Icahn Enterprises L.P. (NYSE:IEP)
Q2 2016 Earnings Conference Call
August 4, 2016 10:00 AM ET
Andrew Langham – General Counsel
Keith Cozza – President and Chief Executive Officer
SungHwan Cho – Chief Financial Officer
Dan Fannon – Jefferies
Brent Thill – UBS
Abby Freeman – Hunter Creek
Andrew Keches – Barclays
Good morning and welcome to the Icahn Enterprises L.P. Second Quarter 2016 Earnings Call. With Andrew Langham, General Counsel; Keith Cozza, President and CEO; and SungHwan Cho, Chief Financial Officer.
I would now like to hand the call over to Andrew Langham, who will read the opening statement.
Thank you. The Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 provides a Safe Harbor for forward-looking statements we make in this presentation, including statements regarding our future performance and plans for our businesses and potential acquisitions. These forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties that are discussed in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including economic, competitive, legal and other factors. Accordingly, there is no assurance that our expectations will be realized.
We assume no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements should circumstances change, except as otherwise required by law. This presentation also includes certain non-GAAP financial measures.
Good morning. Welcome to the second quarter 2016 Icahn Enterprises earnings conference call. Joining me on today’s call is SungHwan Cho, our Chief Financial Officer. I’d like to begin by providing some brief highlights. Sung will then provide an in-depth review of our financial results and the performance of our business segments. We will then be available to address your questions.
For Q2 2016 the net loss attributable to Icahn Enterprises was $69 million or $0.50 per LP unit, compared to net income of $212 million or $1.68 per LP unit in the prior year period. Adjusted EBITDA attributable to Icahn Enterprises for Q2, 2016 was $307 million, compared to $622 million in Q2 of 2015.
Our investment fund had a negative return of 6% in Q2 of 2016, with returns being hampered by the performance of our short positions. Q2 2016 revenues for our automotive segment were $2.6 billion, an increase of 28% over Q2 of 2015. The higher revenues were due to Q1 2016 acquisition of Pep Boys and the June 2015 acquisition of the IEH Auto businesses. We continue to focus our efforts on integrating these businesses and are pleased with the progress made to-date. In our energy segment, our Q2 2016 revenues were $1.3 billion and consolidated adjusted EBITDA was $113 million.
Operating results for Q2 2016 include the April acquisition of the East Dubuque fertilizer facility. CVR Refining posted solid operational performance during the quarter with combined crude throughput of 203,000 barrels per day. However, its results continue to be hampered by the increasing cost of RINs which are needed to comply with the renewable fuel standards. We remain optimistic that the EPA will recognize that the current program is broken and work to change the point of obligation to the parties that can control the blending of renewable fuels.
In our railcar segment investments in our railcar services and railcar leasing businesses continue to compliment our manufacturing operations with both business lines helping to offset lower volumes of new railcar shipments. The segments’ leased fleet was over 45,000 railcars at the end of Q2, 2016 with lease rates improving slightly from the prior year period.
In our gaming segment, Tropicana had a strong operational quarter, particularly at its Trop Evansville property. Our gaming segment’s consolidated adjusted EBITDA for Q2 2016 was $33 million.
Q2 2016 results were disappointing. But we remain confident in existing composition of our investment portfolio and our ability to create long-term value.
With that let me turn it over to Sung.
Thanks, Keith. I will begin by briefly reviewing our consolidated results and then highlight the performance of our operating segments and comment on the strength of our balance sheet. In Q2 2016 the net loss attributable to Icahn Enterprises was $69 million, compared to a net income of $212 million in the prior year period.
As you can see on Slide 5, in Q2 2016 the net loss was primarily driven by the performance of the investment funds. Our investment funds were negatively impacted by the performance of our short exposure.
I will now provide more detail regarding the performance of the individual segments. Our Investment segment had a loss attributable to Icahn Enterprises of $107 million for Q2 2016. The investment funds had a return of negative 6% in Q2 2016, compared to a return of positive 3.9% for Q2 of 2015. Long positions were flat for the current quarter, while our short positions and other expenses had a negative performance attribution of 6%.
Since inception in November 2004 through the end of Q2 2016, the investment fund’s gross return is 122% or 7% annualized. The investment funds continue to be significantly hedged. At the end of Q2 2016, net short exposure was 149%, compared to a net short exposure of 25% at the end of 2015. IEP’s investment in the funds was $1.7 billion as of June 30, 2016.
And now to the energy segment. For Q2 2016 our energy segment reported revenues of $1.3 billion and consolidated adjusted EBITDA of $113 million, compared to revenues of $1.6 billion and consolidated adjusted EBITDA of $230 million for the prior year period. Operating results for Q2 2016 include the April acquisition of East Dubuque fertilizer facility.
CVR Refining reported Q2 2016 adjusted EBITDA of $85 million, compared to $194 million in the prior year. CVR Refining posted solid operational performance during the quarter with combined crude throughput of 203,000 barrels per day despite lower crude rates at the Coffeyville refinery due to restrictions on the Magellan pipeline system. While refining margins improve quarter-over-quarter sequentially, product realizations are still hampered by the large overhang of product inventories in the U.S.
Additionally, the increase in cost of RIN significantly impacted Q2 results. Refining margin adjusted for FIFO impact crude oil throughput barrel, a non-GAAP financial measure, was $9.56 in Q2 2016, compared to $17.22 in the prior year period. CVR Partners reported Q2 2016 adjusted EBITDA of $29 million, compared to $36 million in Q2 2015.
Adjusted EBITDA was negatively impacted by $13 million of purchase-price accounting adjustments related to CVR Partner’s acquisition of the East Dubuque fertilizer facility.
For Q2 2016 average realized gate prices for UAN and ammonia were $199 per ton and $417 per ton respectively, compared to $269 per ton and $546 per ton respectively for the same period in 2015.
Now turning to automotive. Our automotive segment’s Q2 2016 net sales were $2.6 billion, up 28% from the prior-year period due to the acquisition of Pep Boys and the acquisition of the IEH Auto businesses. Consolidated adjusted EBITDA for our automotive segment was $229 million in Q2 2016, compared to $184 million in Q2 2015.
Federal Mobile on a standalone basis, reported Q2 net sales of $1.9 billion, down 2% over the comparable prior year period. Higher OE sales and sales from the acquired Valvetrain business were offset by lower aftermarket sales, and $15 million of negative impact from currency exchange rate fluctuations.
Adjusted EBITDA in Q2, 2016 was $196 million, up $14 million or 8% compared to Q2, 2015. The increase was due to improved gross profit margins, driven primarily by operational improvements, in both divisions, as well as the favorable impact of ongoing restructuring and integration programs, partially offset by the impact from lower sales. IEH Auto and Pep Boys on a standalone basis, at Q2, 2016 revenue, up approximately $685 million and adjusted EBITDA of $27 million.
Now turning to our railcar segment. Our railcar segment had railcar shipments for Q2, 2016, up 1,017 railcars including 85 railcars to leasing customers, as compared to 2,397 railcars for the prior year period of which 1,756 railcars were to leasing customers. As of June 30, 2016, ARI had a backlog of 5,600 railcars, including 1,556 railcars for lease customers.
According to the Railway Supply Institute, the railcar manufacturing backlog has decreased from a record level of nearly 143,000 railcars at the end of 2014, down to approximately 89,000 railcars at the end of Q2, 2016. 78% of the current industry backlog is comprised of tank cars and covered hopper railcars, the two primarily railcar types manufactured and leased by our railcar segment.
The leasing businesses within the railcar segment continued to perform well. In Q2, 2016 we grew the combined lease car portfolio to roughly 45,000 cars from approximately 43,500 cars at the end of Q2, 2015.
Average lease rates in Q2, 2016 improved slightly from the prior year period. Adjusted EBITDA attributable to IEP for the railcar segment was $102 million in Q2, 2016, compared to $83 million in the prior year period. The increase was primarily driven by increased ownership of the leasing businesses.
Now turning to the gaming segment. Total gaming segment operating revenues were $254 million in Q2 2016, compared to $203 million in Q2 2015. The increase was primarily due to an increase in consolidated gaming volumes of 28%, primarily due to the inclusion of the results from Trump Entertainment resorts upon its emergence from bankruptcy at the end of February 2016, coupled with higher gaming volumes in table hold percentage at Trop Evansville.
Our gaming segment slot hold percentage was 9.5% for Q2 2016, compared to 9.7% for Q2 2015. The gaming segment’s table game hold percentage was 17.7% for Q2 of 2016, compared to 16.6% for Q2 of 2015. Our gaming segment’s consolidated adjusted EBITDA for Q2 2016 was $33 million, which was consistent with the prior year period.
Now turning to food packaging. Net sales for Q2 2016 decreased by $6 million or 7%, compared to the prior year; the decrease was primarily due to lower sales volume and unfavorable price and product mix. Pricing globally has been weak due to competitors with weaker functional currencies and some excess capacity. Consolidated adjusted EBITDA of $15 million in Q2 2016 was down $3 million from the prior year. Gross margin as a percentage of net sales was 26% in Q2 2016, which was consistent with the prior year.
Now turning to metals. Net sales for Q2 2016 decreased by $27 million or 26% compared to the prior year. Net sales decrease was driven by lower selling prices and lower shipping volumes across all product lines with the exception of secondary plate volumes.
Adjusted EBITDA was a loss of $1 million in Q2 2016, compared to a loss of $3 million in the prior year. Gross margin as a percentage of net sales was 1% for Q2 2016, compared to a loss of 7% for the prior year. Prices are still at low level and volumes continue to be challenging in this market environment.
And now to the real estate segment. Real estate revenues were $24 million in Q2 2016, which was slightly above the comparable prior year period. Revenues from our development operations improved quarter-over-quarter with sales of residential units increasing by $5 million. Operating revenues from our real estate segment were substantially derived from our resort and rental operations for both Q2 2016 and Q2 2015.
Our net lease portfolio continues to drive earnings in this segment with its 15 properties generating strong cash flows. The real estate segment generated $11 million of adjusted EBITDA in Q2 2016.
And now to our mining segment. International iron ore prices had improved since the year end to average $56 per ton during Q2 2016. Q2 2016 EBITDA was $3 million on $21 million of sales. Results for 2015 shown here include less than one month of operations since our majority acquisition of Ferrous on June 8 of 2015. We continue to monitor the outlook for iron ore demand and future prices.
Now turning to the home fashion. Q2 2016 net sales increased by $1 million compared to the prior year period due to higher sales volume. We are continuing to concentrate on higher margin lines and believe we will have solid placements for the rest of 2016. Adjusted EBITDA was $1 million in Q2 2016 which was consistent with the prior year. Gross margin as a percentage of net sales was 13% for Q2 2016 as compared to 14% in Q2 2015.
Now to our liquidity. We maintain ample liquidity at the holding company and at each of our operating subsidiaries to take advantage of attractive opportunities. We ended Q2 2016 with cash and cash equivalents, liquid assets, our investment in the investment funds, and revolver availability totaling $4.5 billion. Our subsidiaries have approximately $1.7 billion of cash and $800,000 million of undrawn credit facilities to enable them to take advantage of attractive opportunities.
In summary, we continue to focus on building asset value and maintaining ample liquidity to enable us to capitalize on opportunities within and outside of our existing operating segments. Thank you.
Operator, can you please open the call up to questions please?
Thank you. [Operator Instructions] The first question is from Dan Fannon of Jefferies. Your line is open.
Hi, thanks, good morning guys.
I guess could you give some context around the positioning of the fund – the net short position seems to maintains – I think historically had a view around high yield and I think that’s been expressed through, I think it was in CVS, but just a little bit of color around that and kind of the outlook for what you are seeing would be helpful.
Sure. It’s Keith, Dan. So, yes, I think the composition hasn’t dramatically changed, I mean, we still share our – we still have our bearish views on high-yield spreads and frankly they are even stronger now with spreads compressing so much, the market seems to be pushing spreads tighter and tighter. And so expressing it in the form of CDS, its still part of our hedging strategy, and the rest of it is – there is a combination of some single names, but the majority of our hedging is done through broad market hedges, such as S&P 500, things of that nature.
Okay. I think last quarter we saw your investment in the fund to go down because of the Pep Boys transaction. And I guess is that, how should we think about the timing around in the amounts of that cash potentially coming back into the fund as that business leveraged up or you take cash out of it?
Yes. I think we continue to work on putting a more permanent capital structure at the Pep Boys level, I think it will happen in phases. Just from a timing point of view, we’re really focused on harvesting the significant amount of synergies that we’ve identified at Pep Boys in LP, 12 months to 18 months really start coming through in the numbers in a meaningful way.
And so we think it makes more sense to focus on that aspect of it before kind of hitting the market with significant permanent capital structure, in the interim we’re going to – we’re working on some relatively straight forward stuff, such as an ABL – a combined ABL, and Pep Boys and Auto Plus and that will allow us to take some fund back up to the holding company. But to the sizing that you’re talking about, it’s probably I would say a next year event.
Got it and then can you talk about the latest news involving the Taj Mahal and the Trump investment – last week or so it has come out that it’s going to close, I guess can you update us on where that’s marked for you guys and what that means for that investment for you.
I’m going to ask Sung if he can – I don’t know if we have it right, the second where it’s –it’s on a mark-to-market position, it’s a consolidated business. So we’ll see if we can pull up here in the book value of it. But as far as the – yes, so it’s about a couple of hundred million dollars on the book. It’s 208 million to be exact. As far as the announced closing of it, we had – we took this thing out of bankruptcy, Icahn Enterprises with the support of Carl Icahn, saved this thing and supported it with over approximately $100 million over the last two years, to keep this thing alive and to have a plan to turn it around. Part of our plan was entering into the operating agreement with Tropicana, because that management team has done a great job at Trop. And we’ve got the hope turn things around at the Taj.
And then this Local 54 union, one on strike and it’s destroying the business. And the strike is going on for four weeks or five weeks now, actually six weeks now. And effectively business is down from the strike. We offered the Union a healthcare plan and certain work rule changes to try to resolve this thing. And they don’t seem to understand that we’re a losing a fortune. And we are really left with no choice; we’re running a public company here. And with no end in sight, we had to choose the close it rather to continue to try to save it.
So with that being said, it will close, we don’t have the exact dates. And we’ll work through trying to come up with a long-term plan to preserve value on it. But for now that is all I can say on it.
Okay and then I guess just one more on the energy segment. With are one of the subsidiaries not declaring a dividend up to the parent in CVR Refining, I guess how long should we think about the dividend stream from CVR Energy being sustainable at whatever the $0.50 it did this quarter?
Yes, so I can’t – so obviously CVI has a board and the board has that very debate each quarter. So I can’t commit to how long they’ll decide to keep that dividend in place. But I will say that CVI could kind of reconcile the two companies, even though there’s no distribution from CVR this past quarter.
CVI is running with significant excess cash flow above – cash balances above their commitments and needs. And so as a mathematical matter can sustain that dividend for a number of quarters into the future. But again the board will evaluate what they want to do with that excess cash on a quarterly basis.
Got it. Thank you.
Yes, thanks Dan.
Thank you. The next question is from Brent Thill of UBS. Your line is open.
Thanks, hey, guys how are you doing?
Good how are you doing?
Good. Just quick question here. We already talked on Taj Mahal building. So couple other ones just on that NAV [ph] typically related property at this stage. I was wondering if you can give us any insight, I know you use your own comps rather than the market price for those. But I just wondering if you can give us any color on like what kind of companies are they private or public comps or anything else give us on that?
The multiples we use are based on public companies within the same segment, within the same industries that we think are comparable. So for Tropicana we use publicly traded U.S. gaming companies of similar size and profile. And for this case we use – there aren’t really any domestic comps but there’s a few global comps out there that we compare against within – and they’re both in the casing industry.
Okay. I just math in because mainly it’s a pretty big effect [ph] on public price I guess the trading volume is pretty low. But it just seems like there’s a pretty big gap so?
Yes, I mean – I would just comment that. I mean, I think you are using the term trading pretty liberally I don’t – we’re not seeing a lot of trading it go days without trading at all. So not…
Yes, right I acknowledge that. Yes.
That’s what I mean. We think this is a fair way to look at it, but our methodology, we put out there and disclose it, you are free to use whatever multiples you think are accurate.
Yes. Okay, that’s all I got guys. Thanks.
Thank You. And the next question will come from Abby Freeman of Hunter Creek your line is open.
Hi guys. Following-up with the last question, given that GPCA trades at material discount to where you believe it’s worked. Why have you taken any steps to correct the trading prices GPCA? And why that’s buying [ph] that more shares.
Are you talking about Tropicana?
Correct. I imagine there’s some easy steps that’s on exchange, we host some public calls, talk to equity research, sort of approve the liquid rate, or why are you like buying back more share that trades as you know less 50% discount where we had it marked in where it’s worked?
Yes, so I would say a couple of things. We don’t manage our underlying portfolio companies based on where their stock prices on a quarter-to-quarter basis. Our focus on Tropicana is working with the management team for the right growth plans, acquisitions, dispositions, capital spending plans and growing the business and making it more profitable.
Over the long-term we believe that the stock price will take care of itself. That being said, Tropicana has a buyback plan out there, they periodically bought stock back. And when they’re able to do that and when there is willing sellers they’ll continue to do that. But as far as the stars aligning for all that to happen, you have to have willing sellers and willing buyers, so there is.
But I don’t think we – I don’t want to mislead you. We’re not concerned or frankly I’m not doing anything to bridge the gap between where the market sells some stock trades versus how we run our business.
Right, I imagine this in easy things you guys could do to improve the value like – your Chairman has done with other companies.
Are there any cost associated with closure of the Taj that Tropicana will incur?
No there will be no cost. The only thing Tropicana does on behalf of the Taj is manage the business. They have a management agreement in place that entitles them to a set management fee and then a percentage of EBITDA, which will be nothing now. So – there they don’t incur any costs associated with the management of the Taj.
Okay. And I imagine once the Taj closes you’ll see a nice revenue bump at Tropicana in Atlantic City.
I can’t predict where the Taj revenue will be re-dispersed amongst the seven of our remaining casinos. I think Trop should be able to get some of it.
Okay great. Well, thank you very much.
[Operator Instructions] The next question is from Andrew Keches of Barclays. Your line is open.
Hi, good morning guys, thanks for taking my questions.
Just two quick ones, on the balance sheet side of things, you obviously have a 2017 maturity coming up on horizon. Any general thoughts on addressing those and a chance of upsizing that tranche in a potential refinancing to replenish cash at the holdco level.
And then a second part, just more broadly, I guess, how do you guys think about the level of debt on your balance sheet on a traditional leverage metrics, probably aren’t as a applicable here. So any metrics you guys tend to look at, when gauging the amount of balance sheet capacity you have would be helpful. Thanks.
Sure, the first part to your question, I would respond and say that we’ll look to – our initial reaction will be to refinance in the March 2017 debt, depending on where the market is. Currently wouldn’t be a possibility to up size it, we disclose we have an additional debt incurrence test and we don’t have any room under additional debt – under than incurrence test at Icahn Enterprises. But we have the ability obviously to refinance and market the pending we’ll evaluate the situation and see where pricing is. And we are optimistic that we will refinance that and roll it into either later dated existing tranche or open up a new tranche altogether.
As far as the way, I mean – yes, I agree that traditional debt metrics maybe aren’t as applicable here. We’ve said this in the past, we tend to look at cash as our raw material and we can get access to cash at a low cost to capital. We think we can deploy that and make outsized returns.
So we monitor our total cash level. The indenture is frankly going to kind of govern that at this juncture and the indenture for now. We’re going to sit at this $5.5 billion level.
Okay thanks, very helpful.
Thank you and currently I have no more questions on queue at this time.
Okay, thanks everybody, we’ll look forward to speaking with you after the third quarter results. Take care.
Thank you. Ladies and gentlemen, this concludes today’s conference. You may now disconnect. Good day.
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