Tupperware Brands (TUP) E. V. Goings on Q2 2016 Results - Earnings Call Transcript

| About: Tupperware Brands (TUP)

Tupperware Brands Corp. (NYSE:TUP)

Q2 2016 Earnings Call

July 20, 2016 8:30 am ET

Executives

E. V. Goings - Chairman & Chief Executive Officer

Michael S. Poteshman - Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

Analysts

Beth N. Kite - Citigroup Global Markets, Inc. (Broker)

Lauren M. Wolff - Piper Jaffray & Co. (Broker)

Jason M. Gere - KeyBanc Capital Markets, Inc.

Olivia Tong - Bank of America Merrill Lynch

Frank Camma - Sidoti & Co. LLC

Sofya S. Tsinis - JPMorgan Securities LLC

Anna Glaessgen - SunTrust Robinson Humphrey, Inc.

Operator

Good morning. My name is Nan, and I will be your conference operator today. At this time, I would like to welcome everyone to the Tupperware Brands Corporation Second Quarter 2016 Earnings Conference Call.

I would now like to turn the call over to Mr. Rick Goings, Chairman and CEO. Please go ahead.

E. V. Goings - Chairman & Chief Executive Officer

Thank you very much, and good morning, everyone. Firstly, let me say apologies for the technical difficulties on our last call. And I was in Surabaya, Indonesia. We had a brownout during the call. And I'm in Orlando today with Mike Poteshman; and James Hunt, the Head of IR.

As usual, here are slides that will coincide with this call, so please follow along. And please first begin by referring to slide number two; which speaks to the company's position on forward-looking statements. And also, let me say that, in the course of running our business, we tend to discuss our business and its performance using metrics that are sometimes considered non-GAAP. However, those are always reconciled in the slide deck appendix.

Turning to slide 3, let's take a look at the quarter. A volatile environment, which seems to becoming more and more the new normal. However, we continue to utilize the levers at our disposal to navigate our way forward and recognize progress. We are pleased to report that we are seeing momentum starting to kick-in, in a number of the units where our focus on enhanced fundamental techniques are beginning to get traction. And I'll talk about those in a moment.

And while results are still mixed unit-by-unit, we did grow at the high end of our local currency range of 3%. We also improved the total sales force size advantage by 1.25%. Now, sales force is up to 3.1 million. And while our active seller comparison was up, it was in line with our Q1 rate of minus 2%. Overall, the mix of sales was 7% up in our emerging markets, and emerging markets represented 66% of sales in the quarter. Our established markets were 34% of sales, and they were down 4%.

I do believe it's important to remember always here on this global portfolio that emerging markets represent over 85% of the world's population. So, we'll always have a business in established markets. You'll continue to see a larger contribution from emerging markets as we expand our footprint.

Now, looking down more in the quarter, we continue to see performance that we would call strong in a number of key markets such as Argentina, China, Tupperware Mexico, both of our South African businesses. And we also had a nice quarter in Malaysia, Singapore which is a large and profitable business for us, and it was up 20% in the quarter. And Brazil, I think there's no other words to say being up 41%, that's what we would call an eye-popping increase.

I'd also like to point out that Indonesia had a nice 12-point sequential improvement from being down 8% in the quarter to now up 4% in the second quarter.

In the quarter, we also experienced significant drags in a couple of markets, particularly Egypt, and Turkey. Turkey, we largely expected it, but not to the degree that we saw. And I'll dig into that in a moment, and we can handle more of that, also in the Q&A.

Our EPS without items came in at $1.16. That was $0.04 above the high-end of our range. And that was despite $0.01 hit from FX versus April guidance.

Since 2013; I want to speak to the strategy for a moment here; we have been talking about the approaches that we have taken to really evolve our business with an eye towards having a bigger and more effective business by the year 2020.

Part one of this strategy really involves new approaches to fundamentals of our business. Fundamentals such as onboarding, activation and the retention of sales force. Our goal, really, is to do these things better, in new ways and differently, and to get some kind of a mid-single-digit top line increase of our business.

Part two of that 20/20 strategy focus is however focused on expanding our footprint and our reach to not only sales force, but consumers as well. The objective is simply to have greater access out there to our brand and our products. That, we hope, can get this company to a double-digit increase, but it's going to take time. Implementation of these two parts is at various stages within our process.

And by the way, how we approach new strategy or new initiatives is we have a process that involves four steps. Number one, we design it. And that takes time to really figure out the from-to. Two, we pilot it and we usually pilot it in a learning laboratory stage so that you're not betting the company ever. And it's generally when it's an important strategy, learning laboratories are not tests, but you tweak it along the way. And that's the third piece of it, refine it, enforce, then we scale it up. And we've been very successful utilizing this four-step approach.

We believe fundamentally that every successful business model works until it doesn't. So this constant contemporization and mindset is requisite in not only our products, our channel, but our opportunity as well.

Now, we put enhanced focus on the importance of onboarding, activation in programs in our pilot markets of Brazil and Germany, and also, Tupperware Mexico where it was implemented in conjunction, specifically in Mexico, with several other initiatives. This year, we are working now to expand these practices as we've read the results, we've tweaked them and we want to now get more benefits from a wider range of our units. And therefore, we're kind of in the scale-up phase of part one.

Implementation, however, means culture change. And that requires communication, often extensive, training, and as well as time for it to be – because we're dealing with people; and for it to be embraced and executed down for the sales force. We do know that better onboarding of new consultants leads to a higher rate of activity, and that ultimately leads to better retention, more sellers selling more products.

And the results we're seeing in those markets I mentioned a moment ago, early long launch sites like Mexico, Brazil, Germany gives us confidence that we're working generally with the right formulas for other markets. Now our task is execution in these other markets.

Additionally, we are making enhancements in a number of markets to our sales manager compensation programs with new achievement levels, as well as additional compensation and recognition.

Now, our business has always had sales manager compensation programs, but it's primarily in Brazil and Tupperware Mexico recently where they've made a more comprehensive direction of improvements, and one that causes the sales force to really say, hey, this is a real earning opportunity, and a career, and one that I will want.

We're also seeing as part of the onboarding, activation and retention focus, a heightened emphasis, importantly on demonstration selling of our products. Product differentiation in Tupperware requires demonstration. And the demonstration then allows us to command higher price points with better margins. Now, at times the demonstration is one-on-one, as it mostly was in many markets in Latin America, in India, in Indonesia. But the demonstration also can be to a group; that's mostly what you see in Europe, and often in the U.S., and that's the traditional Tupperware Party. But it makes the opportunity more lucrative selling to a group rather than one-on-one.

Today, it often, this Party takes the form of a social situation of a, if you will, a girls' night out among friends. And we're sometimes asked, do parties still happen? And I got to give you a resounding yes. And while it's difficult to calculate the frequency rate, we know that one starts somewhere in the world every few seconds. So, it's still an effective strategy, group selling.

Part two of our strategies of 20/20 involve extending the reach. And there's really three components there. Number one, it's the utilization of digital tools that move the needle on sales force productivity development and results. I just heard from our Group President of the Americas, Tricia Stitzel, who's in Brazil today, that recently their Tupper TV initiative, which is a digital way of really exposure to the entire sales organization, that 40,000 of our sales force were locked into the program. And that – at least that was 40,000 TV sets; and you don't know how many people were sitting in the room. In China digitally, WeChat is really a key driver of our sales force. So more and more, we're coming out with a buffet line of digital tools to enhance the core demonstration.

The second piece of this extend the reach is really talking about fractional monetization of our brand fans, we call them. We just did a study in Germany the year before last, and we found out that while we turn over a large percentage of our sales force every year, because the barrier to entry are so low, half of them said they missed Tupperware. And while many didn't want to get back actively involved in selling, they want some kind of a merchandising relationship.

So what we're going to be working on is creating a brand ambassador level where we offer them different products at different times during the year, and we mine the relationship equity we have with them. That learning laboratory is going on in Germany as we speak.

The third piece of this extend the reach is – actually speaks to the physical location. We call this moving from these large distributor warehouses to now having those plus having smaller experience studios. I'll give you an example. A country like Germany now has 100 – little more than 100 traditional kind of distributorships. In the future, we will have those. Think of those as the hub, but that each one of those, the learning laboratories will prove out, will have four or five spokes which will be experience studios closer to the local sales organization. So, that will give us a bigger footprint.

Now, these extend the reach initiatives, importantly, are in the early stage of learning lab. But these experience studios will be a big part of our future elsewhere. I've spent a lot of time over the last several years in China. And I will tell you, the demonstration selling method there is a version of the Tupperware Party in a geography where the typical apartment is 30 square meters to 50 square meters for one-and-a-half families and, therefore, not large enough for a traditional approach to a Tupperware Party.

Also, they've begun to work towards selling products which are demonstration oriented, and they back it up with strong digital marketing. Today, there are 5,500 studios in China; and Vincent, our Managing Director, we believe for full penetration, we can get to more than 20,000 of these.

Now, putting these 20/20 initiatives together, we're focused on building and evolving the business for the longer-term. So, Tupperware's going to look different. Yes, we'll still have some food storage. But food storage is less than a third of our business, today. It will be many of these new and different categories of products; products that will demonstrate and we will come up with more venues for demonstrating these products.

Now, I think with our onboarding, activation and retention programs, you're going to see some more near-term benefits. But the larger-term benefits will come from these extend the reach. And what we're really looking for is sustainable opportunities for growth for Tupperware Brands, and at the same time, an opportunity to engage and enhance the lives of many more people, especially women; that's it.

Let me turn now to some specifics of the quarter in slide number four. Let me start with Europe. It was a tough quarter, there, we were down 9%. However, most of it came and was attributable to big declines in Turkey and Egypt.

Egypt after a number of years of double-digit growth, now we're constrained by both the ability to convert currency, and actually product certification barriers where they're really trying to keep imports out, and this environment has not improved. Now, we don't expect to see any dramatic change any time soon. But the good news is right now, the comps get easier as we get into Q4. We're going to be more fully lapping past actions.

In Turkey, it was down a dramatic 38%. The unit continues to suffer from repeated terrorist activity and other external factors. And now, we've had the attempted coup. Certainly, a lot of disruption and distraction, I must say that, I even brought the Board of Directors there several years ago. We've had multiple years of double-digit growth there, and we've stayed very close to what's happening in Turkey.

That said, it's not just the externals that were an issue for us. We really need to re-tool our business for the future by reducing our dependence on promotion, and getting more people involved in sales force leadership. And Mike, and I were just talking about it, building sales force teams, in addition to them doing personal sales.

Now, after a decade of almost double-digit growth, we truly believe that given recent events, that we've got a hill to climb in Turkey. We've got a large group of sales force, almost all women who she feeds her family out of this business, and we think it's going to take some time to fix this.

The Erdoğan government, and we've stayed close to what's going on there; has been moving ever since he came into office as Prime Minister, have been moving away from the secular culture which is largely, you see, north of Bosphorus. And what was really established by Atatürk after the fall of the Ottoman Empire, more towards an Islamic influence that you see coming out of the government in Anatolia. So we're watching this situation closely. It's a bouncing ball. But we've learned from the past. We can continue to grow our businesses in areas even when there is major conflicts.

Let me turn to another market, France, which is down 10%, and Germany, a more modest 4%. In both of these units, they benefited actually in the first quarter from shipments that went out around Easter, but that took them out of the second quarter. This was more meaningful in France. But we've got work to do in France with regard to the sales force deficit that we have there.

Also, I don't need to remind you of the terrorism we're dealing with in France, which is not only horrific, but it causes challenges to the social and business environment there, where it gets harder to get people to come and leave their house, and come to a Tupperware Party. We don't know what kind of tale there is going to be on this. You're beginning to see these kind of actions or more the new normal.

Turning to Germany, it was a challenging month in May, particularly, in the quarter when the holidays that usually happen every spring were kind of all bunched together in one month. Now, they, of course, knew this because they know the calendar. But simply stated, their plans didn't overcome this calendar.

We were also up in the second quarter against very difficult 2015 comps. Germany was up 23% last year. The good news is, we have an 8% sales force size advantage at the end of the quarter as a result of strong recruiting, strong onboarding program, and they've been really working on these (20:52) programs. So, it gives us momentum and confidence going forward.

In South Africa, both our businesses were up very nicely in the quarter. Tupperware South Africa, 24% up in the quarter, big focus on the earning opportunity. And the incentives there, and the opportunity really resonated with the sales force. And we had actually 32% more sellers in the quarter.

In our Beauty business there, Avroy Shlain, they were also up double-digit, 14%. Did a great job with regard to not only their sales force size advantage, up 9%, but some dynamic marketing programs.

For what it's worth, the real leader of that portfolio, Justin Hewett has now been made, not only has South Africa businesses as well, but he's now based in Switzerland; and he's an Area VP; and he now has responsibility also for Turkey and the Middle East. So that gives us a lot of confidence in what can happen here in the future.

I am pleased to also report that our Russian and CIS businesses were up in the quarter, 21%. A good deal of that was pricing, but that's 15% increase on last year. Management team has done a heck of a job working to get this business back to be a solid contributor, because we had many halcyon years in CIS. They've modernized the sales force architecture with a number of the lessons that they actually learned, started looking at last year from Brazil and Tupperware Mexico regarding Manager Override programs, and they've levered the larger sales force to drive activity with good solid merchandising. So, I've got to say to, Anton, and his team there, really a great job this past quarter.

As we turn to Asia Pacific, Indonesia was up in the quarter, 4%. This is a 12-point sequential improvement. More importantly, they've flipped their sales force advantage from being down 15% to now the sales force is – well, 15 points; they were down 8% in the first quarter. Now they're up 7% as we ended that quarter. Lot of strong additions, improved Leadership Development programs, and as well as they're really executing on onboarding and activation.

As mentioned during the last earnings call that, Mike, finished for me, I was there. We did a multi-city tour with many thousands of people in attendance, and I saw face-to-face that there's a lot of energy and excitement about Tupperware, and the Tupperware opportunity in Indonesia. We've got some tough comps coming in the third quarter, there. But we have a sales force size advantage, and good programs in place, and Nining and her management team are one of our strongest anywhere in the world.

China too, strong management team and strong results, 25% up in the quarter. This was the best as far as quarterly growth that we've had in more than two years. They increased also their studio count 8% with 5,500 studios, now. And also what was great to see was, it was 25% growth in the quarter; and the studio count is only up 8%.

You see, that means stronger productivity, and that means better merchandising offers. We're selling more sets. We're selling more high-priced water products. And even a very fancy cookware as well. The leverage of technology frankly, China, nobody does it better in the Tupperware Brands' universe, and we're starting to learn from them and share, elsewhere; a really outstanding results.

Malaysia too, outstanding. And Singapore, they were up 20% over 2015; a 19-point sequential improvement over Q1. We've also now lapped the tax that hurt consumer spending, and it was a real disincentive this last year. Now, they've got some issues with regard to retention leaders in 2015. But despite these issues, they have continued to maintain a strong sales force size advantage through the last 12 months.

Let me turn for just a minute to the Philippines, where you remember, we exited the Fashion category recently. By the way, we exited Fashion, and it was a right decision, because it's a) low margin; b) requires massive inventory; and c) also requires dealing with the risks of changing fashions. We were down 13% in the quarter, and a good deal of that had to do with the exit of Fashion. Without Fashion, we did have modest growth in the remaining core categories. And we begin to lap Fashion's exit in the third quarter, and more meaningfully also in Q4.

In India, we continue to see traction in the leading KPIs on a sequential basis. We were down 15% in the first quarter, but now in the second quarter were off only 7%. We've also launched in India, a more robust version of the Manager Override program, and it's going to be fully implemented this quarter.

Asha Gupta, our dynamic Group President of Asia Pacific. She was with me as we went through Indonesia in April together. And I'm pleased to say, over this last month, she has done a power-up speaking tour through all of India, and it's important to remember, she built that business in India. And they love her and respect her there, and along with Shilpa, our Managing Director, we're now working to really build a strong pool of managers who can instill new rhythm into the business going forward. So momentum, we hope is on its way to coming back in India.

Onto the Americas, Argentina, up 27% on the quarter. But I must say, a lot of that was pricing. I will point that we've seen a pullback in consumer spending in Argentina, as a result of significant government subsidy reductions as they work to stabilize the economy. As you know, they've got new leadership in place in their government, a new Finance Minister who I've met in the past, very smart people. And I think you're going to see disciplined approaches to the government.

As a result, we've had limited ability for price increases, but we have to, to protect our sales force ability to really maintain, not only activity, but profitability. In the long run though, we feel good about the direction there.

Brazil, simply stated a great quarter; up 41%. Amazingly, Paola Kiwi and her management team continue to go from great to greater, in the execution of the strategies. And they're really setting the tone for many other markets around the world. Nice sales force growth, growth in sales force leadership development, and also robust marketing.

What they've really done is, they've started to really get the rhythm of the business to be more from a recruiting standpoint monthly pushes versus a quarterly push. And what this really means is, they more effectively and efficiently onboard new sales consultants and get them activated sooner, and something we're really now evaluating to how do we more fully leverage this elsewhere. They also continue to have strong manager promotions by leveraging the earning opportunity and the career, which is very attractive.

The sales force indicators are really strong. Sales force is up 19%; manager's up 21%; addition's up 50%; activity up 40%, yadda yadda yadda; it mean, on-and-on. These kinds of KPIs provide us a base of confidence for future performance. Clearly, we are well-aware of the issues as Paola and her team are; with regard to Brazil's economy, and the political turmoil.

Interesting, we just did a bifurcation of where the business takes place in Brazil between the urban markets and the rest of Brazil. And interesting, about a third of our business are in the Southeast area, which is really the urban core of Rio and São Paulo.

However, two-thirds is outside and elsewhere where income and career opportunities are more scarce. And that really, when you consider that Brazil is about the size of the Continental United States, that speaks to the future of our business and the opportunity.

Let me turn now to Beauty North America; BeautiControl down 14%. We really thought we were going to get to top line, breakeven there on the sales line, but we had a soft June. We're hoping that trend moderates now as we get into Q3. They have sequentially increased their sales force, and they're looking now to build a leadership pipeline that offers a more meaningful career opportunity. Still a lot of work to do, and we're frankly tired of reporting poor results, and lot of pressure on that unit to improve.

Fuller Mexico was off 6% in the quarter. However, we do see momentum, almost all of the weakness came in April, then they started the quarter poorly; and having said that, trends strengthened as we got through the quarter. And the key to growth there is really doing a number of things. And I must say, firstly, this is a highly profitable business unit for us, but simply stated we have three things we've got to do. We've got to strengthen the sales manager ranks in terms of quantity and quality. We've got to grow our sales force, not only get back to equal, but we've got to get our sales force size advantage. And thirdly, we've got to have more dynamic new product introductions and more mouthwatering effective merchandising.

As mentioned, it's a highly profitable business with a great future and we can see the approach is working. All you have to do is, look at what's happening with our Tupperware business in Mexico to see how strong the potential is for our kind of business in Mexico.

Tupperware U.S. and Canada, up 1% in the quarter. Now, this was the first full quarter of the new compensation plan change in the U.S. And as we said in April, this is really the reason behind this. It is to incent more career-oriented behaviors, and so it requires continued growth and recruiting from our sales leaders.

This evolution in compensation and mindset change has been a significant change for many of our veteran members in the sales force. So as expected, there's been some disruption. But overall, it strengthened as we went through the quarters, and we're now starting to see some of the behaviors that we really want out of these new young leaders as they grab whole of the entrepreneurial spirit, and take advantage of the opportunity.

We learned in Canada last year that it took a couple of months, but then we really gathered momentum. And now, we look ahead for more progress. It's going to take more time for them to get comfortable with this new structure. We have some tough comps in the U.S. But I think, we're well-positioned for the long term. These actions were the right thing to do.

Now lastly, let me comment on Tupperware Mexico, up 16% in the quarter. It perhaps has been the best example of the new fundamental initiatives of better onboarding, activation and retention, as well as a move from brochure selling to demonstration selling.

They've also had great marketing, great leadership and incremental improvements on using digital technologies. They have a 13% larger sales force, and they have increased activities. So, they are the prototypical kind of example of best practices, and they are beginning to influence a number of other markets as well.

Anyway, with that, Mike, let me turn it over to you and then we'll open for Q&A.

Michael S. Poteshman - Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

Thank you, Rick. Turning to slide 6, is highlighted the biggest contributors to our up 3% local currency sales in the quarter were Brazil, China, Malaysia, Singapore and Tupperware Mexico, while the bigger decreases were in the Middle East and North Africa from the currency conversion and product certification issues in Egypt and in Turkey for the reasons Rick walked through.

Versus our expectations going into the quarter, we did quite a bit better in Brazil, where we had anticipated good growth coming off the 21% local currency increase in the first quarter. So with the outstanding job the teams continue to do there, we were able to leverage our 19% ending total sales force size advantage to an even better 40% increase in active sellers that brought Brazil sales a net plus 41% in local currency for the second quarter. There were several units that performed somewhat below what we had baked in at the high end of our overall range that kept us at the plus 3% overall.

Sequentially, from the first quarter, our 2-point pickup in sales growth from 1% to 3% also reflected the very good results in Brazil that, as many of you know, was already our second largest business unit in 2015. Along with this, the larger units in Asia-Pacific, China, Indonesia, and Malaysia/Singapore, also improved meaningfully versus the first quarter.

Going the other way on the sequential comparison was Egypt, Germany, Turkey, and Tupperware U.S. and Canada, all of which have been touched on as to what is going on. On the volume versus price impacts on the sales comparison, the benefit from the higher prices was 2 points, down 1 point from the first quarter, with volume mix up a bit over 1% versus last year, a 3-point improvement from the first quarter.

Our total sales force size comparison improved 1 point in the quarter to plus 5%, and we were down 2 points from last year on active sellers in the second quarter, even with the first quarter. The mix shift among our units accounted for negative 4 points on the active seller comparison. We continue to have an outsized drag coming from Fuller Mexico, where we haven't yet been able to turn the sales force size and where, based on its model, there is a higher-than-average activity rate and a lower-than-average order size. There's a similar effect coming from the Philippines connected with the exit of the fashion category in the second half of last year as well as an impact from India where we left last year's – statutorily driven change in how we used the starter demonstration kit of products.

We know that many of you look at the active seller comparison excluding Beauty North America. And on that basis, we were up 3% in active sellers in the second quarter versus up 1% in the first quarter. Diluted earnings per share without items at $1.16 was $0.04 over the high end of our range, even though the FX drag on the comparison was $0.01 worse than when we set the guidance.

At the segment level, we were in line with our expectation overall, at that high end. But underneath this, we did better than anticipated in Asia-Pacific and South America in both sales and operating margin. In the case of Asia-Pacific, this was in part due to an unusually low sales force compensation expense as we trued up in accrual. The upsides in Asia-Pacific and South America were offset by lower-than-anticipated sales and operating margin in Europe. This reflected lower sales and high operating margin units, along with the levels of spending in France and Turkey. As well, while it was in our outlook, the high drop due to profit from lower sales in Europe included abnormally low employee benefit costs last year, which we did note at the time, and this comparison had balanced this year's benefit in Asia-Pacific that I just mentioned.

Unallocated corporate expenses were somewhat lower than we anticipated for some marketing initiatives, and interest expense was lower than foreseen related to the marking to market of forward contracts that flow through this line. At 24.3%, the income tax rate without items was below the 25.6% we had foreseen for the quarter, and this provided $0.02 of our upside. We look at all three of these below segment profit benefits of timing items that we foresee flowing back out in the back-half of the year. Taking all of this together, the ups and downs that net us out at the high end at the segment level and the timing benefits on unallocated net interest expense and taxes, on a local currency basis, our EPS without items was above the high end of our range.

Now turning to slide 7. We ended up doing quite a bit better in the quarter than we had been – than we had foreseen in our outlook on pre-tax return on sales without items, which at 13.7% was 30 basis points better than what was in our outlook and 60 basis points ahead of last year in local currency, although down 10 basis points in dollars due to the translation FX hit.

On slide 8, we see cash flow from operating activities, net of investing activities, was $25 million in the quarter. This was $9 million lower than 2015, reflecting $10 million less in net income in the quarter that included a $7 million hit from translation foreign exchange and $10 million less of Orlando land proceeds.

Our debt-to-EBITDA ratio as of when (40:55) for the four quarters ended June at 2.17 times, continued at about 40 basis points over our target, which is where we stood as of March. As of our first quarter earnings call, we expected to meet our 1.75 times leverage target as of the end of the year. And the elements that led to that expectation haven't changed meaningfully, other than we've now included in our outlook a land sale that is expected to close at the end of this month with net proceeds of about $28 million. With that benefit and the full-year outlook for cash flow from operating net of investing activities, we now go to $195 million to $205 million, which is up $25 million from where we were in April and up $35 million from the initial guidance in January. Included in here, our full-year outlook for capital spending remains at $65 million.

Turning to slide 9 in our outlook. For the third quarter, we foresee sales up in local currency by 2% to 4%, which brackets our second quarter actual of plus 3%. That said, we acknowledge that the comparison is more difficult and that we were up in sales by 4% in the second quarter of 2015 and 7% in the third quarter. The improvement in the two-year stacked trend comes most significantly from Europe, from Germany, the Middle East and North Africa, and Turkey where the comparisons are easier in the third quarter than in the second quarter. We also foresee improvement in the two-year stacked comparison in Indonesia, where in the third quarter, we were lapping a 12% increase last year when the other three quarters were down mid-single digits. This is based on the trends in the business and the initiatives in place.

We closed the second quarter with a total sales force size advantage in Indonesia of 7%, after having been down 8% in total sellers going into the quarter. We also begin to start lapping the difficult comparisons in the Philippines from exiting the fashion category.

Our earnings per share range for the third quarter without items is $0.77 to $0.82 which, at the high end, would be an increase of 7%. Based on current exchange rates, the drag from translation FX would be $0.02, an improvement from the $0.14 hit on the second quarter comparison with last year. This would produce at the high end a pre-tax profit return on sales without items of 10.5%, up versus last year by 30 basis points in local currency and 25 basis points in dollars. For the full year, we've taken up the low end of our range for local currency sales growth, based primarily on the high-end result in the second quarter, and now perceive being up 3% to 4%. The comparison with 2015 continues to benefit by 1 point from the 53rd week we'll have this year in our fiscal calendar. This week will fall in the fourth quarter.

Turning to slide 10. On earnings per share without items, given the high end of the range performance by the segments in the second quarter and the timing benefits on top of that in unallocated corporate expenses, net interest expense and taxes that don't flow through to the full year, we're only changing our full-year range for the $0.03 worth (43:49) translation FX versus April. It is now $0.34 of a hit on the comparison versus 2015, compared with $0.31 at the time of our April release. This sets our full-year range without items at $4.25 to $4.35, up by 8% versus 2015 at the high end in local currency.

Turning to slide 11. The high end of our earnings per share range would give us a pre-tax return on sales without items for the full year of 13.1%, up 65 basis points in local currency, which is 5 basis points better than where we stood with our full-year outlook in April. In dollars, the return on sales would be up 25 basis points. The full-year guidance continues to include unallocated corporate expenses in the low $70 millions and net interest expense of about $45 million. The forecast for the income tax rate without items at 25.5% is also the same as in April and compares with 24.8% in 2015.

On a segment basis, we now perceive for the full year in local currency terms, sales in Europe down 4% or 5%; in Asia-Pacific, up 2% or 3%; in Tupperware North America, up 6% or 7%; Beauty North America, down about 7%; and South America, up 29% or 30%. The outlooks for Asia-Pacific and South America improved versus April, and the other three segments are lower. For segment profit, return on sales in local currency and excluding items, we foresee Europe down about 1.5 points versus 2015; Asia up close to 1 point; Tupperware North America up about 0.5 point; Beauty North America down about 1.5 points; and South America up about 1 point.

Finally, then on resin, our outlook in April was for a full-year benefit from lower resin costs in local currency of about $6.5 million of which about $4.5 million was recognized in the first quarter. Our full-year outlook is now for a benefit of about $3.5 million. There was no meaningful year-over-year impact in the second quarter, none is foreseen in the third quarter. And the outlook includes a drag of about $1 million in the fourth quarter. Our outlook is to have about $135 million for resin and cost of sales for the full year, which is up $5 million from April.

And with that, I'll turn it over back – I'll turn it back to Rick before we go to Q&A.

E. V. Goings - Chairman & Chief Executive Officer

Michael, thank you very much. And we'll open it for questions.

Question-and-Answer Session

Operator

Your first question comes from the line of Beth Kite with Citi.

Beth N. Kite - Citigroup Global Markets, Inc. (Broker)

Super. Good morning. I just have a couple of questions on the cost and how that flows (46:36). Mike, I know you spoke about the non-operating items and some of the (46:43) in the back-half of the year. Obviously, the resin cost here help us with COGS. But are there any other costs that are now incrementally more for the second half of the year, either SG&A or COGS? And does any of that relate to work you are having to do in the U.S., given sort of how the second quarter came out? Thanks.

Michael S. Poteshman - Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

Sure. Yeah. The timing elements that I talked about were in unallocated corporate costs, interest expense, and the tax rate. All of that was on a without items basis. So they weren't non-operating, but they were below segment profit. And we do, as I said, see those elements reversing back out in the second half of the year.

With respect to spending in the segments, our ROS at the segment level reflects some investment or need in the various business units. You could add some of them. We certainly do have a transition plan that's working in the U.S. It's similar to what we did in Canada last year to bridge our sales force for success and engagement under the new compensation plan. So that's in place, and that was reflected in the numbers in the second quarter. It's in the second half as well. We did invest fairly significantly in the U.S. in the second half of last year, in the U.S. and Canada, as we were transitioning in Canada and getting ready to start in the U.S.

In terms of in the other geographies, we had a nice result in Asia-Pacific, as you saw. Part of that was that manager compensation expense coming through lower. But even putting that aside, the overall picture was pretty good. If you look underneath that, we did invest some within the numbers there in Indonesia, given how we needed to move the sales force and get things going, and there's some of that reflected in the second half as well.

And then, in Europe, we obviously had a very high drop-through to lower profit from the lower sales. As I highlighted, to some extent, that was because we lost sales in high-margin units, but we did invest promotionally or to move things along in France. We have some of that reflected, also, in the second half. And then, there were some elevated costs in Turkey as well related to the – to more of the back-end of the business, which will start to roll out as time goes by.

Beth N. Kite - Citigroup Global Markets, Inc. (Broker)

Perfect. And one more quickly, if I may, Rick, on Brazil. You talk about this, sounds like very much a superstar leader. And it seems so easy to say, why not take some of those principals to other markets pretty quickly. Are there, in terms of the recruiting, if nothing else in sort of the time of that, more frequent, monthly versus quarterly, are there certain sort of structural hurdles you have of just picking some of that up, those principals, and taking those to markets where you could see a boost in a quicker way?

E. V. Goings - Chairman & Chief Executive Officer

Yes. The core pieces of the actions of onboarding, activation, and retention, I'm pleased to say there are no structural barriers. And so, as markets are picking up on because she was very much part of this, Paola Kiwi, this 20/20 team, the markets around the world, they have really been picking up on Brazil, Mexico, and even Germany, those who are first-to-launch sites. The structural element, there is one. We have a structure there, where we have not only regular distributors but what we call mega-distributors, which more relates to what I was talking about when I talked about Germany, where you have more than 100 of these distributorships and then you have the sub-distributorships, that requires some time to make that shift in. That is one of the keys of the success in Brazil. They have a number of mega distributors there who are well over $20 million in sales annually, and they have under them distributors. And the sub-distributors don't have to have inventory. They're more like commissionaires. And that – therefore, the installed capacity is usually in the hub piece there. So, it's – we're moving, and that's what we're moving in that direction. In Indonesia, that's – we spent time talking about how to make those changes there. And when we will fully get to execute on the studio approach, that's tantamount to having sub-distributors, and that's going to take a couple of years to really get it to scale. But it sure shows it works.

Beth N. Kite - Citigroup Global Markets, Inc. (Broker)

Terrific. Thanks very much.

E. V. Goings - Chairman & Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, Beth.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Stephanie Wissink with Piper Jaffray.

Lauren M. Wolff - Piper Jaffray & Co. (Broker)

Good morning. This is, actually, Lauren Wolff, in for Steph. Somewhat related to the earlier question regarding costs and changes to the cost structure in U.S., would you be able to describe how long generally the incentive plan changes typically take to work through before this active rep counts start improving? And I'm sure there is related insight from the Canada business?

And then, secondarily, and on a different note, would you be able to just go into a bit more detail on performance within the Beauty North America business? What are the hurdles you've faced there and how are you planning to reverse momentum?

E. V. Goings - Chairman & Chief Executive Officer

Yeah. Good morning, Steph (sic) [Lauren]. I'll handle the first piece of this is that, generally, because it involves to change management and changing cultures. And our distributors are not employees, they are independent contractors. So you really have to get them attitudinally to first do a mindset shift that they're comfortable and embrace the change. So, therefore, what I've found, experience-wise, from living in three different geographies of the world is it's also dependent on the culture of that. Canadians were fairly quick to make changes. And we saw within six months, new behaviors started to be embraced. Takes a little more time here in the U.S. Maybe there is more of an installed arrogance here and not letting go of the past.

So my hope is, you will see by the end of this year them have made these changes in the U.S. and that they be embraced. It was really only the second quarter where they felt the first impact of it. And what was great to see is the end of the quarter was different than the beginning of the quarter with regard to performance. They're going to be having here, in just two weeks, their annual jubilee. Record numbers are going to be there. We've got a great leadership team in place.

So I would expect us to be through it in a year. I have seen certain markets of the year (54:28) in Western Europe, though, where it takes two years. In France, we used to always say, there's the right way, the wrong way, and the French way. It's harder to do. We made a change in France and installed Michael Challis, who is one of our most dynamic mega market managing directors. He's fluent in – his second language is French. And we are already seeing a delta with regard to the attitudes of the French distributor core.

So I think putting someone like him in there is going to make our ability to make this change happen quicker. The issue in France was exacerbated not only – put terrorism aside, that as I said that may be some of this, I hope not the new normal. But what he has had to work through, as the government continues to look for new revenue sources and new taxation methods and now, they've come to our unit managers who now have got to make – we've got to do different ways of covering health benefits for them, et cetera. That's all disruptive and, often, a disincentive to the distributors because unit managers are an employee of the distributor.

So, I mean, it depends on markets. But I think, because we're a company that basically is run by international people and not just a group of Americans, we usually adapt culturally fairly effectively and as fast as you can for the markets that we're in. I know that's a complex way of getting through, but this was not a one-word answer. Michael?

Michael S. Poteshman - Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

Yeah. Lauren, on your question about the two businesses in Beauty North America, I'll start with Fuller Mexico. And we were pleased, as Rick mentioned, I think, that we had a sequential improvement in the number of field managers, and those are the people who recruit the sellers into the business. And it's been a number of years since we've had a sequential increase like that, so we were happy about that. The programs behind that, that are coming to benefit us over a period of time, one – fairly newer one is to really identify the district managers, who are above the field managers, who have been most successful and give them the opportunity to switch districts to one where we haven't done as well with filling the field manager's slots and keeping those people engaged and to try and put our – some of our best leaders there in order to close those gaps. That's a fairly new initiative.

We've also been for a bit over a year now working to promote up more of the consultants to become field managers, which has not been our approach historically in that business. And so, that's got a whole training element and program behind it. It's in the ramp-up stage. We've seen with the – over in the past, when it was a very narrow slice of the field managers who are coming up from the ranks, if you will, that they were much more successful than the outside hires So we're looking to leverage that.

From the sales side, we did a couple of things later in the quarter, which helped get some of those better comparisons later in the quarter. One was to take the – call the top off the incentives. So, in the past, we might have said, and I'm making it up, but if you sell MXN 1,000, you get this. If you sell MXN 1,500, you get that, but MXN 2,000 was the top level you could do. Now, we've structured things in a way that it can keep going . So if you're continuing to be successful at higher levels, you can get more and so, that's helped on the productivity side.

We've also gone after more mid-sized orders by structuring things so that the gift that you get or the price for various things, in some cases, has an earn-out. In other words, you pay a relatively low amount given what you're getting. But in that way, more people are able to participate. We're able to pick up more midsized orders that are still big enough to be profitable for everybody, including us. But we had been missing some of those. So those are some of the key things that stand out at Fuller.

At BeautiControl, we had a sales force side deficit as well, and we are looking at the recruiting approach there to see what we can do with the entry to the products in order to build more excitement and more consistency with how the sales force operates. And we have a lot of passive sellers at BeautiControl that we look to bring in and then to develop to be more career-oriented or active sellers. So we're looking at the type of products in that new product kit that will work with the way people are entering in the business and help to promote more second and third orders because of the way that's structured. So that's some of the things that I would highlight and we're working on.

E. V. Goings - Chairman & Chief Executive Officer

Steph (sic) [Lauren], let me add one thing. I think that was comprehensive what Mike said there. But also about this Fuller business, because we feel very good about this business. Let's say, when we did this acquisition in 2005, we experienced for, oh, six years, seven years, eight years, high-single-digit to low-double-digit growth, and we experienced operating margins, return on sales of, our target was always 22%.

It's not that high right now. But it's still double-digit ROS. But if I turned to the impact of this Mexican peso, and it is interesting. In 1993, it was 35 peso to $1. But most of this time, since the acquisition, it was right around 10 peso. And now, what we're doing, it's 17 peso?

Michael S. Poteshman - Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

A little bit over 18 peso.

E. V. Goings - Chairman & Chief Executive Officer

And now at 18 peso to $1. And I've got to tell you, I was surprised yesterday, when we were reviewing our profit numbers in Mexico. How much we still make in both of our businesses there, particularly Tupperware business. But in our Fuller business there, and have I converted it to the old exchange rate, I actually felt better about how the business was doing.

But the biggest barrier we've really had there has been not the peso's deval, it has been the action of our key competitor there in the Beauty business, in the Beauty side. So, there – it helps explain why we can be up mid-teens in our Tupperware business in Mexico, and be kind of flattish to down a little in our Fuller business, because we have great management in place there.

But we know that, about half that Fuller sales force carries another brochure. And we have resisted the kinds of merchandising offers and deep discounting because it breaks the brand. Beauty is a aspirational category, and we are focused more on moving towards skin care, and where we dominate is fragrance. And women consumers are more committed and loyal to those categories.

So, I don't know how long they can continue to do their deep discounting there, but we do know it breaks a brand. So, we have said, we're going to stay the course here, and that distraction, we believe, is going to go away at some point in time.

Lauren M. Wolff - Piper Jaffray & Co. (Broker)

Thank you both.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Jason Gere with KeyBanc Capital Markets.

Jason M. Gere - KeyBanc Capital Markets, Inc.

Hey. Good morning, guys. I guess, I have one bigger question, and then, a couple of tiny quick answers questions. Obviously, the story has been more predicated about the macro over the last couple of years than in years past, and you're talking a lot more about the culture change.

So, I'm just wondering how you think about the local currency sales over the next few years as you kind of go through that culture change. I know you tried to stay away from some of the longer-term targets. I think, you've talked about maybe, not really talking about it as much, but having it internally, but the culture change, how you can kind of leverage that within the segments, and does that mean that, kind of the trends that we're seeing now is kind of maybe how it plays the next couple of years, but then gradually can get back to something much stronger given the huge opportunity that still exists out there, just on the sheer population size? That's the first question. The second and third ones are easier.

E. V. Goings - Chairman & Chief Executive Officer

Let me comment on the first one, Jase. Firstly, one of the things that's really attractive to us right now is the change in the sales force of the pool where we're really fishing for new sales force and new recruits, increasingly it's those born after 1980, millennials. More of them has had commented in the past. It's actually, the number is 58% are not looking for a job, but they want an opportunity. They want more flexibility. They are cost-oriented, and so I noticed this on my trips doing these through countries. Even I would contrast a country like Indonesia, where I start to see, I can be in remote areas of Indonesia, and the millennials there act like the millennials that I see in Berlin. And they're looking for this kind of an opportunity.

So, I think that it speaks to that, we can weather through these difficult and unstable times, not only what's happening with foreign exchange, but also, what's happening with these other external disruptions, I think we can make progress go forward. And while the number, top line may be 3% to 5%, the reason we're putting in place these two parts of these 20/20 strategies is, part one, is to get us back to that 6% to 8%. The part two of that is really, there's penetration strategy where we really start internally. We talk about Tupperware Everywhere, that's what gets us to double-digit because the brand is known and respected, and we've got to leverage it.

So, what we also say right now is, hey, let's make it through this difficult time. Let's be committed to this, the investment in not only our business, in the new strategies, in supporting a dividend, and then, some of this is going to clear in the future. And then, we start to get the wind at our back. So, attitudinally, that's our philosophy on how we're approaching this. Mike, you might add?

Michael S. Poteshman - Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

Yeah. I think all that's right. The other elements, the more specific – some of the more specific ones and how they could pan out, we've got these Build the Core initiatives in Vision 20/20. If you think about onboarding and the 3 million or so people we bring in each year, we don't get a lot of longevity out of many of them right now. And if we can improve that in just an incremental way, it has big benefits. And the onboarding program goes in that direction, because it's activity-based to get you up and running, and up and running means selling, and hopefully, bringing others into the business as well. And so, in the places where we've gotten these things going in the way we'd like to have them be executed, we're seeing those kind of benefits on longevity and productivity as well.

And then, when you add the extend the reach type things, leveraging digital like we are quite well already in China, but how we can take these things back and forth, that can be other ways to get incremental growth as well.

So over time, we should execute better and that should help us build the sales force, and that's what leads to our sales. And then we should see much more penetration in places like India with all the people there in the sound business model that we have. And then China going ultimately to these 20,000 outlets and the productivity we can get through merchandizing in general and these digital technologies that help really leverage that studio model that we have are the kind of things that can come together for us.

E. V. Goings - Chairman & Chief Executive Officer

Jase, I would add too to that. One thing, we don't talk much about product. But we do – and we just had all of our top – I think we had our top 250 distributors in Barcelona and their spouses. And we spent a good deal of time dealing with new product introductions. And it's remarkable to see how this company has morphed from more commodity-type food storage products that the hit of that meeting was, we did the early launch of a product that's over $200 that it's stainless on the outside. And you see, this is a way to grill steaks in a microwave oven? I mean, it was unheard of. But we had chefs come on and we demonstrated.

We're starting to see that, when I was in China in March, the product hit there is this $1,000 water filtration system; and I'm looking to China is going to be selling more high-performance products. What that means is, it's a better earning opportunity so that therefore we can attract new and different people.

And we've got some new products on the – it's beyond the drawing board, that they're in the test phase right now, that you're going to see that's going to help us get our average sales per sales representative up. And then you start to get back to that 6% to 8% again, because it's number of sellers times what their average sale is, and I'll tell you, if they're selling a $100 product versus a $15 storage container, it matters more in their life. And their longevity and retention is better then. So, it's kind of all works in concert.

Jason M. Gere - KeyBanc Capital Markets, Inc.

Okay. Great. Thanks for the detailed color on that. And I guess the last question, just in terms of the growth you saw in Brazil, how are you guys thinking about – I know this quarter you'll have maybe some disruption just with the Olympics going on. The World Cup was a couple of years ago, but obviously that's over a longer period of time. So, I was just wondering how you're kind of thinking about that. And then in concert, just in terms of Brazil, when do some of those price increases kind of lapse? Same with Argentina. Is that further in the year? Is that into 2017? Just for modeling purposes. Thanks a lot, guys.

Michael S. Poteshman - Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

Sure. When we put together our outlook and looked at the trends in the business, we certainly didn't assume that we would continue to grow at 41% or more than that. So, we've got a very large – the 19% sales force size advantage with this monthly pacing on, not just the new sales force additions, but converting them into active sellers and being up 40% in active sellers. That comes in part from all those recruits combined with the onboarding program and the activities that people are doing around that. So, it gives us hope in the belief that we can continue to have good active seller comparisons as well. So, yeah, on the one side, we're not expecting to be growing 41% or whatever or more, but we do have a strong base with the KPIs.

In terms of the Olympics, since that's being held just in Rio, and locally probably doesn't get as much interest frankly as the World Cup did just based on the culture, we're hopeful that we can work around that in a reasonable way.

In terms of price increases, most of Brazil's 41% growth was volume, more than most. So, they have had some price increase, but it's not that big of a factor in Brazil. In Argentina, it clearly is, given the inflation. So, I mean, we continually in some sense lap it, but then we continue to increase prices more. We did moderate in the near-end because, as Rick mentioned, with the government reducing the subsidies there, consumer spending has taken a definite hit. We're hopeful and see some signs that the government, based on what they've said, wouldn't – I don't think they would revert to where they were, but they might go back a little bit to somewhere in the middle. And so, that could help us. But that's really just conjuncture.

E. V. Goings - Chairman & Chief Executive Officer

Let me add, too, because I think you're getting to really important strategic points here too is that the – one of the key – I alluded to what's the new normal in the future, is that we have demonstrated that this is very much a multi-local business model. And when I say that, take it beyond the distributorship that she's there in town, take it to the individual woman that she's selling Tupperware or one of our beauty products, and I will look at markets around the world where they've had big disruption and commotion. The Philippines, one of the best operation areas of the Philippines for us is Mindanao, which is the most dangerous place on guerrilla activity of the Philippines. We continue to have nice business down in that area, and I mean, she still has to support and feed the kids. They go to school.

I also look at Mexico. Look at what's happened with our Tupperware Mexico business over the past five years, where more than 100,000 people have been killed in the narco wars. There are some improvements, but not a lot there. Many cities there are very, very dangerous and yet our business continues to grow because it's a multi-local business. We have our trucks; they go out there every two weeks. They deliver the orders and they're back again in two weeks.

So, I think as a business structure, we're the right kind of a structure to make it through a very unstable world.

There used to be, when I lived and worked in New York City, there used to be a mattress company, I think I may have mentioned this example to you at one time, where they'd show a guy jumping up and down on a mattress, but it had individual coils, and there was a glass of wine on one of the coils and the wine didn't get knocked over; and that spoke to the multi-local. That's kind of how our business operates, so that we can have a section of the business even within a market where there is crisis, but the rest of those, she still has to – I mean, it's how she feeds her family.

And as we continue to make this earning opportunity and career path better, you go into Brazil and you see, the further you get away from Rio and São Paulo, the richer this earning opportunity is. And when you sit there and think about, in Indonesia, a typical – well, all of our distributorships in Indonesia make over six figures per year, and the per capita income is $3,000 a year. This is a phenomenal business for them. And she then teaches it down in her local markets.

Jason M. Gere - KeyBanc Capital Markets, Inc.

Great. Thank you very much, guys.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Olivia Tong with Bank of America Merrill Lynch.

Olivia Tong - Bank of America Merrill Lynch

Great. Thank you. I wanted to ask you about reps. When do you think that the actives start to turn, because it seems like the relationship between totals and actives has diverged relative to years past?

And then, specifically on North America, what do you think was really the impact of the compensation changes that you've made, like what do you think the actives in total might have been had there not been a change? And when do you expect that number to start inflecting to reflect some of the changes that you've made? Thanks.

Michael S. Poteshman - Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

Yeah. Hi, Olivia. We do have a pretty significant mix effect that we actually named in this case, that in total, it was about a 4% impact, which just to give you better sense of what that means is that, if you look at the units individually, and they're active right, and therefore active consultants, but then take into account, which units are actually moving up and down. There's a four percentage points drag just from which is which, and that was what I was talking about, with Fuller Mexico. You've heard that over time, because of the way that business runs. They've got a much higher activity rates than the average Tupperware business, being a brochure of Beauty business.

And the fact that, that we're down there is showing to the numbers in an extra way. That's also why we talked about what the active comparison is without Beauty North America, just to give a sense of how that's going, and that's where we were up three percentage point without Beauty North America versus up one percentage point in the first quarter.

So those mix effects will go away when we start to have more success in Fuller Mexico. You heard us say that we had the first sequential improvement in the number of field managers in quite a while, so we're hopeful that, that's a precursor of better news to come. But we are a mix of these different models. And also, when you look at emerging versus established market business that you see a pretty big difference because of the level of, not only demonstrations, but group demonstration.

In terms of the impact from Tupperware U.S. and Canada, since that is a party plan market primarily, it has a fairly small impact on the overall picture. If you look at the first attachment to our earnings release, you see in Tupperware North America emerging markets, we had 12,000 active sellers on average in the quarter. That's out of 700,000 for the whole company. So, it's not a huge impact on the overall picture, if I caught your question, correctly.

Olivia Tong - Bank of America Merrill Lynch

The question was more around when do you think that that improvement starts to turn in North America?

Michael S. Poteshman - Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

Yeah. Well, I mean, that's sort of the same answer as talking to the comp plan specifically. So, in Canada, the pickup or the rebound, if you will, it was only two months or three months and they really get back in. But the reason – there were a couple of reasons of why we take Canada first. One, is it's smaller. I mean, if we had the course correct, we could do it. But also, we had – our assessment was, we had more of the legacy leaders, they were already doing the right activities which revolve around building a deep sales leadership organization for your group and not as much or not only focused on why, which is what the change in the comp plan needed to help promote. But since more of the Canadians were already there, it was a smoother transition.

And the U.S. portion of the business, we knew that it wasn't as much the case, and so that's what we're working on now. So, Rick, talked about in a good case with that kind of a base, may be it takes nine months or a year, we'll see. But that's what we're working on and that's what will be turn when we get that sorted through the system.

Olivia Tong - Bank of America Merrill Lynch

Got it. Thanks. And then just following-up. You talked about fixing Beauty, but where does that fit in to your priorities? Because, well, it's been underperforming, it's not a huge piece of your business. And why does the performance in Tupperware North America diverge so dramatically from Beauty in North America? Thanks a bunch.

E. V. Goings - Chairman & Chief Executive Officer

Firstly, I would say, Olivia, I mean, it's only about a third of our business. And I think it's – and a couple of those businesses, the Fuller business is very nice and profitable, and we enjoyed, pretty much paid for it with the profits out of it. And we think that business is – we've made the right improvements. And I think we've got some sunny days ahead there. We've improved the Nutrimetics business, nice double digit growth in our Avroy Shlain business. And Nuvo over the time we've had it, has been fine. Problem child has mostly been in our BeautiControl business there.

The divergence of the performance, I've got to say, largely coming from – my experience in the past in the in the Beauty industry is, I largely, when we did this acquisition underestimated the power of our Tupperware Brand name. And I've already been with the company since 1993, but what – and the effectiveness of the management team had with regard to leveraging the brand name, getting in the new and different categories where we separated ourselves from the competition.

I mean, when we used to have a call when we spun the company off, people would ask us about Rubbermaid. And our sales force already said, you put your garbage in Rubbermaid, and your food in Tupperware. Well, now, we're not mostly even in food storage anymore.

So, the more we have moved into a high tech performance convenience kind of products that matches household needs today, the more we have really moved ourselves away from the competition there. So, I mean somebody asked me the other day, where do you – where would you go to find similar kind of products to Tupperware? I said, usually at William-Sonoma kind of an environment there.

So, I think that speaks to it. And you can demonstrate this product to alleviate to somebody. And I put some – I put one of our herb choppers in front of somebody, put carrots in it and say, here, pull this three times. To do that, immediately you show its results. If I bring forward a Beauty product, the only one that shows immediate you show its results is fragrance. And by the way, we dominate in fragrance. So, it's a different category. And I got to tell you, when we did the original projections after the acquisition, I got it wrong. I underestimated our ability to distance ourselves from competition with the Tupperware business, but now it's showing.

Olivia Tong - Bank of America Merrill Lynch

Got it. Thank you.

E. V. Goings - Chairman & Chief Executive Officer

Thanks, Olivia.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Frank Camma with Sidoti & Company.

Frank Camma - Sidoti & Co. LLC

Good morning, guys.

E. V. Goings - Chairman & Chief Executive Officer

Good morning.

Frank Camma - Sidoti & Co. LLC

Just one quick question on cash flow. You don't have any share repurchases built into your amount, and you talked about your leverage ratio at the end. Just wondering, could you tell us what the debt repayment assumption is built into that on a dollar basis?

Michael S. Poteshman - Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

Yeah. I mean, we haven't split that out. I mean, because that would also lead you to EBITDA and so on. But if you think about it, we said $195 million to $205 million of cash flow before financing activities. The dividend is worth $136 million or so.

Frank Camma - Sidoti & Co. LLC

Okay.

Michael S. Poteshman - Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

And there's not too much else going on down there.

E. V. Goings - Chairman & Chief Executive Officer

What's our yield right now, Mike?

Michael S. Poteshman - Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

4.5%.

E. V. Goings - Chairman & Chief Executive Officer

Okay. Frank, interesting, one of the things when we made the decision initially of what we were going to do with regard to our formula for dividend and share repurchase, it really confirmed this unprecedented strengthening of the dollar. I guess, many of our currencies out there that we got it right, because our dividend, we've been very committed to that dividend, and we remain that way. And when the time comes, that we see FX, and we've seen it go over time, you give puts and calls then you start to see us dial it up on share repurchase.

Frank Camma - Sidoti & Co. LLC

Sure. Sure. Yeah. Historically, you always had a pretty balanced approach, is that correct, between share repurchases and dividend?

E. V. Goings - Chairman & Chief Executive Officer

Yeah. I think we had a five-year period where we increased the dividend double-digit every year, and we did a lot of aggressive share repurchase. So, we'll continue philosophically. I don't know exactly what our formula will be, but philosophically that balanced approach is what we're looking for.

Michael S. Poteshman - Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

Yeah, Frank, and the way we've characterized it is balanced, but the dividend is prioritized before the (01:25:29).

Frank Camma - Sidoti & Co. LLC

Sure. No, I understand. Yeah, you got to do that. Okay. Great. Thank you. That's all I had.

E. V. Goings - Chairman & Chief Executive Officer

That's right.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Sofya Tsinis with JPMorgan.

Sofya S. Tsinis - JPMorgan Securities LLC

Hi, guys. Two questions from me; coming back to BeautiControl, I wanted to understand what is actually preventing you from exiting that business since I think it's still quite unprofitable. Last year you've made an effort to improve profitability there, but I'm not sure if you fully got there. And the second question has to do with cost savings; whether your plan for the year is still in the $20 million to $25 million range and where you are year-to-date? Thank you.

E. V. Goings - Chairman & Chief Executive Officer

Sofya, first we have, as a practice, we do not comment on acquisitions or divestitures and that's not to say, it's either on that, on BeautiControl. I can tell you, we acquired that business in 2000. We triple the size of it over a six-year period of time, and we've given a lot of that back over the last number of years, very difficult environment to be in a Beauty business in the U.S. right now. And if the truth be known, we stayed committed to it because we feel we know that business. But it's taking more time than we want. Mike, the second part?

Michael S. Poteshman - Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

Yeah. The cost savings, things have been going really about how we would have expected on the $20 million to $25 million. Our assessment is that, we realized about $6 million in the second quarter, so a quarter's worth.

Clearly, when you look at the numbers, it shows through in some places, and other places it's been offset. And it was really designed to make sure or try to ensure that we can make our profitability numbers even if sales didn't come in quite how we'd like. We were able to bring up the low-end of our range on sales for the full year this quarter, but last quarter, you'll recall we did drop those, the whole range by one point.

Nevertheless, we're still showing full year improvement in pre-tax ROS without items by 65 basis points ahead of our longer-term target that we've used in the past, the 50 basis point. So, I would say, yes, it's working. It'd be better if you're getting all the sales, and not the other stuff going on have it drop-through completely incrementally. But things are going as planned in that regard.

Sofya S. Tsinis - JPMorgan Securities LLC

Thank you.

Operator

And your final question comes from the line of Michael Swartz with SunTrust.

Anna Glaessgen - SunTrust Robinson Humphrey, Inc.

Hi, everyone. This is Anna, on for, Mike. I just have two questions. First, how are you thinking about emerging market growth for the rest of the year? Do you think it will look closer to the first quarter or second quarter? And then, what are the implications of Brexit? Could you quantify the risk and exposure to the UK?

E. V. Goings - Chairman & Chief Executive Officer

I'll handle the second part, on Brexit. Firstly, as most thinking people are around the world, we're disappointed with that decision on Brexit. And we believe that over the near-term, it's not going to have much or any impact in our business in Europe. Firstly, we don't have a UK business. And the – but we do believe over time that, it's going to take a long time for them to move in this direction. And it's still – the jury's out whether they will or not. So, we're spending time thinking about it, obviously.

From a personal standpoint, I've got to say, Anna, I think the greater concern of Brexit is that, the more – not to get into beyond macroeconomics, but to more the political (01:29:37), we haven't had a European war since 1945. Euroland may be sloppy, but there hasn't been a war since 1945. The Balkans was a civil war. And in the previous 45 years before the war ended in 1945, a 113 million Europeans were killed by other European.

And so the point is, Euroland finding some way to work together and to be economically tied. I mean, it really does matter. And what you're good – if you start to see these boarders and walls, we exist there. You started to see rebuilding of CIS and their military, they're one, this is the direction that he wants to go. It's not good, overall, for the world. For the next three years, I don't think it's going to have much impact. But we certainly hope this is a different direction for the future just for peace.

Michael S. Poteshman - Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

In terms of the sales outlook, of course, we were only up 1% overall in the first quarter, we're 3% in (01:30:51) the second quarter, we're up 2% in local currency year-to-date, and our full-year range is 3% to 4%. So, in order to be there for the full year, of course, we're assuming that we're going to do a bit better in the second half.

And clearly, with the size of the sales forces and the penetration opportunities and the growth profiles country-by-country, we've seen for a number of years now more of an opportunity in the emerging markets. So, we haven't split our guidance that finely, but emerging markets well ahead of established markets in all quarters in the last many years.

Anna Glaessgen - SunTrust Robinson Humphrey, Inc.

Okay. Great. Thank you very much.

Operator

This concludes our Q&A session. I would now like to turn it back over to Mr. Goings for any closing remarks.

E. V. Goings - Chairman & Chief Executive Officer

Guys, I just want to say thanks for your time. I think, this is very unusual time in the world. I already mentioned we're trying to, all of us, ascertain what's the new normal. I think, one of the things that give us some kind of confidence on, how we will navigate forward is not only the model I talked about, but behind the model are the leadership team. And it would certainly, would have been wonderful if you can sit around that table and see this 20/20 Leadership Team that we need. There's 20 people in the organization that we need, and it's very strong leaders who on average have been with us more than 20 years, from France, Brazil, Indonesia, China, India, Germany, South Africa. The list goes on, and there's even a couple of Americans sprinkled in there.

Together, what we do is, we sit and think about, okay, what are the things that we can do, that we can do to more than one market, and we come up with models that we try to say are very simple that are consistent and that are scalable. And these have been, this group together, have been the architects of this program for not only the first piece of it, of building of our core strengths with new initiatives that are fairly safe, and may seem unremarkable.

But when you can get 5%, 6%, 7% growth in a market where you've been for 50 years, it is remarkable, and are also helping us to really design the second thing that actually we're calling the second piece new horizon, where Tupperware is Everywhere, and it includes not only the shift, the studios. It includes incredible numbers of brand ambassadors out there to really monetize them, but also it's very strong digital merchandizing.

We still think we've got a strong future ahead. We think this is going to be a tough couple of years for the world. But we're going to navigate through it, and we're going to be a good and safe investment. So, thank you for your time.

Operator

Ladies and gentlemen, this does conclude today's Tupperware Brands Corporation Second Quarter 2016 Earnings Conference Call. You may now disconnect.

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