Take-Two Interactive Software's (TTWO) CEO Strauss Zelnick on Q4 2016 Results - Earnings Call Transcript

| About: Take-Two Interactive (TTWO)

Take-Two Interactive Software, Inc. (NASDAQ:TTWO)

Q4 2016 Earnings Conference Call

May 18, 2016 4:30 PM ET

Executives

Henry Diamond – Senior Vice President of Investor Relations and Corporate Communications

Strauss Zelnick – Chairman and Chief Executive Officer

Karl Slatoff – President

Lainie Goldstein – Chief Financial Officer

Analysts

Mike Olson – Piper Jaffray

Eric Handler – MKM Partners

Ben Schachter – Macquarie

Timothy Shea – Jefferies

Arvind Bhatia – CRT Capital

Douglas Creutz – Cowen and Company

Michael Hickey – Benchmark Company

Drew Crum – Stifel

Operator

Greetings and welcome to the Take-Two Interactive Software Q4 Fiscal Year 2016 Earnings Call. At this time, all participants are in listen-only-mode. A question-and-answer session will follow the formal presentation. [Operator Instructions] As a reminder, this conference is being recorded.

It is now my pleasure to introduce your host, Hank Diamond, Senior Vice President of Investor Relations and Corporate Communications for Take-Two Interactive. Thank you, Mr. Diamond. You may begin.

Henry Diamond

Good afternoon. Welcome and thank you for joining Take-Two's conference call to discuss its results for the fourth quarter and fiscal year 2016 ended March 31, 2016. Today's call will be led by Strauss Zelnick, Take-Two's Chairman and Chief Executive Officer; Karl Slatoff, our President; and Lainie Goldstein, our Chief Financial Officer. We will be available to answer your questions during the Q&A session following our prepared remarks.

Before we begin, I'd like to remind everyone that the statements made during this call that are not historical facts are considered forward-looking statements under federal securities laws. These forward-looking statements are based on the beliefs of our management, as well as assumptions made by and information currently available to us. We have no obligation to update these forward-looking statements.

Actual operating results may vary significantly from these forward-looking statements based on a variety of factors. These important factors are described in our filings with the SEC, including the company's most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including the risks summarized in the section entitled Risk Factors.

I'd also like to note that, unless otherwise stated, all numbers we will be discussing today are non-GAAP. Our press release provides reconciliation of our GAAP to non-GAAP measurements and further explanation. And on our website we have provided additional details regarding the non-GAAP components of our cost of goods sold and operating expenses. Our press release and filings with the SEC may be obtained from our website at www.take2games.com.

And now, I'll turn the call over to Strauss.

Strauss Zelnick

Thanks, Hank. Good afternoon and thank you for joining us today. I'm pleased to report that fiscal 2016 marked the third consecutive year in which Take-Two delivered revenues and earnings that significantly exceeded our original outlook, driven principally by positive momentum in our core offerings.

We generated record digitally delivered revenue, including our highest ever recurrent consumer spending and our strong earnings converted into significant cash flow. We finished the fiscal year with our balance sheet in its best shape ever, including cash and short-term investments of nearly $1.3 billion.

We believe our company has the best creative talent in the business, and the key to our success has been their consistent ability to deliver the highest quality entertainment experiences in our industry, has reflected both in the outstanding critical reviews, and strong sales that our titles enjoy.

Grand Theft Auto V and Grand Theft Auto Online have exceeded our expectations in every quarter since they released. And continue meaningfully to expand their audience more than two and half years after their initial launch. Grand Theft Auto V remains the highest rated title on PlayStation 4 and Xbox One – excuse me. And is the must have experience for gamers, especially as install base of the new generation of consoles, continues to grow.

Today, Grand Theft Auto V is sold in more than 65 million units worldwide. Moreover, engagement with Grand Theft Auto Online continues to be fantastic, with both fourth quarter and fiscal 2016 revenues up year-over-year. Rockstar Games has driven sustained engagement, with the Grand Theft Auto Online by delighting audiences with the regular release of free content updates. And there are many more on the way to keep these communities driving, Rockstar games is, of course, also hard at work and some exciting future projects that will be revealed soon.

NBA 2K16 is continued to build on our industry-leading basketball series track record of annual growth. The title has outperformed our expectations and remains poised to become our highest selling sports game ever with selling of nearly 7.5 million units, up double-digits versus the same period for the prior release. NBA 2K is benefited from strong player engagement and sales of the games virtual currency have been the largest contributor to recurrent consumer spending next to Grand Theft Auto Online.

During fiscal 2016, recurrent consumer spending on NBA 2K grew 70% year-over-year, driven both by online play and the My NBA 2K companion app. The NBA 2K experience has become much more than traditional sports simulation game. It's a true sports RPG that incorporates deep storylines along with pop music and culture. This evolution has helped to broaden its appeal beyond sports fans with revenue from the series increasing at an extraordinary 31% compound annual growth rate over the past seven fiscal years. We believe that we can continue to expand NBA 2K's loyal fan base as well as drive increased engagement recurrent consumer spending for years to come.

Our annual WWE 2K series is also continued to grow with WWE 2K16! Crossing the 3 million unit selling mark, during the fourth quarter. And revenue from the title has been further enhanced by the success of its downloadable add on content including the season pass. Since acquiring the license in February 2013, we've grown unit sales every year, reversing the negative trend under the former publisher.

During its peak from 2007 through 2009, the WWE video game series sold 6 million to 7 million units per year. Today, the WWE brand remains as popular and vibrant as ever and we believe we can continue to grow sales by further leveraging the development and marketing expertise of 2K in visual concepts, which are responsible for the tremendous success of NBA 2K.

During fiscal 2016, we extended our long-term partnership with WWE, and we look forward to many more years of successful collaboration. During the fourth quarter, 2K launched XCOM 2, which was developed by the strategy experts of Firaxis Games. XCOM 2 received stellar reviews with IGN awarding with the 9.3 out of 10, PC Gamer a 94% out of 100% and Game Informer magazine a 9.5 out of 10.

Sales of the title have exceeded our expectations and are higher than the PC version of its predecessor, XCOM: Enemy Unknown during the same period after the launch. XCOM 2 is being supported with an array of add-on content, including the Anarchy's Children and Alien Hunters packs that are available now, which should enable XCOM 2 to achieve the long tail success that Firaxis Games strategy titles typically experienced.

During fiscal 2016, we continue to capitalize in our industry's ongoing transition towards digital distribution. We generated record digitally delivered revenue of $835.2 million, which grew 36% year-over-year and accounted for 54% of our total net revenue. Recurrent consumer spending grew 33% year-over-year to its highest level ever and accounted for 26% of our total net revenue.

In addition of virtual currency for Grand Theft Auto Online and NBA 2K, recurrent consumer spending was enhanced by other offerings including downloadable add-on content led by Borderlands, WWE 2K, Sid Meier's Civilization and Evolve, WWE SuperCard, which has now been downloaded more than 10 million times, and it's our most financially successful free-to-play mobile offering. And NBA 2K Online in China, which delivered record revenues and now has over 31 million registered users.

Continuing to drive increased engagement with our titles remains a key strategic priority for our organization and is one of our most important long-term growth and margin expansion opportunities. We now support virtually all of our new releases with innovative offerings designed to achieve this objective.

Our results also benefited from strong growth in full game downloads, with over 20% of units for new gen consoles and over 90% of units for PC delivered digitally. In addition, it bears noting that approximately half of our catalog sales for old gen consoles are being delivered through digital download. Digital distribution is disproportionately benefiting our catalog, as it gives consumers the opportunity to buy older titles that no longer receive physical shelf space.

In particular, Rockstar Games has been having tremendous success with their hit PlayStation 2 titles such as Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas and Bully, which are now available for download in the PlayStation 4, via the consoles emulation technology. Rockstar Games is the top publisher in the PlayStation 2 classics and PlayStation 4 program with three of the five highest selling games.

Today, we believe Take-Two is better positioned than ever for long-term success. Fiscal 2017 is poised to be another year of non-GAAP earnings in excess of $1 per share. And we currently expect to grow both revenues and earnings in fiscal 2018, based on our robust development pipeline. The wins in our back with favorable industry trends including a current install base of over 60 million new gen consoles, which IDG expects to reach 115 million by 2019 and a thriving digitally delivered market for PC games. The opportunities for interactive entertainment on emerging platforms, such as tablets and smartphones and in developing markets, such as China and Korea, are expanding rapidly. And we're actively pursuing these sectors with the highly disciplined approach.

We have that, we believe that the best collection of owned intellectual property in the business and the extraordinary success of our products is creating greater demand from consumers worldwide, which in turn creates increased opportunities for our company. It is a really exciting times for both Take-Two and our industry, while interactive entertainment has been enjoyed for decades. We're just beginning to see what can be achieved by combining technological innovation, with the artistic passion of our creative talent.

We're committed to delivering the highest quality most, engaging entertainment experiences to captivate audiences wherever they are and now will continue to generate returns for our shareholders over the long-term.

I will now turn the call over to Karl.

Karl Slatoff

Thanks, Strauss. I'd like to begin by congratulating our colleagues around the world for delivering another strong year. The hard work and dedication of our teams continue to benefit our company, provide a sound foundation for the future.

I'll now discuss our recently titles and upcoming lineup. On April 26, 2K launched the physical release of Tales from the Borderlands, the critically claimed aware winning episodic adventure game, from Telltale games and Gearbox Software, on PlayStation 4, PlayStation 3, Xbox 1, Xbox 360 and PC. Renowned for his humor and thrilling action, Tales from the Borderlands is the terrific complement to the immensely successful Borderlands series.

On May 3, 2K added a promising new brands or industry leading portfolio, with the launch of Battleborn. We are encouraged by this title's potential and we'll continue to expand the experience with the host of free and paid additional content offerings. 2K and Gearbox software will be supporting Battleborn at five add-on content packs to be released post-launch. Which players may purchase individually or together at a substantial savings through the games season pass.

Free content updates for Battleborn will include five new playable heroes bringing the total roster to 30 as well as an – as additional competitive multiplayer modes, maps, balance updates and community features. In keeping with the success, we've had supporting our AAA titles with free to play mobile games 2K also released the Battleborn Tap companion app. Which mirrors Battleborn's progression and loot system and then enables players to earn new characters gives that they can be used in the full game. I'd like to congratulate 2K and Gearbox software for once again delivering an entirely new groundbreaking entertainment experience.

Excitement continues to build for 2K's October 7 launch of Mafia III. Currently in development at 2K's Hangar 13 studio, Mafia III is the next installment in our successful organized crime series. [Indiscernible] and reimagined New Orleans circa 1968, Mafia III places players in the role of gifted anti-hero Lincoln Clay. A Vietnam vet determined to take revenge on the Italian mob for betraying and murdering his surrogate family. Mafia III will take the series in the bold new direction by combining its trademark, cinematic storytelling in the dynamic open world. Mafia III will be present at E3, highlighted by a sky life area at our booth that is not to be missed. 2K and Hangar 13 will continue to reveal more details about this amazing new title in the coming months.

Turning to our annual sports releases, 2K is hard at work on this year's versions of NBA 2K and WWE 2K. In the coming weeks, we will reveal the cover athlete for NBA 2K 17, which will continue the series proud tradition of working with the NBA's most elite athletes, when the game launches in the September. NBA 2K17 will also celebrate the basketball legacy of Kobe Bryant by featuring the recently retired 18 time NBA All-Star on the cover of the NBA 2K17 Legend Edition. The special edition will highlight Bryant's career with themes memorabilia and exclusive digital content.

In addition, WWE 2K17 is currently in development at Yukes and Visual Concepts and we are confident that they will continue to innovate this series and build on its positive momentum when the game launches in October. WWE 2K17 will also be a part of the WWE SummerSlam weekend this August in New York. 2K will have more to share about these titles and their exciting new features in the coming months.

Last week, 2K and Firaxis Games announced that Sid Meier's Civilization VI, the next installment in our award-winning turn-based strategy series that is sold in over 34 million units worldwide, will launch for the PC on October 21. The release of Civilization VI will mark the 25th anniversary of the series and provide the most detailed, vivid and beautiful experience ever featured in the civilization game.

In this all new title, active research in technology and culture will unlock new potential ways to play. Cities will physically expand across the map and world leaders will pursue their own agendas based on the historical character traits as players rise to achieve victory. We're thrilled to introduce a new installment of this beloved series, which promises to once again captivate fans with every turn.

In addition to these frontline releases, we will continue to deliver an array of digitally delivered offerings designed to drive engagement with and recurrent consumer spending on our recent releases and upcoming titles including additional free content swaps for Grand Theft Auto Online.

Our NBA 2K16 Esports Tournament on PlayStation 4 and Xbox One is quickly approaching the June 1 finals, with the two remaining teams will compete in Los Angeles to win the $250,000 Grand Prize, and a trip to the NBA finals. Throughout the tournament, more than 92,000 teams competed, in over 2 million games. And the playoffs and championship rounds will be broadcast on Twitch for audiences to enjoy. We very pleased with our initial foray into the emerging wall of eSports, and we will continue to explore ways to leverage our properties, and to engage and reward our loyal fans.

Next month, 2K will have booth on the show floor at E3, were selection of our upcoming titles will be on display. We welcome you to stop piracy, see how we will continue our trend of delivering the most innovative and immersive entertainment experiences in our industry.

Looking beyond the current fiscal year, we have robust long-term development pipeline across both of our labels which features offering to more renowned franchises, along with new intellectual properties that promises further diversify our industry-leading portfolio.

I'll now turn the call over to Lainie.

Lainie Goldstein

Thanks, Karl. And good afternoon everyone. Today I'll review our results for the fourth quarter and fiscal year 2016, and then discuss our outlook for the first quarter and fiscal year 2017.

All of the numbers I'll be providing today are non-GAAP and all comparisons are year-over-year unless otherwise stated. Our press release provides a reconciliation of our GAAP to non-GAAP measurements. And on our website, we have provided additional details regarding the non-GAAP components for our cost of goods sold and operating expenses.

Starting with our results for the fiscal fourth quarter, net revenue was $342.5 million as compared to $427.7 million in last year's fourth quarter, which had benefited from the release of Evolve and continued sales of a more extensive holiday release slate. This result exceeded our outlook range of $260 million to $310 million, due primarily to stronger than expected revenues from Grand Theft Auto V and Grand Theft Auto Online. In addition, NBA 2K16 exceeded our expectations.

Digitally-delivered revenue grew 12% to $226.6 million and accounted for 66% of our total net revenue. 55% of digitally-delivered revenue was derived from recurrent consumer spending, which grew 15%. The largest contributor to digitally-delivered revenue were Grand Theft Auto, NBA 2K and XCOM 2.

Catalog sales accounted for $211.3 million of net revenue, led by Grand Theft Auto and Borderlands. Gross margin was 46.4%. The decrease is due primarily to higher amortization of capitalized software development costs, partially offset by growth in digitally-delivered revenue. Operating expenses was $109.6 million, down by $15.4 million, due primarily to higher marketing expense, last year for the launch of Evolve. Interest and other expense was $0.2 million, as we generated higher interest income in the last year's fourth quarter.

We recorded a tax benefit of $2.5 million, which includes $5.4 million in tax benefits related to video game development costs. These benefits were higher than our forecast and in addition our tax rate excluding this benefits was lower than our forecast.

Non-GAAP net income $51.7 million or $0.46 per share versus $54.3 million or $0.49 per share in the prior year's fourth quarter. This result exceeded our outlook range of $0.15 per share to $0.25 per share, due to our strong business performance and lower tax expense. On a GAAP basis, net revenue grew 26% to $377.2 million and net income increased to $46.4 million or $0.48 per share.

Turning now to our full year results. Net revenue was $1.56 billion versus $1.67 billion in fiscal 2015, which had benefited from a more extensive release slate, including the launch of Grand Theft Auto V on PlayStation 4 and Xbox One. The largest contributors – contributor of Grand Theft Auto V and Grand Theft Auto Online, NBA 2K16 and WWE 2K16.

Digitally-delivered revenue grew 36% to a record $835.2 million and accounted for a 54% of our total net revenue. 48% of digitally-delivered revenue or 26% of total net revenue was derived from a – the current consumer spending, which grew at 33% to its highest level ever. Our largest contributors to digital ballots were Grand Theft Auto, NBA 2K, Borderlands and XCOM2.

Gross margin decreased modestly to 46.2% due primarily to our lower margin title mix, partially offset by growth in digitally-delivered revenue. Operating expenses were $483.5 million, down by $14.8 million due to lower marketing expense, which is partially offset by increased personnel expense from a higher head count, higher research and development expense and increased depreciation expense. Interest and other expense was $6.7 million. We recorded the tax expense of $13.2 million, which includes $37.6 million or $0.33 per share and tax benefits related to video game development costs. Excluding these benefits, our effective tax rate was approximately 22%.

Non-GAAP net income was $218.3 million or $1.96 per share as compared to $219.2 million or $1.98 per share in the fiscal 2015. On a GAAP basis, net revenue grew at 31% to $1.41 billion and net loss narrowed to $8.3 million or $0.10 per share.

Turning to some key items in – from our balance sheet and in March 31, 2016 as compared to December 31, 2015. Our cash and short-term investments balance increase to $1.27 billion, basically to a net cash of $11.12 per share, which includes the potential dilution from our convertible notes. Our accounts receivable balance decreased to $168.5 million, primarily reflecting collection of receivables, inventory decreased to $15.9 million and software development costs and licenses increased to $393.2 million, reflecting the development efforts around our pipeline of upcoming releases.

Now I will review our financial outlook, which is provided on a non-GAAP basis. Starting with the first quarter, we expect net revenue to range from $225 million to $260 million and net loss to range from $0.40 per share to $0.30 per share. Revenues are expected to be lower as compared with the first quarter 2015, driven primarily by our assumptions that revenue from Grand Theft Auto V and Grand Theft Auto Online will start to moderate, partially offset by the launch of Battleborn.

The largest contributors to revenue are expected to be Grand Theft Auto V and Grand Theft Auto Online, NBA 2K16 and Battleborn. We expect gross margins to expand to the upper 40s. Total operating expenses are expected to increase by approximately 32%, due primarily to higher marketing expense of the launches of Battleborn and Mafia III. Selling and marketing expense is expected to be about 30% of net revenue based on the midpoint of our outlook range. We project interest and other expense of $2 million and weighted average fully diluted share to $86 million and our effective tax rate is expected to be approximately 23%.

Turning to the details of our full-year outlook. We expect net revenue to range from $1.5 billion to $1.6 billion and net income to range from $1per share to $1.25 per share. Our revenues are expected to be roughly unchanged as compared with last year, driven primarily by our assumptions at our new launches and expected growth from NBA 2K and WWE 2K, will be offset by moderating results from Grand Theft Auto V and Grand Theft Auto Online.

Our net income is expected to be lower versus fiscal 2016, due primarily to higher operating expenses and substantially lower tax benefits than recorded last year. The largest contributor to revenue are expected to NBA 2K17 and NBA 2K16, Grand Theft Auto V and Grand Theft Auto Online, Mafia III, WWE 2K17, Sid Meier's Civilization VI and Battleborn.

We expect the revenue breakdown from our labels to be roughly 75% 2K and 25% Rockstar Games. We expect our geographic revenues to be about 60% United States and 40% international. We expect gross margins to expand to around 50%.

Total operating expenses our expected to increase by approximately 27%, driven primarily by higher marketing expense for fiscal 2017 release date, as well as our line-up for fiscal 2018. Higher research and development expense, increased personnel expense and the higher head count at our development studios and increased depreciation expense.

Selling and marketing expense is expected to be about 18% of net revenue based on the midpoint of our outlook range. We project interest and other expense of $1 million and weighted average fully diluted shares of a $117 million. And our effective tax rate is expected to be approximately 23%, which includes $60 million in tax benefits related to video game development cost.

Interest on the convertible notes net of tax is $4.4 million, which we added back to net income to calculate net income per share. We expect our operations to generate a modest amount of cash in fiscal 2017.

In closing, the consistent execution of our strategy to deliver the highest quality, interactive entertainment experiences coupled with disciplined financial management enable Take-Two to deliver another year or better than expected revenues, profits and cash flow.

Fiscal 2017 prompt to be another strong year for our company; creatively, operationally and financially. We're well positioned to deliver growth and margin expansion over the long term. Thank you.

Now, I'll turn the call back to Strauss.

Strauss Zelnick

Thanks, Karl and Lainie. On behalf of our entire management team, I'd like to thank our colleagues for delivering another strong year for our company. To our shareholders, I want to express our appreciation for your continued support.

We'll now take your questions. Operator?

Question-and-Answer Session

Operator

Thank you. At this time, ladies and gentlemen, we'll be conducting a question-and-answer session. [Operator Instructions] And our first question comes from the line of Mike Olson from Piper Jaffray. Please proceed with your question.

Mike Olson

Hey, good afternoon. Congratulations on strong quarter. I was just curious, there were some changes in the industry and wondering how you are thinking about Take-Two being affected or not affected by some of those changes in the ecosystems that would be around PlayStation 4.5 and new Nintendo console, virtual reality, I guess, you mentioned eSports, are those various things, opportunities, challenges or in different for Take-Two? Thank you.

Strauss Zelnick

I think in general, these are all opportunities depending on how things pencil out. A successful new console gives us another opportunity to release titles, whomever it comes from. ESports is a very exciting area that we talked about in today's call. We are just beginning to participate through our NBA 2K tournament. I think the fact that there were 92,000 teams that were involved, it's pretty extraordinary. Right now, eSports still tends to, via marketing vehicle for our games and create more engagement. But we are able to monetize that engagement with the return of consumer spendings, so that certainly a good thing. And I've talked a bit about VR in the past, and there's a lot of excitement in the marketplace and lot of our people are excited to. We're still in R&D mode run through, because this is, you know still not a consumer business. We want to be really clear if this is the consumer's platform of choice, we'll bring our intellectual property to it aggressively and ambitiously.

We just tend not to go and we don't have to, you know the vote that we cast is, he were ever the consumer is, that's channel, distribution vehicle, platform product type, geography, and be there with the best intellectual property in the market. And where we don't have to worry, we don't. So, the winds that are back its also our competitors back, we think that people are win most are those that are the most creative, the most innovative and the most efficient and that's what we aspired to be.

Mike Olson

Thank you.

Operator

And our next question comes from line of Eric Handler from MKM Partners. Please proceed with your question.

Eric Handler

Yes, thanks for, thanks for the question. Two questions for here. On GTA Online, you know last year, and fiscal 2016, you thought there be some moderation. You're expecting some moderation now in fiscal 2017. Are you seeing anything to suggest right now in your monthly data that there is in fact, a slowdown going on. And then secondly for Lainie. How you guys treating the convert that you have, that you have coming due in December in your guidance and what's weighing on the cash flow outlook for the year?

Strauss Zelnick

So in terms of GTA Online, I've seen the way you do Eric which is, you know in fact, it has performed better than all of our expectations, and that's certainly gratifying and I think that's a reflection of how amazing GTA V is, how fantastic GTA Online is and how great the additional content drops have been. And we have been very pleased by the continuing results, it's more than two and a half years after the initial release, and yet results continue to be up quarter-over-quarter and year-over-year. So we can't quite say, and when results were moderate so far, the title continues to perform very well indeed. But at some point, once expectation would be for the moderating results. Lainie?

Lainie Goldstein

So they convert more accounting for the convert as if they are to be settled in the stock, which is what is included in our guidance right now. But it's does our current intent, but we have the option to settle in either cash or stock. So when we get close to the maturity date we'll evaluate the best way to settle the convert. We can look at where our cash balance is at that times but right now at the end of the year, we were at $1.2 billion to the strong balance and we'll see, if the potential uses for that cash are and we'll determine, what our best option is at that time.

Eric Handler

And then that the free cash flow, was there anything particular that's weighing on your view that it be modestly positive?

Lainie Goldstein

Yes. So continuing to invest in the game development for a pipeline and also IT related fixed asset expenses.

Eric Handler

Thank you very much.

Operator

Our next question comes from the line of Ben Schachter from Macquarie. Please proceed with your question.

Ben Schachter

Hey, guys. Congratulations on another great year. A few questions, one I think, I know the answer, but just to clarify all the guidance there and all the figures that have been so far include only the announced title date, that's the first question. Second question, Strauss I think you mentioned that you expect FY 2018 revenue and earnings to grow, if you could discuss, why you have confidence to give that to give so much guidance today? And then finally, any update on just how you're thinking about the cash and how you're thinking about M&A in general? Thanks.

Strauss Zelnick

So, to your first question, just to clarify, we've announced the entire release schedule for the year and that's what you should expect our release schedule to be and that's what our outlook is based on, any changes would be performance based largely.

In terms of – I'm going to skip to question three, which is cash uses. Our view remains the same, which is there are three potential uses; support, organic growth, which has been our story all along, has been a very good story, and we do think there are wonderful opportunities for organic growth, whether that's new types of products or expanding our focus in other geographies like Asia, which has been very fruitful for us or supporting new platforms as they develop or new, other new opportunities like eSports.

There are opportunities for inorganic those tend to sort of come along when you least expect them, that's why we believe cash is a strategic asset. We are very disciplined, we do believe in doing accretive deals that thus distinguish us from some of our competitors historically and retrospectively that's been a very good call on our part. And then of course, we believe we're returning cash to the shareholders. In the past several years, we've purchased about $300 million worth of stock and we certainly have an opportunity to do so in the future, we have an outstanding authorization for buyback.

Would you mind repeating your second question because I seem to miss it?

Ben Schachter

You mentioned that you expected growth, I think on both revenue and earnings for FY 2018. So, looking do you have a confidence to say that now?

Strauss Zelnick

That was more comment than a question or was there a question in there?

Ben Schachter

What gives you confidence...

Strauss Zelnick

What gives me confidence. Yeah, it's what we're working on at our development studios.

Lainie Goldstein

We have very good visibility into our pipeline and given what we see and also our ability to continue to grow recurring consumer spending in the context of great new releases that gives us high confidence in fiscal year 2018 growth.

Ben Schachter

Great. Thanks and good luck.

Operator

Our next question comes from the line of Brian Fitzgerald from Jefferies. Please proceed with your question.

Timothy Shea

Hi, yes hi. Just – this is Tim O'Shea first for Brian. Thank you for taking my questions. So, just another one on the outlook, I know that Lainie mentioned the higher OpEx in a tax and taxes next year. But I was just hoping you might help us to understand the specific situation that might be driving to disconnect between top line growth and EPS growth outlook for fiscal 2017. Is there a game, that's going to be less profitable than expected or maybe I noticed that large deferred revenue outlook, just how should we interpret that and then I had a quick follow-up? Thanks.

Lainie Goldstein

Well, for next year, when we're looking at the disconnect in terms of the bottom-line. What you said is true, our – we don't have a big of a tax benefit, we've $0.33 per share this year and next year we're are going to only have $0.14 per share. And then also our operating expenses are going to increase about 29%, primarily due to higher marketing expense.

Our margins are higher, so it doesn't – so the pipeline is set and is strong and it's just the big difference, because of the marketing expense as well as the taxes.

Timothy Shea

Okay, got it. Thank you. And then, just broadly speaking, this is a higher level question, but we've seen some consolidation across the space, with the biggest games in each category, taking more market share. I am just curios, first of all you would agree with that sentiment and if so, how that trend towards consolidation impact of any decisions around both your larger franchises like GTA and NBA and maybe also your smaller ones, which may not be category leaders? Thank you.

Strauss Zelnick

Yeah. I mean, in this instance we would agree with what you're observing, which is that the bigger and better are getting stronger and that's consistent with the nature of the entertainment business, which is as entertainment businesses mature, a greater proportion of consumer attention and therefore revenue goes to the highest quality releases. Essentially when entertainment businesses are nascent, people are willing to experiment among another number of brands as they mature all consumers pace tend to narrow on focus on the biggest titles in the businesses has been true from time and memorial since the beginning of the electronic entertainment business across every different type.

And it's why, we've had this strategy that we've had at this company, which is put out – creating put out the highest quality releases and do a limited numbers so you can really focus and focus not just on your existing IP but try to launch new successful IP every year and we've been able to do that most years, since we took over the company and that's why we have 11 titles that have each sold over 5 million units and an individual release and something like 45 that have each sold 2 million units or more in this release, which we think is the standard bearer of the industry. So, yes the strong gets stronger and that was true in motion pictures and television and the music, it's going to be true in interactive entertainment. And that puts pressure on us and on our key competitors to continue to deliver the highest quality titles and focus on doing so. So we see it as an opportunity as much as a challenge and certainly for the haves, it's a much better place to be than have not.

Timothy Shea

Thank you.

Operator

And our next question comes from the line of Arvind Bhatia from CRT Capital. Please proceed with your question.

Arvind Bhatia

Okay. Thank you and I'd like to add my congratulations guys. This is for Strauss, Karl or Lainie, as you go back to this time last year, you started with guidance of $0.75 to a $1. Obviously you delivered earnings that were significantly higher than that. As you look back would say that most of the upside was from GTA V and GTA Online, perhaps you could review the top three reasons you were able to deliver that much upside?

And then my second question is specifically on Mafia III. If you can maybe provide a framework for us to be able to kind of think about the scale of this to be able to model it, maybe talk about the marketing support, other things that you're doing and how you're modeling it, perhaps, as at this point? Thank you.

Strauss Zelnick

So in terms of our guidance from this past year, when we set our original guidance, it was our best estimate at the time when we gave out these numbers. We had a very lively schedule. And as you mentioned, some of our titles performed stronger than we had expected GTA V and GTA Online and that coupled with our tax credit is what helps us to have these fantastic results for this year.

Karl Slatoff

And, Arvind, in terms of Mafia III, obviously, this is a title that we're very, very excited about here from the creative perspective, and but also from a commercial perspective. We think this title has the perfect combination of what people are looking for in open world story based driven title with a lot of things that a lot of games don't have, a lot of time and money is going in to, so we've got a great creative team, team led by Haden Blackman. So we are very excited about this title and the prospects of this title.

And when you get this right in this particular genre, you can obviously achieve significant success. In terms of – and we've done that before in general. So in terms of providing you with a specific model that you can go by, I don't have anything specific for you to go there. But I can tell you that our expectation is that we should be exceeding anything that we've ever done on the Mafia side before, again from a credit perspective and a commercial perspective. So you can always look at the previous Mafia titles as the benchmark, but again, I wouldn't stake too much on that, because we think this time we're vastly exceed what Mafia, the previous Mafia that has been able to accomplish over the past.

Arvind Bhatia

Okay. That's very helpful. Thank you.

Operator

Our next question comes from the line of Doug Creutz from Cowen and Company. Please proceed with your question.

Douglas Creutz

Thanks. You mentioned that you've had success with some of your older Grand Theft Auto titles from the PS2 or on the PS4 with the ability to play older titles. Just wondering, if there's any apatite there for actually doing remas or just some of those older titles into HD. Is that something sort of conceptually that you think would be a worthwhile use of your talent and time?

Strauss Zelnick

That's something that the labels will decide and talk about in due course. Certainly, we wouldn't rule it out, it will be largely an economic decision. I don't – we wouldn't do anything that's not going to look great creatively. So the starting point is, if this kind of the like consumers, is this going to look good. You know that we're a company that is not driven first and foremost by can we create revenue this way. We will be start by saying, will this be exciting to consumers, will they be happy with it, will it reflect well on our brands, will it reflect well on our company. And if the answer is yes, then it may well be a compelling opportunity. But if the answer is in different or no, then even if we have an opportunity to make few bucks, we probably would decline. So I think that's the lens through which we look, the actual decisions are made by the labels.

Douglas Creutz

Okay. Thanks.

Operator

Our next question comes from the line of Neil Doshi from Mizuho. Please proceed with your question.

Unidentified Analyst

Yes. Hi. This is [ph] Alex signing in for Neil. You mentioned the release slate is pretty – is confirmed for the year. But does that include any content drops in DLC in other words could we possibly see content that may not otherwise be baked in at the moment? And then the second question is regarding NBA 2K, there's been really strong growth in registered users. Just wondering, if you can share any maybe additional metrics like active users, there are paying users and then the strategy that drive a greater number of players to pay or is it just to drive higher ARPU per paying user? And if we can see maybe potential other revenue streams like ad-based streams for those that aren't paying? Thank you.

Strauss Zelnick

So in terms of our outlook, we have contemplated recurrent consumer spending in the outlook. We contemplated product drops, there could be changes there and perhaps there is some opportunity, but this is the outlook as we see it now and we contemplated all aspects of our business, but things can change. In terms of metrics, we haven't really shared a great deal of metrics on our in-game spending, we give the broad, certainly give the broad numbers around recurrent consumer spending and it's been great nearly more than a quarter of our non-GAAP net revenue last fiscal year was recurrent consumer spending.

So certainly, the numbers are meaningful and we have mentioned that we've 31 million users, signed-up users of Grand Theft Auto – oh, sorry of NBA 2K Online in China. So we have mentioned that metric. We have talked about usage of Grand Theft Auto Online in the fourth quarter. So we've given some metrics, we don't tend to give a broad array of metrics, because this is still a work in progress and still developing activity here, and because we don't want to people to extrapolate even though the results have been excellent, we don't want to extrapolate that they're perpetually a nice gentle upward sloping curve. Is it just too early in our experience, we have to see that.

In terms of our strategy, our strategy – and I know it sounds like motherhood and apple pie, but it genuinely is our strategy. We're trying to delight consumers as they engage in our products. And when we make a content drop, we want that to be something exciting to consumers. And we know if we do that, then we will increase engagement and therefore we will increase spending and therefore we'll increase revenue and profits. And of course we are a profit-seeking enterprise, we are focused on squealing that we are well more profit company.

But the way entertainment businesses survive and thrive with the backdrop, as Lainie mentioned of being exceedingly efficient, well organized, professionally manage and physically highly disciplined, but with that backdrop, our focus turns entirely to creativity. And that creativity surrounds what's going to make consumers most excited about our titles and most excited about our brands and most engaged with our titles and repeatedly engage with our titles.

And then as they are engaged, we need to give them opportunities to spend. That in and of itself enhances the game experience, doesn't detract from it and we don't put up toll booths, we don't annoy our consumers, we simply get paid along the way. And that's what we aim to do and that has had a great results around here. But many of our competitors are actually proud of the fact that they're primarily data-driven, that they're focused on the content supporting the data that supports the purchases, that supports the revenue that supports the profitability, we do not do it that way. We are creative, we make an incredible entertainment experience and then we seek to monetize it.

Unidentified Analyst

Okay, thanks.

Operator

Our next question comes from the line of Mike Hickey from the Benchmark Company. Please proceed with your question.

Michael Hickey

Hey, guys. Congratulations off on quarter and thanks for taking my question. To the – I'm curious when you released new content for GTA Online, did you see a corresponding impact or sales impact to base game GTA V bringing that sort of the marketing vehicle to maybe new installed over maybe prior gen players crossing over to the current gen experience where obviously there is new content coming out?

And then I guess due par that question is, I guess what sort of Nebula is thinking about the pipeline for GTA Online content, but would you sort of characterize it as not the same amount of content coming out this year or more or less that would be helpful? And I have a quick follow-up.

Karl Slatoff

Yes, it's a good question, Mike. I don't – you know GTA V has continued to sell. As you know, we've talked about the unit sales, certainly there has been great news there because we've sold so many units. We have not tracked what happens to the GTA V sales when new content has dropped into GTA Online. So, we'd be speculating about what influence there would be. But I think anything that makes GTA Online exciting is the GTA V and I do expect that it's going to continue to be a very strong title going forward – it's great catalogue title over time, this is a history – any guy that would be the case. In terms of the pipeline for online content on an ongoing basis, that's something for Rockstar to talk about in due time, but there is content coming.

Michael Hickey

Okay, cool. The last question. Gearbox had sort of – some encouraging, I guess commentary on the initial sales of Battleborn. It's sort of reflected on Borderlands and I think it was may be outpacing that a bit and my impression was it's sort of just it may be was the slower start, but had the potential to build into something meaningful on, I think Borderlands life to date has done maybe 8 million units. And so, so curious if you share that enthusiasm for the future sales potential of Battleborn? And then, also I remember Borderlands had done pretty well, in terms of attaching digital content. But I am sort of curious on more Bord sales curve, if you'd seen sort of outside success in terms of full game download of that game? Thanks guys.

Strauss Zelnick

Yeah. I mean the initial results are very encouraging, which is I think we can properly took away from those comments, but it is early. The scores are good, consumers like it, lot of people playing it and really loving the game play. But I wouldn't want you to draw conclusion that the Battleborn curve is necessarily the Borderlands curve, because we just don't have any of that information yet. So we're encouraged and we feel good about it, remains to be seen how it performs. And in terms of our ongoing digital content, we've said there is more content coming, again, we'll leave the specifics to the label.

Michael Hickey

Yeah, I guess, and I was meaning to ask out the percentage of sales, full game download versus physical?

Strauss Zelnick

Yeah. I don't think we've talked about it, yet, Mike.

Michael Hickey

Okay. Thanks, guys. Best of luck.

Operator

And our final question comes from the line of Drew Crum from Stifel. Please proceed with your question.

Drew Crum

Okay. Thanks, guys. Good afternoon. So, as far as the fiscal 2017 revenue guidance is concerned, does it assume digital growth and more specifically growth for recurrent consumer spending? And then, separately one of your competitors yesterday talked very bullishly about the opportunity in Asia maybe you can kind of reset or talk about what the company strategy is in that market, as you enter fiscal 2017?

Karl Slatoff

So for digital, our financial outlook seems that we are going to generate modestly lower digitally delivered revenue in fiscal 2017 like a percent decline in the mid-single-digit. This is driven by our assumption that recurrent consumer spending will be moderately lower around 10% and for game downloads will be roughly flat. For recurrent consumer spending, we expected to be lower based on our assumptions that quick and virtual currency for NBA 2K and higher revenues from downloadable add-on content for variety of our titles will be more than offset the moderating revenue from Grand Theft Auto Online.

And we expect our full game downloads to be roughly flat as last year benefited from the launch of Grand Theft Auto V for PC. But over the long-term, we expected digitally delivered revenue to grow and as we continue to execute our strategy to drive greater engagement and recurrent consumer spending and as our industry transitions more towards full game downloads, we expect it to grow over the long-term.

Strauss Zelnick

Yeah. And in terms of – this is Strauss, in terms of Asia, our Asia strategy was set in motion a number of years ago when we opened the headquarters in Singapore, became a publisher in Japan and entered a number of other markets. And then, we also tried new kinds of products that we fell would be quite challenging for launch in Europe or in the U.S., but could be opportunity to launch in Asia, largely free to play mass of multiplayer games. We've had strong results with NBA 2K Online in China, we mentioned those as part of today's call. We've launched Civilization Online in Korea and that will also launched in number of other Asian markets. And we are working on number of other really interesting opportunities. So that business is already been very fruitful for us, it's grown from a very small part of our business to a meaningful part of our business and it's a very exciting for the world and people's appetite for games is so much different than here in U.S. or in Europe with a significant focus on massive multiplayer games and a significant focus on the free-to-play model.

So, we don't believe that all models work in all markets, we think you have to tailor what we bring to a particular market for the needs and desires of the consumers in that market. So, we're incredibly excited about Asia.

I would just like to make the comment that we as an industry are just scratching the surface in China of what's possible. And I do believe and maybe contrarian point of view, but I think that an area of China that remained very challenging, which has been the distribution of Western products, I think the Chinese government realized more and more that it is actually not challenging, that it's actually beneficial that what consumers want, that it will not cost consumers to have a view of Chinese society that isn't any way unfortunate for the government and I think restrictions will probably be loosen. My guess is not within the next 12 months, but I do believe in the coming years and that's going to be incredible news for us because of course the middle class alone in China is bigger than all U.S. households.

So, we think that there is an amazing opportunity there, we're poised for the opportunity, naturally we comply with government regulations wherever we are in the world and China is no exception. But I am of the view that it's time for restrictions to be softened and that it will beneficial for Chinese society as they see it, not just as I see it and I do believe that creates some massive opportunity for us and not reflected in this year's numbers, next year's number or anyone's outlook for the industry.

Drew Crum

Okay. Thanks, guys.

Operator

There are no further questions at this time. I'll turn the call back over to management for any closing remarks.

Strauss Zelnick

Well, thank you so much for joining us today. We're very pleased with our results, we're proud of our outlook, but what we're really proud of is our colleagues are all around the world, almost 3,000 of them who engaged every day in trying to make the very best interactive entertainment properties on earth, to bring them to market and to run really solid, serious and responsible business in making sure that we delight consumers as they experience our products.

So, we are – we feel very grateful to have an opportunity to work in this business about which we're so passionate, grateful to our colleagues and we're really pleased with the results. Thanks for joining us.

Operator

Ladies and gentlemen, this does conclude today's teleconference. Thank you for your time and participation. You may disconnect your lines at this time, and have a wonderful rest of your day.

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