Marvell Technology Group (MRVL) was started by a young man, Sehat Sutardja, with a belief that he could make a better chip for controlling disk drives. 16 years later, Marvell dominates the market for hard disk drive controller chips, but now receives about half of its revenue from other market segments.
At the CES this year Marvell showed off some products that again put Marvell on the bleeding edge. I'll come back to those after providing some background for those of you not so familiar with the Marvell story.
For investors the last few years with Marvell have been tough. The stock pays no dividend. After splitting in 2004 and again in 2006, the stock price entered 2007 at well over $20 per share. At the 2008 bottom it hit a low around $4.48. Today it ended sharply up at $15.12 and represents a market capitalization of $8.8 billion.
These stock price gyrations exaggerated Marvell's changes in revenues and net income. Total 2006 (fiscal 2007) revenue was $2.24 billion, with slightly negative net income. Revenues for 2010 (fiscal year 2011, ending January 29) were up to $3.6 billion, with net income hitting $904 million. This fiscal year 2012 revenues are trending towards $3.45 billion, but with just $690 million net income.
A series of problems and even a catastrophe hid Marvell's growing profit potential in 2011. Aside from general global economic turmoil, one major problem was RIM's (RIMM) failure to recapture lost market share with its newer Blackberry smartphone models. This may or may not be temporary. Marvell makes the processors for some Blackberry models. Marvell did not get a slot in the new RIM PlayBook tablet, which sold poorly. It appears that the failures are largely RIM's, and often software related. The Marvell processors, when used, seem to work well.
The catastrophe was flooding in Thailand, which knocked HDD (hard disk drive) factories out of commission, and so the revenue for HDD controller chips will be low for the current quarter. Factories should be mostly back online by February 1 when Marvell's new fiscal year begins.
Meanwhile the main good news has been the rapid ramping of sales of Marvell-processor based smartphones in China. Marvell's chips not only include the processor, but most of the functions needed to run a smartphone (graphics, cellular modem, wi-fi, bluetooth). Thus while brand-happy Chinese are dying (almost literally) to get iPhones, the middle-class masses are buying Android based smartphones that run on a new high-speed, invented-in-China protocol, TD. The ramp in revenue from this in calendar 2012 will be substantial, and the baseline should be noted in the Q4 report due in early March.
Which brings us back to CES (and leaves out Marvell's leading enterprise-grade Wi-Fi and wired internet switch chips). I can only hit highlights, so many products were introduced.
Foremost, Google (GOOG) chose Marvell's ARMADA 1500 HD Media System-on-Chip (SoC) for the next generation of Google TV. While there is no guarantee that Google TV will become a mass market product, it does much to validate the hundreds of millions of dollars Marvell has invested in research and development for ARMADA and related technologies. ARMADA is ARM-based and contains many of the same technologies used with smartphones and tablets. Google has worked closely with NVIDIA (NVDA), Qualcomm (QCOM) and other ARM-based chip designers; this is a clear sign Marvell is also in the inner circle. The ARMADA chip series has been adopted by OEMs for a wide range of consumer and business appliance applications. See also ARMADA and PXA application processors.
Plug computers are a Marvell invention: inexpensive, small but powerful computers that plug directly into electric sockets and can act as local servers. SMILE plugs are designed to connect a classroom of up to 60 students and complement the One Laptop per Child program and Marvell ARMADA based low cost, low power tablet computers. This is mainly for developing nations, but given funding shortages should be considered by U.S. schools as well.
In storage, much has been said about replacing hard drives with SSDs, and PCs with Flash-based tablets. Change has come slowly. Marvell already leads in SSD controller chips. Now it introduced a chip that attached through PCIe, an existing, faster port than the standard SATA disk port. Everyone agrees this will be popular. Alternately another chip allows for an SSD and hard drive to function together better, to lower response times while keeping bulk storage costs low.
Consumer home connectivity and automation were addressed by several products. New models of Avastar wireless chips make it easier for all sorts of devices to connect, including Internet phones and video surveillance. Lighting with LEDs was specifically addressed with new, automation-ready chips. The Smart Energy Platform, a combination of a wireless microcontroller and management software, is aimed at lowering price points for energy-conscious appliances in the home.
Except for Google, OEMs will make their own announcements as branded products become available this year.
I will wait on management's Q4 fiscal 2012 in early March before trying to estimate directionality for the new year. Technology is rapidly evolving. More individual devices mean more information needs to be stored in the cloud, requiring in turn more HDD storage and connectivity. All these trends favor Marvell, but competitors will be gunning for the same revenue and profits.
What do I think would most enhance shareholder value? A dividend. As of last quarter Marvell had 2.4 billion in cash, no debt, and cash flow of $262 million. Marvell has used its cash mainly for stock buy backs, and is likely to continue to do so.
Disclaimer: I am long Marvell. I seldom trade the stock and won't for a week after this article is published.