The Stock Market And Bond Market Are Telling 2 Different Stories

by: William Koldus, CFA, CAIA


The U.S. stock market remains near its all-time highs.

Puzzlingly, the U.S. bond market remains near its all-time highs.

Global bond yields remain depressed.

Global stock markets are struggling to digest the tug-of-war between inflationary and deflationary assets.

An inflationary pulse is growing stronger.

"If you want to make God laugh, tell him about your plans."

- Woody Allen


In the first two months of 2016, it looked like the global bear market would overwhelm the last holdouts, large capitalization U.S. equities, as a deflationary wave gathered momentum, after building for five years. Abruptly, however, the storm ended, at least temporarily, and the strongest inflationary pulse in years surprised many market participants. Now, the tug-of-war between inflationary and deflationary assets has taken center stage, and the winner of this epic battle will set the course for the investment markets.


Bond yields and stock prices are telling two different stories, with sovereign bond prices anticipating deflation and stock prices anticipating inflation. This cannot continue, and either bond prices will move down (i.e. yields up), or stock prices will move down.

U.S. Stocks Remain Near Their All-Time Highs

As the famous quote says, a picture can tell a thousand words, so simply looking at the stock chart of the S&P 500 Index, as measured by the SPDR S&P 500 Index ETF (NYSEARCA:SPY), would illustrate that everything is okay with the investment world.

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U.S. large-cap stock prices remain within shouting distance of their all-time highs. Yet, as we highlighted last week, earnings estimates for the S&P 500 Index continue to deteriorate.

U.S. smaller capitalization stocks, as measured by the iShares Russell 2000 ETF (NYSEARCA:IWM), have been impacted more heavily by the declining earnings environment.

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A bear market officially took hold in U.S. small-cap stocks earlier this year, yet from that juncture, small-cap stocks have rallied strongly. Is the small-cap bear market already over?

U.S. Bond Yields Remain Near Their All-Time Lows

While U.S. stock prices are saying everything is sanguine, the U.S. Treasury market remains unconvinced.

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Observing the chart above, the 10-Year US Treasury Yield is approaching its 2016 lows, and it is a whisker away from its all-time lows, reached in 2012.

Intrepid investors, who think the U.S. longer duration Treasury market has gotten ahead of itself with deflationary concerns, could short the iShares Barclays 20+ Year Treasury Bond ETF (NYSEARCA:TLT), which closed just shy of its all-time high on Thursday.

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Global Sovereign Bond Yields Confirm

Paltry ten-year U.S. Treasury yields below 2% are actually robust on a relative basis. Ten-year sovereign bond yields in Germany and Japan are near zero, and negative, respectively.

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Not surprisingly, the German and Japanese stock markets have not fared as well as their U.S. counterparts. The charts of the iShares MSCI Germany ETF (NYSEARCA:EWG) and the iShares MSCI Japan ETF (NYSEARCA:EWJ), both show losses in 2016 and material declines from their highs (2014 for Germany and 2015 for Japan).

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More alarmingly, key stocks in Germany and Japan show substantial declines, as illustrated by Deutsche Bank (NYSE:DB) and Toyota Motors (NYSE:TM) below.

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Emerging Markets To The Rescue

With the Vanguard FTSE All-World ex-US ETF (NYSEARCA:VEU) mirroring the declines in Germany and Japan, it should not be a surprise that a majority of the world is discussing negative interest rates, as the global stock market, outside of the United States, peaked in 2014.

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Deflationary fears have recently reached all-time highs, as shown by the graphic below.

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Yet, with this dismal backdrop in developed global bond and stock markets, emerging market stocks, as measured by the iShares MSCI Emerging Markets ETF (NYSEARCA:EEM), have rallied sharply, after underperforming for five years.

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The reversal is even more evident when looking at Brazil, one of the most out-of-favor emerging markets.

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Amid a parade of detractors, who have perfectly legitimate fundamental and macro reasons for taking a negative position on Brazil, the iShares MSCI Brazil Capped ETF (NYSEARCA:EWZ), has risen to become one of the top performing global markets on a 2016 year-to-date basis. Perhaps the five years of underperformance is coming to an end?

All Roads Lead To China

China led global growth in the decade from 2000-2010, and it has negatively impacted global growth since 2011, as the world had positioned itself for a faster rate of Chinese growth. Like their counterparts at the Fed, Chinese monetary authorities have embarked on an easing cycle for the past year and a half, and it is showing results, as a recent Bloomberg article communicated.

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With Chinese Tier-1 property prices rising at an exponential rate, and commodity prices rebounding, look for money to flow into the Chinese stock market. The iShares China Large-Cap ETF (NYSEARCA:FXI) remains attractively priced from my perspective.

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Building on the theme of a cyclical China upturn, U.S. companies with significant Chinese exposure, like Apple (NASDAQ:AAPL), General Electric (NYSE:GE), General Motors (NYSE:GM) and International Business Machines (NYSE:IBM), appear poised to outperform. Meanwhile, companies that do very little business in China, like Alphabet (NASDAQ:GOOG), (NASDAQ:GOOGL), Amazon (NASDAQ:AMZN), Facebook (NASDAQ:FB) and Netflix (NASDAQ:NFLX), could struggle on a relative basis.

The biggest winners are likely to be out-of-favor commodity stocks. The largest of these companies, BHP Billiton (NYSE:BHP) and Rio Tinto (NYSE:RIO), epitomize the struggles of the entire sector. Click to enlarge

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With commodity prices rising, and many under-covered, undervalued commodity stocks exhibiting significant price gains in 2016, a change in trend appears to be taking place.

Conclusion - 2016 Is An Inflection Point

The tug-of-war between inflationary and deflationary assets is likely to be resolved in 2016. Either U.S. stock prices, which have been an outlier to the upside, are wrong, and a significant correction awaits stock investors, or U.S. bond prices, and global sovereign bond yields, which have priced in a significant deflationary headwind, are wrong, and safe-haven bond holders are set for losses. With both asset classes simultaneously priced for extremes, investors would be well served, in my opinion, to consider out-of-favor assets, including commodity and emerging market equities and alternative investment approaches.

Disclosure: I am/we are long IBM, RIO, SHORT AMZN, AND SPY.

I wrote this article myself, and it expresses my own opinions. I am not receiving compensation for it (other than from Seeking Alpha). I have no business relationship with any company whose stock is mentioned in this article.

Additional disclosure: Every investor's situation is different. Positions can change at any time without warning. Please do your own due diligence and consult with your financial advisor, if you have one, before making any investment decisions. The author is not acting in an investment adviser capacity. The author's opinions expressed herein address only select aspects of potential investment in securities of the companies mentioned and cannot be a substitute for comprehensive investment analysis. The author recommends that potential and existing investors conduct thorough investment research of their own, including detailed review of the companies' SEC filings. Any opinions or estimates constitute the author's best judgment as of the date of publication, and are subject to change without notice.