Debt-To-Equity Oil Bankruptcies And Hedge Fund Investing Suggest Oil Price Floor, Industry Rebound

by: Evan Plemenos


Oil bankruptcies have seen debt-to-equity transactions instead of liquidations.

Non-OPEC production is projected to slow as demand continues to rise.

Money managers and hedge funds are acting bullish.

Significant gains/returns might take time, but we might not see significant further losses.

As we've seen the precipitous drop in oil prices damage the profits of oil and gas companies and drive many into bankruptcy, a recent trend of prepackaged bankruptcies in 2016 -- and a trend of recent hedge fund investing -- could indicate anticipation of a price floor and turnaround.

Prepackaged Debt-to-Equity Swaps

A prepackaged bankruptcy occurs when the debtor agrees to a plan of reorganization with its lenders to save big money in legal, financial, and accounting fees during the bankruptcy process. Interestingly, a number of recent oil and gas prepackaged filings have included debt-to-equity swaps.

From a high-level perspective, a debt-to-equity, instead of debt-to-cash, transaction indicates that debt holders believe there is more value in the company's continued operations and their ownership of said company, than liquidating the company's assets to receive a fractional return on their original investment and reinvesting that return elsewhere. That suggests an anticipation of a price floor and potential rebound sooner rather than later.


Many of these debt-to-equity reorganizations involve significant debt and recapitalization. Recent cases include the following:

  • Magnum Hunter Resources Corp. (OTCPK:MHRCQ) is working with different groups of stakeholders on a plan that would convert its $1 billion in liabilities into "a reorganized company" and "repay its $200 million debtor-in-possession financing package."
  • Seventy Seven Energy (NYSE:SSE) has a deal in place in which its lenders will receive 96.75% of the company for their $1.1 billion of old debt. The equity of the recapitalized company will be distributed proportionally to its previous creditors.
  • Southcross Holdings, LP (NYSE:SXE) filed a prepackaged plan of reorganization that will exchange nearly $700 million in debt and $170 million in new investment for 66% of the recapitalized company's equity.
  • Energy XXI (NASDAQ:EXXI) struck a multi-layered agreement in which low ranking bondholders, whose investments total about $1.2 billion will receive 10% of its new stock and the remaining bondholders, owed $1.45 billion, will acquire the remaining 90%. Of note, Oaktree Capital Management, Mudrick Capital and Pine River Capital Management are backing the deal.
  • Pacific Exploration & Production (NYSE:PRE) will exchange $4.1 billion in senior unsecured bonds and $1.2 billion in other obligations in exchange for a 58.2% stake in the reorganized company. The Catalyst Group, a private equity firm, will undertake settling the company's debts and subsequently acquire the controlling stake.

As a result, regardless of the percentage return that a liquidation would have provided, these equity firms and debt holders are demonstrating consistent belief in the future profitability of these companies.

Macro Supply Slow Points to Oil Price Rebound

The EIA published a report projecting non-OPEC oil production to decline by 0.4 million b/d in 2016, the biggest reduction in over 25 years. A pullback in supply along with an EIA projected increase in demand is a recipe for higher oil prices, all other things being equal, feeding bullish sentiment.

Non-OPEC production to fall as supply increases

With oil companies continuing to decrease production and in a number of cases file for bankruptcy, a reduction of supply is expected to last into the next year. Although a deal to freeze production was not reached this past weekend, such a deal remains a possibility. That's especially true as Saudi Arabia's Deputy Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman plans to transform the kingdom's economy, including potentially taking Saudi Aramco public.

Money Managers Are Also Acting Bullish

Private equity funds and bondholders are not the only players bullish on oil. Fortune reported that "a near-record number of bullish bets on increasing oil prices" have been placed by hedge funds and money managers recently. Hedge fund PVE Capital LLP as turned bullish in the past two weeks, explained founder Gennaro Pucci. Pucci goes on to cite favorable valuations and the belief that oil has found its price floor between $30 and $40.

On March 22, 2016, almost $579 million barrels were held in a net long position in the three largest crude oil futures and options contracts. Hedge funds alone have more than doubled their long positions in oil as well since the end of 2015. So, whether investing in companies or the commodity itself, big players are starting to bet big on oil.


These debt-to-equity swaps will result in the continued investment and operations of these oil companies. Furthermore, the fact that leading equity firms such as Oaktree Capital Management and Wells Fargo Equity Capital are involved in these transactions lends credibility to this strategy. Personally, I'm still long in oil and believe it will take at least two years for a significant and sustained price recovery. But, taking a clue from the professionals, it might be time to start investing in your favorite oil company again -- especially dividend payers such as Exxon Mobil (NYSE:XOM) and Chevron (NYSE:CVX) to help tide you over.

Disclosure: I/we have no positions in any stocks mentioned, and no plans to initiate any positions within the next 72 hours.

I wrote this article myself, and it expresses my own opinions. I am not receiving compensation for it (other than from Seeking Alpha). I have no business relationship with any company whose stock is mentioned in this article.

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