A very good friend of mine asked me what the ECB should do in the present situation where inflation and inflation expectations continues to run well below the ECB's inflation target.
Here is my answer - it is what we could call a game plan for the ECB (it could easily be used by other central banks as well):
1) Stop communicating in the terms of interest rates. Announce a PERMANENT growth rate for the money base. Announce that the growth rate will be stepped up every month or quarter until inflation expectations are at 2% at all relevant time horizons - for example, 2y2y swap inflation expectations. At every ECB meeting the permanent money base rate is announced.
2) Control the money base by buying a basket of global AAA-rated govies.
3) Announce a NGDP LEVEL target consistent with the 2% inflation target and announce that the ECB will not let bygones be bygones - meaning if you undershoot the target one year then you should overshoot the following year.
4) Internal forecasting should be given up. Instead only surveys of professional forecasters and market forecasts should be used for policy input. In the reasoning for the money base growth target there should be given only a reference to these forecasts and the ECB should commit itself to set money base targets based on these forecasts and nothing else.
And what could the EU do?
1) Suspend the implementation of Basell III and other banking regulation that depress the money multiplier and increase demand for safe assets until nominal GDP has grown for at least 4% for 8 quarters in a row.
And maybe also…
2) Suspend the growth and stability pact for now.
I think it is very easy to create inflation and nominal demand. It is all about commitment. Unfortunately the ECB does not have such commitment.