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History has revealed that the best performing stocks during the previous decades have been those that shelled out ever-increasing cash to shareholders in the form of dividends. Most dividend analysis that we've seen out there is backward-looking - meaning it rests on what the firm has done in the past. Although analyzing historical trends is important, we think assessing what may happen in the future is even more important. That is why we created a forward-looking assessment of dividend safety through our innovative, predictive dividend-cut indicator, the Valuentum Dividend Cushion™. We use our future forecasts for free cash flow and expected dividends and consider the firm's net cash position to make sure that each company is able to pay out such dividend obligations to you -- long into the future.

In this article, let's evaluate the dividend of Compass Minerals (NYSE:CMP)--our full report on Compass Minerals can be found here:

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First of all, Compass Minerals's dividend yield is about 2.6%, so we view the name as an adequate income generator. However, we think the safety of its dividend is POOR. We measure the safety of the dividend in a unique but very straightforward fashion. As many know, earnings can fluctuate in any given year, so using the payout ratio in any given year has some limitations. Plus, companies can often encounter unforeseen charges (read hiccups in operations), which makes earnings an even less-than-predictable measure of the safety of the dividend in any given year. We know that companies won't cut the dividend just because earnings have declined or they had a restructuring charge that put them in the red for the quarter (year). As such, we think that assessing the cash flows of a business allows us to determine whether it has the capacity to continue paying these cash outlays well into the future.

That has led us to develop the forward-looking Valuentum Dividend Cushion™. The measure is a ratio that sums the existing cash a company has on hand plus its expected future free cash flows over the next five years and divides that sum by future expected dividends over the same time period. Basically, if the score is above 1, the company has the capacity to pay out its expected future dividends. As income investors, however, we'd like to see a score much larger than 1 for a couple reasons: 1) the higher the ratio, the more "cushion" the company has against unexpected earnings shortfalls, and 2) the higher the ratio, the greater capacity a dividend-payer has in boosting the dividend in the future.

For Compass Minerals, this score is 0.9, meaning the company doesn't have the capacity to pay out its expected future dividends. The beauty of the Dividend Cushion is that it can be compared apples-to-apples across companies. For example, Wal-Mart (NYSE:WMT) scores a 3 on this measure.

Now on to growth. As we mentioned above, we think the larger the "cushion" the larger capacity it has to raise the dividend. However, such dividend growth analysis is not complete until after considering management's willingness to increase the dividend. As such, we evaluate the company's historical dividend track record. If there have been no dividend cuts in 10 years and the company has a nice growth rate, its future potential dividend growth is EXCELLENT, which unfortunately is not the case for Compass Minerals. We rate the firm's future potential dividend growth as VERY POOR.

However, we don't just stop there. By employing a matrix, one can see above that Compass Minerals has a risky dividend--the cross section of its POOR safety and VERY POOR future potential growth scores. And because capital preservation is also an important consideration, we assess the risk associated with the potential for capital loss (offering investors a complete picture). In Compass Minerals's case, we think the shares are fairly valued, so the risk of capital loss is MEDIUM. If we thought Compass Minerals was undervalued, we'd consider the risk to be LOW.

All things considered, we're not tempted by Compass Minerals's dividend at all and are not considering it for inclusion in our Dividend Growth Newsletter. We think there are much better dividend risk/reward profiles out there.

Disclosure: I have no positions in any stocks mentioned, and no plans to initiate any positions within the next 72 hours.