Microsoft (MSFT) Satya Nadella on Q2 2016 Results - Earnings Call Transcript

| About: Microsoft Corporation (MSFT)

Microsoft Corp. (NASDAQ:MSFT)

Q2 2016 Earnings Call

January 28, 2016 5:30 pm ET

Executives

Chris Suh - General Manager-Investor Relations

Satya Nadella - Chief Executive Officer & Director

Amy E. Hood - Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

Analysts

Philip Alan Winslow - Credit Suisse Securities (NYSE:USA) LLC (Broker)

Keith Eric Weiss - Morgan Stanley & Co. LLC

Brent Thill - UBS Securities LLC

Heather Anne Bellini - Goldman Sachs & Co.

Mark L. Moerdler - Sanford C. Bernstein & Co. LLC

Raimo Lenschow - Barclays Capital, Inc.

Walter H. Pritchard - Citigroup Global Markets, Inc. (Broker)

Karl E. Keirstead - Deutsche Bank Securities, Inc.

Kasthuri Gopalan Rangan - Bank of America Merrill Lynch

Ross MacMillan - RBC Capital Markets LLC

Edward Maguire - CLSA Americas LLC

Operator

Welcome to Microsoft's Second Quarter Fiscal Year 2016 Earnings Conference Call. As a reminder, this conference is being recorded. I would now like to turn the call over to Chris Suh, General Manager of Investor Relations. Chris, please proceed.

Chris Suh - General Manager-Investor Relations

Thank you. Good afternoon and thank you for joining us today. On the call with me are Satya Nadella, Chief Executive Officer; Amy Hood, Chief Financial Officer; Frank Brod, Chief Accounting Officer; and John Seethoff, Deputy General Counsel and Corporate Secretary.

On our website, microsoft.com/investor, you can find our earnings press release and financial summary slide deck which is intended to supplement our prepared remarks during today's call and provide for the reconciliation of differences between GAAP and non-GAAP financial measures. Unless otherwise specified, we will refer to non-GAAP metrics on today's call. The non-GAAP measures exclude the net impact from revenue deferrals and the impact of integration and restructuring charges. The non-GAAP financial measures provided should not be considered as a substitute for, or superior to, the measures of financial performance prepared in accordance with GAAP. They're included as additional clarifying items to aid investors in further understanding the company's second quarter performance, in addition to the impact of these items and events had on the financial results.

All growth comparisons we make on the call relate to the corresponding period of last year unless otherwise noted. We also provide growth rates in constant currency when available, as a framework for assessing how our underlying business has performed, excluding the effect of foreign currency rate fluctuations. At the segment level, we provide constant currency growth for both revenue and gross margin. However, due to recent change in our segment reporting groupings, we aren't able to provide segment level constant currency operating expense growth, and consequently cannot derive constant currency segment operating income either. We do provide constant currency operating expense and operating income growth at the company-wide level.

Please note that we have recast certain prior period items to conform to the current period presentation with no impact on consolidated net income or cash flow. Additionally, any mention of operating expense refers to segment operating expenses as defined in the footnotes of our Form 10-Q and includes research and development, sales and marketing and general and administrative, but excludes the impact of the last year's integration and restructuring charges.

We will post our prepared remarks to our website immediately following the call until the complete transcript is available. Today's call is being webcast live and recorded. If you ask a question, it will be included on our live transmission in the transcript and in any future use of the recording. You can replay the call and view the transcript on the Microsoft Investor Relations website until January 27, 2017.

During this call, we will be making forward-looking statements which are predictions, projections or other statements about future events. These statements are based on current expectations and assumptions that are subject to risks and uncertainties. Actual results could materially differ because of factors discussed in today's earnings press release, in the comments made during this conference call, and in the Risk Factors section of our Form 10-K, Form 10-Q and other reports and filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. We do not undertake any duty to update any forward-looking statement.

And with, that I'll turn the call over to Satya.

Satya Nadella - Chief Executive Officer & Director

Thank you, Chris. Good afternoon everyone. Today Amy and I will share the results of our second quarter and look ahead. Overall this quarter, we had solid performance and more importantly drove growth in areas that are key to our future. We delivered $25.7 billion in revenue with an operating income of $7.9 billion. We continue to advance towards our goals for fiscal year 2018. Our commercial cloud run rate surpassed $9.4 billion, up over 70% year over year and almost halfway to our goal of $20 billion. We nearly doubled our cloud customers over the last 12 months.

We also made progress towards our goal of more than 1 billion Windows 10 monthly active devices. We crossed the 200 million milestone, and Windows 10 is outpacing adoption of any of our previous operating systems. In fact, adoption is nearly 140% faster than Windows 7. I appreciate the incredible work and focus of both Microsoft team members and our partners to deliver these results.

Now let's get to the specifics for each of the three segments, starting with Productivity and Business Process. As we seek to help people get more out of every moment, we are delivering new innovation and seeing new opportunity with Office 365. Consumer response to Office is strong. Office attach rate is up. Office 2016 adoption is outperforming Office 2013 over the same period of time, and consumer subscriptions are up to more than 20 million.

We're also enthusiastic about how people use Office on other platforms. On iOS and Android, Skype has more than 900 million downloads and Office apps surpassed 340 million this quarter. There are also 30 million iOS and Android active devices running Outlook. Office 365 commercial revenue grew nearly 70% in constant currency while seats grew 59%. It is clear customers value the ongoing innovation we are delivering in Office 365 and this allows us to advance further into markets like voice and information protection.

In December, we released a major update to Skype for Business, which drives productivity up and costs down. Our customers can now use Skype for Business to get a dial tone without the need of their own PBX and conduct online meetings for up to 10,000 attendees.

Security is both a mandate and an opportunity for Microsoft across all our segments. As customers look to protect themselves, we are creating new demand for all of our security solutions. The number of people using our information protection capabilities built into Office 365 increased 25% quarter over quarter. At the same time, we released new capabilities like Advanced Threat Protection, Advanced eDiscovery and Customer Lockbox. These new innovations in voice and information protection accrue to our premium productivity and collaboration SKU E5 which we released last month.

Our Dynamics business is also contributing to our growth in the cloud. This quarter we released major updates to Dynamics NAV and Dynamics CRM, both of which deliver enhancements in mobility, insights and organizational productivity, as well as deeper integration with Azure and Office 365. Three out of four of our CRM customers are choosing to deploy in the cloud, which is driving continued triple digit paid seat growth for CRM Online in the enterprise.

Our momentum with Office 365 and Dynamics creates a compelling case for developers. This quarter, we exposed the data APIs which capture the relationships between people, conversations, projects, schedules, processes and content. We call these APIs the Microsoft Graph. The ability for developers to build on the Microsoft Graph presents a strategic opportunity for our customers and partners. Smartsheet has already taken advantage of these APIs. Oracle plans to use Microsoft Graph to enhance their line of business applications like Oracle Sales Cloud, and many innovative startups are extending it to create new generation of productivity applications.

Now let's move to the Intelligent Cloud segment. The enterprise cloud opportunity is massive, larger than any market we have ever participated in. Last quarter, I reflected on how we are now one of the two leaders in the space. At the same time, we are the only one in this market providing SaaS, PaaS, IaaS and hybrid cloud at scale. We are growing in each of these areas simultaneously. Our unique approach is resonating. Our cloud architecture reflects real world distributed cloud computing needs and services that enable businesses to convert data into intelligence and drive business transformation.

Azure revenue grew 140% this quarter in constant currency, with revenue coming from new and existing customers. We saw organizations like NTT DOCOMO, Honeywell, NASA's Jet Propulsion Labs, Dow Chemical and the UN Development Programme deploy innovative solutions on Azure. We see that Azure customers who also purchase Office 365 consume eight times more Azure than other customers. More than 70% of the Fortune 500 have at least two different Microsoft cloud offerings, up 13 points year over year. And now we're continuing to grow in new ways. Together with Red Hat, Dell and Hewlett Packard Enterprise, we will increase our ability to address real world infrastructure needs. These partnerships give customers the flexibility to connect their existing on-premise infrastructure or Linux-based applications with our cloud.

We are leading innovation in new Agile and DevOps workloads as well, with Azure App Services, PowerApps and Visual Studio Team Services, where we surpassed 3.8 million developer subscriptions. We are adding thousands of new developers every day who are building cloud and mobile solutions that support industries like oil and gas, finance, e-commerce, consulting and healthcare. As we expand into new markets, our revenue from premium services like security, mobility management and analytics nearly tripled year over year. Enterprise Mobility solution customers have more than doubled year over year and we have nearly tripled our share among Fortune 500 in the last 12 months.

Security is now a major driver of the cloud adoption. As threats become more frequent and sophisticated, Azure's unique technology like machine learning empower customers to adapt to these new realities. This quarter we organized the Enterprise Cybersecurity Group to help customers prepare for and respond to attacks. We unveiled plans for new data centers in Germany and the UK that address customers' data access and sovereignty needs. And we continue to release new capabilities like Advanced Threat Analytics as part of our $1 billion product innovation and security spanning Azure, Office 365, Windows 10 and our Enterprise Mobility Suite.

At the heart of every business in the future will be systems of intelligence, powerful AI that helps people understand the past and predict the future. Cortana Analytics is the building block for these systems of intelligence. We released Cortana Analytics last July. It's a comprehensive suite of services that enable businesses to reason over massive quantities of data that emanate from connected people, places and things and converts them into intelligent insights and automation.

Coca-Cola, Russell Reynolds, and the Dartmouth-Hitchcock Health System already use Cortana Analytics to dramatically change the way they market products to customers, uncover talent in the workforce and offer patients predictive and more personalized healthcare. Our goal is to make it possible for every company in every industry and every country to take advantage of this new artificial intelligence to transform.

In the More Personal Computing segment, I'm encouraged by our progress to unify our installed base on Windows 10 and to create new opportunities for Microsoft and our entire ecosystem. As of this month, we crossed 200 million active devices running Windows 10. Near term in what analysts predicts will be relative flat market over this next year, we are focused on three ways to drive growth for our partners and for Microsoft: first, deliver more value in innovation, particularly for enterprise customers who need advanced productivity, security and device management; second, grow new monetization through services across a unified Windows platform; third, continue to innovate in new device categories in partnership with our OEMs.

Let me briefly expand on each. First in November, we released the first major update of Windows 10 with solutions designed to address critical business scenarios, security, manageability and ease of deployment. More than 76% of our enterprise customers are in active pilots, including organizations like Kimberly-Clark and Alaska Airlines, and 22 million enterprise and education devices are already running Windows 10. We're well positioned to grow our commercial device footprint in the second half.

Next, as we unify and grow the Windows 10 platform, we grow new monetization opportunities with the Windows Store, search and gaming. This holiday season, we doubled Windows Store paid transactions from PC and tablet customers. This increase is an outgrowth of Windows 10 monthly active devices all up, and the addition of new Windows 10 applications. This quarter, Netflix, Pandora, Uber, Wall Street Journal, NPR released new apps designed to take advantage of Windows 10 experiences.

For example, you can ask Cortana to recognize a song on Shazam, play a movie on Netflix or book a ride via Uber. With search, the clearest indicator of our progress is US search share, where Bing now exceeds 21%. Nearly 30% of our search revenue in December came from Windows 10 devices, partly as a result of user engagement with Cortana. We are seeing increased search engagement and monetization on Windows 10 over previous versions. This holiday, we saw record engagement on Xbox Live. Active users grew to an all-time high of 48 million across consoles and PCs. On December 28, we had more fans using Xbox Live than any other day in the Xbox history. Clearly, with Xbox One now upgraded to Windows 10, a vibrant community joined the Windows ecosystem.

Our games also performed strongly this quarter. We doubled the number of Xbox One gamers playing Microsoft published titles year over year, Minecraft concluded the holiday as the top paid app globally on Windows 10, iOS and Android, and we grew monthly active users by 18% year over year.

Lastly, we're innovating in new device categories and driving growth. With Surface, we created a new type of device, the 2 in 1, and partners are now bringing similar devices to market with success. At the same time, this was the best quarter for Surface ever with over $1.3 billion in sales, driven by the launch of Surface Pro 4 and the initial rollout of our brand new Surface Book. We see more opportunity ahead with Surface Book coming soon to China, Japan, the UK, France, Germany and other markets in Europe and Asia.

We believe in our ability to grow the Windows ecosystem. Near term, we are taking the right steps. We're also clear that long-term Windows growth and vibrancy rests on our ability to reinvent personal computers and personal computing. We accept the challenge as we see it as one of the greatest opportunities to prudently expand into new markets and generate shareholder value.

Before turning over to Amy, I want to briefly reflect on the past few months. I've had the opportunity to meet with customers from all over the globe and observe the effects of the macroeconomic trends impacting business today. Of course, any macroeconomic uncertainty will create pressures for our business. But increasingly I think it also creates opportunity for us. Every organization is looking for ways to gain efficiencies, insights and ultimately transform. This is at the heart of our mission. I believe Microsoft is uniquely positioned to empower them to find new growth areas, while finding new growth for ourselves.

With that, I'll hand over to Amy to go through this quarter's results in greater detail and share our outlook for the next quarter, and I look forward to rejoining you after to answer questions.

Amy E. Hood - Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

Thank you, Satya, and good afternoon everyone. This quarter revenue was $25.7 billion, down 2% and up 3% in constant currency. Gross margin declined slightly but was up 5% in constant currency. We grew operating income this quarter by 3% and 13% in constant currency, and earnings per share was $0.78, growing 11% or 23% in constant currency. We achieved strong results this quarter through targeted investments and innovation, and consistent execution.

From a geographic perspective, our performance in most markets was as expected. The key markets like Brazil, China, Japan and Russia continue to be challenging. Our commercial business once again delivered solid results, as we executed well in a large quarter for annuity renewals. Commercial bookings increased 12%, up 19% in constant currency and commercial unearned revenue was in line with expectations at $19.6 billion or 8% growth in constant currency. In addition, our contracted-not-billed balance reached an all-time high of $25.5 billion.

With our continued cloud growth, our commercial annuity mix reached 83%, up 5 points year over year. This quarter, more than 60% of customers with enterprise agreements attached commercial cloud services, up 15 percentage points year over year. Additionally, we continue to make progress in improving our cloud gross margins. In Q2, total commercial cloud gross margin was 46%, an increase of 9 points year over year driven primarily by improvements in both Office 365 and Azure.

Last quarter, I provided the expected foreign currency impact on total revenue as well as across each of the reporting segments. In Q2, the FX impact came in nearly as anticipated, though the US dollar trended stronger than expected in December. This resulted in less than 1 point of additional negative impact to total revenue as compared to expectations, rounding up to 5 points. Consistent with Q1, and as Chris explained, we're not able to provide constant currency impact at the segment level for operating expenses and therefore segment operating income. In general, FX had a favorable impact of 3% on operating expenses at the total company level.

Now let's turn to each segment's results. This quarter, our Productivity and Business Processes segment delivered in line with our expectations, with $6.7 billion in revenue, declining 2% but growing 5% in constant currency. In Office commercial, revenue declined 1%, but grew 5% in constant currency driven by ongoing strength from Office 365, where revenue increased nearly 70% in constant currency. 80,000 transacting partners sold Office 365 to small business customers, and our installed base continued to expand across Office, Exchange, SharePoint, and the Skype for Business workloads.

Office consumer revenue declined 14%, down 8% in constant currency, ahead of the consumer PC market. Subscribers increased to 20.6 million, attach rates grew and recurring subscription revenue continued to more than offset the impact of the customer transition to the cloud. And our Dynamics business grew 3% or 11% in constant currency, with triple digit installed base growth for Dynamic CRM Online for the fifth consecutive quarter.

We look forward to the upcoming launch of Dynamics AX, our ERP cloud solution built on and for Azure that increases the breadth of our offerings in the business process market. Segment gross margin declined 6%, up 1% in constant currency. The gross margin percentage declined, reflecting the increasing mix of cloud services within the segment. Segment operating expenses decreased 3% as we repositioned resources to align with our highest growth opportunities, and as a result operating income declined 8%.

The Intelligent Cloud segment delivered over $6.3 billion in revenue, slightly ahead of our expectations, and grew 5% and 11% in constant currency. Our enterprise customers continued to choose, adopt and use our hybrid cloud platform offerings which resulted in server product and services growth, revenue growth of 10% in constant currency. Additionally, Enterprise Services revenue increased 10% or 16% in constant currency, driven by our Premier Support services.

Segment gross margin grew 4% or 11% in constant currency. Gross margin percentages were flat as the rapid and continued growth of our cloud mix offset margin improvements in Azure and Enterprise Services. Given the addressable market opportunity and enterprise customer demand, we continued our investment in research and development, as well as sales and marketing resources. This quarter, operating income declined 1%.

Now to our last segment, More Personal Computing. Revenue exceeded our expectations at $12.7 billion, down 5%, and 2% in constant currency. First, our OEM results. Our total OEM business declined 5% this quarter, outperforming the overall PC market. OEM non-Pro revenue declined 3%, outperforming the consumer PC market as we expected, driven by a higher mix of premium and mid-range devices, which led to higher average revenue per license than the prior year. OEM Pro revenue declined 6%, slightly better than the commercial PC market. Pro license inventory is slightly above historical levels, which we expect to work through in Q3.

Windows volume licensing grew 3% in constant currency, with annuity growth, partially offset by transactional declines. IP licensing declined, impacted by both a decrease in total unit volume and a higher mix of low-royalty units. Our search business performed well again this quarter, with higher revenue per search, higher search volume and US market share growth, which resulted in continued profitability.

Devices revenue decreased 26% or 22% in constant currency, primarily due to phone where revenue declined 49% in constant currency, reflecting our change in strategy announced last July. Surface revenue increased 22% or 29% in constant currency, with the launch of Surface Pro 4 and Surface Book, with continued channel expansion and growing commercial sales.

On a constant currency basis, device gross margin dollars declined 18% and gross margin percentage improved, driven by a shift in revenue to our higher margin Surface portfolio. As Satya referenced, we had a good holiday for Xbox. Gaming revenue increased 5% or 9% in constant currency driven by record Xbox Live transactions as well as first party game releases. As expected, hardware revenue decreased due to lower volumes of Xbox 360 consoles sold.

Segment gross margin declined 1% or increased 5% in constant currency. Operating expenses decreased 14%, primarily due to reduced expense in our phone business, as well as a successful transition of display advertising sales to AOL. As a result, segment operating income grew 35%.

And now back to our overall company results. Customer adoption and usage of our cloud services continues to accelerate globally, and we are investing capital into our data centers and servers to respond to this demand. This quarter, we invested $2 billion, up sequentially from the $1.5 billion invested last quarter.

Other income was negative $171 million due to interest expense and net losses on derivatives, partially offset by dividend interest income and net recognized gains on investments. Our non-GAAP effective tax rate was 19%, in line with our expectations, with the year over year decrease primarily due to an IRS audit adjustment in the prior year, and lower non-deductible operating losses in the current. This quarter we returned $6.5 billion to shareholders, an increase of 42%.

Let's move to the outlook. I want to preface my remarks with three overall comments, and then move to more specific comments by segment. First, FX. I previously stated that we expected the FX impact on total revenue to be about 3 points in H2. For Q3, given the recent strengthening of the US dollar, we now expect an overall impact of 4 points. By segment, we expect 5 points of impact on Productivity and Business Processes, 4 points in Intelligent Cloud, and 3 points in More Personal Computing. And we anticipate continued lessening of FX impacts by segment and on total revenue in Q4, assuming current rates stay stable.

Second, our commercial business. We expect our commercial business to remain healthy with a ongoing shift to annuity as new and existing customers adopt and use our commercial cloud services. Therefore even with continuing currency headwinds, we expect commercial unearned revenue to be within the range of $18.8 billion to $19 billion. Our commercial cloud run rate trajectory remains on pass, with continued focus on gross margin improvement across each of our key services, Office 365, Azure and Dynamics Online, though the total commercial cloud gross margin percentage will be impacted by the mix of revenue.

Third, we will continue to meet global customer demand for cloud services and will increase our investment in data centers and capital equipment in the second half of our fiscal year.

Now let me share some additional commentary on each segment. In Productivity and Business Processes, we expect revenue of $6.4 billion to $6.6 billion, which reflects 5 points of negative FX impact. This represents 6% year over year growth in constant currency, driven by Office 365 momentum and Dynamics Online.

For the Intelligent Cloud segment, we expect revenue between $6.1 billion to $6.3 billion, which reflects 4 points of negative FX impact. Continued customer preference for our hybrid solutions will drive sustained growth in server products and cloud services and robust demand for Enterprise Services. We expect this business to continue to grow double digits as it has throughout the first half of our fiscal year.

For More Personal Computing, we expect revenue between $9.1 billion and $9.4 billion, which includes 3 points of negative FX impact. As this segment has both devices and software, I'll provide a bit more detail. First, Windows. As I mentioned earlier, we will return to normal levels of Pro inventory in Q3. And we expect non-Pro revenue to align more closely with the consumer PC market. In search, Bing will continue to gain share and will remain profitable. For phone, we expect similar year over year revenue declines, and the gross margin percentage for Q3 should look similar to Q2.

After a solid launch quarter, with Surface Book and Surface Pro 4, we anticipate continued momentum and growth with Surface Book expanding into additional countries. And in gaming, we expect normal post-holiday seasonality. We expect COGS to be $7.7 billion to $7.8 billion with variability driven by device sales. We expect operating expenses between $7.7 billion and $7.8 billion. And for the full year, we are lowering our guidance to $31.4 billion to $31.6 billion as we continue to improve efficiencies and invest in key growth opportunities.

We expect other income and expenses to be negative $300 million in Q3. This includes the net cost of hedging and interest expense offset by dividend interest income. We expect our Q3 and full year tax rate to be between 19% and 21%.

In closing, our Q2 results and our Q3 outlook demonstrate our execution discipline and our investment in strategic areas to sustain long-term growth. We remain focused as we both create new markets and take share in existing ones.

And with that, I'll turn it back to Chris for Q&A.

Chris Suh - General Manager-Investor Relations

Thanks, Amy. We'll now move to Q&A. Operator, can you please repeat your instructions.

Question-and-Answer Session

Operator

Thank you. Our first question comes from the line of Philip Winslow with Credit Suisse. Please proceed.

Philip Alan Winslow - Credit Suisse Securities (USA) LLC (Broker)

All right. Thanks guys and congrats on a great quarter. I just wanted to focus in on commercial cloud and Azure specifically. I mean commercial cloud as you mentioned, the run rate was up $9.4 billion. I mean that's up $1.2 billion quarter to quarter, 70% year over year. That's a higher growth rate than even last quarter. Azure similar thing, accelerating growth versus even last quarter. Sort of a question for Satya and I'll follow up for Amy.

So Satya, when you look at the growth rates there in commercial cloud and particularly Azure, you talked about new customer wins, but also existing customers transitioning more workloads to Azure. Hoping you can give us maybe some more color there as far as what you're seeing and kind of about how you're thinking about the growth going forward there.

And then Amy, based on our calculations, it seems like Azure had a pretty meaningful improvement in just the gross margin year over year. I'm wondering if you could help us with the two curves in that business and where we are in Azure's call it gross margin life cycle, the fixed costs and the variable costs and how you're thinking about that. Thanks.

Satya Nadella - Chief Executive Officer & Director

Thanks, Phil, for the question. The way we think about our cloud is how I described it in my remarks, which is, it's the combination of the work we're actually doing in the SaaS, PaaS, IaaS and also our hybrid cloud layer, because we don't think for example of our servers as a distinct part. But it's in fact the edge of our cloud, and we're building for that with things like Azure Stack. So we think what we have done here by bringing these things together as one architecture for distributed computing and how people will consume applications and build applications in the future, we speak to more of the real world needs I think of an IT organization or a business organization that's trying to transform through digital technology.

I mean if you put yourself as a CIO of a organization, in a multinational organization and you want to operate in multiple geographies with different regimes for data sovereignty, and then you want to be able to take some workloads, move them all to the cloud, some you want to be able to tier with the cloud, that's the kind of flexibility we provide. And we also see network effects between if you're using Office 365, you want to extend the data in Office 365 by building applications that join it with some other data inside of our Data Lake service in Azure. Obviously Azure becomes the natural choice for such application development and we're increasingly seeing that. So that's really our strategy. Our strategy is not to compete in these constituent parts independently with different competitors, it is to bring one architecture and really drive the value for our customers because of that.

Amy E. Hood - Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

And Phil, let me quickly cover I think your gross margin question. You're right. We did actually make significant progress in both Azure as well as Office 365. And then the mix of those obviously impacts the overall commercial cloud gross margin. What's important, the dynamic's actually quite similar even though the services are quite different. There's really two fundamental components to gross margin improvement.

Number one is obviously scale efficiencies and where we are in that curve, which we are doing and continue to make consistent improvement in. The next obviously is the mix of premium services, and Satya talked about some of the increasing mix of premium services in Azure. That's been encouraging, especially in existing customers over time and through adoption curves. And Office 365, as you know, we continue to be excited by our premium mix in the commercial segment. And so those two combinations each quarter impact it as well as the overall.

Chris Suh - General Manager-Investor Relations

Great. Thanks, Phil. We'll move to the next question, please.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from the line of Keith Weiss with Morgan Stanley. Please proceed.

Keith Eric Weiss - Morgan Stanley & Co. LLC

Excellent. Very nice quarter guys, and thank you for taking the question. Satya, you mentioned both new and existing customers increasingly using the Azure cloud. I was hoping you could give us some color into what that looks like, specifically when an existing customer starts using Azure in terms of how does their overall spending get impacted? And what happens to their spending for the more traditional server and tools? How does that get impacted as people use the Purple Cloud (34:50) utility more and more?

Satya Nadella - Chief Executive Officer & Director

Yeah, I mean the thing that we sort of notice is that with anyone who has moved to the cloud, there is a real opportunity for us to expand to multiple workloads over time, because it's a design win. It's like essentially an ISV win in the client server area, where you could get someone to build on your core infrastructure. They build their first application, and it turns out that once you've done that, you would want to look at our infrastructure for a second workload and third workload. So that's one side of what's happening with the expansion.

The other side of the expansion is what I also referenced, which is if you're an Office 365 customer, you have data in Office 365, you want to build applications that tap into that data, then you use Azure. So that's the other piece. The EMS growth is also very much related to that, which is if you deploy Exchange online, you have Azure AD and then the natural expansion from there is the full EMS suite with device management for all your mobile devices and also Advance Threat Protection and what have you. So we see both those trends from an application workload development synergies as well as infrastructure from identity management, device management work out.

Amy E. Hood - Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

Thanks, Keith.

Chris Suh - General Manager-Investor Relations

Yeah, thanks.

Keith Eric Weiss - Morgan Stanley & Co. LLC

Excellent, thank you, guys.

Chris Suh - General Manager-Investor Relations

Okay, thanks. We'll take the next question, please.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from the line of Brent Thill with UBS. Please proceed.

Brent Thill - UBS Securities LLC

Good afternoon. Amy, macro's on everyone's mind. I'm just curious if you guys could comment a little bit about what you're seeing. I know it may be too early to see some of the weakness that others have seen, but how are you looking at the demand environment? And how does that change your plans as you look sort of towards the back half of the year? Does any assumptions change in your mind?

Amy E. Hood - Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

Thanks, Brent, for the question. The geos I specifically called out obviously were we're the most impacted and they're the bigger geos. But really, I think the focus that we have here is how we can best execute no matter what the macro environment turns out to be, focus on our own execution, focus on continue to drive cloud services, focus on continue to drive annuity mix. Those movements actually and as we help customers transform, it's really the best plan in the face of any uncertainty, which you're clearly asking me about. But I tend to probably focus more on what we can control versus the external environment and how we can best react to that.

Chris Suh - General Manager-Investor Relations

Thanks, Brent. Okay, we'll take the next question, then.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from the line of Heather Bellini with Goldman Sachs. Please proceed.

Heather Anne Bellini - Goldman Sachs & Co.

Great. Thank you very much. I was just wondering, Satya, you mentioned, and I know there's been a lot of questions on Azure, but you mentioned strong growth in compute and SQL usage on Azure being up, I think you said 5x. I was just wondering if you could give us your take on how you see the mix of Azure workloads. I mean is it right now more new workload growth and there's, it's very little existing workloads moving over? I'm just trying to get a sense for kind of how you see the wave cresting for new workloads versus existing workloads that can migrate over. And I'm also wondering if you see it helping you to take share. You mention it's kind of like a design win or an ISV win. I'm wondering if you could share with us how this might be impacting your share versus say Linux or versus other types of infrastructure platforms. Thank you.

Satya Nadella - Chief Executive Officer & Director

Yeah, the thing, Heather, the move to the cloud has done for us is expanded the market opportunity that we have had more than ever before. In some sense, if you compare it to the TAM of STB versus what we now describe as intelligent cloud, we're operating in a much bigger market. And that's because first of all the move to the cloud combines a whole bunch of different categories as well as takes something that you mentioned, which is Linux. We now have the ability to take Linux workloads and run them first class and over 20% plus of Azure is Linux workloads, which was sort of a growth opportunity we tapped into with the cloud which we didn't have previously.

And even take something like EMS, which is a service you could say in the past we participated with Active Directory, but we, and some amount of system center. But now with the growth of actually mobile devices and SaaS applications, our opportunity with EMS is much bigger than anything that we had in the client server era. So clearly we are migrating some workloads and structurally, some of that helps us because we have that position in the client server space. But when we look at what we're doing in the cloud, it's mostly about attaching to one of the secular growth trajectories going forward, be it open source Linux development, mobile use and SaaS applications. So those are all things that we participate in which we didn't participate in the past.

Heather Anne Bellini - Goldman Sachs & Co.

Thanks, Heather. We'll go ahead and take the next question, please.

Operator

Thank you. Our next comes from the line of Mark Moerdler with Bernstein Research. Please proceed.

Mark L. Moerdler - Sanford C. Bernstein & Co. LLC

Thank you. Satya, Amy, congrats on the quarter. So I got a question for Satya, and then a quick follow-up for Amy. Satya, following up on the cloud discussion, recognizing that SaaS, PaaS, infrastructure as a service, hybrid are all related. But as Azure continues to grow fast and become a bigger part of the business, how should we think about the opportunities or the opportunity size for PaaS versus infrastructure as a service? PaaS is much smaller industry-wide today, but is the opportunity is big, bigger? How should we think about that? And then a follow-up for Amy.

Satya Nadella - Chief Executive Officer & Director

The opportunity I believe in both cases is high, because it just comes in different forms. IaaS growth comes because people already have existing code that they want to move over, and then they start extending by writing more PaaS because it's sort of more efficient for them to write new code and new apps in PaaS. So I think that depending on what. If you're bringing something over, your IaaS will be heavy first and then PaaS will grow. If you're starting new, you will have PaaS, which is going to be the first thing you do, but then you'll always find the need to go integrate with something that was already existing, existing data, existing code in a virtual machine.

So I myself, in fact one of the things that Amy and I do, is when we think about our CapEx, we think about all these layers together. In fact we amortize our CapEx across all of these and we pay attention to margin and premium mix. Because what we have come to understand is customers, depending on where they start, how they start, have different mix profiles. So it's the all-up, as long as we're growing our premium services attach and margins for those remain strong, we feel that the mix can be different and it's okay. And we really want to speak to the needs of the customers more than any product strategy goal we have.

Mark L. Moerdler - Sanford C. Bernstein & Co. LLC

Perfect. Thank you. Amy, a slightly different topic. Free cash flow grew 25% year on year, much faster than the other metrics. How should we think about this trend continuing?

Amy E. Hood - Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

That was impacted, Mark, in the prior year by some integration and restructuring charges on the cash flow statement.

Mark L. Moerdler - Sanford C. Bernstein & Co. LLC

Okay. So it's really a one-time event more than anything else.

Amy E. Hood - Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

Yes, just always make sure you check the integration and restructuring in the prior year.

Mark L. Moerdler - Sanford C. Bernstein & Co. LLC

Perfect. Thank you, I appreciate it. Congrats.

Amy E. Hood - Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

Thanks, Mark.

Chris Suh - General Manager-Investor Relations

We'll go ahead and take the next question, please.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question come from the line of Raimo Lenschow with Barclays. Please proceed.

Raimo Lenschow - Barclays Capital, Inc.

Hey thanks for taking my question and congrats from me as well. Quick question for Satya. Now that Windows 10 is on 200 million devices, what do you see on the developer network, because one of the big aims was you have a uniform platform for developers to go against the PC, tablet, et cetera. What do you see in terms of them kind of starting to embrace the platform and use the opportunity there? Thank you.

Satya Nadella - Chief Executive Officer & Director

Yeah, thanks for the question and yeah, you're absolutely right. That was one of our biggest strategic objectives was to get active devices and with Store integrated into the installed base and in the user experience so that we could increase these successful developers. And we're seeing good early signs. In my opening commentary, I talked a little bit about both the increased visits to the Store and transactions as well as the fact that we are attracting new applications from developers like Netflix to Wall Street Journal to others. And as you can imagine, our share is today in desktops, in emerging in tablets, in 2-in-1 and of course now with Xbox as well, which is you know got great attraction to gaming developers. So those are the natural places where you'll see us gain more developers and gain more traction. We are big believers in a unified developer platform and a unified Store, and then as Windows 10 monthly active devices increases and the Store usage increases, we'll see more and more developers take advantage of it.

Raimo Lenschow - Barclays Capital, Inc.

Perfect. Thank you.

Chris Suh - General Manager-Investor Relations

Thanks, Raimo. We'll take the next question, please.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from the line of Walter Pritchard with Citi. Please proceed.

Walter H. Pritchard - Citigroup Global Markets, Inc. (Broker)

Hi. Just a numbers question for Amy. I noticed your long-term unearned revenue was up quite a bit. I mean that's kind of been a flattish trend and it was paired with commercial bookings being much stronger I think than I was modeling. I'm wondering if you could just help us understand what drove the unearned and how that contributed to those commercial bookings?

Amy E. Hood - Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

Sure. A couple things Walter, which I know you recall. We do have a bit of lumpiness in our expirations. As I said on the call, this was a big expiration quarter for us. And so on occasion what that does, even with the negative currency impact on C&B, is have a bit of lumpiness over time. Now that being said, I want to point to the core, which is that renewal rates were very good, and a big quarter. There was very strong performance on that front, very strong performance in moving customers to annuity as well as to the cloud. So aside from a bit of the lumpiness that you do note and we have from time to time, the execution in the quarter was very strong.

Walter H. Pritchard - Citigroup Global Markets, Inc. (Broker)

And then if I can just one other numbers question. It looks like in the Q you called out actually Windows Server declining as an offset to Intelligent Cloud growth. And I'm wondering, we haven't seen that comment in the Q before. Was there something sort of one-off driving that or any further detail on that?

Amy E. Hood - Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

The way I'd think about that one, Walter, is in general, our premium or enterprise workloads across Windows, SQL, System Center, et cetera, grew double digits. And so some of that weakness frankly is in the non-annuity and very transactional business, which happened to impact Windows Server a bit more than other workloads. And that is where in macro pressure on occasion shows itself first, and then some of that non-annuity lumpiness. So that's the nature of that comment.

Walter H. Pritchard - Citigroup Global Markets, Inc. (Broker)

Great. Thank you.

Amy E. Hood - Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

Thanks, Walter.

Chris Suh - General Manager-Investor Relations

Thank you, Walter. Next question, please, Operator.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from the line of Karl Keirstead with Deutsche Bank. Please proceed.

Karl E. Keirstead - Deutsche Bank Securities, Inc.

Thank you. Amy, relative to your Q2 guide, the upside surprise really came in the personal computing business, and at least relative to our third quarter estimates, it's again the personal computing guidance that beat. I'm wondering if you could repeat the key factors that are contributing to the out-performance in that pretty important business? Thank you.

Amy E. Hood - Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

Sure, Karl. In Q2, let me talk about two key ones. Number one, it's really the device launches. We actually launched a very broad portfolio of devices into the quarter. With Surface Pro 4, Surface Book, Band 2 and the Lumia 950 and 950 XL. And so between all of those hardware products, as well as our gaming performance, another sort of hardware component in quarter, we did a little better than we had expected in our launches. Now when you launch mid quarter, there's always some timing aspect to that, but I feel very good about the execution of those and that is a meaningful component of that out-performance. The second one, which I talked about is OEM Pro. We did a little better in the quarter than I expected, but inventory levels are a little higher. I expect to work through that in Q2, I mean Q3. And that was a couple points of impact, for example on OEM Pro in quarter.

Karl E. Keirstead - Deutsche Bank Securities, Inc.

Okay, great. And then, Amy, for the third quarter, your guide for that business is also pretty good. Is that due to some of these similar factors? Or are there one or two others that are driving the what appears to be pretty solid 3Q performance in that unit as well?

Amy E. Hood - Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

Well, it's similar drivers. In that segment, there's also some topics I tend to not get asked about in Q&A. Let me take the opportunity to talk about them. Which is one, our search performance continues to be very good. Frankly, our display business has been quite good. And if you go beyond that, I feel good about our gaming business sequentially. I feel good about the hardware, especially the Surface performance as we launch into more geos. And so if you think about all of those components, which actually were very similar to Q2 in terms of their strength, you see them again in Q3. And so I'm not sure there's anything quote-unquote new, Karl, I would say, other than that bit of mix between OEM Pro, a little bit pulled into Q2 versus Q3.

Karl E. Keirstead - Deutsche Bank Securities, Inc.

Terrific color. Thank you, Amy.

Amy E. Hood - Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

Thanks, Karl.

Chris Suh - General Manager-Investor Relations

Thank you. We'll move to the next question, please.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from the line of Kash Rangan with Bank of America. Please proceed.

Kasthuri Gopalan Rangan - Bank of America Merrill Lynch

Hi, thank you very much. Congrats on the quarter. I was curious to get your thoughts, Satya, on the Windows 10 upgrade cycle in the enterprise and also the consumer market, particularly after you anniversaried the free offer for Windows 10. And secondly and finally thoughts on Surface. It's off to a great start, at least the latest model. Could that play a more important role in the corporate computing landscape? Thank you. That's it for me.

Satya Nadella - Chief Executive Officer & Director

Thanks, Kash, for the question. As far as the upgrade momentum, the fact that we crossed 200 million active devices, we feel very, very good about that. And the pilots, the place which in the second half is going to be a huge focus for us is the enterprise deployment, and that's where I think there's real excitement because of some of the core capabilities of Windows 10 when it comes to security, manageability. That I think is going to create great value for enterprises, and that's showing up in all the pilots. In the accelerated, I've never seen a Windows release in the enterprise with this level of accelerated deployment planned. So we obviously need to do a great job in continuing to push that, and we're focused on it.

As far as Surface, Surface is playing an increasing role for us in both consumer as well as in the enterprise market. And also we just, we created a new category of 2-in-1s where even our OEMs are finding success, which was one of our strategic objectives of doing the Surface. And so overall, we do think that this tablet that can replace your laptop is ideally suited for productivity needs, which means it's great for your personal use as well as your use inside of the enterprise, and we continue to see good growth.

Amy E. Hood - Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

I would just add one thing, is that we've actually announced a number of important partners to help us take the Surface portfolio into commercial customers. And I think we'll expect to see progress on that over the course of the year.

Kasthuri Gopalan Rangan - Bank of America Merrill Lynch

If I could, your excitement is pretty palpable. What could be driving that 140% increase in adoption relative to Windows 7? We all thought XP to 7 was a major transition, but it looks like there's another big transition happening here.

Satya Nadella - Chief Executive Officer & Director

I mean I think there are two aspects of it. We have a good operating system release for the core desktop user, and second, I believe is that we also expand out into new usage patterns. If you look at even the thing that we're seeing is in terms of engagement, with the browser or things like Xbox Live with the Store, or new device categories like the 2-in-1, all I think make it much more possible for users to engage with Windows in more mobile formats and in more productivity scenarios. So I think it's the combination of all of that. But it starts with having a good product truth which Windows 10 does deliver on.

Amy E. Hood - Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

Thanks.

Chris Suh - General Manager-Investor Relations

Great, thanks. We'll go to the next question, please.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from the line of Ross MacMillan with RBC Capital Markets. Please proceed.

Ross MacMillan - RBC Capital Markets LLC

Thanks very much and congratulations from me as well. Satya, I had a question on commercial Office 365. I don't know if you gave us the number, but I think the last couple of quarters you talked about monthly active users. And I'm curious if you have an update on that number. And then I also was curious about thoughts around ARPU, because you introduced the E5 SKU in December. Where are we on the path of penetration, if you will, with the higher value SKUs and the ability to see price lift across the base over time. Thanks.

Satya Nadella - Chief Executive Officer & Director

Yes and Amy you can add. I mean I think, that's right, last time we talked about the 60 million monthly active users for Office 365 and that continues to grow. In fact there is always, and I think we also talked about how we get licenses sold and then, or subscriptions sold and then there's deployment. And there's always lumpiness as well as increased deployment that happens once the users migrate, and we'll continue to track that and we'll continue to disclose those numbers as they come along. But I feel very, very good in the growth of that. And I think the best proxy for you really beyond any numbers we talk about in terms of monthly active is our capital, because if you look at what we do, is we spend our capital only to really fuel the growth or to service the growth of usage across Office 365 and Azure, and you see that increasing.

And then in terms of the margin profile, I mean the entire story of having the E3 mix first to be high and now E5, that's the thing that Amy talked about, which is we now have good premium tier value in all of our products, in Office 365 that's most evident with E3 and now E5. Even in Azure, we have things like EMS, we have our data services, even our developer services. So I think all of, both of our cloud products, the major cloud products have these premium tiers that the mix shift to those or the addition of those is something that we're focused on and we see in our results

Amy E. Hood - Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

That's right. I would just add that we did see that premium mix go up in Office 365 on the commercial side as you were noting. And really E5's only been in market for the last month of the quarter. We're excited about the number of customers that are trying it and that all the value it offers. But I would expect that to be a longer term evolution as opposed to in Q2.

Ross MacMillan - RBC Capital Markets LLC

Can I just ask a quick follow up, Amy? That was great. Just on Windows just so we all calibrate correctly, you've had this benefit from the RPL comps from last year. Should we think about Windows really now beginning to trend in line with PC units, or can there still be some variability around that? Thanks.

Amy E. Hood - Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

Yes, in my guidance comments, I talked a little bit about that. On the Pro side as I mentioned, we'll have a couple point impact that would make a difference between that on the Pro side. And I would expect, I think we actually even talked about that last quarter, that the RPL delta which we've seen in Q1 and Q2 would go away in Q3 and Q4 and it would trend much more similarly to the overall consumer PC market.

Chris Suh - General Manager-Investor Relations

Thank you, Ross.

Ross MacMillan - RBC Capital Markets LLC

Thank you.

Chris Suh - General Manager-Investor Relations

Operator? Thanks. Operator, we'll have time for one last question, please.

Operator

Thank you. And our last question will come from the line of Ed Maguire with CLSA. Please proceed.

Edward Maguire - CLSA Americas LLC

Hi, good afternoon. I wanted to ask if you've been able to quantify some of the uplift since you've been opening up Office to different platforms like iOS and Android and now with the recent alliance with Red Hat, opening up a lot of opportunity to Linux developers. Have you been able to quantify how much uplift you've gotten? And how do you see this impacting your broader market opportunity?

Satya Nadella - Chief Executive Officer & Director

Let me sort of speak to it in generic terms because I don't think we have sort of quantified it as narrowly perhaps, just to address those specific moves we made. But overall, the way we have thought about it is, we want to make sure the Office subscription, both to consumers as well as to enterprise subscribers, is valuable across all their devices because it speaks to the vision that we have, which is the cloud is what enables the mobility of the human experience across all of the devices in your life. Because increasingly, there will be more devices and we want to make sure that we're adding value and if we add value in that context, you will be more inclined to retain or purchase the Office subscription. So that's been our goal and that's working well and it sort of shows up in our all-up growth.

And similarly with Azure, we're making sure that as people are tapping into the cloud and moving to the cloud, we can get all workloads to be as first class as on Azure. So that's why we've done the deals with Red Hat. We even did previously deals with Oracle. So Azure is a complete open platform where of course you can run all the Windows workloads, the .NET workloads. But we're increasingly seeing the open source workloads, the Linux workloads, the Oracle workloads, the SAPs and what have you. And more interestingly the mix of all of them because the enterprise is heterogeneous. It has been heterogeneous. We participated only in a portion of it, whereas with Azure, we can participate as the total open platform. And that's how we thought about it and that's what we're executing on.

Amy E. Hood - Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

Thanks, Ed, and thanks everybody.

Chris Suh - General Manager-Investor Relations

Yes, thanks.

Satya Nadella - Chief Executive Officer & Director

Thank you very much.

Chris Suh - General Manager-Investor Relations

Great. So that wraps up the Q&A portion of today's call. We look forward to seeing many of you at the coming months at various investor conferences. For those unable to attend in person, these events will be webcast and you can follow the comments at microsoft.com/investor. Please contact us if you need additional details, and thank you again for joining us today.

Operator

Thank you. This concludes today's teleconference. You may disconnect your lines at this time. Thank you for your participation.

Copyright policy: All transcripts on this site are the copyright of Seeking Alpha. However, we view them as an important resource for bloggers and journalists, and are excited to contribute to the democratization of financial information on the Internet. (Until now investors have had to pay thousands of dollars in subscription fees for transcripts.) So our reproduction policy is as follows: You may quote up to 400 words of any transcript on the condition that you attribute the transcript to Seeking Alpha and either link to the original transcript or to www.SeekingAlpha.com. All other use is prohibited.

THE INFORMATION CONTAINED HERE IS A TEXTUAL REPRESENTATION OF THE APPLICABLE COMPANY'S CONFERENCE CALL, CONFERENCE PRESENTATION OR OTHER AUDIO PRESENTATION, AND WHILE EFFORTS ARE MADE TO PROVIDE AN ACCURATE TRANSCRIPTION, THERE MAY BE MATERIAL ERRORS, OMISSIONS, OR INACCURACIES IN THE REPORTING OF THE SUBSTANCE OF THE AUDIO PRESENTATIONS. IN NO WAY DOES SEEKING ALPHA ASSUME ANY RESPONSIBILITY FOR ANY INVESTMENT OR OTHER DECISIONS MADE BASED UPON THE INFORMATION PROVIDED ON THIS WEB SITE OR IN ANY TRANSCRIPT. USERS ARE ADVISED TO REVIEW THE APPLICABLE COMPANY'S AUDIO PRESENTATION ITSELF AND THE APPLICABLE COMPANY'S SEC FILINGS BEFORE MAKING ANY INVESTMENT OR OTHER DECISIONS.

If you have any additional questions about our online transcripts, please contact us at: transcripts@seekingalpha.com. Thank you!