Knowing when the U.S. economy is heading for recession is paramount for successful investment decisions. Our weekly Business Cycle Index (BCI) would have provided early reliable warnings for the past seven recessions.
The BCI at 207.4 is above last week's 206.7, forming a new high for this Business Cycle indicated by the BCIp at 100.0. However, the six-month smoothed annualized growth BCIg remains unchanged at 14.5. No recession is signaled.
Figure 1 plots BCIp, BCI, BCIg and the S&P 500 together with the thresholds (red lines) that need to be crossed to be able to call a recession.
10-year Treasury yield (daily)
Three-month Treasury bill yield (daily)
S&P 500 (daily)
Continued Claims Seasonally Adjusted (weekly)
All Employees: Total Private Industries (monthly)
New houses for sale (monthly)
New houses sold (monthly)
The six-month smoothed annualized growth rate of series is a well-established method to extract an indicator from the series. We use this method to obtain BCIg, i.e. the calculated growth rate with 6.0 added to it, which generates, on past performance, an average 11-week leading recession signal when BCIg falls below zero. Further, the index BCI retreats from its cyclic peak prior to a recession in a well-defined manner, allowing the extraction of the alternate indicator BCIp (and its variant BCIw) from which, on average, 20-week leading recession signal is generated when BCIp falls below 25. A more detailed explanation/description can be found here, and weekly updates are sent by email to subscribers of iMarketSignals (no paid membership is required). Also, the historic values can be downloaded from iMarketSignals as an MS Excel sheet.
Figure 2 plots the history of BCI, BCIg, and the LOG(S&P 500) since July 1967, and Figure 3 plots the history of BCIp, i.e. 46 years of history which include seven recessions, each of which the BCIg and BCIp managed to indicate timely. The weeks leading to a recession are indicated on the plots.