus estimated EPS growth (five-year) and then applying an appropriate PE ratio to that growth. Historical EPS growth plus expected EPS growth are also side-by-side in order to provide a perspective of whether EPS growth will be higher or lower in the future than it was in the past. Market cap, the company’s level of debt and the sector it operates in round off the table, with our candidates listed in order of highest estimated total return to lowest.
There are several reasons why we are offering these articles on dividend paying growth and income stocks. First and foremost, is to illustrate that there are numerous extremely high-quality dividend paying stocks that are available for purchase today at very attractive levels. The opportunity to invest in extremely high quality stocks at historically low valuations that offer both a growing dividend and capital appreciation is rare. Unfortunately, many investors remain traumatized and are currently eschewing quality dividend paying common stocks in favor of fixed income, at precisely the time when they should be looking at quality equities with a strong dividend record. Don’t forget, each of the companies on this list raised their dividend right through the great recession.
Even though we have always embraced fixed income as a viable asset class that can, during normal economic times, appropriately be capable of meeting certain goals and objectives of many investors inclined towards safety and the highest yield possible, we are currently, and we believe temporarily, altering our stance. We believe that today’s artificially induced and extremely low interest rate levels represent uncommon dangers with owning fixed income instruments. Therefore, we believe that carefully chosen extremely high-quality dividend paying common stocks represent a viable alternative for safety conscious investors under today’s economic conditions. Yes, there may be more risk, but a potentially higher total rate of return and increasing dividend income stream compensate for this greater risk, in our opinion.
Finally, this article in particular is offered to illustrate that there are vast differences in the types and quality of various classes of dividend paying common stocks. We feel that there’s been way too much generalization with too little focus on the specifics that encompass the many differences and attributes that various kinds of dividend paying stocks possess. There are quality dividend paying stocks, there are risky dividend paying stocks and there are very expensive dividend paying stocks and in some cases there are very inexpensive dividend paying stocks, etc. To us, to investing is about making these distinctions one at a time, while avoiding the natural but erroneous temptation to over-generalize. In this vein, this article only scratches the surface of what could be discussed and evaluated regarding the desirability of investing in dividend paying stocks.
Disclosure: Long SYK, TEVA, UTX, AVP, CVX, MDP and UTX at the time of writing.
Disclaimer: The opinions in this document are for informational and educational purposes only and should not be construed as a recommendation to buy or sell the stocks mentioned or to solicit transactions or clients. Past performance of the companies discussed may not continue and the companies may not achieve the earnings growth as predicted. The information in this document is believed to be accurate, but under no circumstances should a person act upon the information contained within. We do not recommend that anyone act upon any investment information without first consulting an investment advisor as to the suitability of such investments for his specific situation.